United States District Court for the Southern District of California
|United States District Court for the Southern District of California
|Appeals to||Ninth Circuit|
|Established||August 5, 1886|
|Chief judge||Barry Ted Moskowitz|
The United States District Court for the Southern District of California (in case citations, S.D. Cal.) is the federal district court whose jurisdiction comprises the following counties in California: Imperial and San Diego. In terms of filed indictments, it is one of the busiest criminal districts in the United States. Cases from the Southern District of California are appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
California was admitted as a state on September 9, 1850, and was initially divided into two districts, the Northern and the Southern, by Act of Congress approved September 28, 1850, 9 Stat. 521. The boundary line was at the 37th parallel of North Latitude. The creating act provided that:
- In addition to the ordinary jurisdiction and powers of a District Court of the United States, with which the Southern District Court of New York has been invested, the said Courts be and hereby are invested respectively within the limits of its district with the exercise of concurrent jurisdiction and power in all civil cases now exercised by the Circuit Courts of the United States; and that in all cases where said Courts shall exercise such jurisdiction, appeals may be taken from the judgments, orders or decrees of said Courts to the Supreme Court of the United States.
The Act of August 31, 1852 made the Judge of the Northern District be Judge of the Southern District as well until otherwise provided, by 10 Stat. 76, 84, effectively creating a single District in all but name until an Act of January 18, 1854 provided for the appointment of a Judge for the Southern District. The Southern District of California was abolished and the State made to constitute a single district – the United States District Court for the District of California – by Act of Congress approved July 27, 1866, 14 Stat. 300.
Twenty years later, on August 5, 1886, Congress re-created the Southern District of California by 24 Stat. 308. Erskine M. Ross was appointed Judge of the new district and served until his promotion to the Circuit Judgeship, when he was succeeded by Olin Wellborn. On March 18, 1966, the Eastern and Central Districts were created from portions of the Northern and Southern Districts by 80 Stat. 75.
Future courthouse 
|This section is outdated. (April 2013)|
On August 25, 2006, Judges of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California hosted a ceremonial ribbon-cutting to recognize elected officials who helped obtain funding for a new federal courthouse in downtown San Diego.
The event was held on the future site of the new courthouse, a 2¼ acre parcel of land west of the existing Jacob Weinberger U.S. Courthouse. The site was formerly occupied by an aging residential hotel, which was brought down by implosion earlier this year[when?]. The parcel has been cleared in preparation for construction, which is scheduled to begin next summer. If all goes as planned, the new courthouse will be completed in fall 2010.
The new courthouse will stand 16 stories tall with about 380,000 square feet (35,000 m2) of space. It will house 14 courtrooms and judicial chambers for 20 judges, including resident judges of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. The courthouse also will provide offices for the district clerk, U.S. Marshals Service and U.S. Pretrial Services. Also planned are a ground level community plaza and mural garden with a combined 36,000 square feet (3,300 m2) of space.
Current judges 
- As of March 29, 2013, a vacancy exists due to the decision of Judge Irma Elsa Gonzalez to take senior status. No replacement nomination is pending.
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|53||Chief Judge||Barry Ted Moskowitz||San Diego||1950||1995–present||2012–present||—||Clinton|
|50||District Judge||Marilyn L. Huff||San Diego||1951||1991–present||1998–2005||—||G.H.W. Bush|
|57||District Judge||Larry Alan Burns||San Diego||1954||2003–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|58||District Judge||Dana Makoto Sabraw||San Diego||1958||2003–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|59||District Judge||William Q. Hayes||San Diego||1956||2003–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|60||District Judge||John A. Houston||San Diego||1952||2003–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|61||District Judge||Roger T. Benitez||San Diego||1950||2004–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|62||District Judge||Janis Lynn Sammartino||San Diego||1950||2007–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|63||District Judge||Michael M. Anello||San Diego||1943||2008–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|64||District Judge||Anthony J. Battaglia||San Diego||1949||2011–present||—||—||Obama|
|65||District Judge||Cathy Ann Bencivengo||San Diego||1958||2012–present||—||—||Obama|
|66||District Judge||Gonzalo P. Curiel||San Diego||1953||2012–present||—||—||Obama|
|41||Senior District Judge||Gordon Thompson, Jr.||San Diego||1929||1970–1994||1984–1991||1994–present||Nixon|
|44||Senior District Judge||William Benner Enright||San Diego||1925||1972–1990||(none)||1990–present||Nixon|
|51||Senior District Judge||Irma Elsa Gonzalez||San Diego||1948||1992–2013||2005–2012||2013–present||G.H.W. Bush|
|54||Senior District Judge||Jeffrey T. Miller||San Diego||1943||1997–2010||(none)||2010–present||Clinton|
|55||Senior District Judge||Thomas J. Whelan||San Diego||1940||1998–2010||(none)||2010–present||Clinton|
|56||Senior District Judge||M. James Lorenz||San Diego||1935||1999–2009||(none)||2009–present||Clinton|
Former judges 
|#||Judge||State||Born/Died||Active service||Term as Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for
|1||James McHall Jones||CA||1823–1851||1850–1851||(none)||(none)||Fillmore||death|
|2||Ogden Hoffman, Jr.||CA||1822–1891||1852–1854||(none)||(none)||Fillmore||reassignment to N.D. Cal.|
|3||Isaac Stockton Keith Ogier||CA||1819–1861||1854–1861||(none)||(none)||Pierce||death|
|4||Fletcher Mathews Haight||CA||1799–1866||1861–1866||(none)||(none)||Lincoln||death|
|5||Erskine Mayo Ross||CA||1845–1928||1887–1895||(none)||(none)||Cleveland||appointment to 9th Cir.|
|7||Benjamin Franklin Bledsoe||CA||1874–1938||1914–1925||(none)||(none)||Wilson||resignation|
|8||Oscar A. Trippet||CA||1856–1923||1915–1923||(none)||(none)||Wilson||death|
|9||William P. James||CA||1870–1940||1923–1940||(none)||(none)||Harding||death|
|10||Paul John McCormick||CA||1879–1960||1924–1951||1948–1951||1951–1960||Coolidge||death|
|11||Edward J. Henning||CA||1868–1937||1925–1929||(none)||(none)||Coolidge||resignation|
|13||Harry Aaron Hollzer||CA||1880–1946||1931–1946||(none)||(none)||Hoover||death|
|14||Albert Lee Stephens, Sr.||CA||1874–1965||1935–1937||(none)||(none)||F. Roosevelt||appointment to 9th Cir.|
|15||Leon Rene Yankwich||CA||1888–1975||1935–1964||1951–1959||1964–1966||F. Roosevelt||reassignment to C.D. Cal.|
|16||Ralph E. Jenney||CA||1883–1945||1937–1945||(none)||(none)||F. Roosevelt||death|
|17||Campbell Eben Beaumont||CA||1883–1954||1939–1954||(none)||(none)||F. Roosevelt||death|
|18||Benjamin Harrison||CA||1888–1960||1940–1960||1959||(none)||F. Roosevelt||death|
|19||James Francis Thaddeus O'Connor||CA||1886–1949||1940–1949||(none)||(none)||F. Roosevelt||death|
|20||Peirson Mitchell Hall||CA||1894–1979||1942–1966||1959–1964||(none)||F. Roosevelt||reassignment to C.D. Cal.|
|21||William Carey Mathes||CA||1899–1967||1945–1965||1964–1965||1965–1967||Truman||death|
|23||James Marshall Carter||CA||1904–1979||1949–1967||1966–1967||(none)||Truman||appointment to 9th Cir.|
|24||Harry Clay Westover||CA||1894–1983||1949–1965||(none)||1965–1983||Truman||death|
|25||William Matthew Byrne Sr.||CA||1896–1974||1950–1966||1965–1966||1966||Truman||reassignment to C.D. Cal.|
|26||Ernest Allen Tolin||CA||1904–1961||1951–1961||(none)||(none)||Truman||death|
|27||Gilbert H. Jertberg||CA||1897–1973||1955–1958||(none)||(none)||Eisenhower||appointment to 9th Cir.|
|28||Thurmond Clarke||CA||1902–1971||1955–1966||1966||(none)||Eisenhower||reassignment to C.D. Cal.|
|30||Myron Donovan Crocker||CA||1915–2010||1959–1966||(none)||(none)||Eisenhower||reassignment to E.D. Cal.|
|31||Albert Lee Stephens, Jr.||CA||1913–2001||1961–1966||(none)||(none)||Kennedy||reassignment to C.D. Cal.|
|32||Charles Hardy Carr||CA||1903–1976||1962–1966||(none)||(none)||Kennedy||reassignment to C.D. Cal.|
|33||Jesse William Curtis Jr.||CA||1905–2008||1962–1966||(none)||(none)||Kennedy||reassignment to C.D. Cal.|
|34||Elisha Avery Crary||CA||1905–1978||1962–1966||(none)||(none)||Kennedy||reassignment to C.D. Cal.|
|35||Francis C. Whelan||CA||1907–1991||1964–1966||(none)||(none)||L. Johnson||reassignment to C.D. Cal.|
|36||Irving Hill||CA||1915–1998||1965–1966||(none)||(none)||L. Johnson||reassignment to C.D. Cal.|
|37||A. Andrew Hauk||CA||1912–2004||1966||(none)||(none)||L. Johnson||reassignment to C.D. Cal.|
|38||William Percival Gray||CA||1912–1992||1966||(none)||(none)||L. Johnson||reassignment to C.D. Cal.|
|39||Edward Joseph Schwartz||CA||1912–2000||1968–1982||1969–1982||1982–2000||L. Johnson||death|
|40||Howard Boyd Turrentine||CA||1914–2010||1970–1984||1982–1984||1984–2010||Nixon||death|
|42||John Clifford Wallace||CA||1928–present||1970–1972||(none)||(none)||Nixon||appointment to 9th Cir.|
|43||Leland Chris Nielsen||CA||1919–1999||1971–1985||(none)||1985–1999||Nixon||death|
|46||Earl Ben Gilliam||CA||1931–2001||1980–1993||(none)||1993–2001||Carter||death|
|47||J. Lawrence Irving||CA||1935–present||1982–1990||(none)||(none)||Reagan||resignation|
|49||John Skylstead Rhoades, Sr.||CA||1925–2007||1985–1995||(none)||1995–2007||Reagan||death|
|52||Napoleon A. Jones Jr.||CA||1940–2009||1994–2007||(none)||2007–2009||Clinton||death|
|48||Rudi M. Brewster||CA||1932-2012||1984–1998||(none)||1998–2012||Reagan||death|
See also 
- Southern District of California – Jurisdiction.
- U.S. District Courts of California, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center.
- Willoughby Rodman, History of the Bench and Bar of Southern California (1909), p. 46.
- Initially appointed to the Northern District of California in 1851 by Millard Fillmore; Act of August 31, 1852 made the judge of the Northern District be judge of the Southern District as well.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on March 3, 1952, confirmed by the United States Senate on June 10, 1952, and received commission on June 11, 1952.
- United States District Court for the Southern District of California Official Website
- United States Attorney for the Southern District of California Official Website