World championship

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A world championship is generally a sports competition open to elite competitors from across the world, representing their nations, and winning such an event will be considered the highest or near highest achievement in the sport or contest.

The title is usually awarded through a combination of specific contests or, less commonly, ranking systems (e.g. the ICC Test Championship), or a combination of the two (e.g. World Triathlon Championships in Triathlon). This determines a 'world champion', who or which is commonly considered the best nation, team, individual (or other entity) in the world in a particular field, although the vagaries of sport ensure that the competitor recognised at the best in an event is not always the 'world champion' (see Underdog).

Certain sports do not have a world championship, instead they may organise a World cup competition, or they may organize both. Often, the use of the term cup or championship in this sense is just a choice of words. Some sports have multiple champions because of multiple organizations such as mixed martial arts, boxing and wrestling.[citation needed].

Certain sports do not have a world championships or a world cup as such, but may have one or several world champions. Professional boxing, for example, has several world champions at different weights, but each one of them is decided by a "title fight", not a tournament.

A certain number of sports hold world championships or world cups which are overshadowed, in terms of prestige, by the same events in the Olympic Games, the most prestigious multi-sports event.

Finally, certain professional sports do not have a world championship or world cup, but rather hold a series of events recognised as the elite level in their field (e.g. tennis has a series of four Grand Slam events recognised as the pinnacle of the game, in addition to key team events, world tour finals and the Olympic Games, but no world championship or world cup).

Sports[edit]

Full listings are presented at List of world sports championships and List of World Cups.

Most successful athlete in each sport[edit]

This table includes medals for both individual and team events. Currently active competitors are highlighted in pale green.

Men
Category Sport Sportsperson Born Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Tot. Ref.
Bicycle racing Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Cycling (road) Switzerland Fabian Cancellara[6] 1981 4 0 2 6
Spain Óscar Freire 1976 3 0 1 4
Belgium Eddy Merckx 1945
Belgium Rik Van Steenbergen 1924-2003
Italy Alfredo Binda 1902-1986
Cycling (track) pictogram.svg Cycling (track) France Arnaud Tournant 1978 14 3 2 19
Cycling (BMX) pictogram.svg BMX racing United States Randy Stumpfhauser 1977 4 5 3 12
Cycling (mountain biking) pictogram.svg Mountain bike racing (XC) France Julien Absalon 1980 4 1 1 6
Cycling (mountain biking) pictogram.svg Mountain bike racing (DH) France Nicolas Vouilloz 1976 10 0 0 10
Combat sports Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing Cuba Félix Savón 1967 6 1 0 7
Jiu-Jitsu Brazil Roger Gracie 1981 10 5 0 15
Judo pictogram.svg Judo Japan Ryoko Tani 1989 7 0 1 8
Karate Italy Luca Valdesi 1976 6 2 4 12
Sambo Russia Fedor Emelianenko 1976 4 0 1 5
Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo United States Steven López 1978 5 0 0 5
Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling Russia Aleksandr Karelin[7] 1967 9 0 0 9
Cue sports Athletics pictogram.svg Snooker United Kingdom Joe Davis 1901-1978 15 0 15
Roller sports Inline speed skating pictogram.svg Inline speed skating United States Chad Hedrick 1977 50 14 4 68 [8]
Artistic roller skating pictogram.svg Roller artistic skating Italy Roberto Riva 1986 10 1 0 11 [9]
Water sports Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming United States Michael Phelps 1985 26 6 1 33
Diving pictogram.svg Diving Russia Dmitri Sautin 1974 5 1 3 9
Canoeing (slalom) pictogram.svg Canoe sprint Romania Ivan Patzaichin 1974 9 4 9 22
Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing Italy Daniele Gilardoni 1976 11 1 1 13 [10]
Sailing pictogram.svg Sailing Denmark Paul Elvstrøm 1928 11 2 2 15 [11]
Winter sports Alpine skiing pictogram.svg Alpine skiing Norway Kjetil André Aamodt 1971 5 4 3 12
Biathlon pictogram.svg Biathlon Norway Ole Einar Bjørndalen 1974 18 11 9 38
Bobsleigh pictogram.svg Bobsleigh Italy Eugenio Monti 1928-2003 9 1 0 10 [12]
Skeleton pictogram.svg Skeleton Switzerland Gregor Stähli 1968 4 3 3 10
Luge pictogram.svg Luge Italy Armin Zöggeler 1974 6 5 5 16
Cross country skiing pictogram.svg Cross-country skiing Norway Bjørn Dæhlie 1967 10 5 4 19
Ski jumping pictogram.svg Ski jumping Finland Janne Ahonen 1977 5 3 2 10
Nordic combined pictogram.svg Nordic combined Norway Bjarte Engen Vik 1971 5 3 0 8 [13]
Freestyle skiing pictogram.svg Freestyle skiing France Edgar Grospiron 1969 3 0 0 3
Snowboarding pictogram.svg Snowboarding Canada Jasey Jay Anderson 1968 4 0 0 4
Figure skating pictogram.svg Figure skating Sweden Ulrich Salchow 1877-1949 11 3 0 14
Speed skating pictogram.svg Speed skating Netherlands Sven Kramer 1986 16 1 2 19 [14]
Short track speed skating pictogram.svg Short track speed skating South Korea Ahn Hyun-Soo 1985 20 11 4 35 [14][15]
Olympic sports Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics United States Carl Lewis 1961 8 1 1 10 [16]
Archery pictogram.svg Archery United States Richard McKinney 1953 3 0 0 3
Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Artistic Gymnastics Belarus Vitaly Scherbo 1972 12 7 4 23
Badminton pictogram.svg Badminton South Korea Park Joo-bong 1964 5 0 2 7
Fencing pictogram.svg Fencing Hungary Aladár Gerevich 1910-1991 14 1 3 18
Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting Switzerland Konrad Stäheli 1866-1931 41 17 10 67 [17]
Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis Hungary Viktor Barna 1911-1972 22 7 12 41
Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis[18] Czech Republic Ivan Lendl 1960 5 4 3 11
Triathlon pictogram.svg Triathlon United Kingdom Simon Lessing 1971 4 2 1 7
Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Russia Vasily Alekseyev 1967 8 0 0 8
Team sports Baseball pictogram.svg Baseball Cuba Pedro Luis Lazo 1973 7 2 0 3
Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Krešimir Ćosić 1948-1995 2 2 0 4
Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg Beach volleyball Brazil Emanuel Rego 1973 2 1 0 3
Curling pictogram.svg Curling Canada Randy Ferbey 1959 4 1 0 5
Field hockey pictogram.svg Field hockey Pakistan Akhtar Rasool 1954 3 1 0 4 [19]
Football pictogram.svg Football Brazil Pelé 1940 3 0 0 3
Football pictogram.svg Football (club) Spain Víctor Valdés 1982 2 1 0 3
Spain Xavi 1980
Handball pictogram.svg Handball France Didier Dinart 1977 3 0 2 5
Ice hockey pictogram.svg Ice Hockey Soviet Union Vladislav Tretiak 1914-1992 10 1 2 13
Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Volleyball Italy Marco Bracci
Italy Andrea Gardini
Italy Andrea Giani
Italy Ferdinando De Giorgi
1966
1965
1970
1961
3 0 0 3
Water polo pictogram.svg Waterpolo Spain Salvador Gómez
Spain Jesús Rollán
1968
1968-2006
2 2 0 4
Women
Category Sport Athlete Born Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Tot. Ref.
Paralympic sports Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics United States Tatyana McFadden 1989 12 1 1 12
Team sports Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg Beach volleyball United States Misty May-Treanor 1977 3 1 0 4
United States Kerri Walsh Jennings 1978
Non gender-segregated
Category Sport Athlete Born Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Tot. Ref.
Motor sports Formula one pictogram.png Formula One Germany Michael Schumacher 1969 7 2 3 12
Sinnbild Kraftrad.svg Grand Prix Motorcycle racing Italy Giacomo Agostini 1942 15 5 1 21
Water motorsports pictogram.svg Motorboat racing Italy Guido Cappellini 1959 10 2 2 14 [20]
Water motorsports pictogram.svg Motorboat racing (offshore) United Kingdom Steve Curtis 1964 8 8
Speedway logo.svg Motocross Belgium Stefan Everts 1972 10 4 1 13 [21]
Rally pictogram.png Rallying France Sébastien Loeb 1974 9 1 0 10
Radio controlled car Japan Masami Hirosaka 1970 16 4 4 24 [22]
Sports car & GT racing United Kingdom Derek Bell 1941 2 1 1 4
Belgium Jacky Ickx 1945 2 1 1 4
France Jean-Louis Schlesser 1948 2 1 0 3
Sinnbild Kraftrad.svg (Production) Superbike racing United Kingdom Carl Fogarty 1965 4 2 0 6
Touring car racing France Yvan Muller 1969 4 2 1 7
Olympic sports Equestrian pictogram.svg Equestrian Germany Reiner Klimke[23] 1936-1999 6 0 0 6 [24]

Games[edit]

A fuller list can be found on the List of world championships in mind sports page.

Performing[edit]

Eating[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Finswimming Championships Archive". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "Championships Archive". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "Championships Archiv". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "Championships Archive". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "Championships Archiv". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  6. ^ Time trial event.
  7. ^ Greco-Roman event.
  8. ^ "In-line skating". archive.org. Archived from the original on 2010-11-28. Retrieved 19 April 2012. 
  9. ^ "Figure Skating Senior World Championships - Roll of Honour". rollersports.org. Retrieved 20 April 2012. 
  10. ^ "Daniele Gilardon Biography". rowingone.com. Retrieved 20 April 2012. 
  11. ^ "Paul Elvstrøm - Results". sailing.org. Retrieved 21 April 2012. 
  12. ^ Bobsleigh world championships multiple medallist
  13. ^ Nordic combined world championships multiple medallist
  14. ^ a b Are held three world championships.
  15. ^ "South Korean short track skater Ahn Hyun-Soo became the most successful skater in the short track at the World Championships". Indiaenews.com. Retrieved 2014-08-20. 
  16. ^ "Statistics Handbook - Daegu 2011: Part One, p1 to 185 (pdf)". iaaf.org. Retrieved 18 April 2012. [dead link]
  17. ^ "Multi-Medalists Top 15". issf-sports.org. Retrieved 19 April 2012. 
  18. ^ The master,which qualifies the tennis world ranking, is considered the World Championship of individual tennis.
  19. ^ "WORLD CUP DISTINCTIONS". phf.com.pk. Retrieved 20 April 2012. [dead link]
  20. ^ "DAC Racing". class-1.com. Retrieved 20 April 2012. 
  21. ^ ca:Stefan Everts
  22. ^ "Hirosaka, Masami | IFMAR". Rcranking.net. Retrieved 2014-08-20. 
  23. ^ Dressage event.
  24. ^ "Reiner Klimke - Results". the-sports.org. Retrieved 20 April 2012. 

External links[edit]