टोंक / ٹونک
|Princely State of British India|
|-||Independence of India||1949|
|-||1931||6,512 km2 (2,514 sq mi)|
|Density||48.7 /km2 (126.2 /sq mi)|
|This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.|
Tonk was a Princely State of India at the time of the British Raj. The town of Tonk was the capital of the state, had a population of 38,759 in 1901. The town was surrounded by a wall and boasted a mud fort. It had a high school, the Walter hospital for women, under a matron, and a separate hospital for men.
The total area of the princely state was 2553 sq. mi, with a total population in 1901 of 273,201. By treaty Tonk became a British protectorate in 1817. Following the Independence of India, Tonk acceded to the newly independent Indian Union on 7 April 1949. It was located in the region that is now the Tonk district.
The founder of the state was Muhammad Amir Khan (1768-1834), an adventurer and military leader of Afghan descent. In 1817, upon submitting to the British East India Company, he received the territory of Tonk and the title of Nawab. While retaining internal autonomy and remaining outside British India, the state came under the supervision of the Rajputana Agency and consisted of six isolated districts. Three of these were under the Rajputana Agency, namely, Tonk, Aligarh (formerly Rampura) and Nimbahera. The other three, Chhabra, Pirawa and Sironj were in the Central India Agency.
In 1899-1900, the state suffered much distress due to drought. The princely state enjoyed an estimated revenue of £77,000; however, no tribute was payable to the government of British India. Grain, cotton, opium and hides were the chief products and exports of the state. Two of the outlying tracts of the state were served by two different railways.
In 1947, on the Partition of India whereby India and Pakistan gained independence, the Nawab of Tonk decided to accede to the Union of India. Subsequently, most of the area of the state of Tonk was integrated into the Rajasthan state, while some of its eastern enclaves became part of Madhya Pradesh.
The foundation of the principality of Tonk led to the creation of a large Rajasthani Pathan community.
The rulers of the state, the Salarzai Nawabs of Tonk belonged to a Pathan dynasty. They were entitled to a 17-gun salute by the British authorities. The last ruler, Nawab Muhammad Aftab Ali Khan, has one son, Muhammad Junaid Ali Khan (born 1986).
- Muhammad Amir Khan 1798 - 1834
- Muhammad Wazir Khan 1834 - 1864
- Nawab Muhammad Ali Khan 1864 - 1867
- Nawab Muhammad Ibrahim Ali Khan 1867 - June 23, 1930
- Nawab Muhammad Sa'adat Ali Khan June 23, 1930 - May 31, 1947
- Nawab Muhammad Faruq Ali Khan 1947 - 1948
- Nawab Muhammad Ismail Ali Khan [1948 - 1974]
- Nawab Muhammad Masoom Ali Khan (1974/94)
- Nawab Muhammad Aftab Ali Khan (1994 onwards)
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Tonk.|