United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio

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United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio
(S.D. Ohio)
Seal of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio
Map
Map of Ohio Federal Court Districts.jpg
Appeals to Sixth Circuit
Established March 16, 1822
Judges assigned 8
Chief judge Susan J. Dlott
U.S. Attorney Carter M. Stewart
Official site

The United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio (in case citations, S.D. Ohio) is one of two United States district courts in Ohio and includes forty-eight of the state's eighty-eight counties. Appeals from the court are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit at Cincinnati (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).

The court is divided into two divisions. The Eastern Division, which sits in the Joseph P. Kinneary United States Courthouse at Columbus, serves the counties of Athens, Belmont, Coshocton, Delaware, Fairfield, Fayette, Franklin, Gallia, Guernsey, Harrison, Hocking, Jackson, Jefferson, Knox, Licking, Logan, Madison, Meigs, Monroe, Morgan, Morrow, Muskingum, Noble, Perry, Pickaway, Pike, Ross, Union, Vinton, and Washington

The Western Division sits at both Cincinnati and Dayton. Cases from the counties of Adams, Brown, Butler, Clermont, Clinton, Hamilton, Highland, Lawrence, Scioto, and Warren are heard at Cincinnati in the Potter Stewart United States Courthouse. Cases from the counties of Champaign, Clark, Darke, Greene, Miami, Montgomery, Preble, and Shelby are heard at Dayton.

The court, as of 2006, has eight active judges (the maximum authorized by law), six senior judges and seven magistrates. The chief judge is Susan J. Dlott.

The United States Attorney's Office of the Southern District of Ohio represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court. As of September 30, 2009, the United States Attorney is Carter M. Stewart.

On February 12, 2014 Peter C. Tobin was confirmed to be the United States Marshal.[1]

History[edit]

The United States District Court for the District of Ohio was established on February 19, 1803, by 2 Stat. 201.[2][3] The act of authorized one judgeship for the court. The district court in Ohio, not being assigned to a judicial circuit, was granted the same jurisdiction as U.S. circuit courts, except in appeals and writs of error, which were the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.[3] By the act of February 24, 1807, 2 Stat. 420, the authority of the Ohio district court to exercise the jurisdiction of a U.S. circuit court was repealed, and Ohio was assigned to the newly organized Seventh Circuit. It also provided for a U.S. circuit court for the District of Ohio.[3] The District was subdivided into Northern and Southern Districts on February 10, 1855, by 10 Stat. 604.[3] The district judge serving the District of Ohio, Humphrey H. Leavitt, was reassigned to the Southern District of Ohio.

On July 23, 1866, by 14 Stat. 209, Congress reorganized the circuits and assigned Ohio to the Sixth Circuit.[3] Additional judgeships were created in 1910, 1937, 1966, 1970, 1978, 1984, and 1990.[3]

Current judges[edit]

# Title Judge Duty station Born Term of service Appointed by
Active Chief Senior
28 Chief Judge Dlott, Susan J.Susan J. Dlott Cincinnati 1949 1995–present 2009–present Clinton, Clinton
29 District Judge Sargus Jr., Edmund A.Edmund A. Sargus Jr. Columbus 1953 1996–present Clinton, Clinton
30 District Judge Marbley, Algenon L.Algenon L. Marbley Columbus 1954 1997–present Clinton, Clinton
31 District Judge Rose, Thomas M.Thomas M. Rose Dayton 1948 2002–present Bush, G.W.G.W. Bush
32 District Judge Frost, Gregory L.Gregory L. Frost Columbus 1949 2003–present Bush, G.W.G.W. Bush
33 District Judge Watson, Michael H.Michael H. Watson Cincinnati
Columbus
1956 2004–present Bush, G.W.G.W. Bush
34 District Judge Barrett, Michael RyanMichael Ryan Barrett Cincinnati 1951 2006–present Bush, G.W.G.W. Bush
35 District Judge Black, TimothyTimothy Black Cincinnati
Dayton
1953 2010–present Obama, Obama
22 Senior Judge Rice, Walter HerbertWalter Herbert Rice Dayton 1937 1980–2004 1996–2003 2004–present Carter, Carter
23 Senior Judge Spiegel, S. ArthurS. Arthur Spiegel Cincinnati 1920 1980–1995 1995–present Carter, Carter
24 Senior Judge Weber, Herman JacobHerman Jacob Weber Cincinnati 1927 1985–2002 2002–present Reagan, Reagan
25 Senior Judge Graham, James L.James L. Graham Columbus 1939 1986–2004 2003–2004 2004–present Reagan, Reagan
26 Senior Judge Smith, George CurtisGeorge Curtis Smith Columbus 1935 1987–2002 2002–present Reagan, Reagan
27 Senior Judge Beckwith, SandraSandra Beckwith Cincinnati 1943 1992–2009 2004–2009 2009–present Bush, G.H.W.G.H.W. Bush

Former judges[edit]

# Judge State Born/Died Active service Chief Judge Senior status Appointed by Reason for
termination
1 Leavitt, Humphrey H.Humphrey H. Leavitt OH 1796–1873 1855–1871[Note 1] Jackson, Jackson retirement
2 Swing, Philip BergenPhilip Bergen Swing OH 1820–1882 1871–1882 Grant, Grant death
3 Sage, George ReadGeorge Read Sage OH 1828–1898 1883–1898[Note 2] Arthur, Arthur retirement
4 Thompson, Albert C.Albert C. Thompson OH 1842–1910 1898–1910[Note 3] McKinley, McKinley death
5 Sater, John ElbertJohn Elbert Sater OH 1854–1937 1907–1924[Note 4] Roosevelt, T.T. Roosevelt retirement
6 Hollister, Howard ClarkHoward Clark Hollister OH 1856–1919 1910–1919 Taft, Taft death
7 Peck, John WeldJohn Weld Peck OH 1874–1937 1919–1923 Wilson, Wilson resignation
8 Hickenlooper, SmithSmith Hickenlooper OH 1880–1933 1923–1929 Harding, Harding reappointment
9 Hough, Benson W.Benson W. Hough OH 1875–1935 1925–1935 Coolidge, Coolidge death
10 Nevin, Robert ReasonerRobert Reasoner Nevin OH 1875–1952 1929–1952 1948–1952 Coolidge, Coolidge death
11 Underwood, Mell G.Mell G. Underwood OH 1892–1972 1936–1965 1953–1962 1965–1972 Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt death
12 Druffel, John H.John H. Druffel OH 1886–1967 1937–1961[Note 5] 1961–1967 Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt death
13 Cecil, Lester LeFevreLester LeFevre Cecil OH 1893–1982 1953–1959 Eisenhower, Eisenhower reappointment
14 Weinman, Carl AndrewCarl Andrew Weinman OH 1903–1979 1959–1973 1962–1973 1973–1979 Eisenhower, Eisenhower death
15 Peck II, John WeldJohn Weld Peck II OH 1913–1993 1961–1966[Note 6] Kennedy, Kennedy reappointment
16 Kinneary, Joseph PeterJoseph Peter Kinneary OH 1905–2003 1966–1986 1973–1975 1986–2003 Johnson, L.L. Johnson death
17 Hogan, Timothy SylvesterTimothy Sylvester Hogan OH 1909–1989 1966–1979 1975–1977 1979–1989 Johnson, L.L. Johnson death
18 Porter, David StewartDavid Stewart Porter OH 1909–1989 1966–1979 1977–1979 1979–1989 Johnson, L.L. Johnson death
19 Rubin, Carl BernardCarl Bernard Rubin OH 1920–1995 1971–1995 1979–1990 Nixon, Nixon death
20 Duncan, Robert MortonRobert Morton Duncan OH 1927–2012 1974–1985 Nixon, Nixon resignation
21 Holschuh, John DavidJohn David Holschuh OH 1926–2011 1980–1996 1990–1996 1996–2011 Carter, Carter death
  1. ^ Reassigned from District of Ohio
  2. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 18, 1883, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 7, 1884, and received commission on January 7, 1884.
  3. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 13, 1898, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 20, 1898, and received commission on December 20, 1898.
  4. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 8, 1908, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 1, 1909, and received commission on March 1, 1909.
  5. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on November 16, 1937, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 8, 1937, and received commission on December 14, 1937.
  6. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 15, 1962, confirmed by the United States Senate on April 11, 1962, and received commission on April 12, 1962.

Succession of seats[edit]

Attorneys[edit]

Term start Term end United States Attorney[4]
1855 1856 Hugh J. Jewett
1856 1858 John O'Neill
1858 1861 Stanley Matthews
1861 1865 Flamen Ball
1865 1866 Richard Corwine
1866 1869 Durbin Ward
1869 1877 Warner Bateman
1877 1885 Channing Richards
1885 1887 Philip Kumler
1887 1889 William Burnet
1889 1894 John Herron
1894 1898 Harlan Cleveland
1898 1903 William Bundy
1903 1916 Sherman McPherson
1916 1920 Stuart Bolin
1920 1922 James Clark
1922 1923 Thomas Morrow
1923 1925 Benson W. Hough
1925 1934 Haveth Mau
1934 1939 Francis Canny
1939 1939 James Cleveland
1939 1944 Leo Crawford
1944 1946 Byron B. Harlan
1946 1953 Ray O'Donnell
1953 1961 Hugh Martin
1961 1966 Joseph Peter Kinneary
1966 1969 Robert Draper
1969 1969 Roger Makley
1969 1977 William Milligan
1977 1978 James Rattan
1978 1982 James Cissell
1982 1985 Christopher Barnes
1985 1986 Anthony Nyktas
1986 1993 Michael Crites
1993 1993 Barbara Beran
1993 1996 Edmund A. Sargus, Jr.
1996 1997 Dale Goldberg
1997 2001 Sharon Zealey
2001 2001 Salvador Dominguez
2001 2009 Gregory Lockhart
2009 present Carter M. Stewart

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "United States Senate Periodical Press Gallery". Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  2. ^ Asbury Dickens, A Synoptical Index to the Laws and Treaties of the United States of America (1852), p. 392.
  3. ^ a b c d e f U.S. District Courts of Ohio, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center.
  4. ^ "History of the U.S. Attorney Southern District of Ohio". United States Attorney's Office Southern District of Ohio. Retrieved 2012-11-15. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]