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Millennium: 2nd millennium
October 2426: Battle of Keresztes
1596 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1596
Ab urbe condita2349
Armenian calendar1045
Assyrian calendar6346
Balinese saka calendar1517–1518
Bengali calendar1003
Berber calendar2546
English Regnal year38 Eliz. 1 – 39 Eliz. 1
Buddhist calendar2140
Burmese calendar958
Byzantine calendar7104–7105
Chinese calendar乙未年 (Wood Goat)
4293 or 4086
    — to —
丙申年 (Fire Monkey)
4294 or 4087
Coptic calendar1312–1313
Discordian calendar2762
Ethiopian calendar1588–1589
Hebrew calendar5356–5357
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1652–1653
 - Shaka Samvat1517–1518
 - Kali Yuga4696–4697
Holocene calendar11596
Igbo calendar596–597
Iranian calendar974–975
Islamic calendar1004–1005
Japanese calendarBunroku 5 / Keichō 1
Javanese calendar1516–1517
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar3929
Minguo calendar316 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar128
Thai solar calendar2138–2139
Tibetan calendar阴木羊年
(female Wood-Goat)
1722 or 1341 or 569
    — to —
(male Fire-Monkey)
1723 or 1342 or 570

1596 (MDXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1596th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 596th year of the 2nd millennium, the 96th year of the 16th century, and the 7th year of the 1590s decade. As of the start of 1596, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.





  • July 5Capture of Cádiz: An English fleet, commanded by Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, and Lord Howard of Effingham, sacks Cádiz.
  • July 14 – King Dominicus Corea (Edirille Bandara) is beheaded by the Portuguese in Colombo, Ceylon.
  • July 18 – Queen Elizabeth I of England issues "an open warrant to the Lord Mayor of London and the aldermen and his brethren, and to all other vice-admirals, mayors, and other public officers whatsoever to whom it may appertain" directing that Africans in the realm will be deported. Citing a request from Casper van Senden "to have licence to take up so many blackamoors here in this realm and to transport them into Spain and Portugal," the Queen notes that "Her majesty... considering the reasonableness of his request to transport so many blackamoors from hence, doth think it a very good exchange and that those kind of people may be well spared in this realm being so populous and numbers of able persons the subjects of the land and Christian people that perish for want of service, whereby through their labor they might be maintained."[6][7]
  • August 18 – The siege of the Dutch city of Hulst is completed after a month as Spanish forces under the command of Albert, son of the late Holy Roman Emperor Maxmimilan II, force the surrender of the city.
  • August 29 – The coronation of Christian IV as King of Denmark and King of Norway takes place at the Vor Frue Kirke cathedral in Copenhagen. The Bishop of Zealand, Peder Virstrup, places the crown upon the head of King Christian IV, who had become the monarch in 1588 at the age of 11.
  • AugustDavid Fabricius discovers the variable nature of the star Mira.
  • September 20Diego de Montemayor founds the city of Monterrey, Mexico.


Date unknown[edit]


Jan van Goyen
René Descartes
Emperor Go-Mizunoo



Date unknown[edit]


Sir Francis Drake
Hattori Hanzō


  1. ^ David Marley, Wars of the Americas: A Chronology of Armed Conflict in the Western Hemisphere (ABC-CLIO, 2008) pp. 136-137
  2. ^ Kenneth R. Andrews, The Last Voyage of Drake and Hawkins (Routledge, 2017) pp. 204-05
  3. ^ John Sugden, Sir Francis Drake (Penguin Books, 2004) pp. 313
  4. ^ Cesáreo Fernández Duro, Armada Española desde la unión de los reinos de Castilla y Aragón (Sucesores de Rivadeneyra, 1898) p. 115
  5. ^ John Daniell, A Compendium of the History of Cornwall (Netherton & Worth, 1880) p. 156
  6. ^ "Elizabeth I, Letters Permitting Deportation of Blackamoors from England, Acts of the Privy Council, Vol. 26 (1596-97), ed. John Roche Dasent (London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1902)", in 'Othello" A Broadview Internet Shakespeare Edition (Broadview Press, 2017) pp.299-300
  7. ^ Emily C. Bartels (April 2006). "Too Many Blackamoors: Deportation, Discrimination, and Elizabeth I". SEL: Studies in English Literature 1500–1900. 46 (2). Rice University: 305–322. doi:10.1353/sel.2006.0012. JSTOR 3844644. S2CID 154728438. In 1596, Queen Elizabeth issued an 'open letter' to the Lord Mayor of London, announcing that 'there are of late divers black-moores brought into this realme, of which kinde of people there aire allready here to manie,' and ordering that they be deported from the country.
  8. ^ George Nedungatt (2001). The Synod of Diamper Revisited. Pontificio Istituto Orientale. p. 137. ISBN 978-88-7210-331-9.
  9. ^ William J. Griswold (1983). The Great Anatolian Rebellion, 1000-1020/1591-1611. K. Schwarz. p. 17. ISBN 978-3-922968-34-4.
  10. ^ "Jaakko Ilkka's biography". Archived from the original on June 5, 2016. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
  11. ^ Stratton, J.M. (1969). Agricultural Records. John Baker. ISBN 0-212-97022-4.
  12. ^ John Cottingham (September 25, 1992). The Cambridge Companion to Descartes. Cambridge University Press. p. 22. ISBN 978-0-521-36696-0.
  13. ^ The Ukrainian Review. Association of Ukrainians in Great Britain, Limited. 1966. p. 28.
  14. ^ Ronald H. Fritze; William B. Robison (1996). Historical Dictionary of Stuart England, 1603-1689. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 177. ISBN 978-0-313-28391-8.
  15. ^ Jolande van der Klis (2000). The Essential Guide to Dutch Music: 100 Composers and Their Work. Amsterdam University Press. p. 179. ISBN 978-90-5356-460-8.
  16. ^ Oechslin, Werner (1972). "BUONAMICI, Francesco". Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani (in Italian). Vol. 15. Archived from the original on January 23, 2020.
  17. ^ Neville Williams (1973). Francis Drake. Weidenfeld and Nicolson. p. 220. ISBN 978-0-297-76685-8.
  18. ^ R. W. Lamb (1998). Annales Phaedriani, 1596-1996. R.W. Lamb. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-9533361-0-4.