United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan

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United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan
(E.D. Mich.)
Seal of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan
Map
Map of US District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan.svg
Appeals to Sixth Circuit
Established February 24, 1863
Judges assigned 15
Chief judge Gerald Ellis Rosen
Official site

The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan (in case citations, E.D. Mich.) is the Federal district court with jurisdiction over of the eastern portion of the state of Michigan. The Court is based in Detroit, with courthouses also located in Ann Arbor, Bay City, Flint, and Port Huron. The United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit has appellate jurisdiction over the court (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).

The current United States Attorney is Barbara L. McQuade, serving since January 4, 2010.[1]

History[edit]

The United States District Court for the District of Michigan was established on July 1, 1836, by 5 Stat. 61, with a single judgeship.[2] The district court was not assigned to a judicial circuit, but was granted the same jurisdiction as United States circuit courts, except in appeals and writs of error, which were the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court. Due to the so-called "Toledo War", a boundary dispute with Ohio, Michigan did not become a state of the Union until January 26, 1837. On March 3, 1837, Congress passed an act that repealed the circuit court jurisdiction of the U.S. District Court for the District of Michigan, assigned the District of Michigan to the Seventh Circuit, and established a U.S. circuit court for the district, 5 Stat. 176.[2]

On July 15, 1862, Congress reorganized the circuits and assigned Michigan to the Eighth Circuit by 12 Stat. 576,[2] and on January 28, 1863, the Congress again reorganized Seventh and Eight Circuits and assigned Michigan to the Seventh Circuit, by 12 Stat. 637.[2] On February 24, 1863, Congress divided the District of Michigan into the Eastern and the Western Districts, with one judgeship authorized for each district, by 12 Stat. 660. Ross Wilkins, who had been the only district judge to serve the District of Michigan, was reassigned to the Eastern District.[2][3] Finally, on July 23, 1866, by 14 Stat. 209, Congress assigned the two Districts in Michigan to the Sixth Circuit, where they remain.[2]

Divisions[edit]

The Eastern District comprises two divisions.[4]

The Northern Division[edit]

The Northern Division comprises the counties of Alcona, Alpena, Arenac, Bay, Cheboygan, Clare, Crawford, Gladwin, Gratiot, Huron, Iosco, Isabella, Midland, Montmorency, Ogemaw, Oscoda, Otsego, Presque Isle, Roscommon, Saginaw, and Tuscola.[4]

Court for the Northern Division is held in Bay City.[4]

The Southern Division[edit]

The Southern Division comprises the counties of Genesee, Jackson, Lapeer, Lenawee, Livingston, Macomb, Monroe, Oakland, Saint Clair, Sanilac, Shiawassee, Washtenaw, and Wayne.[4]

Court for the Southern Division is held in Ann Arbor, Detroit, Flint, and Port Huron.[4]

Notable cases[edit]

Some of the notable cases that have come before the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan include:

Current judges[edit]

Judges of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan:

# Title Judge Duty station Born Term of service Appointed by
Active Chief Senior
46 Chief Judge Gerald Ellis Rosen Detroit 1951 1990–present 2009–present G.H.W. Bush
49 District Judge Denise Page Hood Detroit 1952 1994–present Clinton
50 District Judge Paul D. Borman Detroit 1939 1994–present Clinton
54 District Judge Victoria A. Roberts Detroit 1951 1998–present Clinton
56 District Judge David M. Lawson Detroit 1951 2000–present Clinton
57 District Judge Sean Cox Detroit 1957 2006–present G.W. Bush
58 District Judge Thomas Lamson Ludington Bay City 1953 2006–present G.W. Bush
59 District Judge Stephen Murphy III Detroit 1962 2008–present G.W. Bush
60 District Judge Mark A. Goldsmith Flint 1952 2010–present Obama
61 District Judge Gershwin A. Drain Detroit 1949 2012–present Obama
62 District Judge Terrence G. Berg Flint 1959 2012–present Obama
63 District Judge Matthew Frederick Leitman Detroit 1968 2014–present Obama
64 District Judge Judith Ellen Levy Detroit 1958 2014–present Obama
65 District Judge Laurie J. Michelson Detroit 1967 2014–present Obama
66 District Judge Linda Vivienne Parker Detroit 1958 2014–present Obama
28 Senior Judge Charles Wycliffe Joiner inactive 1916 1972–1984 1984–present Nixon
29 Senior Judge R. James Harvey inactive 1922 1973–1984 1984–present Nixon
30 Senior Judge James Paul Churchill inactive 1924 1974–1989 1989 1989–present Ford
33 Senior Judge Julian Abele Cook Jr. Detroit 1930 1978–1996 1989–1996 1996–present Carter
34 Senior Judge Avern Cohn Detroit 1924 1979–1999 1999–present Carter
35 Senior Judge Stewart Albert Newblatt inactive 1927 1979–1993 1993–present Carter
36 Senior Judge Anna Diggs Taylor inactive 1932 1979–1998 1996–1998 1998–present Carter
41 Senior Judge Lawrence Paul Zatkoff Port Huron 1939 1986–2004 1999–2004 2004–present Reagan
43 Senior Judge Patrick J. Duggan Detroit 1933 1986–2000 2000–present Reagan
44 Senior Judge Bernard A. Friedman Detroit 1943 1988–2009 2004–2009 2009–present Reagan
45 Senior Judge Paul V. Gadola inactive 1929 1988–2001 2001–present Reagan
47 Senior Judge Robert Hardy Cleland Detroit 1947 1990–2013 2013–present G.H.W. Bush
48 Senior Judge Nancy Garlock Edmunds Detroit 1947 1992–2012 2012–present G.H.W. Bush
51 Senior Judge John Corbett O'Meara Ann Arbor 1933 1994–2007 2007–present Clinton
52 Senior Judge George Caram Steeh III Detroit 1947 1998–2013 2013–present Clinton
53 Senior Judge Arthur Tarnow Detroit 1942 1998–2010 2010–present Clinton
55 Senior Judge Marianne O. Battani Detroit 1944 2000–2012 2012–present Clinton

Former judges[edit]

# Judge State Born/Died Active service Chief Judge Senior status Appointed by Reason for
termination
1 Wilkins, RossRoss Wilkins MI 1799–1872 1863–1870[Note 1] Jackson, Jackson retirement
2 Longyear, John W.John W. Longyear MI 1820–1875 1870–1875 Grant, Grant death
3 Brown, Henry BillingsHenry Billings Brown MI 1836–1913 1875–1890 Grant, Grant reappointment
4 Swan, Henry HarrisonHenry Harrison Swan MI 1840–1916 1891–1911 Harrison, B.B. Harrison retirement
5 Angell, Alexis CaswellAlexis Caswell Angell MI 1857–1932 1911–1912 Taft, Taft resignation
6 Tuttle, Arthur J.Arthur J. Tuttle MI 1868–1944 1912–1944 Taft, Taft death
7 Simons, Charles CasperCharles Casper Simons MI 1876–1964 1923–1932 Harding, Harding reappointment
8 Moinet, Edward JulienEdward Julien Moinet MI 1873–1952 1927–1946[Note 2] 1946–1952 Coolidge, Coolidge death
9 O'Brien, Ernest AloysiusErnest Aloysius O'Brien MI 1880–1948 1931–1948 Hoover, Hoover death
10 Lederle, Arthur F.Arthur F. Lederle MI 1887–1972 1936–1960 1948–1959 1960–1972 Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt death
11 Picard, Frank AlbertFrank Albert Picard MI 1889–1963 1939–1959 1959–1959 1959–1963 Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt death
12 Koscinski, Arthur A.Arthur A. Koscinski MI 1887–1957 1945–1957 1957–1957 Truman, Truman death
13 Levin, TheodoreTheodore Levin MI 1897–1970 1946–1970 1959–1967 Truman, Truman death
14 Thornton, Thomas PatrickThomas Patrick Thornton MI 1898–1985 1949–1966 1966–1985 Truman, Truman death
15 Freeman, Ralph M.Ralph M. Freeman MI 1902–1990 1954–1973 1967–1972 1973–1990 Eisenhower, Eisenhower death
16 O'Sullivan, Clifford PatrickClifford Patrick O'Sullivan MI 1897–1975 1957–1960 Eisenhower, Eisenhower reappointment
17 Kaess, Frederick WilliamFrederick William Kaess MI 1910–1979 1960–1975 1972–1975 1975–1979 Eisenhower, Eisenhower death
18 Feikens, JohnJohn Feikens MI 1917–2011 1960–1961[Note 3] Eisenhower, Eisenhower not confirmed
19 Machrowicz, Thaddeus M.Thaddeus M. Machrowicz MI 1899–1970 1961–1970 Kennedy, Kennedy death
20 McCree, Jr., Wade HamptonWade Hampton McCree, Jr. MI 1920–1987 1961–1966 Kennedy, Kennedy reappointment
21 Smith, TalbotTalbot Smith MI 1899–1978 1961–1971[Note 4] 1971–1978 Kennedy, Kennedy death
22 Roth, Stephen JohnStephen John Roth MI 1908–1974 1962–1974 Kennedy, Kennedy death
23 Keith, DamonDamon Keith MI 1922–present 1967–1977 1975–1977 Johnson, L.L. Johnson reappointment
24 Gubow, LawrenceLawrence Gubow MI 1919–1978 1968–1978 Johnson, L.L. Johnson death
25 Kennedy, Cornelia GroefsemaCornelia Groefsema Kennedy MI 1923–present 1970–1979 1977–1979 Nixon, Nixon reappointment
18.1 Feikens, JohnJohn Feikens MI 1917–2011 1970–1986 1979–1986 1986–2011 Nixon, Nixon death
26 Pratt, PhilipPhilip Pratt MI 1924–1989 1970–1989 1986–1989 Nixon, Nixon death
27 DeMascio, Robert EdwardRobert Edward DeMascio MI 1923–1999 1971–1988 1988–1999 Nixon, Nixon death
31 Guy, Jr., Ralph B.Ralph B. Guy, Jr. MI 1929–present 1976–1985 Ford, Ford reappointment
32 Boyle, PatriciaPatricia Boyle MI 1937–2014 1978–1983 Carter, Carter resignation
37 Gilmore, Horace WeldonHorace Weldon Gilmore MI 1918–2010 1980–1991 1991–2010 Carter, Carter death
38 Woods, George E.George E. Woods MI 1923–2007 1983–1993 1993–2004 Reagan, Reagan retirement
39 Suhrheinrich, Richard FredRichard Fred Suhrheinrich MI 1936–present 1984–1990 Reagan, Reagan reappointment
40 La Plata, GeorgeGeorge La Plata MI 1924–2010 1985–1996 Reagan, Reagan retirement
42 Hackett, Barbara KlokaBarbara Kloka Hackett MI 1928–present 1986–1997 1997–2000 Reagan, Reagan retirement
  1. ^ Reassigned from District of Michigan
  2. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 6, 1927, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 19, 1927, and received commission on December 19, 1927.
  3. ^ Recess appointment; the United States Senate later rejected the appointment.
  4. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 15, 1962, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 5, 1962, and received commission on February 9, 1962.

Succession of seats[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Office of the United States Attorneys". Executive Office for United States Attorneys. United States Department of Justice. Retrieved 25 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f U.S. District Courts of Michigan, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center.
  3. ^ Judges of the District of Michigan, Federal Judicial Center.
  4. ^ a b c d e 28 U.S.C. § 102

External links[edit]