2014 in paleobotany

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List of years in paleobotany
In paleontology
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
In science
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017

This article records new taxa of plants that are were described during the year 2014, as well as other significant discoveries and events related to paleobotany that occurred in the year 2014.


Chlorophytes[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Andreiella[1]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Bucur

Early Cretaceous (Barremian–?Aptian)

 Romania

A dasycladalean alga belonging to the family Triploporellaceae. Genus includes new species A. rajkae.

Belzungia barattoloi[2]

Sp. nov

Valid

Radoičić & Özgen-Erdem

Early Eocene

 Turkey

A dasycladalean alga belonging to the family Thyrsoporellaceae.

Boueina iberica[3]

Sp. nov

Valid

Schlagintweit & Wilmsen

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

Altamira Formation

 Spain

A dasycladalean alga belonging to the family Udoteaceae.

Clypeina tibanai[4]

Sp. nov

Valid

Granier, Dias-Brito & Bucur

Cretaceous (AlbianCenomanian)

Ponta do Mel Formation

 Brazil

A dasycladalean alga belonging to the family Polyphysaceae.

Diplopora obliguspora[5]

Sp. nov

Valid

Senowbari-Daryan

Late Triassic (Norian-Rhaetian)

 Greece

A dasycladalean alga belonging to the family Diploporellaceae.

Probolocupsis sarmeikensis[5]

Sp. nov

Valid

Senowbari-Daryan

Late Triassic (Norian-Rhaetian)

 Greece

A dasycladalean alga belonging to the family Triploporellaceae. Originally described as a species of Probolocupsis; Senowbari-Daryan (2018) transferred this species to the genus Naybandoporella.[6]

Probolocuspis? tenuiparia[5]

Sp. nov

Valid

Senowbari-Daryan

Late Triassic (Norian-Rhaetian)

 Greece

A dasycladalean alga belonging to the family Triploporellaceae.

Russoella parthica[7]

Sp. nov

Valid

Barattolo, Taherpour Khalil Abad & Ashrafi

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

 Afghanistan

A dasycladalean alga.

Ferns[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Arcellites punctatus[8]

Sp. nov

Valid

Friis, Pedersen & Marone

Early Cretaceous (late Barremian–early Aptian)

Almargem Formation

 Portugal

A member of Salviniales of uncertain phylogenetic placement, a species of Arcellites.

Ashicaulis plumites[9]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tian & Wang in Tian et al.

Middle Jurassic

Tiaojishan Formation

 China

A member of Osmundaceae. Originally described as a species of Ashicaulis; transferred to the genus Claytosmunda by Bomfleur, Grimm & McLoughlin (2017).[10]

Ashicaulis wangii[11]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tian et al.

Middle Jurassic

Tiaojishan Formation

 China

A member of Osmundaceae. Originally described as a species of Ashicaulis; transferred to the genus Claytosmunda by Bomfleur, Grimm & McLoughlin (2017).[10]

Chiropteris monteagnellii[12]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kustatscher, Dellantonio & Van Konijnenburg-Van Cittert

Middle Triassic (Ladinian)

 Italy

A pteridophyte of uncertain phylogenetic placement, a species of Chiropteris.

Cladophlebis ladinica[12]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kustatscher, Dellantonio & Van Konijnenburg-Van Cittert

Middle Triassic (Ladinian)

 Italy

A pteridophyte of uncertain phylogenetic placement, a species of Cladophlebis.

Elaphoglossum miocenicum[13]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lóriga et al.

Miocene

 Dominican Republic

A member of Dryopteridaceae found in Dominican amber, a species of Elaphoglossum.

Flabellariopteris[14]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Sun in Sun et al.

Late Triassic

Yangcaogou Formation

 China

A member of Marsileaceae. The type species is Flabellariopteris mii.

Lugiomarsiglia[15]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Hermsen, Gandolfo & Cúneo

Late Cretaceous (CampanianMaastrichtian)

La Colonia Formation

 Argentina

A member of the family Marsileaceae. Genus includes new species L. aquatica.

Marattiopsis vodrazkae[16]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Kvaček

Late Cretaceous (Campanian)

Hidden Lake Formation

Antarctica (James Ross Island)

A member of Marattiaceae, a species of Marattiopsis.

Marsilea patnii[17]

Sp. nov

Valid

Patil, Kapgate & Zilpe

Late Cretaceous

Deccan Intertrappean Beds

 India

A species of Marsilea.

Mirasolita[15]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Hermsen, Gandolfo & Cúneo

Late Cretaceous (CampanianMaastrichtian)

La Colonia Formation

 Argentina

A member of the family Marsileaceae. Genus includes new species M. irupensis.

Phlebopteris fiemmensis[12]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kustatscher, Dellantonio & Van Konijnenburg-Van Cittert

Middle Triassic (Ladinian)

 Italy

A member of Matoniaceae, a species of Phlebopteris.

Phlebopteris hickeyi[18]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hu & Taylor

Early Cretaceous (Albian)

Jarash Formation

 Jordan

A member of Matoniaceae, a species of Phlebopteris.

Pseudobornia schweitzeri[19]

Sp. nov

Valid

Jurina & Orlova in Orlova & Jurina

Late Devonian

 Russia

A species of Pseudobornia.

Salvinia hainanensis[20]

Sp. nov

Valid

Jin & Wang in Wang, Xu & Jin

Eocene

 China

A species of Salvinia.

Tiania[21]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Wang et al.

Late Permian

Xuanwei Formation

 China

A member of Guaireaceae (extinct family belonging to the order Osmundales); a new genus for "Palaeosmunda" yunnanense Tian & Chang (1995).

Zhongmingella[22]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Wang et al.

Late Permian

Wangjiazhai Formation

 China

A member of Guaireaceae (extinct family belonging to the order Osmundales); a new genus for "Palaeosmunda" plenasioides Li (1983).

Ginkgophyta[edit]

Newly described Ginkgophytes[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Flabellosemen[23]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Tsymbal

Permian

 Russia

A Psygmophyllaceae Ginkgoales.
The type species is F. riparium.

Ginkgo chlonoviae[24]

Sp. nov

Valid

Nosova & Golovneva

Early Cretaceous (Albian)

Kiya Formation

 Russia

A species of Ginkgo.

Ginkgo sertensis[24]

Sp. nov

Valid

Nosova & Golovneva

Early Cretaceous (Albian)

Kiya Formation

 Russia

A species of Ginkgo.

Ginkgoxylpropinquus saxonicum[25]

Sp. nov

Valid

Süss & Müller

Early Oligocene

 Germany

A member of Ginkgoales, a species of Ginkgoxylpropinquus.

Conifers[edit]

Newly described Pinales[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Agathis zamunerae[26]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wilf et al.

Eocene

Ligorio Márquez Formation

 Argentina

A member of Araucariaceae, a species of Agathis.

Araucarites ochotensis[27]

Sp. nov

Valid

Golovneva & Shczepetov in Shczepetov & Golovneva

Late Cretaceous

 Russia

A member of Araucariaceae, a species of Araucarites.

Athrotaxites yumenensis[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Dong et al.

Early Cretaceous

Zhonggou Formation

 China

A member of Cupressaceae, a species of Athrotaxites.

Elatides zhoui[29]

Sp. nov

Valid

Shi et al.

Early Cretaceous

 Mongolia

A member of Cupressaceae, a species of Elatides.

Elatocladus andhrensis[30]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chinnappa, Rajanikanth & Rao

Early Cretaceous

Gangapur Formation

 India

A member of Coniferales, a species of Elatocladus.

Hubbardiastrobus[31]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Atkinson, Rothwell & Stockey

Early Cretaceous (Valanginian)

 Canada

A member of Cupressaceae. The type species is Hubbardiastrobus cunninghamioides.

Hughmillerites vancouverensis[32]

Sp. nov

Valid

Atkinson, Rothwell & Stockey

Early Cretaceous

 Canada

A member of Cupressaceae, a species of Hughmillerites.

Pararaucaria collinsonae[33]

Sp. nov

Valid

Steart, Spencer, Kenrick, Needham & Hilton in Steart et al.

Late Jurassic (Tithonian)

Lulworth Formation

 United Kingdom

A member of Cheirolepidiaceae, a species of Pararaucaria.

Phyllocladoxylon pooleae[34]

Sp.nov

Valid

Pujana, Santillana & Marenssi

Eocene

La Meseta Formation

Antarctica

A member of Podocarpaceae, a species of Phyllocladoxylon.

Platycladus yunnanensis[35]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wu in Wu et al.

Late Miocene

Nanlin Formation

 China

A member of Cupressaceae, a species of Platycladus.

Podocarpoxylon radiciforme[36]

Sp. nov

Valid

Süss & Müller

Early Oligocene

 Germany

A conifer, a species of Podocarpoxylon.

Protophyllocladoxylon francisiae[34]

Sp.nov

Valid

Pujana, Santillana & Marenssi

Eocene

La Meseta Formation

Antarctica

A member of Podocarpaceae, a species of Protophyllocladoxylon.

Other conifers[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cordaites barthelii[37]

Sp. nov

Valid

Šimůnek

Carboniferous (Stephanian)

 Czech Republic

A species of Cordaites.

Giblingodendron[38]

Gen. et 2 sp.nov

Valid

Falcon-Lang, Kurzawe & Lucas

Carboniferous (Kasimovian)[39] to Permian (Sakmarian)

Atrasado Formation[39]
Community Pit Formation

 United States

A member of Coniferopsida of uncertain phylogenetic placement, might be a member of Voltziales, Cordaitales or Dicranophyllales.[39] The type species is Giblingodendron nudifolia; genus also includes Giblingodendron aridus.

Macdonaldodendron[38]

Gen. et sp.nov

Valid

Falcon-Lang, Kurzawe & Lucas

Carboniferous (Kasimovian)[39] to Permian (Sakmarian)

Atrasado Formation[39]
Community Pit Formation

 United States

A member of Voltziales. The type species is Macdonaldodendron giganticus.

Manifera[40]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Looy & Stevenson

Permian (Kungurian to Roadian)

Flowerpot Shale Member of the San Angelo Formation

 United States

A member of Voltziales belonging to the family Majonicaceae. The type species is Manifera talaris.

Septomedullopitys szei[41]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wan, Yang & Wang

Late Permian (early Wuchiapingian)

Wutonggou Formation

 China

A member of Coniferopsida, a species of Septomedullopitys.

Shimakuroxylon[42]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Philippe et al.

Jurassic and Cretaceous

 Cambodia
 China
 Indonesia
 Japan
 Thailand
 Vietnam

A gymnosperm described on the basis of fossil wood, possibly a member of Pinophyta. A new genus for "Dadoxylon" japonicum Shimakura (1936).

Angiosperms[edit]

Newly described Alismatales[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aquaephyllum[43]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Gallego et al.

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

La Colonia Formation

 Argentina

A member of Araceae. The type species is Aquaephyllum auriculatum.

Newly described Arecales[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cocos binoriensis[44]

Sp. nov

Valid

Srivastava & Srivastava

Late Cretaceous or Paleocene (Maastrichtian-Danian)

Deccan Intertrappean Beds

 India

A member of Arecaceae, a relative of the coconut tree.

Palmoxylon romeroi[45]

Sp. nov

Valid

Franco, Brea & Herbst

Late Miocene

Chiquimil Formation

 Argentina

A palm tree, a species of Palmoxylon.

Sabalites dindoriensis[46]

Sp. nov

Valid

Srivastava, Srivastava & Dilcher

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) to early Paleocene (Danian)

Deccan Intertrappean Beds

 India

A palm tree belonging to the subfamily Coryphoideae, a species of Sabalites.

Newly described Caryophyllales[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Ruprechtioxylon[47]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Cevallos-Ferriz, Martínez-Cabrera & Calvillo-Canadell

Early Miocene

El Cien Formation

 Mexico

A member of Polygonaceae described on the basis of fossil wood. Genus includes new species R. multiseptatus.

Newly described Cornales[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Alangium enspelense[48]

Sp. nov

Valid

Köhler in Köhler & Uhl

Late Oligocene

 Germany

A species of Alangium.

Newly described Cucurbitales[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cucurbitaciphyllum[49]

Gen. et comb. nov.

Valid

Manchester

Paleocene

 United States

A cucurbitacean genus.
A new genus for "Aralia" lobata Knowlton (1924).

Newly described Ericales[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Schimoxylon benderi[50]

Sp. nov

Valid

Licht, Boura & De Franceschi in Licht et al.

Eocene

Pondaung Formation

 Myanmar

A member of Theaceae, a species of Schimoxylon.

Ternstromites paucimissouriensis[51]

Sp. nov

Valid

Peppe & Hickey

Paleocene

Fort Union Formation

 United States

A member of Theaceae, a species of Ternstromites.


Newly described Fabales[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Caesalpinia veraechinataformis[52]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bernardes-de-Oliveira et al.

Eocene-Oligocene

Entre-Córregos Formation

 Brazil

A species of Caesalpinia.

Machaerium aiuruoquense[52]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bernardes-de-Oliveira et al.

Eocene-Oligocene

Entre-Córregos Formation

 Brazil

A species of Machaerium.

Machaerium paleogenum[52]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bernardes-de-Oliveira et al.

Eocene-Oligocene

Entre-Córregos Formation

 Brazil

A species of Machaerium.

Paraalbizioxylon caccavariae[53]

Sp. nov

Valid

Martínez

Late Miocene

Chiquimil Formation

 Argentina

A member of Mimosoideae described on the basis of fossil wood.

Newly described Fagales[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cascadiacarpa exilis[54]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mindell, Stockey & Beard

Eocene

 Canada

A member of Fagaceae, a species of Cascadiacarpa.

Castanopsis presclerophylla[55]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wu et al.

Late Pliocene

 China

A member of Fagaceae, a species of Castanopsis.

Quercus tenuipilosa[56]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hu & Zhou in Hu et al.

Late Pliocene

Ciying Formation

 China

An oak.

Quercus yangyiensis[57]

Sp. nov

Valid

He, Li & Sun in He et al.

Late Pliocene

Yangyi Formation

 China

An oak.

Ticodendron palaios[58]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chambers & Poinar

Eocene or Miocene

 Dominican Republic

A species of Ticodendron known from Dominican amber.

Newly described Laurales[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cinnamomum palaeobejolghota[59]

Sp. nov

Valid

Khan & Bera

Middle to late Miocene

Dafla Formation

 India

A member of Lauraceae, a species of Cinnamomum.

Laurophyllum cinnamomoides[60]

Sp. nov

Valid

Shi, Xie & Li

Oligocene

Ningming Formation

 China

A member of Lauraceae described on the basis of fossil leaves.

Laurophyllum gengjiaoae[60]

Sp. nov

Valid

Shi, Xie & Li

Oligocene

Ningming Formation

 China

A member of Lauraceae described on the basis of fossil leaves.

Laurophyllum grandifolia[60]

Sp. nov

Valid

Shi, Xie & Li

Oligocene

Ningming Formation

 China

A member of Lauraceae described on the basis of fossil leaves.

Laurophyllum huashanense[60]

Sp. nov

Valid

Shi, Xie & Li

Oligocene

Ningming Formation

 China

A member of Lauraceae described on the basis of fossil leaves.

Laurophyllum mingjiangense[60]

Sp. nov

Valid

Shi, Xie & Li

Oligocene

Ningming Formation

 China

A member of Lauraceae described on the basis of fossil leaves.

Laurophyllum ningmingense[60]

Sp. nov

Valid

Shi, Xie & Li

Oligocene

Ningming Formation

 China

A member of Lauraceae described on the basis of fossil leaves.

Laurophyllum papillatum[60]

Sp. nov

Valid

Shi, Xie & Li

Oligocene

Ningming Formation

 China

A member of Lauraceae described on the basis of fossil leaves.

Laurophyllum trichophorum[60]

Sp. nov

Valid

Shi, Xie & Li

Oligocene

Ningming Formation

 China

A member of Lauraceae described on the basis of fossil leaves.

Lindera neobifaria[59]

Sp. nov

Valid

Khan & Bera

Pliocene

Subansiri Formation

 India

A member of Lauraceae, a species of Lindera.

Microlaurus[61]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Takahashi et al.

Late Cretaceous (early Coniacian)

Ashizawa Formation

 Japan

A member of Lauraceae. The type species is Microlaurus perigynus.

Persea mioparviflora[59]

Sp. nov

Valid

Khan & Bera

Pliocene

Subansiri Formation

 India

A member of Lauraceae. Described by Khan & Bera (2014) as a species of Persea, considered by the authors to be most similar to the species Persea parviflora Spreng.[59]

Persea preglaucescens[59]

Sp. nov

Valid

Khan & Bera

Pliocene

Subansiri Formation

 India

A member of Lauraceae. Described by Khan & Bera (2014) as a species of Persea,[59] though the authors consider it most similar to the species Persea glaucescens (Nees) D.G. Long, assigned by other authors to the genus Machilus.

Newly described Liliales[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cratosmilax[62]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

De Lima et al.

Early Cretaceous (Aptian-Albian)

Crato Formation

 Brazil

A member of Smilacaceae. The type species is Cratosmilax jacksoni.

Liliacidites contortus[63]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mildenhall & Bannister in Conran et al.

Latest Oligocene to earliest Miocene

 New Zealand

A morphospecies described on the basis of pollen recovered from a Luzuriaga-like flower.

Luzuriaga peterbannisteri[63]

Sp. nov

Valid

Conran, Bannister, Mildenhall & Lee in Conran et al.

Latest Oligocene to earliest Miocene

 New Zealand

A species of Luzuriaga.

Ripogonum americanum[64]

Sp. nov

Valid

Carpenter et al.

Early Eocene

Laguna del Hunco Tuff

 Argentina

A member of Liliales, a species of Ripogonum.

Newly described Magnoliales[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Annona eocenica[65]

Sp. nov

Valid

Prasad, Singh & Singh

Early Eocene

Cambay Shale Formation

 India

A member of Annonaceae, a species of Annona.

Annona vastanensis[65]

Sp. nov

Valid

Prasad, Singh & Singh

Early Eocene

Cambay Shale Formation

 India

A member of Annonaceae, a species of Annona.

Newly described Malpighiales[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Bridelia makumensis[66]

Sp. nov

Valid

Srivastava & Mehrotra

Oligocene (Chattian)

Tikak Parbat Formation

 India

A member of Phyllanthaceae, a species of Bridelia.

Newly described Malvales[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aerofructus[67]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Herrera & Manchester in Herrera et al.

Paleocene

Cerrejón Formation

 Colombia

A member of Malvaceae described on the basis of fossil fruit. Genus includes new species A. dillhoffii.

Bombacoxylon pondaungense[50]

Sp. nov

Valid

Licht, Boura & De Franceschi in Licht et al.

Eocene

Pondaung Formation

 Myanmar

A member of Malvaceae, a species of Bombacoxylon.

Kleinhovia bikanerensis[68]

Sp. nov

Valid

Shukla, Mehrotra & Guleria

Early Eocene

Marh Formation

 India

A species of Kleinhovia.

Shoreoxylon panganense[50]

Sp. nov

Valid

Licht, Boura & De Franceschi in Licht et al.

Eocene

Pondaung Formation

 Myanmar

A member of Dipterocarpaceae, a species of Shoreoxylon.

Newly described Myrtales[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Eucalyptoxylon[69]

Gen. et 2 sp. nov

Valid

Shukla, Mehrotra & Guleria

PaleoceneEocene

Marh Formation
Vagadkhol Formation

 India

A myrtacean wood morphogenus.
Genus includes E. vagadkholensis and E. eocenicus.

Newly described Piperales[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Hexagyne philippiana[70]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Coiffard, Mohr & Bernardes-de-Oliveira

Early Cretaceous (Aptian)

Crato Formation

 Brazil

A member of Piperales, probably related to Aristolochiaceae. The type species is Hexagyne philippiana.

Newly described Proteales[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Ambiplatanus[71]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Mindell, Karafit & Stockey

Late Cretaceous (Coniacian)

 Canada

A member of Platanaceae. The type species is Ambiplatanus washingtonensis.

Macginitiea nascens[51]

Sp. nov

Valid

Peppe & Hickey

Paleocene

Fort Union Formation

 United States

A member of Platanaceae, a species of Macginitiea.

Meliosma thriviensis[51]

Sp. nov

Valid

Peppe & Hickey

Paleocene

Fort Union Formation

 United States

A member of Sabiaceae, a species of Meliosma.

Meliosma vandaelium[51]

Sp. nov

Valid

Peppe & Hickey

Paleocene

Fort Union Formation

 United States

A member of Sabiaceae, a species of Meliosma.

Newly described Ranunculales[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Kajanthus[72]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Mendes et al.

Early Cretaceous (late Aptian–early Albian)

Figueira da Foz Formation

 Portugal

A member of Lardizabalaceae. The type species is Kajanthus lusitanicus.

Menispermites lebedevii[73]

Sp. nov

Valid

Moiseeva

Late Cretaceous (SantonianCampanian)

Emuneret Formation

 Russia

A flowering plant described on the basis of fossil leaves.

Newly described Rosales[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Ficoxylon mogaungense[50]

Sp. nov

Valid

Licht, Boura & De Franceschi in Licht et al.

Eocene

Pondaung Formation

 Myanmar

A member of Moraceae, a species of Ficoxylon.

Paliurus microcarpa[74]

Sp. nov

Valid

Li in Li et al.

Middle or late Miocene

Shengxian Formation

 China

A member of Rhamnaceae, a species of Paliurus.

Ulmoidicarpum[67]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Herrera & Manchester in Herrera et al.

Paleocene

Cerrejón Formation

 Colombia

A member of Ulmaceae described on the basis of fossil fruits. Genus includes new species U. tupperi.

Newly described Sapindales[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Sapindoxylon burmense[50]

Sp. nov

Valid

Licht, Boura & De Franceschi in Licht et al.

Eocene

Pondaung Formation

 Myanmar

A member of Sapindaceae, a species of Sapindoxylon.

Newly described Saxifragales[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Trochodendroides deminii[75]

Sp. nov

Valid

Yudova & Golovneva

Late Cretaceous (Coniacian)

Chingandzha Formation

 Russia

A member of Cercidiphyllaceae.

Trochodendroides tumanensis[75]

Sp. nov

Valid

Yudova in Yudova & Golovneva

Late Cretaceous (Coniacian)

Chingandzha Formation

 Russia

A member of Cercidiphyllaceae.

Other angiosperms[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Anemocardium[67]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Herrera & Manchester in Herrera et al.

Paleocene

Bogotá Formation

 Colombia

A fossil fruit of uncertain affinity. Type species A. margaritae.

Antarctoxylon mixai[76]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sakala in Sakala & Vodrážka

Late Cretaceous (Coniacian)

Hidden Lake Formation

Antarctica (James Ross Island)

An angiosperm of uncertain phylogenetic placement, a species of Antarctoxylon.

Chachlovia[77]

Gen. et sp. et comb. nov

Valid

Alekseev & Herman in Alekseev, Herman & Shchepetov

Late Cretaceous

 Russia

An angiosperm of uncertain phylogenetic placement.
The type species is C. kiyensis;
genus also contains C. dombeyopsoida

Cissites reticulatus[73]

Sp. nov

Valid

Moiseeva

Late Cretaceous (SantonianCampanian)

Emuneret Formation

 Russia

A flowering plant morphospecies of uncertain affinity described from fossil leaves.

Dicotylophyllum hansonium[51]

Sp. nov

Valid

Peppe & Hickey

Paleocene

Fort Union Formation

 United States

An angiosperm of uncertain phylogenetic placement, a species of Dicotylophyllum.

Dicotylophyllum horsecreekium[51]

Sp. nov

Valid

Peppe & Hickey

Paleocene

Fort Union Formation

 United States

An angiosperm of uncertain phylogenetic placement, a species of Dicotylophyllum.

Dicotylophyllum stipulare[73]

Sp. nov

Valid

Moiseeva

Late Cretaceous (SantonianCampanian)

Emuneret Formation

 Russia

A flowering plant described on the basis of fossil leaves.

Hickeycarpum[67]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Herrera & Manchester in Herrera et al.

Paleocene

Bogotá Formation

 Colombia

A fossil samara of uncertain affinity.
Type species H. peltatum.

Platimeliphyllum reznikoviorum[78]

Sp. nov

Valid

Maslova in Maslova et al.

Paleogene

Ashut Formation

 Kazakhstan

An angiosperm of uncertain phylogenetic placement, a species of Platimeliphyllum.

Soninia[77]

Gen. et 2 sp. nov

Valid

Herman & Shczepetov in Alekseev, Herman & Shchepetov

Late Cretaceous

 Russia

An angiosperm of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is S. integerrima Herman & Shczepetov; genus also contains S. asiatica Alekseev.

Viburniphyllum emuneretum[73]

Sp. nov

Valid

Moiseeva

Late Cretaceous (SantonianCampanian)

Emuneret Formation

 Russia

A flowering plant described on the basis of fossil leaves.

Other seed plants[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Bicatia[79]

Gen. et 3 sp. nov

Valid

Friis, Pedersen & Crane

Early Cretaceous (late Aptian to middle Albian)

 Portugal
 United States

A Welwitschia-like seed plant. The type species is Bicatia costata; genus also contains Bicatia juncalensis and Bicatia rugosa.

Cosmosperma[80]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Wang et al.

Late Devonian (Famennian)

Wutong Formation

 China

A member of Lagenospermopsida of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Cosmosperma polyloba.

Cycas fushunensis[81]

Sp. nov

Valid

Su, Quan & Liu

Eocene (Lutetian)

Jijuntun Formation

 China

A cycad, a species of Cycas.

Nilssoniopteris binggouensis[82]

Sp. nov

Valid

Na et al.

Early Cretaceous

Binggou Formation

 China

A member of Bennettitales, a species of Nilssoniopteris.

Nilssoniopteris corrugata[83]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ray, Rothwell & Stockey

Early Cretaceous (Valanginian)

 Canada

A member of Bennettitales, a species of Nilssoniopteris.

Peltaspermum morovii[84]

Sp. nov

Valid

Naugolnykh

Permian (Kazanian)

 Russia

A member of Peltaspermaceae.

Permocallipteris[85]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Naugolnykh

Permian (Artinskian to Wordian)

 China
 Mongolia
 Russia

A seed fern belonging to the family Peltaspermaceae. Genus includes "Callipteris" adzvensis Zalessky (1927), "Callipteris" retensoria Zalessky (1939), "Odontopteris" artipinnata Zalessky (1937), "Neuropteris" wangenheimii Fischer von Waldheim (1840), "Callipteris" zeilleri Zalessky ex Neuburg (1948), "Callipteris" acutifolia Radczenko (1955), "Callipteris" altaica Zalessky ex Neuburg (1948), "Callipteris" angustata Zalessky (1939), "Callipteris" bardensis Zalessky (1939), "Callipteris" bella Zalessky (1939), "Callipteris" bexellii Durante (1992), "Callipteris" confluens Neuburg (1957), "Callipteris" cuspidata Zalessky (1939), "Callipteris" elegans Fefilova (1973), "Callipteris" ivancevia Gorelova (1960), "Callipteris" karskiana Tschirkova & Zalessky (1939), "Callipteris" lobatus Gorelova & Drjagina (1988), "Callipteris" lobulata Fefilova (1973), "Callipteris" mongoliensis Neuburg (1957), "Callipteris" oranetzensis Zalessky (1934), "Callipteris" orientalis Zalessky (1929), "Callipteris" patula Zalessky (1939), "Callipteris" plumosa Zalessky (1939), "Callipteris" polyneura Zalessky (1937), "Callipteris" pubescens Zalessky (1939), "Callipteris" rarinervis Zalessky (1934), "Callipteris" sahnii Zalessky (1929), "Callipteris" tatianaeana Zalessky (1934), "Callipteris" uralensis Zalessky (1914) and "Callipteris" vuktylensis Zalessky (1934).

Phoenicopsis (Culgoweria) ordosensis[86]

Sp. nov

Valid

Li et al.

Middle Jurassic

Yan'an Formation

 China

A member of Czekanowskiales, a species of Phoenicopsis.

Phoenicopsis (Phoenicopsis) neimengensis[87]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wang, Yang & Sun

Early Cretaceous

Huolinhe Formation

 China

A member of Czekanowskiales, a species of Phoenicopsis.

Rudixylon[88]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Bomfleur et al.

Middle or early Late Triassic

Fremouw Formation

Antarctica

A member of Petriellales (an order of seed plants of uncertain phylogenetic placement). The type species is Rudixylon serbetianum.

Rugaspermum stipitatus[89]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bhowmik, Parveen & Das

Middle Triassic

 India

A possible member of Gnetales, a species of Rugaspermum.

Xinjiangoxylon[90]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Shi et al.

Late Permian (Changhsingian)

Guodikeng Formation

 China

A gymnosperm. The type species is Xinjiangoxylon turpanense.

Other plants[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Baikalophyton[91]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Naugolnykh & Minina

Devonian

 Russia

A terrestrial plant similar to Sciadophyton. The type species is Baikalophyton ruzhentsevii.

Calymperites burmensis[92]

Sp. nov

Valid

Heinrichs et al.

Cretaceous (Albian or Cenomanian)

Burmese amber

 Myanmar

A moss belonging to the group Dicranales (sensu lato).

Ceratolejeunea antiqua[93]

Sp. nov

Valid

Heinrichs & Schäfer-Verwimp in Heinrichs et al.

Early to middle Miocene

Mexican amber

 Mexico

A liverwort belonging to the family Lejeuneaceae, a species of Ceratolejeunea.

Changxingia[94]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Wang et al.

Late Devonian

Wutong Formation

 China

A lycopsid. The type species is Changxingia longifolia.

Gackstroemia cretacea[95]

Sp. nov

Valid

Heinrichs et al.

Early Cretaceous (late Albian)

 Myanmar

A liverwort belonging to the group Jungermanniopsida and the family Lepidolaenaceae, a species of Gackstroemia.

Lepidodendron bellii[96]

Sp. nov

Valid

Álvarez-Vázquez & Wagner

Carboniferous (middle Pennsylvanian, i.e. early Westphalian)

 Canada

A species of Lepidodendron.

Lycopodites baikalensis[97]

Sp. nov

Valid

Frolov in Frolov & Mashchuk

Middle Jurassic

Prisayan Formation

 Russia

A member of Lycopodiales, a species of Lycopodites.

Lycopodites subulifolius[97]

Sp. nov

Valid

Frolov & Mashchuk

Middle Jurassic

Prisayan Formation

 Russia

A member of Lycopodiales, a species of Lycopodites.

Marchantites huolinhensis[98]

Sp. nov

Valid

Li et al.

Early Cretaceous

Huolinhe Formation

 China

A liverwort belonging to the group Marchantiales, a species of Marchantites.

Pantiathallites[99]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Banerjee & Dutta

Early Permian

 India

A metzgeriinean bryophyte. The type species is Pantiathallites gondwanensis.

Planatophyton[100]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Gerrienne et al.

Early or Middle Devonian

Hujiersite Formation

 China

An euphyllophyte. The type species is Planatophyton hujiersitense.

Rhizomnium dentatum[101]

Sp nov

valid

Heinrichs et al., 2014

Middle Eocene

Baltic amber

 Europe

A Mniaceae moss

Ufadendron[102]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Naugolnykh

Permian (Kungurian)

Koshelevsk Formation

 Russia

A lycopsid. The type species is Ufadendron ufaensis.

Vetiplanaxis espinosus[103]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hedenäs, Heinrichs & Schmidt

Cretaceous (Albian or Cenomanian)

Burmese amber

 Myanmar

A moss belonging to the class Bryopsida and the order Hypnodendrales.

Vetiplanaxis longiacuminatus[103]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hedenäs, Heinrichs & Schmidt

Cretaceous (Albian or Cenomanian)

Burmese amber

 Myanmar

A moss belonging to the class Bryopsida and the order Hypnodendrales.

Vetiplanaxis oblongus[103]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hedenäs, Heinrichs & Schmidt

Cretaceous (Albian or Cenomanian)

Burmese amber

 Myanmar

A moss belonging to the class Bryopsida and the order Hypnodendrales.

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