World All-Round Speed Skating Championships for Men

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The International Skating Union has organised the World All-Round Speed Skating Championships for Men since 1893. Unofficial Championships were held in the years 1889–1892. [1]

History[edit]

Medal winning countries at the World All-Round Speed Skating Championships.

Distances used[edit]

  • In 1889, three distances had to be skated: 1/2 mile (805 m) – 1 mile (1,609 m) – 2 miles (3,219 m).
  • In the years 1890-1892, four distances had to be skated: 1/2 mile (805 m) – 1 mile (1,609 m) – 2 miles (3,219 m) – 5 miles (8,047 m).
  • Since 1893, four distances have to be skated: 500 m – 1,500 m – 5,000 m – 10,000 m (the big combination).

Ranking systems used[edit]

  • In 1889, one could only win the World Championships by winning all three distances. If no one won all three distances, no winner would be declared. Silver and bronze medals were not awarded.
  • In the years 1890-1907, one could only win the World Championships by winning at least three of the four distances, so there would be no World Champion if no skater won at least three distances. Silver and bronze medals were never awarded.
  • In the years 1908-1925, ranking points were awarded (1 point for 1st place, 2 points for 2nd place, and so on); the final ranking was then decided by ordering the skaters by lowest point totals. The rule that a skater winning at least three distances was automatically World Champion was still in effect, though, so the ranking could be affected by that. Silver and bronze medals were awarded now as well.
  • In the years 1926-1927, the ranking points on each distance were percentage points, calculated from a skater's time and the current world record time. Apart from that, the system used was the same as in the immediately preceding years.
  • Since 1928, the samalog system has been in use. However, the rule that a skater winning at least three distances was automatically World Champion remained in effect until (and including) 1986. It was abolished as a result of three-distance-winner (and thus World Champion) Rolf Falk-Larssen having a worse samalog score than silver medal winner Tomas Gustafson in 1983.

Records[edit]

  • Sven Kramer has won a total of 6 world championships, in 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2012, and 2013.
  • Clas Thunberg, Oscar Mathisen have each won a total of 5 world championship. Mathisen took gold in 1908, 1909, 1912, 1913 and 1914, Thunberg in 1923, 1925, 1928, 1929 and 1931.
  • Sven Kramer has won 4 consecutive world championships, taking gold in a row in 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010.

Medal winners[edit]

Unofficial championships[edit]

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze
1889 Netherlands Amsterdam None declared None declared None declared
1890 Netherlands Amsterdam None declared None declared None declared
1891 Netherlands Amsterdam United States Joe Donoghue None declared None declared
1892 Netherlands Amsterdam Cancelled due to ice conditions
1940 Norway Oslo Latvia Alfons Berzinš Norway Harry Haraldsen Norway Charles Mathiesen
1946 Norway Oslo Norway Odd Lundberg Sweden Göthe Hedlund Norway Charles Mathiesen

Official championships[edit]

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze
1893 Netherlands Amsterdam Netherlands Jaap Eden None declared None declared
1894 Sweden Stockholm None declared None declared None declared
1895 Norway Hamar Netherlands Jaap Eden None declared None declared
1896 Russia St. Petersburg Netherlands Jaap Eden None declared None declared
1897 Canada Montreal Canada Jack McCulloch None declared None declared
1898 Switzerland Davos Norway Peder Østlund None declared None declared
1899 Germany Berlin Norway Peder Østlund None declared None declared
1900 Norway Kristiania (Oslo) Norway Edvard Engelsaas None declared None declared
1901 Sweden Stockholm Russia Franz Frederik Wathén[a] None declared None declared
1902 Finland Helsingfors (Helsinki) None declared None declared None declared
1903 Russia St. Petersburg None declared None declared None declared
1904 Norway Kristiania (Oslo) Norway Sigurd Mathisen None declared None declared
1905 Netherlands Groningen Netherlands Coen de Koning None declared None declared
1906 Finland Helsingfors (Helsinki) None declared None declared None declared
1907 Norway Trondhjem (Trondheim) None declared None declared None declared
1908 Switzerland Davos Norway Oscar Mathisen Norway Martin Sætherhaug Sweden Moje Öholm
1909 Norway Kristiania (Oslo) Norway Oscar Mathisen Norway Oluf Steen Sweden Otto Andersson
1910 Finland Helsingfors (Helsinki) Russia Nikolay Strunnikov Norway Oscar Mathisen Norway Martin Sætherhaug
1911 Norway Trondhjem (Trondheim) Russia Nikolay Strunnikov Norway Martin Sætherhaug Norway Henning Olsen
1912 Norway Kristiania (Oslo) Norway Oscar Mathisen Russia Gunnar Strömsten[b] Norway Trygve Lundgren
1913 Finland Helsingfors (Helsinki) Norway Oscar Mathisen Russia Vasily Ippolitov Russia Nikita Naidenov
1914 Norway Kristiania (Oslo) Norway Oscar Mathisen Russia Vasily Ippolitov Russia Wäinö Wickstrøm[c]
1915 Not held due to World War I
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922 Norway Kristiania (Oslo) Norway Harald Strøm Norway Roald Larsen Finland Clas Thunberg
1923 Sweden Stockholm Finland Clas Thunberg Norway Harald Strøm Soviet Union Jakov Melnikov
1924 Finland Helsinki Norway Roald Larsen Finland Uuno Pietilä Finland Julius Skutnabb
1925 Norway Oslo Finland Clas Thunberg Finland Uuno Pietilä Norway Roald Larsen
1926 Norway Trondhjem (Trondheim) Norway Ivar Ballangrud Norway Roald Larsen Norway Bernt Evensen
1927 Finland Tampere Norway Bernt Evensen Finland Clas Thunberg Norway Armand Carlsen
1928 Switzerland Davos Finland Clas Thunberg Norway Ivar Ballangrud Norway Bernt Evensen
1929 Norway Oslo Finland Clas Thunberg Norway Ivar Ballangrud Norway Michael Staksrud
1930 Norway Oslo Norway Michael Staksrud Norway Ivar Ballangrud Netherlands Dolf van der Scheer
1931 Finland Helsinki Finland Clas Thunberg Norway Bernt Evensen Norway Ivar Ballangrud
1932 United States Lake Placid Norway Ivar Ballangrud Norway Michael Staksrud Norway Bernt Evensen
1933 Norway Trondheim Norway Hans Engnestangen Norway Michael Staksrud Norway Ivar Ballangrud
1934 Finland Helsinki Norway Bernt Evensen Finland Birger Wasenius Norway Ivar Ballangrud
1935 Norway Oslo Norway Michael Staksrud Norway Ivar Ballangrud Norway Hans Engnestangen
1936 Switzerland Davos Norway Ivar Ballangrud Finland Birger Wasenius United States Eddie Schroeder
1937 Norway Oslo Norway Michael Staksrud Finland Birger Wasenius Austria Max Stiepl
1938 Switzerland Davos Norway Ivar Ballangrud Austria Karl Wazulek Norway Charles Mathiesen
1939 Finland Helsinki Finland Birger Wasenius Latvia Alfons Berzinš Norway Charles Mathiesen
1940 Not held due to World War II
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947 Norway Oslo Finland Lassi Parkkinen Norway Sverre Farstad Sweden Åke Seyffarth
1948 Finland Helsinki Norway Odd Lundberg United States Johnny Werket Norway Henry Wahl
1949 Norway Oslo Hungary Kornél Pajor Netherlands Kees Broekman Norway Odd Lundberg
1950 Sweden Eskilstuna Norway Hjalmar Andersen Norway Odd Lundberg United States Johnny Werket
1951 Switzerland Davos Norway Hjalmar Andersen United Kingdom Johnny Cronshey Kornél Pajor[d]
1952 Norway Hamar Norway Hjalmar Andersen Finland Lassi Parkkinen Norway Ivar Martinsen
1953 Finland Helsinki Soviet Union Oleg Goncharenko Soviet Union Boris Shilkov Netherlands Wim van der Voort
1954 Japan Sapporo Soviet Union Boris Shilkov Soviet Union Oleg Goncharenko Soviet Union Yevgeny Grishin
1955 Soviet Union Moscow Sweden Sigvard Ericsson Soviet Union Oleg Goncharenko Soviet Union Boris Shilkov
1956 Norway Oslo Soviet Union Oleg Goncharenko Soviet Union Robert Merkulov Soviet Union Yevgeny Grishin
1957 Sweden Östersund Norway Knut Johannesen Soviet Union Boris Shilkov Soviet Union Boris Zybin
1958 Finland Helsinki Soviet Union Oleg Goncharenko Soviet Union Vladimir Shilykovsky Norway Roald Aas
1959 Norway Oslo Finland Juhani Järvinen Finland Toivo Salonen Soviet Union Robert Merkulov
1960 Switzerland Davos Soviet Union Boris Stenin France André Kouprianoff East Germany Helmut Kuhnert
1961 Sweden Gothenburg Netherlands Henk van der Grift Soviet Union Viktor Kosichkin Netherlands Rudie Liebrechts
1962 Soviet Union Moscow Soviet Union Viktor Kosichkin Netherlands Henk van der Grift Sweden Ivar Nilsson
1963 Japan Karuizawa Sweden Jonny Nilsson Norway Knut Johannesen Norway Nils Aaness
1964 Finland Helsinki Norway Knut Johannesen Soviet Union Viktor Kosichkin Netherlands Rudie Liebrechts
1965 Norway Oslo Norway Per Ivar Moe Finland Jouko Launonen Netherlands Ard Schenk
1966 Sweden Gothenburg Netherlands Kees Verkerk Netherlands Ard Schenk Sweden Jonny Nilsson
1967 Norway Oslo Netherlands Kees Verkerk Netherlands Ard Schenk Norway Fred Anton Maier
1968 Sweden Gothenburg Norway Fred Anton Maier Norway Magne Thomassen Netherlands Ard Schenk
1969 Netherlands Deventer Norway Dag Fornæss Sweden Göran Claeson Netherlands Kees Verkerk
1970 Norway Oslo Netherlands Ard Schenk Norway Magne Thomassen Netherlands Kees Verkerk
1971 Sweden Gothenburg Netherlands Ard Schenk Sweden Göran Claeson Netherlands Kees Verkerk
1972 Norway Oslo Netherlands Ard Schenk Norway Roar Grønvold Netherlands Jan Bols
1973 Netherlands Deventer Sweden Göran Claeson Norway Sten Stensen Netherlands Piet Kleine
1974 Germany Inzell Norway Sten Stensen Netherlands Harm Kuipers Sweden Göran Claeson
1975 Norway Oslo Netherlands Harm Kuipers Soviet Union Vladimir Ivanov Soviet Union Yury Kondakov
1976 Netherlands Heerenveen Netherlands Piet Kleine Norway Sten Stensen Netherlands Hans van Helden
1977 Netherlands Heerenveen United States Eric Heiden Norway Jan Egil Storholt Norway Sten Stensen
1978 Sweden Gothenburg United States Eric Heiden Norway Jan Egil Storholt Soviet Union Sergey Marchuk
1979 Norway Oslo United States Eric Heiden Norway Jan Egil Storholt Norway Kay Arne Stenshjemmet
1980 Netherlands Heerenveen Netherlands Hilbert van der Duim United States Eric Heiden Norway Tom Erik Oxholm
1981 Norway Oslo Norway Amund Sjøbrend Norway Kay Arne Stenshjemmet Norway Jan Egil Storholt
1982 Netherlands Assen Netherlands Hilbert van der Duim Soviet Union Dmitry Bochkaryov Norway Rolf Falk-Larssen
1983 Norway Oslo Norway Rolf Falk-Larssen Sweden Tomas Gustafson Soviet Union Aleksandr Baranov
1984 Sweden Gothenburg Soviet Union Oleg Bozhev East Germany Andreas Ehrig Netherlands Hilbert van der Duim
1985 Norway Hamar Netherlands Hein Vergeer Soviet Union Oleg Bozhev Netherlands Hilbert van der Duim
1986 Germany Inzell Netherlands Hein Vergeer Soviet Union Oleg Bozhev Soviet Union Viktor Shasherin
1987 Netherlands Heerenveen Soviet Union Nikolay Gulyayev Soviet Union Oleg Bozhev Austria Michael Hadschieff
1988 Soviet Union Alma-Ata United States Eric Flaim Netherlands Leo Visser United States Dave Silk
1989 Norway Oslo Netherlands Leo Visser Netherlands Gerard Kemkers Norway Geir Karlstad
1990 Austria Innsbruck Norway Johann Olav Koss Netherlands Ben van der Burg Netherlands Bart Veldkamp
1991 Netherlands Heerenveen Norway Johann Olav Koss Italy Roberto Sighel Netherlands Bart Veldkamp
1992 Canada Calgary Italy Roberto Sighel Netherlands Falko Zandstra Norway Johann Olav Koss
1993 Norway Hamar Netherlands Falko Zandstra Norway Johann Olav Koss Netherlands Rintje Ritsma
1994 Sweden Gothenburg Norway Johann Olav Koss Netherlands Ids Postma Netherlands Rintje Ritsma
1995 Italy Baselga di Pinè Netherlands Rintje Ritsma Japan Keiji Shirahata Italy Roberto Sighel
1996 Germany Inzell Netherlands Rintje Ritsma Netherlands Ids Postma Japan Keiji Shirahata
1997 Japan Nagano Netherlands Ids Postma Japan Keiji Shirahata Germany Frank Dittrich
1998 Netherlands Heerenveen Netherlands Ids Postma Netherlands Rintje Ritsma Italy Roberto Sighel
1999 Norway Hamar Netherlands Rintje Ritsma Russia Vadim Sayutin Norway Eskil Ervik
2000 United States Milwaukee Netherlands Gianni Romme Netherlands Ids Postma Netherlands Rintje Ritsma
2001 Hungary Budapest Netherlands Rintje Ritsma Netherlands Ids Postma Belgium Bart Veldkamp[e]
2002 Netherlands Heerenveen Netherlands Jochem Uytdehaage Russia Dmitry Shepel United States Derek Parra
2003 Sweden Gothenburg Netherlands Gianni Romme Netherlands Rintje Ritsma Netherlands Ids Postma
2004 Norway Hamar United States Chad Hedrick United States Shani Davis Netherlands Carl Verheijen
2005 Russia Moscow United States Shani Davis United States Chad Hedrick Netherlands Sven Kramer
2006 Canada Calgary United States Shani Davis Italy Enrico Fabris Netherlands Sven Kramer
2007 Netherlands Heerenveen Netherlands Sven Kramer Italy Enrico Fabris Netherlands Carl Verheijen
2008 Germany Berlin Netherlands Sven Kramer Norway Håvard Bøkko United States Shani Davis
2009 Norway Hamar Netherlands Sven Kramer Norway Håvard Bøkko Italy Enrico Fabris
2010 Netherlands Heerenveen Netherlands Sven Kramer United States Jonathan Kuck Norway Håvard Bøkko
2011 Canada Calgary Russia Ivan Skobrev Norway Håvard Bøkko Netherlands Jan Blokhuijsen
2012 Russia Moscow Netherlands Sven Kramer Netherlands Jan Blokhuijsen Netherlands Koen Verweij
2013 Norway Hamar Netherlands Sven Kramer Norway Håvard Bøkko Belgium Bart Swings
2014 Netherlands Heerenveen Netherlands Koen Verweij Netherlands Jan Blokhuijsen Russia Denis Yuskov

Source: Schaatsstatistieken.nl [2]

All-time medal count[edit]

Only official tournaments are taken into account
rank country Gold Silver Bronze total
1  Norway 36 31 30 97
2  Netherlands 34 17 26 77
3  Finland 9 10 3 22
4  Soviet Union 8 13 10 31
5  United States 7 5 5 17
6  Russia 3 4 2 9
7  Sweden 3 3 6 12
8  Italy 1 3 3 7
9  Canada 1 0 0 1
 Hungary 1 0 0 1
11  Japan 0 2 1 3
12  Austria 0 1 2 3
13  East Germany 0 1 1 2
14  France 0 1 0 1
 Great Britain 0 1 0 1
 Latvia 0 1 0 1
17  Belgium 0 0 2 2
18  Germany 0 0 1 1
- independent 0 0 1 1
- none declared 5 15 15 35

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Wathén represented the Grand Duchy of Finland which was part of the Russian Empire at that time.
  2. ^ Strömsten represented the Grand Duchy of Finland which was part of the Russian Empire at that time.
  3. ^ Wickstrøm represented the Grand Duchy of Finland which was part of the Russian Empire at that time.
  4. ^ Pajor used to skate for Hungary until he defected in 1949. From then on the ISU allowed him to participate as an independent skater representing the ISU as he did in 1951. In 1952 he represented Sweden at the European Allround Championships in Östersund in Sweden winning the bronze medal in the overall standings.
  5. ^ Until 1995 Veldkamp skated for the Netherlands. From 1996 he skated for Belgium in order to avoid having to participate in Dutch qualification trials for the major tournaments.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Some Key Dates in ISU History". ISU.org. Retrieved 21 November 2012. 
  2. ^ "WK Allround mannen". Schaatsstatistieken.nl. Retrieved 21 November 2012.