60 metres

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Athletics
60 metres
World records
MenUnited States Christian Coleman 6.34 A (2018)
WomenRussia Irina Privalova 6.92 (1993, 1995)
World Indoor Championship records
MenUnited States Christian Coleman 6.37 (2018)
WomenUnited States Gail Devers 6.95 (1993)
A 60-metre race in Valencia in 2005

60 metres, or 60-meter dash, is a sprint event in track and field. It is a championship event for indoor championships, normally dominated by the best outdoor 100 metres runners. At indoor events, the 60 metres is run on lanes set out in the middle of the 'field', as is the hurdles event over the same distance, thus avoiding some of the effects of the banked track encircling the venue, upon which other track events in indoor events are run. At outdoor venues it is a rare distance, at least for senior athletes. The format of the event is similar to other sprint distances. The sprinters follow three initial instructions: 'on your marks', instructing them to take up position in the starting blocks; 'set', instructing them to adopt a more efficient starting posture, which also isometrically preloads their muscles. This will enable them to start faster. The final instruction is the firing of the starter's pistol. Upon hearing this the sprinters stride forwards from the blocks.

The 60 metres was an Olympic event in the 1900 and 1904 Summer Games but was removed from the schedule thereafter. American Christian Coleman currently holds the men's world record in the 60 metres with a time of 6.34 seconds,[1] while Russian Irina Privalova holds the women's world record at 6.92.

At the 2020 Tokyo Olympics Semi-Finals, Su Bingtian ran the fastest 60 m split of all-time and the fastest 60 m ever recorded under any conditions with a time of 6.29 seconds.[2]

In the past, it was common for athletes to compete in the 60 yards (54.86 m) race. This is not part of the lineage of the 60 metres, but is the predecessor of the 55 metres race. 60 metres is 65.6168 yards.

60 metres split vs. 60 metres indoor[edit]

Traditionally, the 60 m indoor event serves as the equivalent of preseason for the outdoor 100 m event, and sprinters do not peak until outdoor season. This is why elite sprinters almost always run a faster 60 m split en route to their 100 m time during outdoor season than their best 60 m indoor time, even after adjusting for wind assistance (wind assistance has lesser impact on shorter distance such as 60 m than on longer distance race). Given that 60 m splits were achieved en route to 100 m performances and the athletes weren't able to lean for the finish at the 60 m mark, elite sprinters could be expected to run even faster 60 m times than their best en route splits if they specifically raced a 60 m race during outdoor season.

Usain Bolt ran a 6.31 seconds 60 m split, the second fastest split all-time, en route to his 100 m world record, despite never having participated in the 60 m indoor event. Asafa Powell ran a 6.32 seconds split, while clocking only 6.44 seconds in the 60 m indoor event. 2012 Indoor 60 m World Champion Justin Gatlin, who has the personal best of 6.34 for the 60 m split, ran 6.45 seconds indoors. Former indoor world record holder and 1999 Indoor 60 m World Champion Maurice Greene ran a 6.33 split outdoors compared to his 6.39 indoor personal best. The current indoor world record holder Christian Coleman clocked in at 6.32 seconds en route to his 9.76 seconds 100 m personal best, significantly faster than his 6.34 indoor world record which he set at 5,312 feet altitude (equivalent to 6.37 indoor after adjusting for the effect of altitude).[3]

At the 2020 Tokyo Olympics, en route to his 100 m personal best of 9.83 seconds, Su Bingtian, who has the indoor personal best of 6.42, ran the fastest 60 m split of all-time with a time of 6.29 seconds.[4]

Area records[edit]

Updated 19 March 2022.[5][6]

Area Men Women
Time (s) Athlete Nation Time (s) Athlete Nation
Africa 6.45 A Leonard Myles-Mills  Ghana 6.97 Murielle Ahouré  Ivory Coast
Asia 6.42 Su Bingtian  China 7.09 Susanthika Jayasinghe  Sri Lanka
Europe 6.41 Marcell Jacobs  Italy 6.92 Irina Privalova  Russia
North, Central America
and Caribbean
6.34 A Christian Coleman  United States 6.94 A Aleia Hobbs  United States
Oceania 6.52 Matthew Shirvington  Australia 7.13 Zoe Hobbs  New Zealand
South America 6.52 José Carlos Moreira  Brazil 7.14 Vitoria Cristina Rosa  Brazil

All-time top 25[edit]

Indoor results only

Men[edit]

Updated February 2024.[7]

Ath.# Perf.# Time (s) Athlete Nation Date Place Ref.
1 1 6.34 A Christian Coleman  United States 18 February 2018 Albuquerque [1]
2 6.37 Coleman #2 19 January 2018 Clemson
Coleman #3 3 March 2018 Birmingham [8]
2 4 6.39 Maurice Greene  United States 3 February 1998 Madrid
4 6.39 Greene #2 3 March 2001 Atlanta
6 6.40 Greene #3 27 February 1999 Atlanta
3 6 6.40 A Ronnie Baker  United States 18 February 2018 Albuquerque [1]
4 8 6.41 Andre Cason  United States 14 February 1992 Madrid
8 6.41 Greene #4 1 February 1998 Stuttgart
4 8 6.41 Marcell Jacobs  Italy 19 March 2022 Belgrade [9]
8 6.41 Coleman #4 19 March 2022 Belgrade [9]
12 6.42 Greene #5 7 March 1999 Maebashi
6 12 6.42 Dwain Chambers  Great Britain 7 March 2009 Turin
12 6.42 A Coleman #5 18 February 2018 Albuquerque [1]
6 12 6.42 Su Bingtian  China 3 March 2018 Birmingham [8]
Trayvon Bromell  United States 10 February 2023 Clemson [10]
17 6.43 Greene #6 1 February 1998 Stuttgart
9 17 6.43 Tim Harden  United States 7 March 1999 Maebashi
17 6.43 Su #2 6 February 2018 Düsseldorf
9 17 6.43 A Noah Lyles  United States 17 February 2024 Albuquerque [11]
21 6.44 Harden #2 27 February 1999 Atlanta
Harden #3 11 March 2001 Lisbon
11 21 6.44 Asafa Powell  Jamaica 18 March 2016 Portland [12]
21 6.44 Powell #2 18 March 2016 Portland [13]
Baker #2 3 March 2018 Birmingham
Baker #3 19 February 2020 Liévin
Baker #4 21 February 2020 Madrid
11 21 6.44 Marvin Bracy  United States 19 March 2022 Belgrade [9]
21 6.44 Lyles #2 4 February 2024 Boston [14]
6.44 A Coleman #6 17 February 2024 Albuquerque [11]
13 6.45 Bruny Surin  Canada 13 February 1993 Liévin
6.45 A Leonard Myles-Mills  Ghana 20 February 1999 Colorado Springs
Terrence Trammell  United States 17 February 2001 Pocatello
6.45 Justin Gatlin  United States 1 March 2003 Boston
Ronald Pognon  France 13 February 2005 Karlsruhe
6.45 A Trell Kimmons  United States 26 February 2012 Albuquerque
6.45 Terrence Jones  Bahamas 15 January 2022 Lubbock [15]
Ackeem Blake  Jamaica 4 February 2024 Boston [16]
21 6.46 Jon Drummond  United States 1 February 1998 Stuttgart
6.46 A Marcus Brunson  United States 30 January 1999 Flagstaff
6.46 Jason Gardener  Great Britain 7 March 1999 Maebashi
Tim Montgomery  United States 11 March 2001 Lisbon
Leonard Scott  United States 26 February 2005 Liévin

Note: The following athletes have had their performances annulled due to doping offences:

Time (s) Athlete Nation Date Place Ref
6.41 Ben Johnson  Canada 7 March 1987 Indianapolis [17]

Outdoor best performances[edit]

+ = en route to 100 m mark

Rank Time (s) Wind (m/s) Athlete Nation Date Place Ref
1 6.29+ (calculated) +0.9 Su Bingtian  China 1 August 2021 Tokyo [18][19]
2 6.31+ (calculated) +0.9 Usain Bolt  Jamaica 16 August 2009 Berlin [20][21]
3 6.32+ (calculated) +1.7 Asafa Powell  Jamaica 9 September 2007 Rieti [22]
+1.7 Usain Bolt  Jamaica 31 May 2008 New York City [23]
0.0 Usain Bolt  Jamaica 16 August 2008 Beijing [24]
+0.2 Asafa Powell  Jamaica 2 September 2009 Lausanne [25]
+1.5 Usain Bolt  Jamaica 5 August 2012 London [26]
+0.6 Christian Coleman  United States 28 September 2019 Doha [27]
9 6.33+ (calculated) −0.2 Maurice Greene  United States 5 August 2001 Edmonton [28]
−0.1 Yohan Blake  Jamaica 23 August 2012 Lausanne [29]
11 6.34+ (calculated) +0.9 Justin Gatlin  United States 23 August 2015 Beijing [30]

Note: The following athletes have had their associated 100 m performances annulled due to doping offences:

Time (s) Wind (m/s) Athlete Nation Date Place Ref
6.33+ (calculated) +1.1 Ben Johnson  Canada 24 September 1988 Seoul [31]

Women[edit]

Updated February 2024.[32]

Ath.# Perf.# Time (s) Athlete Nation Date Place Ref.
1 1 6.92 Irina Privalova  Russia 11 February 1993 Madrid
1 6.92 Privalova #2 9 February 1995 Madrid
3 6.93 Privalova #3 13 February 1994 Liévin
4 6.94 Privalova #4 19 February 1995 Liévin
2 4 6.94 A Aleia Hobbs  United States 18 February 2023 Albuquerque [33]
Julien Alfred  Saint Lucia 11 March 2023 Albuquerque [34]
4 6 6.95 Gail Devers  United States 12 March 1993 Toronto
6 6.95 Privalova #5 6 February 1994 Vienna
Privalova #6 14 February 1995 Moscow
4 6 6.95 Marion Jones  United States 7 March 1998 Maebashi
6 10 6.96 Merlene Ottey  Jamaica 14 February 1992 Madrid
10 6.96 Privalova #7 11 February 1993 Madrid
6 10 6.96 Ekaterini Thanou  Greece 7 March 1999 Maebashi
Mujinga Kambundji  Switzerland 18 March 2022 Belgrade [35]
10 6.96 A Alfred #2 10 March 2023 Albuquerque [36]
15 6.97 Privalova #8 14 February 1992 Madrid
Privalova #9 12 March 1993 Toronto
Privalova #10 11 February 1994 Madrid
Privalova #11 12 February 1995 Ghent
Ottey #2 19 February 1995 Liévin
Ottey #3 10 March 1995 Ghent
9 15 6.97 LaVerne Jones-Ferrette  United States Virgin Islands 6 February 2010 Stuttgart
Murielle Ahouré  Ivory Coast 2 March 2018 Birmingham [37]
15 6.97 Alfred #3 25 February 2023 Lubbock [38]
24 6.98 Privalova #12 27 February 1993 Moscow
Devers #2 21 February 1999 Liévin
11 24 6.98 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce  Jamaica 9 March 2014 Sopot [39]
Elaine Thompson-Herah  Jamaica 18 February 2017 Birmingham [40]
24 6.98 Hobbs #2  United States 28 January 2023 Fayetteville [41]
13 6.99 Ewa Swoboda  Poland 5 March 2022 Toruń [42]
Mikiah Brisco  United States 18 March 2022 Belgrade [35]
15 7.00 Nelli Cooman  Netherlands 23 February 1986 Madrid
Veronica Campbell-Brown  Jamaica 14 March 2010 Doha
Dafne Schippers  Netherlands 13 February 2016 Berlin [43]
Barbara Pierre  United States 12 March 2016 Portland [44]
19 7.01 Savatheda Fynes  Bahamas 7 March 1999 Maebashi
Me'Lisa Barber  United States 10 March 2006 Moscow
Lauryn Williams  United States 10 March 2006 Moscow
22 7.02 Gwen Torrence  United States 2 February 1996 New York City
Christy Opara-Thompson  Nigeria 12 February 1997 Ghent
Chioma Ajunwa  Nigeria 22 February 1998 Liévin
Philomena Mensah  Canada 7 March 1999 Maebashi
7.02 A Carmelita Jeter  United States 28 February 2010 Albuquerque
7.02 Tianna Madison  United States 11 February 2012 Fayetteville
7.02 A Javianne Oliver  United States 18 February 2018 Albuquerque [1]
7.02 Marie-Josée Ta Lou  Ivory Coast 20 February 2019 Düsseldorf [45]
Zaynab Dosso  Italy 6 February 2024 Toruń [46]

Outdoor best performances[edit]

+ = en route to 100 m mark

Rank Time (s) Wind (m/s) Athlete Nation Date Place Ref
1 6.81+ (calculated) +0.1 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce  Jamaica 29 September 2019 Doha [47]
2 6.85+ (calculated) −0.1 Marion Jones  United States 22 August 1999 Seville
3 6.87+ (calculated) 0.0 Florence Griffith-Joyner  United States 16 July 1988 Indianapolis [48]
+0.9 Elaine Thompson-Herah  Jamaica 21 August 2021 Eugene [49]
5 6.91+ (calculated) +0.1 Dina Asher-Smith  Great Britain 29 September 2019 Doha [47]

Olympic medalists[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1900 Paris
details
 Alvin Kraenzlein (USA)  Walter Tewksbury (USA)  Stan Rowley (AUS)
1904 St. Louis
details
 Archie Hahn (USA)  William Hogenson (USA)  Fay Moulton (USA)

World Indoor Championships medalists[edit]

Men[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1985 Parisa
details
 Ben Johnson (CAN)  Sam Graddy (USA)  Ronald Desruelles (BEL)
1987 Indianapolis
details
 Lee McRae (USA) b  Mark Witherspoon (USA)  Pierfrancesco Pavoni (ITA)
1989 Budapest
details
 Andrés Simón (CUB)  John Myles-Mills (GHA)  Pierfrancesco Pavoni (ITA)
1991 Seville
details
 Andre Cason (USA)  Linford Christie (GBR)  Chidi Imo (NGR)
1993 Toronto
details
 Bruny Surin (CAN)  Frankie Fredericks (NAM)  Talal Mansour (QAT)
1995 Barcelona
details
 Bruny Surin (CAN)  Darren Braithwaite (GBR)  Robert Esmie (CAN)
1997 Paris
details
 Haralabos Papadias (GRE)  Michael Green (JAM)  Davidson Ezinwa (NGR)
1999 Maebashi
details
 Maurice Greene (USA)  Tim Harden (USA)  Jason Gardener (GBR)
2001 Lisbon
details
 Tim Harden (USA)  Tim Montgomery (USA)  Mark Lewis-Francis (GBR)
2003 Birmingham
details
 Justin Gatlin (USA)  Kim Collins (SKN)  Jason Gardener (GBR)
2004 Budapest
details
 Jason Gardener (GBR)  Shawn Crawford (USA)  Georgios Theodoridis (GRE)
2006 Moscow
details
 Leonard Scott (USA)  Andrey Epishin (RUS)  Terrence Trammell (USA)
2008 Valencia
details
 Olusoji Fasuba (NGR)  Kim Collins (SKN)
 Dwain Chambers (GBR)
none awarded
2010 Doha
details
 Dwain Chambers (GBR)  Mike Rodgers (USA)  Daniel Bailey (ATG)
2012 Istanbul
details
 Justin Gatlin (USA)  Nesta Carter (JAM)  Dwain Chambers (GBR)
2014 Sopot
details
 Richard Kilty (GBR)  Marvin Bracy (USA)  Femi Ogunode (QAT)
2016 Portland
details
 Trayvon Bromell (USA)  Asafa Powell (JAM)  Ramon Gittens (BAR)
2018 Birmingham
details
 Christian Coleman (USA)  Su Bingtian (CHN)  Ronnie Baker (USA)
2022 Belgrade
details
 Marcell Jacobs (ITA)  Christian Coleman (USA)  Marvin Bracy (USA)

a The event was known as the World Indoor Games in 1985.
b Ben Johnson of Canada originally won the gold medal, but he was disqualified in 1989 after admitting to steroid use between 1981 and 1988.

Medal table[edit]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 United States (USA)98320
2 Great Britain (GBR)33410
3 Canada (CAN)3014
4 Italy (ITA)1023
 Nigeria (NGR)1023
6 Greece (GRE)1012
7 Cuba (CUB)1001
8 Jamaica (JAM)0303
9 Saint Kitts and Nevis (SKN)0202
10 China (CHN)0101
 Ghana (GHA)0101
 Namibia (NAM)0101
 Russia (RUS)0101
14 Qatar (QAT)0022
15 Antigua and Barbuda (ATG)0011
 Barbados (BAR)0011
 Belgium (BEL)0011
Totals (17 entries)19201857

Women[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1985 Parisa
details
 Silke Gladisch (GDR)  Heather Oakes (GBR)  Christelle Bulteau (FRA)
1987 Indianapolis
details
 Nelli Fiere-Cooman (NED)  Anelia Nuneva (BUL) b  Angela Bailey (CAN)
1989 Budapest
details
 Nelli Fiere-Cooman (NED)  Gwen Torrence (USA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1991 Seville
details
 Irina Sergeyeva (URS)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Liliana Allen (CUB)
1993 Toronto
details
 Gail Devers (USA)  Irina Privalova (RUS)  Zhanna Tarnopolskaya (UKR)
1995 Barcelona
details
 Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Melanie Paschke (GER)  Carlette Guidry (USA)
1997 Paris
details
 Gail Devers (USA)  Chandra Sturrup (BAH)  Frederique Bangue (FRA)
1999 Maebashi
details
 Ekaterini Thanou (GRE)  Gail Devers (USA)  Philomena Mensah (CAN)
2001 Lisbon
details
 Chandra Sturrup (BAH)  Angela Williams (USA)  Chryste Gaines (USA)
2003 Birmingham
details
 Angela Williams (USA) c  Torri Edwards (USA)  Merlene Ottey (SLO)
2004 Budapest
details
 Gail Devers (USA)  Kim Gevaert (BEL)  Yulia Nestsiarenka (BLR)
2006 Moscow
details
 Me'Lisa Barber (USA)  Lauryn Williams (USA)  Kim Gevaert (BEL)
2008 Valencia
details
 Angela Williams (USA)  Jeanette Kwakye (GBR)  Tahesia Harrigan (IVB)
2010 Doha
details
 Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)  Carmelita Jeter (USA)  Ruddy Zang Milama (GAB)
2012 Istanbul
details
 Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)  Murielle Ahouré (CIV)  Tianna Madison (USA)
2014 Sopot
details
 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM)  Murielle Ahouré (CIV)  Tianna Bartoletta (USA)
2016 Portland
details
 Barbara Pierre (USA)  Dafne Schippers (NED)  Elaine Thompson (JAM)
2018 Birmingham
details
 Murielle Ahouré (CIV)  Marie-Josée Ta Lou (CIV)  Mujinga Kambundji (SUI)
2022 Belgrade
details
 Mujinga Kambundji (SUI)  Mikiah Brisco (USA)  Marybeth Sant-Price (USA)

a The event was known as the World Indoor Games in 1985.
b Angella Issajenko of Canada originally won the silver medal, but she was disqualified in 1989 after admitting to steroid use between 1982 and 1988.
c Zhanna Block originally won the gold medal, but she was disqualified after her results from November 2002 onwards were deleted in 2011 for long-term drug use.

Medal table[edit]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 United States (USA)77519
2 Jamaica (JAM)4127
3 Netherlands (NED)2103
4 Ivory Coast (CIV)1304
5 Bahamas (BAH)1102
6  Switzerland (SWI)1012
7 East Germany (GDR)1001
 Greece (GRE)1001
 Soviet Union (URS)1001
10 Great Britain (GBR)0202
11 Belgium (BEL)0112
12 Bulgaria (BUL)0101
 Germany (GER)0101
 Russia (RUS)0101
15 Canada (CAN)0022
 France (FRA)0022
17 Belarus (BLR)0011
 British Virgin Islands (IVB)0011
 Cuba (CUB)0011
 Gabon (GAB)0011
 Slovenia (SLO)0011
 Ukraine (UKR)0011
Totals (22 entries)19191957

Season's bests[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Jon Hendershott (18 February 2018). "Coleman breaks world indoor 60m record at US Indoor Championships in Albuquerque". IAAF. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  2. ^ Pierre-Jean Vazel (2 November 2021). "Athletics - Final Results". Analyzing the Olympic 100-meter sprints.
  3. ^ Jonas Mureika. "Wind / Altitude Adjustment Calculator". jmureika. Retrieved 17 March 2023.
  4. ^ Pierre-Jean Vazel (2 November 2021). "Athletics - Final Results". Analyzing the Olympic 100-meter sprints.
  5. ^ "Men's indoor 60 metres | Records". iaaf.org. IAAF. Retrieved 4 January 2019.
  6. ^ "Women's indoor 60 metres | Records". iaaf.org. IAAF. Retrieved 4 January 2019.
  7. ^ "All time Top Lists Senior Indoor 60 Metres Men". World Athletics. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
  8. ^ a b "Men's 60m Results" (PDF). IAAF. 3 March 2018. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  9. ^ a b c "60m Final Results" (PDF). World Athletics. 19 March 2022. Retrieved 19 March 2022.
  10. ^ "Bol clocks 49.96 and 22.87 in Metz, Bromell breezes to 6.42 in Clemson". World Athletics. 11 February 2023. Retrieved 16 February 2023.
  11. ^ a b "Results". results.usatf.org. Retrieved 2024-02-18.
  12. ^ "60m Round 1 Results" (PDF). IAAF. 18 March 2016. Retrieved 18 March 2016.
  13. ^ "60m Semifinal Results" (PDF). IAAF. 18 March 2016. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
  14. ^ "Lyles breaks 60m meeting record in Boston with 6.44 | REPORTS | World Athletics". worldathletics.org. Retrieved 2024-02-06.
  15. ^ Jon Mulkeen (16 January 2022). "Jones, Harrison and Usoro get their 2022 campaigns off to a strong start". Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  16. ^ "Results". results.nbindoorgrandprix.com. Retrieved 2024-02-04.
  17. ^ Janofsky, Michael (6 September 1989). "Rule That Will Strip Johnson of His World Records Is Approved". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  18. ^ Pierre-Jean Vazel (2021-11-02). "Athletics - Final Results". Analyzing the Olympic 100-meter sprints.
  19. ^ Omega Official (2021-08-08). "Su Bingtian 60m-6.29". Wanda Diamond League China.
  20. ^ Lee, Jimson (2009-08-19). "Usain Bolt 10 meter splits, Fastest Top Speed, 2008 vs 2009". SpeedEndurance.com. Retrieved 2023-11-24.
  21. ^ "Biomechanical Analysis 100 Metres" (PDF). IAAF. 16 August 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 April 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  22. ^ Pierre-Jean Vazel (8 September 2008). "Biomechanical Analysis 100 Metres 9.72 Asafa Powell". Retrieved 17 March 2023.
  23. ^ X-King (12 June 2008). "Biomechanical Analysis 100 Metres 9.72 Usain Bolt". Retrieved 17 March 2023.
  24. ^ Pierre-Jean Vazel (16 August 2009). "Biomechanical Analysis 100 Metres 9.69 Usain Bolt". Retrieved 17 March 2023.
  25. ^ Pierre-Jean Vazel (8 September 2008). "Biomechanical Analysis 100 Metres 9.72 Asafa Powell". Retrieved 17 March 2023.
  26. ^ Pierre-Jean Vazel (5 August 2020). "Biomechanical Analysis 100 Metres 9.63 Usain Bolt". Retrieved 17 March 2023.
  27. ^ "Biomechanical Analysis 100 Metres". La Libre. 29 September 2019. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  28. ^ nsx_pf (14 February 2022). "TOP 20 FASTEST 60M SPLITS IN 100M RACES". Speed Analysis Channel. Retrieved 17 March 2023.
  29. ^ Leslie Ray Jeffrey (24 December 2022). "Biomechanical Analysis 100 Metres Yohan Blake 9.69". Retrieved 17 March 2023.
  30. ^ Magician wlx (14 February 2022). "Justin Gatlin's 9 77 split time in Beijing in 2015". YouTube. Retrieved 17 March 2023.
  31. ^ "Maurice Greene equals 60m indoors world record mark". World Athletics. 1 February 1998. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  32. ^ "Toplists - All time Top lists - Senior Indoor 60 Metres Women". World Athletics. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
  33. ^ "Hobbs and Hall go No.2 all time at US Indoor Championships in Albuquerque". World Athletics. 18 February 2023. Retrieved 1 March 2023.
  34. ^ "Alfred, Garland and Wilson threaten world records at NCAA Indoor Championships | REPORT | World Athletics". www.worldathletics.org. Retrieved 2023-03-12.
  35. ^ a b "60m Final Results" (PDF). World Athletics. 18 March 2022. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  36. ^ "Collegiate records fall on first day of NCAA Indoor Championships | REPORT | World Athletics". www.worldathletics.org. Retrieved 2023-03-11.
  37. ^ "Women's 60m Results" (PDF). IAAF. 2 March 2018. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  38. ^ "Weekend Recap: All-Time Marks Canvas Conference Championships Weekend". USTFCCCA. 25 February 2023. Retrieved 4 March 2023.
  39. ^ "60m Results Summary" (PDF). IAAF. 9 March 2014. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  40. ^ "60m Results" (PDF). British Athletics. 18 February 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 February 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  41. ^ "Hodgkinson breaks world indoor 600m best, Kincaid and Nuguse lead fast times in Boston". World Athletics. 29 January 2023. Retrieved 30 January 2023.
  42. ^ Gary Smith (5 March 2022). "Ewa Swoboda flashes to 6.99 at 2022 Polish Indoor Championships". world-track.org. Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  43. ^ "Dafne Schippers: Profile". IAAF.org. Retrieved 11 August 2017.
  44. ^ "60m Dash Results". flashresults.com. 12 March 2016. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
  45. ^ Ramsak, Bob (20 February 2019). "Ta Lou dashes 7.02, J. Ingebrigtsen defeats Tefera in Dusseldorf". iaaf.org. IAAF. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
  46. ^ "60m Results" (PDF). copernicus.domtel-sport.pl. 6 February 2024. Retrieved 6 February 2024.
  47. ^ a b Lindstrom, Sieg (October 2019). "World Champs Women's 100 — Let's Hear It For Motherhood". Track & Field News. Archived from the original on 1 June 2021. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  48. ^ Brüggemann, Gert-Peter; Glad, Bill; International Amateur Athletic Federation; International Athletic Foundation (1990), Scientific research project at the games of the XXIVth Olympiad - Seoul 1988. Final report, Biomechanical analyses of the jumping events, time analyses of the sprint and hurdle events, IAAF, retrieved 16 May 2020
  49. ^ Evelyn Watta (8 September 2021). "Elusive world record now within reach for Elaine Thompson-Herah". Olympics.com. Retrieved 2 November 2021.

External links[edit]