The United States Congress organized Alaska as one judicial district on July 7, 1958 by 72 Stat. 339, authorizing one judgeship for the U.S. district court, and assigned the district to the Ninth Circuit. A second judgeship was authorized on May 19, 1961 by 75 Stat. 80, and a third was authorized on July 10, 1984 by 98 Stat. 333.
The United States Attorney's Office for the District of Alaska represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court. The office was officially divided between Civil and Criminal Divisions during the early 1990s. Prior to that, Assistant United States Attorneys working out of Alaska could be expected to work on both types of cases. The current United States Attorney is Karen L. Loeffler.