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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1228 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1228
Ab urbe condita1981
Armenian calendar677
Assyrian calendar5978
Balinese saka calendar1149–1150
Bengali calendar635
Berber calendar2178
English Regnal year12 Hen. 3 – 13 Hen. 3
Buddhist calendar1772
Burmese calendar590
Byzantine calendar6736–6737
Chinese calendar丁亥年 (Fire Pig)
3924 or 3864
    — to —
戊子年 (Earth Rat)
3925 or 3865
Coptic calendar944–945
Discordian calendar2394
Ethiopian calendar1220–1221
Hebrew calendar4988–4989
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1284–1285
 - Shaka Samvat1149–1150
 - Kali Yuga4328–4329
Holocene calendar11228
Igbo calendar228–229
Iranian calendar606–607
Islamic calendar625–626
Japanese calendarAntei 2
Javanese calendar1136–1137
Julian calendar1228
Korean calendar3561
Minguo calendar684 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−240
Thai solar calendar1770–1771
Tibetan calendar阴火猪年
(female Fire-Pig)
1354 or 973 or 201
    — to —
(male Earth-Rat)
1355 or 974 or 202
Death of Isabella II (1212–1228)

Year 1228 (MCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


By place[edit]

Sixth Crusade[edit]

  • Summer – Emperor Frederick II sails from Brindisi with a expeditionary force and arrives in Acre in the Middle East on September 7. He disembarks a well-trained and equipped Crusader army (some 10,000 men and 2,000 knights). After his arrival in Palestine, Frederick is again excommunicated by Pope Gregory IX, for setting out for the Crusade before he has obtained absolution from his previous ex-communication (see 1227). Many of the local nobility, the Knights Templar and Knights Hospitaller deny him their support for the Crusade. Frederick can only rely on his own army and the Teutonic Knights, whose Grand Master, Hermann von Salza, is his friend.[1]
  • Autumn – Frederick II receives an embassy of Sultan Al-Kamil, including Fakhr al-Din ibn as-Shaikh, at the Hospitaller camp at Recordane, near Acre. Meanwhile, Al-Kamil is engaged in suppressing a rebellion in Syria and has concentrated his forces on a siege at Damascus. Frederick is pressed for time, because his army is not large enough for a major campaign. Al-Kamil, who has full control of Jerusalem, starts diplomatic negotiations.[2]
  • November – Frederick II puts pressure on the negotiations by a military display. He assembles his Crusader army and marches down the coast to Jaffa – which he proceeds to refortify. At the same moment, Ayyubid forces under An-Nasir Dawud, who are not participating in the revolt at Damascus, move to Nablus, to intercept Al-Kamil's supply lines. Al-Kamil breaks off the negotiations, saying that the Crusaders have pillaged several Muslim villages, and only resumes them again when Frederick pays out compensation to the victims.[3]



By topic[edit]

Cities and Towns[edit]


  • The city of Tournai emits its first recorded life annuity, thus confirming a trend of consolidation of public debts started ten years earlier, in Reims.[7]
  • The first evidence is uncovered of the use of the Knights Templar as cashiers by King Henry III of England, to safely transfer important sums to the continent, using letters of exchange. This shows that large transfers could take place across Europe, even before the emergence of important networks of Italian merchant-bankers.[8]





  1. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, p. 154. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
  2. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, p. 156. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
  3. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, p. 156. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
  4. ^ Linehan, Peter (1999). "Chapter 21: Castile, Portugal and Navarre". In Abulafia, David (ed.). The New Cambridge Medieval History c.1198-c.1300. Cambridge University Press. pp. 668–699 [672]. ISBN 0-521-36289-X.
  5. ^ Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 110. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9.
  6. ^ Rayfield, Donald (2012). Edge of Empires: A History of Georgia, p. 124. London: reaktion Books. ISBN 1-780-23030-3.
  7. ^ Zuijderduijn, Jaco (2009). Medieval Capital Markets. Markets for renten, state formation and private investment in Holland (1300-1550). Leiden/Boston: Brill. ISBN 978-9-00417565-5.
  8. ^ Ferris, Eleanor (1902). "The Financial Relations of the Knights Templars to the English Crown". American Historical Review. 8 (1): 1–17. doi:10.2307/1832571. JSTOR 1832571.
  9. ^ "Conrad IV | king of Germany". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved February 14, 2020.