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1676 ( was a MDCLXXVI) leap year starting on Wednesday ( dominical letter ED) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Saturday ( dominical letter BA) of the Julian calendar, the 1676th year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 676th year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 76th year of the 17th century, and the 7th year of the 1670s decade. As of the start of 1676, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
January–June [ edit ]
January – Six months into
King Philip's War, Metacomet (King Philip), leader of the Algonquian tribe known as the Wampanoag, travels westward to the Mohawk nation, seeking an alliance with the Mohawks against the English colonists of New England; his efforts in creating such an alliance are a failure.
January 29 – Feodor III becomes Tsar of Russia.
February 10 – After the Nipmuc tribe attacks Lancaster, Massachusetts, the colonist Mary Rowlandson is taken captive and lives with the Indians until May.
February 14 – Metacomet and his Wampanoags attack Northampton, Massachusetts; meanwhile, the Massachusetts Council debates whether a wall should be erected around Boston.
February 23 – While the Massachusetts Council debates how to handle the Christian Indians they had exiled to Deer Island on October 13, 1675, a coalition of Indians led by Metacomet attacks colonial settlements just 16 km (9.9 mi) outside of Boston.
March 29 – Providence, Rhode Island is attacked and destroyed by Native Americans.
May 2– May 3 – Mary Rowlandson is released from captivity and returns to Boston.
May 19 – Peskeomskut massacre (battle of Turner's Falls) involved a raid led by Captain William Turner at first light on an encampment consisting mainly of women and children. An estimated 300-400 lives were taken in less than 1/2 hour first from gunshot directly into the sleeping tents, then by sword and by drowning as the victims tried to flee. This incident happened on the west bank of the Connecticut River just above the falls known as Turner's Falls in Gill, Massachusetts.
May 26 – A fire destroys the Town Hall and 624 houses in Southwark in England.
May 31 – The Massachusetts Council finally decides to move the Christian Indians from Deer Island to Cambridge, Massachusetts (approximate date). June –
Bacon's Rebellion begins in the Virginia Colony.
June 1 – Battle of Öland: A combined fleet of the Dutch Republic and Denmark–Norway decisively defeats the Swedish Navy which loses its flagship . Kronan
June 12 – The Indian coalition attacks Hadley, Massachusetts, but are repelled by Connecticut troops.
June 19 – Massachusetts issues a declaration of amnesty to any Indian who surrenders.
July–December [ edit ]
Date unknown [ edit ]
March 17 – Thomas Boston, Scottish church leader (d. 1732)
March 27 – Francis II Rákóczi, leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburgs (d. 1735)
April 23 – King Frederick I of Sweden (d. 1751)
May 26 – Maria Clara Eimmart, German astronomer, engraver and designer (d. 1707)
May 28 – Jacopo Riccati, Italian mathematician (d. 1754)
June 21 – Anthony Collins, English philosopher (d. 1729)
July 3 – Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian field marshal (d. 1747)
July 14 – Caspar Abel, German theologian, historian, and poet (d. 1763)
August 26 – Robert Walpole, first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1745)
September 13 – Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans, duchess and regent of Lorraine (d. 1744)
September 18 – Eberhard Louis, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1733)
October 8 – Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro, Spanish scholar (d. 1764)
November 8 – Louise Bénédicte de Bourbon, duchess of Maine, daughter in law of Louis XIV (d. 1753)
January 14 – Francesco Cavalli, Italian composer (b. 1602)
January 29 – Tsar Alexis of Russia (b. 1629)
February 14 – Abraham Bosse, French engraver and artist (b. c. 1604)
March 21 – Henri Sauval, French historian (b. 1623)
March 27 – Bernardino de Rebolledo, Spanish poet, soldier and diplomat (b. 1597)
April 5 – John Winthrop the Younger, Governor of Connecticut (b. 1606)
April 29 – Michiel de Ruyter, Dutch admiral (b. 1607)
June 7 – Paul Gerhardt, German hymnist (b. 1606) July –
Jesse Wharton Colonial governor of Maryland
July 5 – Carl Gustaf Wrangel, Swedish soldier (b. 1613)
July 22 – Pope Clement X (b. 1590)
July 25 – François Hédelin, abbé d'Aubignac, French writer (b. 1604)
August 11 – Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen, German writer (b. 1621)
September 4 – John Ogilby, Scottish-born impresario and cartographer active in Dublin and London (b. 1600)
September 10 – Gerrard Winstanley, English religious reformer (b. 1609)
September 17 – Sabbatai Zevi, Montenegrin rabbi, kabbalist and founder of the Jewish Sabbatean movement (b. 1626)
October 6 – Claudia Rusca, Italian composer, singer, and organist (b. 1593)
October 26 – Nathaniel Bacon, Virginian colonist and Instigator of Bacon's Rebellion (b. circa 1640s)
October 28 – Jean Desmarets, French writer (b. 1595)
November 1 – Gisbertus Voetius, Dutch theologian (b. 1589)
December 25 – Matthew Hale, Lord Chief Justice of England (b. 1609)
December 25 – William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, English soldier, politician, and writer (b. 1592)
References [ edit ]