United States District Court for the Southern District of Illinois
|United States District Court for the Southern District of Illinois
Map of the changing boundaries of the Districts of Illinois
|Location||East St. Louis, Illinois|
|Appeals to||Seventh Circuit|
|Established||February 13, 1855|
|Chief judge||David R. Herndon|
Appeals from the Southern District of Illinois are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
The United States District Court for the District of Illinois was established by a statute passed by the United States Congress on March 3, 1819, 3 Stat. 502. The act established a single office for a judge to preside over the court. Initially, the court was not within any existing judicial circuit, so the district court exercised the jurisdiction of both a district court and a circuit court, with appeals and writs of error taken directly to the United States Supreme Court. In 1837, Congress placed the District of Illinois within the newly created Seventh Circuit, and the district court resumed its normal jurisdiction, 5 Stat. 176.
The Southern District itself was created by a statute passed on February 13, 1855, 10 Stat. 606, which subdivided the District of Illinois into the Northern and the Southern Districts. The boundaries of the District and the seats of the courts were set forth in the statute:
|“||The counties of Hancock, McDonough, Peoria, Woodford, Livingston, and Iroquois, and all the counties in the said State north of them, shall compose one district, to be called the northern district of Illinois, and courts shall be held for the said district at the city of Chicago; and the residue of the counties of the said State shall compose another district, to be called the southern district of Illinois, and courts shall be held for the same at the city of Springfield.||”|
The district has since been re-organized several times. The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Illinois was created on March 3, 1905 by 33 Stat. 992, by splitting counties out of the Northern and Southern Districts. It was later eliminated in a reorganization on October 2, 1978 which replaced it with a Central District, 92 Stat. 883, formed primarily from parts of the Southern District, and returning some counties to the Northern District.
The jurisdiction of the Southern District of Illinois comprises the following counties: Alexander, Bond, Calhoun, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Crawford, Cumberland, Edwards, Effingham, Fayette, Franklin, Gallatin, Hamilton, Hardin, Jackson, Jasper, Jefferson, Jersey, Johnson, Lawrence, Madison, Marion, Massac, Monroe, Perry, Pope, Pulaski, Randolph, Richland, Saline, St. Clair, Union, Wabash, Washington, Wayne, White, and Williamson. The district was created in 1979. It has jurisdiction over the eastern suburbs of St. Louis and the city of Carbondale.
The United States Attorney's Office for the Southern District of Illinois represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court.
Current Judges 
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|20||Chief Judge||David R. Herndon||East St. Louis, IL||1953||1998–present||2007–present||—||Clinton|
|17||District Judge||John Phil Gilbert||Benton, IL||1949||1992–present||1993–2000||—||George H. W. Bush|
|19||District Judge||G. Patrick Murphy||East St. Louis, IL||1948||1998–present||2000–2007||—||Clinton|
|21||District Judge||Michael Joseph Reagan||East St. Louis, IL||1954||2000–present||–||—||Clinton|
|16||Senior District Judge||William Donald Stiehl||East St. Louis, IL||1925||1986–1996||1992–1993||1996–present||Reagan|
Former Judges 
|#||Judge||Appointed by||Began active
|1||Samuel Hubbel Treat, Jr.||Franklin Pierce||March 3, 1855||March 27, 1887||–||death|
|2||William Joshua Allen||Grover Cleveland||April 18, 1887||January 26, 1901||–||death|
|3||J. Otis Humphrey||William McKinley||March 8, 1901||June 14, 1918||–||death|
|4||Louis FitzHenry||Woodrow Wilson||July 6, 1918||October 3, 1933||–||reappointment|
|5||Charles Guy Briggle||Herbert Hoover||January 25, 1932||August 1, 1958||June 6, 1972||death|
|6||J. Leroy Adair||Franklin D. Roosevelt||April 27, 1937||January 19, 1956||–||death|
|7||James Earl Major||Franklin D. Roosevelt||June 12, 1933||April 5, 1937||–||reappointment|
|8||Frederick Olen Mercer||Dwight D. Eisenhower||June 19, 1956||April 3, 1966||–||death|
|9||William George Juergens||Dwight D. Eisenhower||June 22, 1956||December 7, 1988||–||death|
|10||Omer Poos||Dwight D. Eisenhower||August 21, 1958||August 31, 1973||August 11, 1976||death|
|11||Robert Dale Morgan||Lyndon B. Johnson||June 12, 1967||March 31, 1979||–||assignment to another court|
|12||James L. Foreman||Richard Nixon||March 7, 1972||June 2, 1992||May 12, 2007||retirement|
|13||Harlington Wood Jr.||Richard Nixon||July 18, 1973||May 28, 1976||–||reappointment|
|14||James Waldo Ackerman||Gerald Ford||July 2, 1976||March 31, 1979||–||assignment to another court|
|15||William Louis Beatty||Jimmy Carter||October 5, 1979||November 9, 1992||July 22, 2001||death|
|18||Paul E. Riley||Bill Clinton||October 7, 1994||October 11, 2001||–||death|
See also 
- Asbury Dickens, A Synoptical Index to the Laws and Treaties of the United States of America (1852), p. 393.
- U.S. District Courts of Illinois, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 20, 1887, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 19, 1888, and received commission on January 19, 1888.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 8, 1934, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 23, 1934, and received commission on January 26, 1934.
- United States District Court for the Southern District of Illinois Official Website
- United States Attorney for the Southern District of Illinois Official Website