|World||Leonard Patrick Komon (KEN) 26:44 (2010)|
|World||Joyciline Jepkosgei (KEN) 29:43 (2017)|
The 10K run is a long-distance road running competition over a distance of ten kilometres (6.2 miles). Also referred to as the 10K road race, 10 km, or simply 10K, it is one of the most common types of road running event, alongside the shorter 5K and longer half marathon and marathon. It is usually distinguished from the 10,000 metres track running event by stating the distance in kilometres, rather than metres.
As one of the shortest common road distances, many 10K races attract high levels of public participation. Among the largest 10K races, the Peachtree Road Race in Atlanta, United States had over 55,000 participants in 2011 while the Vancouver Sun Run and Bolder Boulder both had close to 50,000 runners. The popularity of 10K races lies in the fact that, for most adults, the 10K distance is long enough to represent a challenge but short enough to remain accessible for an untrained runner.
Most popular 10K races are an annual fixture in a city or area and typically incorporate an element of charity running, where participants raise funds for a cause based upon their completion of the course. Members of the public may take part in the races as a competition or simply for pleasure as a fun run. Some races also allow wheelchair racers to enter. Traditional New Year's Day races in Europe (Silvesterläuf) are often held over 10K.
The accessibility of the distance, and road running in general, has meant that local governments and health charities often form partnerships with races as a way of promoting physical fitness among the general public. Medical organisations, fitness groups, drinks manufacturers and sportswear companies are typical commercial sponsors of 10K events.
The 10-kilometre metric distance has been used for road running events for a large portion of the modern era of athletics – the Běchovice–Praha race is one of the longest-running events over the distance, having first been held in 1897. In Western countries using imperial measurements, the 6-mile run (9.7 km) was once more prevalent, but many long-running events (such as the Cincinnati Thanksgiving Day Race and Saltwell Road Race) have adapted their courses to match the metric distance.
Professional 10K running
At the professional level, there are many races which offer significant prize money to athletes who achieve a high finishing position in the race. At the highest level, annual prize money can total over US$100,000 at races such as the World's Best 10K, Peachtree Road Race, and World 10K Bangalore.
The 10K road distance has never featured on the event programmes of the Athletics at the Summer Olympics or the IAAF World Championships in Athletics. However, it did briefly have its own individual championship for women in the form of the IAAF World Women's Road Race Championships, which was contested over ten kilometres in 1983 and 1984. As a result, the highest level 10K road competitions occur at individual races run by race promoters, who attract elite international level runners through prize money and appearance fees. These types of races are held in all parts of the world, but the highest calibre races are mainly concentrated in the United States, Canada, Europe and East Asia.
The world records for the 10K road distance are 26:44 minutes for men (Leonard Patrick Komon, 2010) and 29:43 minutes for women (Joyciline Jepkosgei, 2017). Performances over ten kilometres on the roads were not recognised as world records by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) until 2003 and instead the fastest times were referred to as "world bests". This changed in August 2003 when the IAAF Congress approved world record status for a number of specified road distances, including the 10 km.
As with other forms of professional long-distance running, East African athletes have been dominant in the 10K distance since the 1990s. As of April 2013, all ten of the fastest male 10K runners are East African (nine of them Kenyan), while seven of the top ten female runners are Kenyan.
|Africa||26:44||Leonard Komon||Kenya||29:43||Joyciline Jepkosgei||Kenya|
|Asia||27:57||Nicholas Kemboi||Qatar||30:52||Kayoko Fukushi||Japan|
|Europe||27:34||Nick Rose||United Kingdom||30:21||Paula Radcliffe||United Kingdom|
|North, Central America
|27:23||Mark Nenow||United States||30:52||Shalane Flanagan||United States|
|Oceania||27:28||Zane Robertson||New Zealand||31:17||Benita Willis||Australia|
|South America||27:48||Marilson dos Santos||Brazil||32:06||Carmem de Oliveira||Brazil|
All-time Top 25
These are the runners with the fastest personal bests.
- Correct as of September 2017.
|1||26:44||Leonard Patrick Komon||Kenya||26 September 2010||Singelloop Utrecht||Utrecht|
|2||27:01||Micah Kipkemboi Kogo||Kenya||29 March 2009||Parelloop||Brunssum|
|3||27:02||Haile Gebrselassie||Ethiopia||11 December 2002||QSI 10k Road Race||Doha|||
|4||27:04||Joseph Kimani||Kenya||4 July 1996||Peachtree Road Race||Atlanta|
|27:04||Josphat Kiprono Menjo||Kenya||18 April 2010||Cursa de Bombers||Barcelona|
|6||27:09||Peter Kamais Lotagor||Kenya||6 September 2009||Tilburg 10K||Tilburg|
|7||27:10||Bernard Kimeli||Kenya||9 September 2017||Birell Prague Grand Prix||Prague|||
|8||27:11||Sammy Kipketer||Kenya||30 March 2002||Crescent City Classic||New Orleans|
|Sammy Kirop Kitwara||Kenya||26 September 2010||Singelloop Utrecht||Utrecht|
|Mathew Kimeli||Kenya||9 September 2017||Birell Prague Grand Prix||Prague|||
|11||27.13||Rhonex Kipruto||Kenya||9 September 2017||Birell Prague Grand Prix||Prague|||
|12||27:15+||James Mwangi Wangari||Kenya||18 September 2016||Copenhagen Half Marathon||Copenhagen|
|13||27:19||Moses Ndiema Masai||Kenya||28 February 2010||World's Best 10K||San Juan|
|Geoffrey Kiprono Mutai||Kenya||26 June 2011||Boston 10K||Boston|
|15||27:22||Martin Irungu Mathathi||Kenya||28 March 2010||Parelloop||Brunssum|
|Joseph Ebuya||24 October 2010||Great South Run||Portsmouth|
|17||27:23||Mark Nenow||United States||1 April 1984||Crescent City Classic||New Orleans|
|Samuel Tsegay||Eritrea||18 September 2011||Dam tot Damloop||Zaandam|
|19||27:24||William Sigei||Kenya||16 April 1994||Crescent City Classic||New Orleans|
|Zersenay Tadese||Eritrea||20 May 2007||Great Manchester Run||Manchester|
|Deriba Merga||Ethiopia||23 May 2009||Ottawa Race Weekend||Ottawa|
|22||27:25||Kaan Kigen Özbilen||Kenya||10 October 2010||Grand 10 Berlin||Berlin|
|Stephen Sambu||Kenya||22 June 2014||Boston 10K||Boston|
|24||27:26||Abraham Chebii||Kenya||24 March 2001||Azalea Trail Run||Mobile|
|25||27:27||Simon Rono||Kenya||11 April 1998||Crescent City Classic||New Orleans|
|27:27+||Samuel Kamau Wanjiru||Kenya||17 March 2007||AA Drink 10K||Den Haag|
|Francis Kibiwott Larabal||Kenya||1 April 2007||Berlin Half Marathon||Berlin|
|Eshetu Wendimu||Ethiopia||1 April 2007||Berlin Half Marathon||Berlin|
|Patrick Makau Musyoki||Kenya||1 April 2007||Berlin Half Marathon||Berlin|
Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 27:27:
- Micah Kipkemboi Kogo also ran 27:07 (2007).
- Leonard Patrick Komon also ran 27:10 (2009).
- Bernard Kimeli also ran 27:18 (2017).
- Correct as of September 2017.
|1||29:43||Joyciline Jepkosgei||Kenya||9 September 2017||Birell Prague Grand Prix||Prague|||
|2||30:05+||Violah Jepchumba||Kenya||1 April 2017||Prague Half Marathon||Prague|||
|3||30:06||Fancy Chemutai||Kenya||9 September 2017||Birell Prague Grand Prix||Prague|||
|4||30:21||Paula Radcliffe||United Kingdom||23 February 2003||World's Best 10K||San Juan|
|5||30:27||Isabella Ochichi||Kenya||26 March 2005||Crescent City Classic||New Orleans|
|Caroline Kimosop||Kenya||14 May 2016||Apuana Trail||Uberlândia|
|7||30:28||Sheila Chepkirui||Kenya||9 September 2017||Birell Prague Grand Prix||Prague|||
|8||30:29||Asmae Leghzaoui||Morocco||8 June 2002||New York Mini 10K||New York City|
|9||30:30||Tirunesh Dibaba||Ethiopia||1 September 2013||Tilburg 10K||Tilburg|
|10||30:32||Lornah Kiplagat||Kenya||4 July 2002||Peachtree Road Race||Atlanta|
|11||30:34+||Worknesh Degefa||Kenya||2 April 2016||Prague Half Marathon||Prague|
|12||30:37||Joyce Chepkirui||Kenya||13 October 2013||Grand 10 Berlin||Berlin|
|13||30:38||Tadelech Bekele||Ethiopia||13 October 2013||Grand 10 Berlin||Berlin|
|14||30:39||Liz McColgan||United Kingdom||11 March 1989||Red Lobster Classic||Orlando|
|15||30:41||Gladys Chesir Kiptagelai||Kenya||11 October 2015||Grand 10 Berlin||Berlin|
|Mary Jepkosgei Keitany||Kenya||August 2017||Maine|
|17||30:45||Lineth Chepkurui||Kenya||3 April 2010||Crescent City Classic||New Orleans|
|18||30:46||Betsy Saina||Kenya||7 September 2014||Tilburg 10K||Tilburg|
|19||30:47||Vivian Jepkemoi Cheruiyot||Kenya||26 February 2012||World's Best 10K||San Juan|
|20||30:48||Linet Chepkwemoi Masai||Kenya||12 June 2010||New York Mini 10K||New York City|
|21||30:52||Helen Kimaiyo Chepchirchir||Kenya||4 July 1996||Peachtree Road Race||Atlanta|
|Shalane Flanagan||United States||26 June 2016||Boston 10K||Boston|
|30:52+||Kayoko Fukushi||Japan||5 February 2006||Marugame Half Marathon||Marugame|
|24||30:55||Peres Jepchirchir||Kenya||5 September 2015||Prague Grand Prix||Prague|
|25||30:56||Gladys Cherono Kiprono||Kenya||23 May 2015||Ottawa Race Weekend||Ottawa|
Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 30:38:
- Joyciline Jepkosgei also ran 30:04+ (2017).
- Violah Jepchumba also ran 30:24 (2016), 30:25 (2017), 30:29+ (2016).
- Paula Radcliffe also ran 30:38 (2002).
- Joyce Chepkirui also ran 30:38 (2011).
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- IAAF World Women's Road Race Championships. GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
- 10 Kilometres - men - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
- 10 Kilometres - women - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
- IAAF Congress approves world records for selected events on the road and agrees to accept World Antidoping Code. IAAF (2003-08-21). Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
- Road Running - 10 Kilometres Men. IAAF. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
- Road Running - 10 Kilometres Women. IAAF. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
- Bob Ramsak (9 September 2017). "Jepkosgei smashes world 10km record in Prague". IAAF. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
- Jon Mulkeen (1 April 2017). "Jepkosgei breaks four world records at Prague Half Marathon". IAAF. Retrieved 1 April 2017.