1975 Davis Cup

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1975 Davis Cup
Details
Duration23 August 1974 – 21 December 1975
Edition64th
Champion
Winning Nation Sweden
1974
1976

The 1975 Davis Cup was the 64th edition of the Davis Cup, the most important tournament between national teams in men's tennis. 55 teams entered the competition, 32 in the Europe Zone, 12 in the Americas Zone, and 11 in the Eastern Zone. Kenya made its first appearance in the tournament.

Chile defeated South Africa in the Americas Inter-Zonal final, Australia defeated New Zealand in the Eastern Zone final, and Sweden and Czechoslovakia were the winners of the two Europe Zones, defeating Spain and France respectively.

In the Inter-Zonal Zone, Czechoslovakia defeated Australia and Sweden defeated Chile in the semifinals. Sweden then defeated Czechoslovakia in the final to win their first title and become the sixth nation to win the Davis Cup. The final was held at the Kungliga tennishallen in Stockholm, Sweden on 19-21 December.[1][2][3]

Americas Zone[edit]

North & Central America Zone[edit]

Preliminary Rounds[edit]

  First Round
4–13 October 1974
Qualifying Round
31 January–2 February
                 
  Nassau, Bahamas (clay)
    Caribbean/West Indies 0  
    United States 5     Palm Springs, CA, United States (hard)
      United States 2
  Quebec City, Canada (indoor carpet)     Mexico 3
    Canada 1
    Mexico 4  

Main Draw[edit]

  First Round
    Final
                 
 
        Colombia
    South Africa w/o       South Africa w/o
    Mexico  

South America Zone[edit]

Preliminary Rounds[edit]

  First Round
Qualifying Round
15–17 November 1974
13–15 December 1974
                 
  Uruguay w/o  
Montevideo, Uruguay
  Ecuador  
    Uruguay 0
    Argentina 5
  Argentina
 bye  
 bye  
São Paulo, Brazil
  Brazil  
    Brazil 4
    Bolivia 0
 bye
  Bolivia  

Main Draw[edit]

  First Round
20–22 December 1974
    Final
10–12 January
                 
  Santiago, Chile
  São Paulo, Brazil (clay)       Chile 4
    Brazil 3       Brazil 1
    Argentina 2  

Americas Inter-Zonal Final[edit]

Chile vs. South Africa


Chile
5
Santiago, Chile [4]
18–20 July 1975

South Africa
0
1 2 3 4 5
1 Chile
South Africa
Patricio Cornejo
Bernard Mitton
4
6
6
4
6
2
7
5
   
2 Chile
South Africa
Jaime Fillol
Ray Moore
6
3
6
3
0
6
3
6
6
3
 
3 Chile
South Africa
Patricio Cornejo / Jaime Fillol
Frew McMillan / Ray Moore
7
5
6
2
6
4
     
4 Chile
South Africa
Jaime Fillol
Bernard Mitton
2
6
6
2
3
6
6
1
7
5
 
5 Chile
South Africa
Patricio Cornejo
Ray Moore
6
3
6
4
4
6
6
3
   

Eastern Zone[edit]

Preliminary Rounds[edit]

  Pre-Qualifying Round
31 October–2 November 1974
Preliminary Round
15 November–1 December 1974
                 
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  Malaysia 0  
Saigon, South Vietnam
  South Vietnam 5  
    South Vietnam 3
    South Korea 2
 bye
  South Korea  
  Indonesia  
Jakarta, Indonesia
 bye  
    Indonesia 0
    Japan 5
 bye
  Japan  
  Sri Lanka  
Colombo, Sri Lanka (clay)
 bye  
    Sri Lanka 1
Manila, Philippines
    Philippines 3
  Philippines 3
  Pakistan 2  

Main Draw[edit]

  First Round
29 November–8 December 1974
    Semifinals
10–19 January
    Final
28 February–2 March
                           
  Lucknow, India
  Auckland, New Zealand (grass)       India 1  
    New Zealand 5       New Zealand 3     Auckland, New Zealand (grass)
    South Vietnam 0           New Zealand 0
  Adelaide, Australia (grass)       Australia 4
  Tokyo, Japan       Australia 4    
    Japan 5       Japan 1  
    Philippines 0  

Final[edit]

New Zealand vs. Australia


New Zealand
0
Stanley Street, Auckland, New Zealand [5]
28 February–2 March 1975
Grass

Australia
4
1 2 3 4 5
1 New Zealand
Australia
Brian Fairlie
John Newcombe
5
7
3
6
5
7
     
2 New Zealand
Australia
Onny Parun
Ken Rosewall
2
6
4
6
2
6
     
3 New Zealand
Australia
Brian Fairlie / Onny Parun
Geoff Masters / John Newcombe
4
6
4
6
5
7
     
4 New Zealand
Australia
Brian Fairlie
Ken Rosewall
1
6
11
9
5
7
7
9
   
5 New Zealand
Australia
Onny Parun
Geoff Masters
6
3
10
8
      not
completed

Europe Zone[edit]

Zone A[edit]

Pre-Qualifying Round[edit]

  Pre-Qualifying Round
23–25 August 1974
       
  Tehran, Iran
    Iran 5
    Lebanon 0
  Tel Aviv, Israel (hard)
    Israel 5
    Luxembourg 0

Preliminary Rounds[edit]

  First Round
20–29 September 1974
Qualifying Round
2–4 May
                 
  Spain  
Murcia, Spain (clay)
 bye  
    Spain 5
Copenhagen, Denmark (indoor carpet)
    Denmark 0
  Denmark 4
  Greece 1  
  Austria  
Vienna, Austria (clay)
 bye  
    Austria 0
London, United Kingdom (indoor carpet)
    Great Britain 4
  Great Britain 5
  Iran 0  
Poznań, Poland (clay)
  Poland 5  
Warsaw, Poland (clay)
  Portugal 0  
    Poland 1
    Sweden 4
 bye
  Sweden  
Tel Aviv, Israel (hard)
  Israel 0  
Freiburg, West Germany
   Switzerland 5  
     Switzerland 0
    West Germany 5
 bye
  West Germany  

Main Draw[edit]

  First Round
9–18 May
    Semifinals
18–20 July
    Final
25–27 July
                           
  Barcelona, Spain (clay)
  Barcelona, Spain (clay)       Romania 2  
    Spain 3       Spain 3     Barcelona, Spain (clay)
    Great Britain 2           Spain 2
  Jūrmala, Soviet Union (clay)       Sweden 3
  West Berlin (clay)       Soviet Union 2    
    West Germany 2       Sweden 3  
    Sweden 3  

Final[edit]

Spain vs. Sweden


Spain
2
Real Club de Tenis Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain [6]
25–27 July 1975
Clay

Sweden
3
1 2 3 4 5
1 Spain
Sweden
Manuel Orantes
Birger Andersson
6
1
6
3
6
4
     
2 Spain
Sweden
José Higueras
Björn Borg
3
6
1
6
1
6
     
3 Spain
Sweden
Juan Gisbert / Manuel Orantes
Ove Bengtson / Björn Borg
6
4
6
3
6
1
     
4 Spain
Sweden
Manuel Orantes
Björn Borg
4
6
2
6
2
6
     
5 Spain
Sweden
José Higueras
Birger Andersson
6
3
4
6
3
6
0
6
   

Zone B[edit]

Pre-Qualifying Round[edit]

  Pre-Qualifying Round
23 August–14 September 1974
       
  Lagos, Nigeria (hard)
    Nigeria 5
    Kenya 0
  Istanbul, Turkey
    Turkey 3
    Ireland 2

Preliminary Rounds[edit]

  First Round
13–29 September 1974
Qualifying Round
2–11 May
                 
  Netherlands  
Budapest, Hungary
 bye  
    Netherlands 0
Helsinki, Finland
    Hungary 5
  Finland 1
  Hungary 4  
  Egypt  
Monte Carlo, Monaco
 bye  
    Egypt 3
Monte Carlo, Monaco
    Monaco 1
  Monaco 4
  Nigeria 1  
Brussels, Belgium (indoor hard)
  Belgium 5  
Paris, France (clay)
  Norway 0  
    Belgium 4
    France 1
 bye
  France  
Sofia, Bulgaria
  Bulgaria 5  
Zagreb, Yugoslavia
  Turkey 0  
    Bulgaria 1
    Yugoslavia 4
 bye
  Yugoslavia  

Main Draw[edit]

  First Round
16–25 May
    Semifinals
20–22 June; 18–20 July
    Final
25–27 July
                           
  Prague, Czechoslovakia (clay)
  Cairo, Egypt       Czechoslovakia 4  
    Egypt 2       Hungary 1     Prague, Czechoslovakia (clay)
    Hungary 3           Czechoslovakia 3
  Paris, France (clay)       France 2
  Paris, France (clay)       Italy 2    
    France 3       France 3  
    Yugoslavia 0  

Final[edit]

Czechoslovakia vs. France


Czechoslovakia
3
Prague, Czechoslovakia [7]
25–27 July 1975
Clay

France
2
1 2 3 4 5
1 Czechoslovakia
France
Jan Kodeš
Patrice Dominguez
6
1
6
4
1
6
6
0
   
2 Czechoslovakia
France
Jiří Hřebec
François Jauffret
6
4
4
6
6
3
2
6
6
0
 
3 Czechoslovakia
France
Jiří Hřebec / Jan Kodeš
Patrice Dominguez / Patrick Proisy
3
6
6
3
4
6
6
1
3
6
 
4 Czechoslovakia
France
Jiří Hřebec
Patrice Dominguez
6
4
3
6
4
6
4
6
   
5 Czechoslovakia
France
Jan Kodeš
François Jauffret
6
1
7
5
6
1
     

Inter-Zonal Zone[edit]

Draw[edit]

  Semifinals
19–28 September
Final
19–21 December
                 
  Prague, Czechoslovakia (clay)
  EUR-B   Czechoslovakia 3  
  EAS   Australia 1     Stockholm, Sweden (indoor carpet)
    EUR-B   Czechoslovakia 2
  Båstad, Sweden (clay)   EUR-A   Sweden 3
  AME   Chile 1
  EUR-A   Sweden 4  

Semifinals[edit]

Sweden vs. Chile


Sweden
4
Båstad Tennis Stadium, Båstad, Sweden [8]
19–21 September 1975
Clay

Chile
1
1 2 3 4 5
1 Sweden
Chile
Björn Borg
Patricio Cornejo
3
6
6
4
7
5
6
3
   
2 Sweden
Chile
Birger Andersson
Jaime Fillol
3
6
2
6
3
6
     
3 Sweden
Chile
Ove Bengtson / Björn Borg
Patricio Cornejo / Jaime Fillol
7
5
6
2
3
6
6
3
   
4 Sweden
Chile
Birger Andersson
Patricio Cornejo
6
3
14
12
6
1
     
5 Sweden
Chile
Björn Borg
Jaime Fillol
6
1
6
2
6
1
     

Czechoslovakia vs. Australia


Czechoslovakia
3
Štvanice Stadium, Prague, Czechoslovakia [9]
26–28 September 1975
Clay

Australia
1
1 2 3 4 5
1 Czechoslovakia
Australia
Jan Kodeš
John Alexander
6
4
2
6
7
5
6
4
   
2 Czechoslovakia
Australia
Jiří Hřebec
Tony Roche
3
6
4
6
6
1
6
3
6
3
 
3 Czechoslovakia
Australia
František Pála / Vladimír Zedník
John Alexander / Phil Dent
3
6
6
3
2
6
3
6
   
4 Czechoslovakia
Australia
Jan Kodeš
Tony Roche
6
3
6
1
6
4
     
5 Czechoslovakia
Australia
Jiří Hřebec
John Alexander
6
8
3
6
6
1
6
6
  not
completed

Final[edit]

Sweden vs. Czechoslovakia


Sweden
3
Kungliga tennishallen, Stockholm, Sweden [3]
19–21 December 1975
Carpet (indoors)

Czechoslovakia
2
1 2 3 4 5
1 Sweden
Czechoslovakia
Björn Borg
Jiří Hřebec
6
1
6
3
6
0
     
2 Sweden
Czechoslovakia
Ove Bengtson
Jan Kodeš
6
4
2
6
5
7
4
6
   
3 Sweden
Czechoslovakia
Ove Bengtson / Björn Borg
Jan Kodeš / Vladimír Zedník
6
4
6
4
6
4
     
4 Sweden
Czechoslovakia
Björn Borg
Jan Kodeš
6
4
6
2
6
2
     
5 Sweden
Czechoslovakia
Ove Bengtson
Jiří Hřebec
6
2
3
6
1
6
4
6
   

Controversy[edit]

The Inter-Zonal Zone semifinal between Sweden and Chile was played on 19–21 September in Båstad, Sweden, two years after Augusto Pinochet's military coup in Chile. Many people in Sweden wanted the match to be cancelled, in protest of the junta's violations of human rights, however others wanted sport and politics to remain separated.

Chilekommittén mobilised protests against the match. The call for the manifestation was issued on July 30, 1975. The slogan of the protests was Stoppa matchen! ('Stop the match'). About 7,000 people took part in the protest. Hundreds of balloons, with names of political prisoners were released in the vicinity of the match venue, guarded by a police force of 1,300. Through Chilean sports commentators on site, news about the protests reached Chile. A special issue of Chilebulletinen was produced for the protests, with 20,000 copies.

The then governing Swedish Social Democratic Party didn't take part in the protests on September 20. A protest march was instead organized in Båstad by the Swedish Social Democratic Youth League on September 18, ending at the town square, where former prime minister Tage Erlander and Sweden's former ambassador to Chile Harald Edelstam (who personally helped rescue over 1,200 political prisoners in Chile after the 1973 coup) addressed a crowd of some 3,000.

Olof Palme's government tried to stop the match, but on September 12 negotiations ended with a decision to play. During the game on September 20, which was guarded by 1,300 police, over 7,000 demonstrators gathered peacefully on the square.[10] The match was played behind closed doors with no spectators present.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bud Collins (2010). The Bud Collins History of Tennis (2nd ed.). [New York]: New Chapter Press. pp. 495–496, 499. ISBN 978-0942257700.
  2. ^ Christian Dahlgren (15 January 2009). "Björn Borg på nervigt uppdrag" (in Swedish). Östgöta Correspondenten. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Sweden v Czechoslovakia". daviscup.com.
  4. ^ "Chile v South Africa". daviscup.com.
  5. ^ "New Zealand v Australia". daviscup.com.
  6. ^ "Spain v Sweden". daviscup.com.
  7. ^ "Czechoslovakia v France". daviscup.com.
  8. ^ "Sweden v Chile". daviscup.com.
  9. ^ "Czechoslovakia v Australia". daviscup.com.
  10. ^ Anno 75 (1976), Årskalender utgiven av Förlagshuset Norden AB, Malmö, och Svenska Dagbladet, Stockholm, pp. 35, 36.
  11. ^ Hodgkinson, Mark (5 March 2009). "Singer calls tune as fans banned from Sweden's Davis Cup clash with Israel". telegraph.co.uk. The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 12 October 2019.

External links[edit]