Pro Patria and Res Publica Union
|Pro Patria and Res Publica Union|
|Founded||4 June 2006|
|Merger of||Pro Patria Union and
|Headquarters||Paldiski mnt 13, Tallinn|
|International affiliation||Centrist Democrat International
International Democrat Union
|European affiliation||European People's Party|
|European Parliament group||European People's Party|
|Politics of Estonia
Pro Patria and Res Publica Union (Estonian: Isamaa ja Res Publica Liit, IRL) is a conservative political party in Estonia. It was founded on 4 June 2006 when two conservative parties, Pro Patria Union and Res Publica Party merged. Up to the 2007 parliamentary elections, the party held 32 seats out of 101 in the Riigikogu (the Estonian parliament) and one of Estonia's six seats in the European Parliament. The party is a member of the European People's Party (EPP). It has about 8,500 members. The merged party consisted of two separate boards and two party leaders, which was replaced by a unified board and leader in May 2007. The party's prime minister candidate was Mart Laar, who became a chairman of the party.
Prior to the merger, there was an extreme drop in public support for Res Publica after the government led by Juhan Parts was forced to step down, and Pro Patria had also been relatively marginalized after the fall of their own governing coalition. There was also concern among conservatives about splitting the vote between two parties with largely similar ideologies and being unable to oppose the much more cohesive left wing electorate, which was mostly rallied behind the Centre Party. On 4 April, 2006, representatives from the Pro Patria Union and Res Publica decided to merge the two parties, which took place officially on 4 June, 2006. Although originally the name For Estonia (Eesti Eest) was considered for the newly formed party, it was rejected and the provisional name has been used to date.
On 15 November 2006 the parties were officially merged as Pro Patria and Res Publica Union (Erakond Isamaa ja Res Publica Liit).
The results of the 2007 parliamentary elections were not good for the party. The united party received 98,209 votes (17.9% of the total), a drop of 14.0%. As a result, it won 19 seats in the Riigikogu, a loss of 16, but still the third largest block in Parliament.
In the 2011 parliamentary elections the party remained the third largest block but with an increased number of seats (+4), and share of the vote (+2.6%).
The Pro Patria and Res Publica Union is a merger from various parties and the list of the former emerged parties chairmen are the following:
Republican Coalition Party (in Estonian: Vabariiklaste Koonderakond)
22.09.1990 – 21.11.1992 Leo Starkov
Estonian Christian-Democratic Union (Eesti Kristlik-Demokraatlik Liit)
29.08.1989 – 21.11.1992 Illar Hallaste
Estonian Christian-Democratic Party (Eesti Kristlik-Demokraatlik Erakond)
23.07.1988 – 21.11.1992 Aivar Kala
Estonian Conservative People's Party (Eesti Konservatiivne Rahvaerakond)
09.06.1990 – 21.11.1992 Enn Tarto
Estonian National Independence Party (Eesti Rahvusliku Sõltumatuse Partei)
20.08.1988 – 18.07.1993 Lagle Parek
18.07.1993 – 27.11.1993 Ants Erm
27.11.1993 – 02.12.1995 Tunne-Väldo Kelam
Estonian National Coalition Party 'Pro Patria' (Eesti Rahvuslik Koonderakond Isamaa)
21.11.1992 – 02.12.1995 Mart Laar
Estonian Pro Patria Union (Eesti Isamaaliit)
02.12.1995 – 24.10.1998 Toivo Jürgenson
24.10.1998 – 14.12.2002 Mart Laar
14.12.2002 – 16.04.2005 Tunne-Väldo Kelam
16.04.2005 – 04.06.2006 Tõnis Lukas
Res Publica Party (Erakond Res Publica)
08.12.2001 – 24.08.2002 Rein Taagepera
24.08.2002 – 04.06.2005 Juhan Parts
04.06.2005 – 04.06.2006 Taavi Veskimägi
Pro Patria and Res Publica Union (Isamaa ja Res Publica Liit)
26.05.2007 – 28.01.2012 Mart Laar
28.01.2012 – ... Urmas Reinsalu
Mart Laar's first government (1992 - 1994)
Mart Laar became prime minister of Estonia in 21 October 1992.
- Bakke, Elisabeth (2010), "Central and East European party systems since 1989", Central and Southeast European Politics Since 1989 (Cambridge University Press): 79, retrieved 17 November 2011