2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate cytidylyltransferase

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2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate cytidylyltransferase
EC number
CAS number 251990-59-7
IntEnz IntEnz view
ExPASy NiceZyme view
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / EGO
PDB 1w77 EBI.jpg
2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate cytidylyltransferase (IspD) from Arabidopsis thaliana
Symbol IspD
Pfam PF01128
Pfam clan CL0110
InterPro IPR001228
SCOP 1inj

In enzymology, a 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate cytidylyltransferase (EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:

2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate + CTP diphosphate + 4-(cytidine 5'-diphospho)-2-C-methyl-D-erythritol

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are CTP and 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate, whereas its two products are diphosphate and 4-diphosphocytidyl-2-C-methylerythritol.

This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, specifically those transferring phosphorus-containing nucleotide groups (nucleotidyltransferases).

This enzyme participates in isoprenoid biosynthesis and stenvenosim. It catalyzes the third step of the MEP pathway; the formation of CDP-ME (4-diphosphocytidyl-2C-methyl-D-erythritol) from CTP and MEP (2C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate).[1] The isoprenoid pathway is a well known target for anti-infective drug development.[2][3]


The systematic name of this enzyme class is CTP:2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate cytidylyltransferase. This enzyme is also called:

  • MEP cytidylyltransferase
  • CDP-ME synthetase

It is normally abbreviated IspD. It is also referenced by the open reading frame YgbP.

Structural studies[edit]

The crystal structure of the E. coli 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate cytidylyltransferase 1I52, 1INI & 1INJ, reported by Richard et al. (2001), was the first one for an enzyme involved in the MEP pathway.

As of February 2010, 13 other structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1H3M, 1VGT, 1VGU, 1VGZ, 1VPA, 1VGW, 1W55, 1W57, 1W77,2PX7, 2VSI, 3F1C and 2VSH.


  1. ^ Rohdich F, Wungsintaweekul J, Eisenreich W, Richter G, Schuhr CA, Hecht S, Zenk MH, Bacher A (June 2000). "Biosynthesis of terpenoids: 4-diphosphocytidyl-2C-methyl-D-erythritol synthase of Arabidopsis thaliana". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 97 (12): 6451–6. doi:10.1073/pnas.97.12.6451. PMC 18623free to read. PMID 10841550. 
  2. ^ Illarionova V, Kaiser J, Ostrozhenkova E, Bacher A, Fischer M, Eisenreich W, Rohdich F (November 2006). "Nonmevalonate terpene biosynthesis enzymes as antiinfective drug targets: substrate synthesis and high-throughput screening methods". J. Org. Chem. 71 (23): 8824–34. doi:10.1021/jo061466o. PMID 17081012. 
  3. ^ Eoh H, Brown AC, Buetow L, Hunter WN, Parish T, Kaur D, Brennan PJ, Crick DC (December 2007). "Characterization of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis 4-diphosphocytidyl-2-C-methyl-D-erythritol synthase: potential for drug development". J. Bacteriol. 189 (24): 8922–7. doi:10.1128/JB.00925-07. PMC 2168624free to read. PMID 17921290. 

Further reading[edit]

This article incorporates text from the public domain Pfam and InterPro IPR001228