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This article is about the year 1625.
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1590s 1600s 1610s – 1620s – 1630s 1640s 1650s|
|Years:||1622 1623 1624 – 1625 – 1626 1627 1628|
|1625 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2378|
|English Regnal year||22 Ja. 1 – 1 Cha. 1|
|Chinese calendar||甲子年 (Wood Rat)
4321 or 4261
— to —
乙丑年 (Wood Ox)
4322 or 4262
|- Vikram Samvat||1681–1682|
|- Shaka Samvat||1547–1548|
|- Kali Yuga||4726–4727|
|Japanese calendar||Kan'ei 2
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||287 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2167–2168|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1625.|
- January 17 – Led by the Duke of Soubise, the Huguenots launch a second rebellion against king Louis XIII with a surprise naval assault on a French fleet being prepared in Blavet.
- February – Huguenot forces under the Duke of Soubise capture the Island of Ré.
- March 25 – Battle of Martqopi is Safavid defeat in Georgia.
- March 27 – Charles Stuart (Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland) succeeds James I of England.
- April 4 – Frederick Henry of Nassau marries Amalia, Countess von Solms-Braunfels.
- April 7 – Albrecht von Wallenstein is appointed German supreme commander.
- April 23 – Stadtholder Maurice of Nassau of the Dutch Republic dies and is succeeded by his younger brother, Frederick Henry.
- May 1 – A Portuguese-Spanish expedition recaptures Salvador, Bahia (Bahia) from the Dutch.
- May 15–May 16 – Rebellious farmers are hanged in Vocklamarkt, Upper Austria.
- June 2 – Prince Frederick Henry is sworn in as the stadtholder of Holland and Zeeland.
- June 5 – Eighty Years' War: Spanish troops under Ambrogio Spinola conquer Breda after a yearlong siege.
- June 13 – King Charles I of England marries Henrietta Maria, Princess of France and Navarre.
- June 18 – The English Parliament refuses to vote Charles I the right to collect customs duties for his entire reign, restricting him to one year instead.
- July – First attack from barbary pirates in south-western England.
- August 6 – Ernest Casimir of Nassau-Dietz is appointed as stadtholder of Groningen.
- August 16 – Ernest Casimir of Nassau-Dietz is appointed stadtholder of Drenthe.
- September 13 – A total of 16 rabbis (including Isaiah Horowitz) are imprisoned in Jerusalem.
- September 15 – After several skirmishes in the preceding days, troops under the Marquis of Toiras successfully recapture the island of Ré, forcing the Duke of Soubise to flee to England and ending the second Huguenot rebellion.
- September 24 – A Dutch fleet attacks San Juan, Puerto Rico.
- October 8 – Admiral George Villiers' fleet sails from Plymouth, England to Cadiz.
- October 25 – A Dutch fleet attacks the Portuguese garrison at Elmina castle at present-day Elmina, Ghana, but is defeated with heavy casualties. This defeat, along with the defeats at Bahia and Puerto Rico caused a 5-year-long lull in Dutch attacks on Spanish and Portuguese colonies.
- November 1–November 7 – George Villiers' fleet is defeated at Cadiz by the Spanish.
- December 9 – Thirty Years' War: The Netherlands and England sign the Treaty of The Hague, a military peace treaty for providing economical aid to king Christian IV of Denmark during his military campaigns in Germany.
- William Oughtred invents the slide rule.
- James Ussher becomes Archbishop of Armagh.
- The Dutch settle Manhattan, founding the town of New Amsterdam. The town would transform into a piece of what is now New York City.
- The capital of Madagascar, Antananarivo, is founded by King Andrianjaka.
- The First Savoine War is fought between the Republic of Genoa and the Duchy of Savoy.
- England: a very high tide occurs, described as being the highest ever known in the Thames, and the sea walls in Kent, Essex, and Lincolnshire are overthrown, and great desolation caused to the lands near the sea.
- The first members of the Society of Jesus move to Quebec, Canada.
- January 29 – Thieleman J. van Braght, Anabaptist author (d. 1664)
- February 1 – Leopold Louis, Count Palatine of Veldenz (d. 1694)
- February 9 – Jobst Herman, Count of Lippe (d. 1678)
- February 21 – Joan Huydecoper II, Dutch mayor (d. 1704)
- March 1 – William Gregory (1625–1696), British judge and politician (d. 1696)
- March 25
- April 4 – Sir John Drake, 1st Baronet, Member of Parliament of England (d. 1669)
- April 5 – Domenico Maria Canuti, Italian painter of the Baroque period (d. 1684)
- April 18 – Sir John Baber, English physician to Charles II (d. 1704)
- April 25 – John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Duke of Brunswick-Calenberg (1665-1679) (d. 1679)
- May 9 – George Pitt (died 1694), English politician (d. 1694)
- May 11 – Elisabeth Marie, Duchess of Oels (d. 1686)
- May 13 – Carlo Maratta, Italian painter (d. 1713)
- May 23 – John Louis, Count of Nassau-Ottweiler (d. 1690)
- May 25
- June 8 – Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian astronomer and engineer (d. 1712)
- June 17 – Peder Hansen Resen, Danish historian (d. 1688)
- June 22 – Henry Cromwell-Williams, English politician (d. 1673)
- June 23 – John Fell (bishop), Bishop and academic administrator (d. 1686)
- July 9 – Sarah Rapelje, first white European Christian female born in New Netherland (d. 1685)
- July 10 – Jean Herauld Gourville, French adventurer (d. 1703)
- July 27 – Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich (d. 1672)
- July 30 – Philippe François, 1st Duke of Arenberg (d. 1674)
- August 9 – Hans Rosing, Bishop (d. 1699)
- August 10
- August 13 – Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician and scientist (d. 1698)
- August 14 – François de Harlay de Champvallon, Archbishop of Paris (d. 1695)
- August 20 – Thomas Corneille, French dramatist (d. 1709)
- August 21 – John Claypole (d. 1688)
- September 2 – Federico Baldeschi Colonna, Italian Catholic Cardinal (d. 1691)
- September 4 – Johan van Rensselaer (d. 1662)
- September 5 – Charles II Otto, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (1669-1671) (d. 1671)
- September 7 – Henry Frederick, Count of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (1628-1699) (d. 1699)
- September 8 – William Bond (Massachusetts), first Speaker of the Massachusetts Province House of Representatives (d. 1695)
- September 13 – Thomas Reynell, English politician (d. 1698)
- September 16 – Gregorio Barbarigo, Roman Catholic saint (d. 1697)
- September 23 – Ferdinand Maximilian, Hereditary Prince of Baden-Baden, Father of Louis William, Margrave of Baden-Baden (d. 1669)
- September 24 – Johan de Witt, Dutch politician (d. 1672)
- October 2 – Vere Essex Cromwell, 4th Earl of Ardglass (d. 1687)
- October 4 – Jacqueline Pascal, French child prodigy and sister of Blaise Pascal (d. 1661)
- October 5 – Edward, Count Palatine of Simmern (d. 1663)
- October 6 – Francis Small, trader and landowner residing primarily in Kittery (d. 1714)
- October 9 – Jacques Henri de Durfort de Duras, French noble (d. 1704)
- October 10 – Erik Dahlbergh, Swedish engineer, soldier and field marshal (d. 1703)
- October 19 – Pierre Nicole (d. 1695)
- October 23 – Charles Cheyne, 1st Viscount Newhaven, Member Parliament of England (d. 1698)
- October 26 – Michał Kazimierz Radziwiłł, Polish-Lithuanian noble (d. 1680)
- October 31 – Christen Jensen Lodberg, Danish bishop (d. 1693)
- November 1 – Oliver Plunkett, Irish archbishop, martyr and saint (d. 1681)
- November 7 – Henri II, Duke of Nemours, seventh Duc de Nemours (1652–59) (d. 1659)
- November 8 – Mary Rich, Countess of Warwick, seventh daughter of Richard Boyle (d. 1678)
- November 12 – Sir Edward Dering, 2nd Baronet, Irish politician (d. 1684)
- November 13 – William Christoph, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg (d. 1681)
- November 20
- November 30 – Jean Domat, French jurist (d. 1696)
- December 10 – Melchior Barthel, German sculptor (d. 1672)
- December 14 – Barthélemy d'Herbelot de Molainville, French orientalist (d. 1695)
- December 16 – Erhard Weigel, Mathematician, astronomer and philosopher (d. 1699)
- December 20
- December 24 – Johann Rudolph Ahle (d. 1673)
- January 5 – Simon Marius, German astronomer (b. 1573)
- January 7 – Ruggiero Giovannelli, Italian composer
- March 7 – Johann Bayer, German astronomer (b. 1572)
- March 25 – Giambattista Marini, Italian poet (b. 1569)
- March 27 – King James I of England and Ireland/James VI of Scotland (b. 1566)
- March 29 – Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas, Spanish historian (b. 1549)
- April 23 – Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange (b. 1567)
- April 27 – Mori Terumoto, Japanese warrior (b. 1553)
- June 1 – Honoré d'Urfé, French writer (b. 1568)
- June 5 – Orlando Gibbons, English composer and organist (b. 1583)
- August – John Fletcher, English writer (b. 1579)
- September 20 – Heinrich Meibom, German historian and poet (b. 1555)
- September 26 – Thomas Dempster, Scottish historian (b. 1579)
- October 22 – Kikkawa Hiroie, Japanese politician (b. 1561)
- December 9 – Ubbo Emmius, Dutch historian and geographer (b. 1547)
- date unknown
- Giles Milton (2005). White Gold. Hodder & Stoughton.
- New York City Gov Parks
- Wheeler M.Inst.C.E, William Henry (1896). A History of the Fens of South Lincolnshire, being a description of the rivers Witham and Welland and their estuary, and an account of the Reclamation, Drainage, and Enclosure of the fens adjacent thereto. (2nd ed.). J.M. Newcombe (Boston), Simpkin, Marshall & Co. (London). p. 31. doi:10.1680/ahotfosl2e.50358.