200 metres

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Athletics
200 metres
London 2012 200m heat 1 start.jpg
Athletes leaving starting blocks for a 200 metres heat at the 2012 Olympic Games
Men's records
World Jamaica Usain Bolt 19.19 (2009)
Olympic Jamaica Usain Bolt 19.30 (2008)
Women's records
World United States Florence Griffith-Joyner 21.34 (1988)
Olympic United States Florence Griffith-Joyner 21.34 (1988)
Athletics Men's 200 Final - 27th Summer Universiade 2013 - Kazan

The 200 metres (also spelled 200 meters) is a sprint running event. On an outdoor 400 m track, the race begins on the curve and ends on the home straight, so a combination of techniques are needed to successfully run the race. A slightly shorter race, called the stadion and run on a straight track, was the first recorded event at the ancient Olympic Games. The 200 m places more emphasis on speed endurance than shorter sprint distances as athletes rely on different energy systems during the longer sprint.

In the United States and elsewhere, athletes previously ran the 220-yard dash (201.168 m) instead of the 200 m (218.723 yards), though the distance is now obsolete. The standard adjustment used for the conversion from times recorded over 220 yards to 200 m times is to subtract 0.1 seconds,[1] but other conversion methods exist. Another obsolete version of this race is the 200 metres straight, which was run on tracks that contained such a straight. Initially, when the International Amateur Athletic Association (now known as the International Association of Athletics Federations) started to ratify world records in 1912, only records set on a straight track were eligible for consideration. In 1951, the IAAF started to recognise records set on a curved track. In 1976, the straight record was discarded.

The race attracts runners from other events, primarily the 100 metres, wishing to double up and claim both titles. This feat has been achieved by men eleven times at the Olympic Games: by Archie Hahn in 1904, Ralph Craig in 1912, Percy Williams in 1928, Eddie Tolan in 1932, Jesse Owens in 1936, Bobby Morrow in 1956, Valeriy Borzov in 1972, Carl Lewis in 1984, and most recently by Jamaica's Usain Bolt in 2008, 2012, and 2016. The double has been accomplished by women seven times: by Fanny Blankers-Koen in 1948, Marjorie Jackson in 1952, Betty Cuthbert in 1956, Wilma Rudolph in 1960, Renate Stecher in 1972 and Florence Griffith-Joyner in 1988. Marion Jones finished first in both races in 2000 but was later disqualified and stripped of her medals after admitting to taking performance-enhancing drugs. An Olympic double of 200 m and 400 m was first achieved by Valerie Brisco-Hooks in 1984, and later by Michael Johnson from the United States and Marie-José Pérec of France both in 1996. Usain Bolt is the only man to repeat as Olympic champion, Bärbel Wöckel (née Eckert) and Veronica Campbell-Brown are the two women who have repeated as Olympic champion.

The men's world record holder is Usain Bolt of Jamaica, who ran 19.19s at the 2009 World Championships. The women's world record holder is Florence Griffith-Joyner of the United States, who ran 21.34s at the 1988 Summer Olympics. The reigning Olympic champions are Usain Bolt and Elaine Thompson (Jamaica). The reigning World Champions are Bolt and Dafne Schippers (the Netherlands).

Races run with an aiding wind measured over 2.0 metres per second are not acceptable for record purposes.

Continental records[edit]

Area Men Women
Time (s) Wind Athlete Nation Time (s) Wind Athlete Nation
Africa (records) 19.68 +0.4 Frank Fredericks  Namibia 22.07 -0.1 Mary Onyali  Nigeria
Asia (records) 19.97 -0.4 Femi Ogunode  Qatar 22.01 0.0 Li Xuemei  China
Europe (records) 19.72[A] +1.8 Pietro Mennea  Italy 21.63 0.2 Dafne Schippers  Netherlands
North, Central America
and Caribbean
(records)
19.19 WR -0.3 Usain Bolt  Jamaica 21.34 WR 1.3 Florence Griffith-Joyner  United States
Oceania (records) 20.06[A] +0.9 Peter Norman  Australia 22.23 0.8 Melinda Gainsford-Taylor  Australia
South America (records) 19.81 -0.3 Alonso Edward  Panama 22.48 1.0 Ana Cláudia Lemos  Brazil

All-time fastest 200 m athletes[edit]

  • Only the fastest time for each athlete is listed.
  • A = Altitude

All-time top 25 men (outdoors)[edit]

As of August 2016 [2]

Rank Time Wind Athlete Nation Date Place Ref
1. 19.19 −0.3 Usain Bolt  Jamaica 20 August 2009 Berlin
2. 19.26 +0.7 Yohan Blake  Jamaica 16 September 2011 Brussels
3. 19.32 +0.4 Michael Johnson  United States 1 August 1996 Atlanta
4. 19.53 +0.7 Walter Dix  United States 16 September 2011 Brussels
5. 19.57 +0.4 Justin Gatlin  United States 28 June 2015 Eugene [3]
6. 19.58 +1.3 Tyson Gay  United States 30 May 2009 New York City
7. 19.63 +0.4 Xavier Carter  United States 11 July 2006 Lausanne
8. 19.65 0.0 Wallace Spearmon  United States 28 September 2006 Daegu
9. 19.68 +0.4 Frankie Fredericks  Namibia 1 August 1996 Atlanta
10. 19.72A +1.8 Pietro Mennea  Italy 12 September 1979 Mexico City
11. 19.73 −0.2 Michael Marsh  United States 5 August 1992 Barcelona
12. 19.74 +1.4 Lashawn Merritt  United States 8 July 2016 Eugene [4]
13. 19.75 +1.5 Carl Lewis  United States 19 June 1983 Indianapolis
+1.7 Joe DeLoach  United States 28 September 1988 Seoul
15. 19.77 +0.7 Ato Boldon  Trinidad and Tobago 13 July 1997 Stuttgart
16. 19.79 +1.2 Shawn Crawford  United States 26 August 2004 Athens
+0.9 Warren Weir  Jamaica 23 June 2013 Kingston
18. 19.80 +0.8 Christophe Lemaitre  France 3 September 2011 Daegu
+2.0 Rasheed Dwyer  Jamaica 23 July 2015 Toronto [5]
-0.3 Andre de Grasse  Canada 17 August 2016 Rio de Janeiro [6]
21. 19.81 −0.3 Alonso Edward  Panama 20 August 2009 Berlin
+0.4 Churandy Martina  Netherlands 25 August 2016 Lausanne [7]
23. 19.83A +0.9 Tommie Smith  United States 16 October 1968 Mexico City
24. 19.84 +1.7 Francis Obikwelu  Nigeria 25 August 1999 Seville
25. 19.85 −0.3 John Capel  United States 23 July 2000 Sacramento
−0.5 Konstadinos Kederis  Greece 9 August 2002 Munich
0.0 Nickel Ashmeade  Jamaica 30 August 2012 Zurich
+1.9 Ameer Webb  United States 6 May 2016 Doha [8]

Notes[edit]

Below is a list of all other legal times inside 19.60:

  • Usain Bolt also ran 19.30 (2008), 19.32 (2012), 19.40 (2011), 19.55 (2015), 19.56 (2010), 19.57 (2009), 19.58 (2012), 19.59 (2009).
  • Yohan Blake also ran 19.44 (2012), 19.54 (2012).

All-time top 25 women (outdoors)[edit]

As of May 2016

Rank Result Wind Athlete Nation Date Location Ref
1. 21.34 +1.3 Florence Griffith-Joyner  United States 29 September 1988 Seoul
2. 21.62A −0.6 Marion Jones  United States 11 September 1998 Johannesburg
3. 21.63 +0.2 Dafne Schippers  Netherlands 28 August 2015 Beijing [9]
4. 21.64 +0.8 Merlene Ottey  Jamaica 13 September 1991 Brussels
5. 21.66 +0.2 Elaine Thompson  Jamaica 28 August 2015 Beijing [10]
6. 21.69 +1.0 Allyson Felix  United States 30 June 2012 Eugene [11]
7. 21.71 +0.7 Marita Koch  East Germany 10 June 1979 Karl-Marx-Stadt
+0.3 21 July 1984 Potsdam
+1.2 Heike Drechsler  East Germany 29 June 1986 Jena
−0.8 29 August 1986 Stuttgart
9. 21.72 +1.3 Grace Jackson  Jamaica 29 September 1988 Seoul
−0.1 Gwen Torrence  United States 15 August 1992 Barcelona
11. 21.74 +0.4 Marlies Göhr  East Germany 3 June 1984 Erfurt
+1.2 Silke Gladisch  East Germany 3 September 1987 Rome
+0.6 Veronica Campbell-Brown  Jamaica 21 August 2008 Beijing
14. 21.75 −0.1 Juliet Cuthbert  Jamaica 5 August 1992 Barcelona
15. 21.77 +0.6 Inger Miller  United States 27 August 1999 Seville
16. 21.81 −0.1 Valerie Brisco-Hooks  United States 9 August 1984 Los Angeles
17. 21.83 −0.2 Evelyn Ashford  United States 24 August 1979 Montreal
18. 21.85 +0.3 Bärbel Wöckel  East Germany 21 July 1984 Potsdam
19. 21.87 0.0 Irina Privalova  Russia 25 July 1995 Monaco
20. 21.93 +1.3 Pam Marshall  United States 23 July 1988 Indianapolis
21. 21.95 +0.3 Katrin Krabbe  East Germany 30 August 1990 Split
22. 21.97 +1.9 Jarmila Kratochvilova  Czechoslovakia 6 June 1981 Bratislava
23. 21.99 +0.9 Chandra Cheeseborough  United States 19 June 1983 Indianapolis
+1.1 Marie-Jose Perec  France 2 July 1993 Villeneuve d'Ascq
+1.1 Kerron Stewart  Jamaica 29 July 2008 Kingston
+1.9 Tori Bowie  United States 28 May 2016 Eugene [12]

Notes[edit]

Below is a list of all other legal times inside 21.80:

All-time top 10 men (indoors)[edit]

Rank Result Athlete Nation Date Location Ref
1. 19.92 Frankie Fredericks  Namibia 18 February 1996 Lievin [13]
2. 20.10 Wallace Spearmon  United States 11 March 2005 Fayetteville
3. 20.19 Trayvon Bromell  United States 14 March 2015 Fayetteville [14]
4. 20.25 Linford Christie  United Kingdom 19 February 1995 Lievin
5. 20.26 Obadele Thompson  Barbados 6 March 1999 Maebashi
Shawn Crawford  United States 10 March 2000 Fayetteville
John Capel  United States 10 March 2000 Fayetteville
Andre De Grasse  Canada 14 March 2015 Fayetteville [15]
9. 20.27 Walter Dix  United States 10 March 2006 Fayetteville
10. 20.30 Xavier Carter  United States 10 March 2006 Fayetteville

All-time top 10 women (indoors)[edit]

Rank Result Athlete Nation Date Location
1. 21.87 Merlene Ottey  Jamaica 13 February 1993 Lievin
2. 22.10 Irina Privalova  Russia 19 February 1995 Toronto
3. 22.27 Heike Drechsler  East Germany 7 March 1987 Indianapolis
4. 22.33 Gwen Torrence  United States 3 February 1996 Atlanta
5. 22.38 Veronica Campbell-Brown  Jamaica 18 February 2005 Birmingham
6. 22.39 Marita Koch  East Germany 5 March 1983 Budapest
Ionela Tirlea  Romania 6 March 1999 Maebashi
8. 22.40 Bianca Knight  United States 14 March 2008 Fayetteville
9. 22.41 Galina Malchugina  Russia 13 March 1994 Paris
10. 22.43 Svetlana Goncharenko  Russia 22 February 1998 Lievin

Season's best[edit]

As of 27 August 2015

Olympic medallists[edit]

Men[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1900 Paris
details
 Walter Tewksbury (USA)  Norman Pritchard (IND)  Stan Rowley (AUS)
1904 St. Louis
details
 Archie Hahn (USA)  Nate Cartmell (USA)  William Hogenson (USA)
1908 London
details
 Robert Kerr (CAN)  Robert Cloughen (USA)  Nate Cartmell (USA)
1912 Stockholm
details
 Ralph Craig (USA)  Donald Lippincott (USA)  Willie Applegarth (GBR)
1920 Antwerp
details
 Allen Woodring (USA)  Charlie Paddock (USA)  Harry Edward (GBR)
1924 Paris
details
 Jackson Scholz (USA)  Charlie Paddock (USA)  Eric Liddell (GBR)
1928 Amsterdam
details
 Percy Williams (CAN)  Walter Rangeley (GBR)  Helmut Körnig (GER)
1932 Los Angeles
details
 Eddie Tolan (USA)  George Simpson (USA)  Ralph Metcalfe (USA)
1936 Berlin
details
 Jesse Owens (USA)  Mack Robinson (USA)  Tinus Osendarp (NED)
1948 London
details
 Mel Patton (USA)  Barney Ewell (USA)  Lloyd LaBeach (PAN)
1952 Helsinki
details
 Andy Stanfield (USA)  Thane Baker (USA)  James Gathers (USA)
1956 Melbourne
details
 Bobby Morrow (USA)  Andy Stanfield (USA)  Thane Baker (USA)
1960 Rome
details
 Livio Berruti (ITA)  Lester Carney (USA)  Abdoulaye Seye (FRA)
1964 Tokyo
details
 Henry Carr (USA)  Paul Drayton (USA)  Edwin Roberts (TRI)
1968 Mexico City
details
 Tommie Smith (USA)  Peter Norman (AUS)  John Carlos (USA)
1972 Munich
details
 Valeriy Borzov (URS)  Larry Black (USA)  Pietro Mennea (ITA)
1976 Montreal
details
 Don Quarrie (JAM)  Millard Hampton (USA)  Dwayne Evans (USA)
1980 Moscow
details
 Pietro Mennea (ITA)  Allan Wells (GBR)  Don Quarrie (JAM)
1984 Los Angeles
details
 Carl Lewis (USA)  Kirk Baptiste (USA)  Thomas Jefferson (USA)
1988 Seoul
details
 Joe DeLoach (USA)  Carl Lewis (USA)  Robson da Silva (BRA)
1992 Barcelona
details
 Michael Marsh (USA)  Frankie Fredericks (NAM)  Michael Bates (USA)
1996 Atlanta
details
 Michael Johnson (USA)  Frankie Fredericks (NAM)  Ato Boldon (TRI)
2000 Sydney
details
 Konstantinos Kenteris (GRE)  Darren Campbell (GBR)  Ato Boldon (TRI)
2004 Athens
details
 Shawn Crawford (USA)  Bernard Williams (USA)  Justin Gatlin (USA)
2008 Beijing
details
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Shawn Crawford (USA)  Walter Dix (USA)
2012 London
details
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Yohan Blake (JAM)  Warren Weir (JAM)
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Andre De Grasse (CAN)  Christophe Lemaitre (FRA)

Women[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1948 London
details
 Fanny Blankers-Koen (NED)  Audrey Williamson (GBR)  Audrey Patterson (USA)
1952 Helsinki
details
 Marjorie Jackson (AUS)  Bertha Brouwer (NED)  Nadezhda Khnykina-Dvalishvili (URS)
1956 Melbourne
details
 Betty Cuthbert (AUS)  Christa Stubnick (EUA)  Marlene Mathews (AUS)
1960 Rome
details
 Wilma Rudolph (USA)  Jutta Heine (EUA)  Dorothy Hyman (GBR)
1964 Tokyo
details
 Edith McGuire (USA)  Irena Kirszenstein (POL)  Marilyn Black (AUS)
1968 Mexico City
details
 Irena Szewińska (POL)  Raelene Boyle (AUS)  Jenny Lamy (AUS)
1972 Munich
details
 Renate Stecher (GDR)  Raelene Boyle (AUS)  Irena Szewińska (POL)
1976 Montreal
details
 Bärbel Eckert (GDR)  Annegret Richter (FRG)  Renate Stecher (GDR)
1980 Moscow
details
 Bärbel Wöckel (GDR)  Natalya Bochina (URS)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1984 Los Angeles
details
 Valerie Brisco-Hooks (USA)  Florence Griffith (USA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1988 Seoul
details
 Florence Griffith-Joyner (USA)  Grace Jackson (JAM)  Heike Drechsler (GDR)
1992 Barcelona
details
 Gwen Torrence (USA)  Juliet Cuthbert (JAM)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1996 Atlanta
details
 Marie-José Pérec (FRA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Mary Onyali (NGR)
2000 Sydney
details
 Pauline Davis-Thompson (BAH)  Susanthika Jayasinghe (SRI)  Beverly McDonald (JAM)
2004 Athens
details
 Veronica Campbell (JAM)  Allyson Felix (USA)  Debbie Ferguson (BAH)
2008 Beijing
details
 Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)  Allyson Felix (USA)  Kerron Stewart (JAM)
2012 London
details
 Allyson Felix (USA)  Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM)  Carmelita Jeter (USA)
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
 Elaine Thompson (JAM)  Dafne Schippers (NED)  Tori Bowie (USA)

World Championship medallists[edit]

Men[edit]

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
 Calvin Smith (USA)  Elliott Quow (USA)  Pietro Mennea (ITA)
1987 Rome
details
 Calvin Smith (USA)  Gilles Quénéhervé (FRA)  John Regis (GBR)
1991 Tokyo
details
 Michael Johnson (USA)  Frankie Fredericks (NAM)  Atlee Mahorn (CAN)
1993 Stuttgart
details
 Frankie Fredericks (NAM)  John Regis (GBR)  Carl Lewis (USA)
1995 Gothenburg
details
 Michael Johnson (USA)  Frankie Fredericks (NAM)  Jeff Williams (USA)
1997 Athens
details
 Ato Boldon (TRI)  Frankie Fredericks (NAM)  Claudinei da Silva (BRA)
1999 Seville
details
 Maurice Greene (USA)  Claudinei da Silva (BRA)  Francis Obikwelu (NGR)
2001 Edmonton
details
 Konstantinos Kenteris (GRE)  Christopher Williams (JAM)  Shawn Crawford (USA)
2003 Paris
details
 John Capel (USA)  Darvis Patton (USA)  Shingo Suetsugu (JPN)
2005 Helsinki
details
 Justin Gatlin (USA)  Wallace Spearmon (USA)  John Capel (USA)
2007 Osaka
details
 Tyson Gay (USA)  Usain Bolt (JAM)  Wallace Spearmon (USA)
2009 Berlin
details
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Alonso Edward (PAN)  Wallace Spearmon (USA)
2011 Daegu
details
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Walter Dix (USA)  Christophe Lemaitre (FRA)
2013 Moscow
details
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Warren Weir (JAM)  Curtis Mitchell (USA)
2015 Beijing
details
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Anaso Jobodwana (RSA)

Women[edit]

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
 Marita Koch (GDR)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Kathy Smallwood-Cook (GBR)
1987 Rome
details
 Silke Gladisch (GDR)  Florence Griffith-Joyner (USA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1991 Tokyo
details
 Katrin Krabbe (GER)  Gwen Torrence (USA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1993 Stuttgart
details
 Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Gwen Torrence (USA)  Irina Privalova (RUS)
1995 Gothenburg
details
 Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Irina Privalova (RUS)  Galina Malchugina (RUS)
1997 Athens
details
 Zhanna Pintusevich-Block (UKR)  Susanthika Jayasinghe (SRI)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1999 Seville
details
 Inger Miller (USA)  Beverly McDonald (JAM)  Merlene Frazer (JAM)
 Andrea Philipp (GER)
2001 Edmonton
details
 Debbie Ferguson (BAH)  LaTasha Jenkins (USA)  Cydonie Mothersille (CAY)
2003 Paris
details
 Anastasiya Kapachinskaya (RUS)  Torri Edwards (USA)  Muriel Hurtis (FRA)
2005 Helsinki
details
 Allyson Felix (USA)  Rachelle Boone-Smith (USA)  Christine Arron (FRA)
2007 Osaka
details
 Allyson Felix (USA)  Veronica Campbell (JAM)  Susanthika Jayasinghe (SRI)
2009 Berlin
details
 Allyson Felix (USA)  Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)  Debbie Ferguson (BAH)
2011 Daegu
details
 Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)  Carmelita Jeter (USA)  Allyson Felix (USA)
2013 Moscow
details
 Shelly-Ann Fraser (JAM)  Murielle Ahouré (CIV)  Blessing Okagbare (NGR)
2015 Beijing
details
 Dafne Schippers (NED)  Elaine Thompson (JAM)  Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Converting Times from English to Metric Distances". National Federation of State High School Associations. Archived from the original on 16 March 2008. Retrieved 26 December 2007. 
  2. ^ "200 Meters All Time". IAAF. Retrieved 11 January 2015. 
  3. ^ "200m Dash Results". flashresults.com. 28 June 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  4. ^ Roy Jordan (9 July 2016). "Rollins wins 100m hurdles showdown at US Olympic Trials". IAAF. Retrieved 9 July 2016. 
  5. ^ "200m Semifinal 1 Results" (PDF). results.toronto2015.org. 23 July 2015. Retrieved 25 July 2015. 
  6. ^ "Men's 200m Semifinal 2 Results" (PDF). Rio 2016 official website. 17 August 2016. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  7. ^ "200m Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 25 August 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2016. 
  8. ^ "200m Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 6 May 2016. Retrieved 6 May 2016. 
  9. ^ "200m Results". IAAF. 28 August 2015. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  10. ^ "200m Results". IAAF. 28 August 2015. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  11. ^ Ed Gordon (1 July 2012). "Marritt hurdles world-leading 12.93, Felix blazes 21.69 in Eugene – U.S. Olympic Trials, Day 7". IAAF. Retrieved 1 July 2012. 
  12. ^ "Prefontaine Classic 2016 Results". tilastopaja.org. 28 May 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2016. 
  13. ^ http://www.alltime-athletics.com/m_200ok.htm
  14. ^ "200m Dash Results". ncaa.com. 14 March 2015. Retrieved 15 March 2015. 
  15. ^ "200m Dash Results". ncaa.com. 14 March 2015. Retrieved 15 March 2015. 

External links[edit]