2015 in paleobotany

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List of years in paleobotany
In paleontology
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018

This article contains papers in paleobotany that were published in 2015.

Flowering plants[edit]

Research[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Abaremaxylon[2]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Moya & Brea

Late Pleistocene

Arroyo Feliciano Formation

 Argentina

A member of Mimosoideae. The type species is Abaremaxylon hydrochorea.

Acer lincangense[3]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wang et al.

Miocene

Bangmai Formation

 China

A maple.

Anthocephalophyllum[4]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Singh et al.

Early Eocene

Cambay Shale Formation

 India

A member of the family Rubiaceae described on the basis of leaf impressions. Genus includes new species A. vastanicum.

Aralia stratosa[5]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zhu, Huang & Zhou in Zhu et al.

Late Pliocene

 China

A member of Araliaceae, a species of Aralia.

Artocarpus basirotundatus[6]

Sp. nov

Valid

Jacques, Shi & Zhou in Jacques et al.

Miocene (Langhian)

 China

A member of Moraceae, a species of Artocarpus.

Bamfordphyllum[7]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Passalia, Llorens & Páez

Late Cretaceous

Puesto Manuel Arce Formation

 Argentina

A flowering plant of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Bamfordphyllum crassivena.

Bauhinia fotana[6]

Sp. nov

Valid

Jacques, Shi & Zhou in Jacques et al.

Miocene (Langhian)

 China

A member of Leguminosae, a species of Bauhinia.

Bauhinia ungulatoides[8]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lin et al.

Miocene (Langhian)

Fotan Group

 China

A member of Leguminosae, a species of Bauhinia.

Boehmeria fujianensis[6]

Sp. nov

Valid

Jacques, Shi & Zhou in Jacques et al.

Miocene (Langhian)

 China

A member of Urticaceae, a species of Boehmeria.

Boraginocarpus algeriensis[9]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hammouda & Weigend in Hammouda et al.

Eocene (Ypresian to Lutetian)

Méridja Formation

 Algeria

A member of Boraginaceae belonging to the tribe Echiochileae, a species of Boraginocarpus.

Burretiodendron miocenicum[10]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lebreton Anberrée et al.

Late Miocene

 China

A species of Burretiodendron.

Burretiodendron parvifructum[10]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lebreton Anberrée et al.

Late Miocene

 China

A species of Burretiodendron.

Buxus ningmingensis[11]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ma & Sun in Ma et al.

Oligocene

Nigming Formation

 China

A species of Buxus.

Buxus preaustro-yunnanensis[11]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ma & Sun in Ma et al.

Oligocene

Nigming Formation

 China

A species of Buxus.

Calophyllaceophyllum[4]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Singh et al.

Early Eocene

Cambay Shale Formation

 India

A member of the family Calophyllaceae described on the basis of leaf impressions. Genus includes new species C. eocenicum.

Calophyllum striatum[6]

Sp. nov

Valid

Jacques, Shi & Zhou in Jacques et al.

Miocene (Langhian)

 China

A member of Calophyllaceae, a species of Calophyllum.

Canrightiopsis[12]

Gen. et 3 sp. nov

Valid

Friis et al.

Early Cretaceous (late Barremian–early Albian)

Almargem Formation
Figueira da Foz Formation

 Portugal

A member of Chloranthaceae. The type species is Canrightiopsis intermedia; genus also contains Canrightiopsis crassitesta and Canrightiopsis dinisii.

Carallioipollenites[4]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Singh et al.

Early Eocene

Cambay Shale Formation

 India

An angiosperm pollen with a close affinity with the modern genus Carallia. Genus includes new species C. integerrimoides.

Castanopsis praefissa[13]

Sp. nov

Valid

Li & Sun in Li et al.

Late Miocene

Shengxian Formation

 China

A species of Castanopsis.

Castanopsis praeouonbiensis[13]

Sp. nov

Valid

Li & Sun in Li et al.

Late Miocene

Shengxian Formation

 China

A species of Castanopsis.

Cedrelospermum asiaticum[14]

Sp. nov

Valid

Jia, Huang & Zhou in Jia et al.

Late Miocene

 China

A member of Ulmaceae, a species of Cedrelospermum.

Cercis usnadzei[15]

Nom. nov

Valid

Lin & Wong

Late Oligocene to middle Miocene

 Kazakhstan

A member of Fabaceae, a species of Cercis; a replacement name for Cercis kryshtofovichii Usnadze (1971) (preoccupied).

Chuniophoenix slenderifolia[16]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wang et al.

Oligocene

 China

A coryphoid palm tree, a species of Chuniophoenix.

Combretum prechinense[17]

Sp. nov

Valid

Khan, Bera & Spicer in Khan et al.

Middle to late Miocene

Dafla Formation

 India

A member of Combretaceae, a species of Combretum.

Comopellis[18]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Chambers & Poinar

Eocene or Miocene

El Mamey Formation

 Dominican Republic

A member of Rhamnaceae found in Dominican amber. The type species is Comopellis presbya.

Cornus maii[19]

Sp. nov

Valid

Martinetto

Pliocene

 Italy

A species of Cornus.

Cryptocaryoxylon oleiferum[20]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ramos, Brea & Kröhling

Late Pleistocene

El Palmar Formation

 Argentina

A member of Lauraceae, a species of Cryptocaryoxylon.

Cylicodiscuxylon[2]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Moya & Brea

Late Pleistocene

Arroyo Feliciano Formation

 Argentina

A member of Mimosoideae. The type species is Cylicodiscuxylon paragabunensis.

Dasylarynx[21]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Poinar & Chambers

Eocene or Miocene

 Dominican Republic

A monocotyledon of uncertain phylogenetic placement found in Dominican amber. The type species is Dasylarynx anomalus.

Deviacer guangxiensis[22]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chen & Manchester

Oligocene

Ningming Formation

 China

A member of Polygalaceae, a species of Deviacer.

Deviacer pidemarmanii[23]

Sp. nov

Valid

Myers & Erwin

Late Eocene–Early Oligocene

 United States

A member of Polygalaceae, a species of Deviacer.

Dicotylophyllum montis-nivium[24]

Sp. nov

Valid

Halamski & Kvaček

Late Cretaceous (Coniacian)

 Poland

A dicotyledon of uncertain phylogenetic placement.

Dicotylophyllum thaddaeiguniae[24]

Sp. nov

Valid

Halamski & Kvaček

Late Cretaceous (Coniacian)

 Poland

A dicotyledon of uncertain phylogenetic placement.

Ebenoxylon cambayense[4]

Sp. nov

Valid

Singh et al.

Early Eocene

Cambay Shale Formation

 India

A member of the family Ebenaceae described on the basis of fossil wood.

Euryale yunnanensis[25]

Sp. nov

Valid

Huang et al.

Late Miocene

Zhaotong Basin

 China

A member of Nymphaeaceae related to Euryale ferox.

Fairlingtonia[26]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Jud

Early Cretaceous

Potomac Group

 United States

An early eudicot of uncertain phylogenetic placement; a new genus for "Sphenopteris" thyrsopteroides Fontaine (1889).

Flacourtia serrulata[6]

Sp. nov

Valid

Jacques, Shi & Zhou in Jacques et al.

Miocene (Langhian)

 China

A member of Salicaceae, a species of Flacourtia.

Gardeniophyllum[4]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Singh et al.

Early Eocene

Cambay Shale Formation

 India

A member of the family Rubiaceae described on the basis of leaf impressions. Genus includes new species G. cambayum.

Goweria bluerimensis[27]

Sp. nov

Valid

Allen, Stull & Manchester

Eocene

 United States

A member of Icacinaceae, a species of Goweria.

Icacinicaryites lottii[27]

Sp. nov

Valid

Allen, Stull & Manchester

Eocene

 United States

A member of Icacinaceae, a species of Icacinicaryites.

Iodes occidentalis[27]

Sp. nov

Valid

Allen, Stull & Manchester

Eocene

 United States

A member of Icacinaceae, a species of Iodes.

Klaprothiopsis[28]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Poinar, Weigend & Henning

Eocene or Miocene

 Dominican Republic

A member of Loasaceae found in Dominican amber. The type species is Klaprothiopsis dyscrita.

Lagerstroemia himalayaensis[29]

Sp. nov

Valid

Srivastava, Gaur & Mehrotra

Miocene

 India

A member of Lythraceae, a species of Lagerstroemia.

Lejalia[30]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Coiffard & Mohr

Late Cretaceous

 Sudan

A member of Araceae; a new genus for "Proteaephyllum" sagenopteroides.

Liquidambar maomingensis[31]

Sp. nov

Valid

Maslova et al.

Late Eocene

 China

A member of Altingiaceae, a species of Liquidambar.

Lithocarpus longchuanensis[32]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mu et al.

Miocene

 China

A member of Fagaceae, a species of Lithocarpus.

Livistona roundifolia[16]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wang et al.

Oligocene

 China

A coryphoid palm tree, a species of Livistona.

Lonicera krassilovii[33]

Sp. nov

Valid

Pavlyutkin

Late Miocene

Ust-Suifun Formation

 Russia

A honeysuckle.

Macaranga stellata[6]

Sp. nov

Valid

Jacques, Shi & Zhou in Jacques et al.

Miocene (Langhian)

 China

A member of Euphorbiaceae, a species of Macaranga.

Melanorrhoeophyllum[4]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Singh et al.

Early Eocene

Cambay Shale Formation

 India

A member of the family Anacardiaceae described on the basis of leaf impressions. Genus includes new species M. suratum.

Menispermites orientalis[34]

Sp. nov

Valid

Golovneva in Golovneva, Herman & Shczepetov

Cretaceous (late Albian–early Turonian)

Krivorechenskaya Formation

 Russia

A species of Menispermites.

Menispermoxylon mowglii[35]

Sp. nov

Valid

Licht, Boura & De Franceschi in Licht et al.

Late middle Eocene

 Myanmar

A member of Menispermaceae, a species of Menispermoxylon.

Nuphar carlquistii[36]

Sp. nov

Valid

DeVore, Taylor, & Pigg

Ypresian

Klondike Mountain Formation

 United States

A water lily

Oleoxylon deccanense[37]

Sp. nov

Valid

Srivastava, Wheeler, Manchester & Baas ex Trivedi & Srivastava

Late CretaceousPaleocene (MaastrichtianDanian)

Deccan Intertrappean Beds
(Dhuma Formation)

 India

A member of Oleaceae described on the basis of fossil wood. Reported and named informally by Trivedi & Srivastava (1981), who did not provide a diagnosis and holotype number for the fossil; Srivastava et al. (2015) validated the name.

Orontiophyllum[38]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Kvaček & Smith

Late Cretaceous (Turonian to early Campanian)

 Austria
 Germany

A member of Araceae. A new genus for "Araciphyllites" austriacus Kvaček & Herman (2005); genus also contains "Zingiberopsis" riggauensis Knobloch (1979).

Palaeocarya hispida[39]

Sp. nov

Valid

Meng et al.

Late Miocene

 China

A member of Juglandaceae, a species of Palaeocarya.

Paleoochna[40]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Ickert-Bond, Pigg & DeVore

Late Paleocene

 United States

A member of Ochnaceae. The type species is Paleoochna tiffneyi.

Palmoxylon kikaapoa[41]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sainz-Resendiz et al.

Late Cretaceous (Campanian)

Olmos Formation

 Mexico

A palm tree, a species of Palmoxylon.

Paraperseoxylon septatum[42]

Sp. nov

Valid

Franco et al.

Cretaceous

Puerto Yeruá Formation

 Argentina

A member of Lauraceae, a species of Paraperseoxylon.

Phoenix windmillis[43]

Sp. nov

Valid

Allen

Eocene

 United States

A member of Arecaceae, a species of Phoenix.

Piper margaritae[44]

Sp. nov

Valid

Martínez et al.

Late Cretaceous

Guaduas Formation

 Colombia

A member of Piperaceae, a species of Piper.

Pleiogynium parvum[45]

Sp. nov

Valid

Rozefelds, Dettmann & Clifford in Rozefelds et al.

Probably Oligocene

 Australia

A species of Pleiogynium.

Pleiogynium wannanii[45]

Sp. nov

Valid

Rozefelds, Dettmann & Clifford in Rozefelds et al.

Latest Oligocene or early Miocene

Riversleigh

 Australia

A species of Pleiogynium.

Podocarpium eocenicum[46]

Sp. nov

Valid

Xu & Jin in Xu et al.

Eocene

Changchang Formation
Youganwo Formation

 China

A member of Caesalpinioideae, a species of Podocarpium.

Prioria dominicana[47]

Sp. nov

Valid

Poinar & Chambers

Eocene or Miocene

 Dominican Republic

A member of Fabaceae belonging to the subfamily Caesalpinioideae found in Dominican amber, a species of Prioria.

Prunus kunmingensis[48]

Sp. nov

Valid

Su, Wilf & Zhou in Su et al.

Late Pliocene

Ciying Formation

 China

A species of Prunus related to the peach.

Pseudhaplocricus[49]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Poinar & Chambers

Eocene or Miocene

 Dominican Republic

A member of Commelinaceae found in Dominican amber. The type species is Pseudhaplocricus hexandrus.

Pterospermoxylon suratensis[4]

Sp. nov

Valid

Singh et al.

Early Eocene

Cambay Shale Formation

 India

A member of the family Malvaceae belonging to the subfamily Dombeyoideae, described on the basis of fossil wood.

Qualeoxylon felicianensis[50]

Sp. nov

Valid

Moya & Brea

Late Pleistocene

Arroyo Feliciano Formation

 Argentina

A member of Vochysiaceae, a species of Qualeoxylon.

Quercus chekryzhovii[51]

Sp. nov

Valid

Pavlyutkin

Early Oligocene

 Russia

An oak.

Quercus heterobracteolata[52]

Sp. nov

Valid

Jia et al.

Late Miocene

 China

An oak.

Quercus kraskinensis[51]

Sp. nov

Valid

Pavlyutkin

Early Oligocene

 Russia

An oak.

Quercus maii[53]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kovar-Eder in Kovar-Eder, Kern & Sun

Late Pliocene

Ma’anshancun Formation

 China

An oak.

Quercus paraglauca[52]

Sp. nov

Valid

Jia et al.

Late Miocene

 China

An oak.

Quercus rajushkinae[54]

Nom. nov

Valid

Doweld

Miocene

 Kazakhstan

An oak; a replacement name for Quercus lavrovii Rajushkina (1987) (preoccupied).

Quercus waltheri[53]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kovar-Eder in Kovar-Eder, Kern & Sun

Late Pliocene

Ma’anshancun Formation

 China

An oak.

Rhaphithamnoxylon[55]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Franco, Brea & Zavattieri

Middle Miocene

Mariño Formation

 Argentina

A member of Verbenaceae related to members of the genus Rhaphithamnus. The type species is Rhaphithamnoxylon artabeae.

Rhodoleia tengchongensis[56]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wu & Sun in Wu et al.

Pliocene (Piacenzian)

Upper Mangbang Formation

 China

A species of Rhodoleia.

Rubus lanpingensis[57]

Sp. nov

Valid

Huang et al.

Pliocene (Piacenzian)

 China

A member of Rosaceae, a species of Rubus.

Saliciphyllum gaetei[58]

Sp. nov

Valid

Marmi et al.

Late Cretaceous (late Maastrichtian)

 Spain

A willow-like eudicot, a species of Saliciphyllum.

Smilax miohavanensis[59]

Nom. nov

Valid

Denk et al.

Miocene

 Austria
 Greece
 Turkey

A member of Smilacaceae; a replacement name for "Quercus" aspera Unger (1847) (subsequently transferred to the genus Smilax, which would make it a junior homonym of the extant Smilax aspera).

Staphylea levisemia[60]

Sp. nov

Valid

Huang et al.

Latest Miocene to earliest Pliocene

Gray Fossil Site

 United States

A member of Staphyleaceae, a species of Staphylea.

Styracoxylon thyllosum[61]

Sp. nov

Valid

Moya, Brea & Franco

Late Pleistocene

Arroyo Feliciano Formation

 Argentina

A member of Styracaceae, a species of Styracoxylon.

Tinaflora[62]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Atkinson et al.

Eocene

 Canada

A member of Lauraceae. The type species is Tinaflora beardiae.

Trachycarpus formosa[16]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wang et al.

Oligocene

 China

A coryphoid palm tree, a species of Trachycarpus.

Ventilago lincangensis[63]

Sp. nov

Valid

Liu & Xie in Liu et al.

Late Miocene

Bangmai Formation

 China

A species of Ventilago.

Wataria yunnanica[64]

Sp. nov

Valid

Li & Oskolski in Li et al.

Miocene

Dajie Formation

 China

A member of Malvaceae, a species of Wataria.

Welkoetoxylon[65]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Boonchai, Manchester & Wheeler

Eocene

Green River Formation

 United States

A member of Moraceae. The type species is Welkoetoxylon multiseriatum.

Zygiaxylon[66]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Kloster & Gnaedinger in Kloster et al.

Miocene

Solimões Formation

 Brazil

A member of Fabaceae belonging to the subfamily Mimosoideae. The type species is Zygiaxylon amazonicum.

Other seed plants[edit]

Research[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Acanthostrobus[68]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Klymiuk, Stockey & Rothwell

Late Cretaceous (Coniacian)

 Canada

A member of Cupressaceae. The type species is Acanthostrobus edenensis.

Allicospermum budantsevii[69]

Sp. nov

Valid

Gordenko

Middle Jurassic

 Uzbekistan

A gymnosperm of ginkgoalean affinity, a species of Allicospermum.

Anomozamites sanjiaocunensis[70]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zhao et al.

Middle Jurassic

Haifanggou Formation

 China

A member of Bennettitales, a species of Anomozamites.

Araucariacites mildenhallii[71]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mays

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian and Turonian)

Tupuangi Formation

 New Zealand

A conifer.

Araucarites raghavapurensis[72]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chinnappa, Rajanikanth & Rao

Early Cretaceous

Raghavapuram Formation

 India

A member of Araucariaceae, a species of Araucarites.

Balmeiopsis disca[71]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mays

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian to early Turonian)

Tupuangi Formation

 New Zealand

A conifer.

Brachyoxylon baqueroensis[73]

Sp. nov

Valid

Vera & Césari

Early Cretaceous

Baqueró Group

 Argentina

A conifer, a species of Brachyoxylon.

Carpolites pliocucurbitinus[19]

Nom. nov

Valid

Martinetto

Pliocene to Pleistocene (Zanclean to Gelasian)

 Italy

A seed plant of uncertain phylogenetic placement; a replacement name for Carpolites cucurbitinus Martinetto (1995) (preoccupied).

Carpolithes albolutum[74]

Nom. nov

Valid

Smith et al.

Eocene (Ypresian)

 United Kingdom

A seed plant of uncertain phylogenetic placement.

Carpolithes phoenixnordensis[74]

Sp. nov

Valid

Smith et al.

Late Eocene

 Germany

A seed plant of uncertain phylogenetic placement.

Cordaites principaloides[75]

Sp. nov

Valid

Šimůnek

Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian)

Saale Basin

 Germany

A species of Cordaites.

Cordaites theodorii[76]

Sp. nov

Valid

Šimunek & Haldovský

Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian)

Kladno-Rakovník Basin

 Czech Republic

A species of Cordaites.

Cordaites yongchangensis[77]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wang et al.

Early Permian

 China

A species of Cordaites.

Cordaixylon andresii[78]

Sp. nov

Valid

Césari et al.

Carboniferous (Stephanian)

 Spain

A member of Cordaitales, a species of Cordaixylon.

Ctenis clarnoensis[79]

Sp. nov

Valid

Edrei & Manchester

Eocene

Clarno Formation

 United States

A cycad, a species of Ctenis.

Cupressinoxylon zamunerae[80]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bodnar et al.

Middle Triassic

Cortaderita Formation

 Argentina

A member of Cupressaceae sensu lato, a species of Cupressinoxylon.

Czekanowskia (Harrisella) ordosensis[81]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sun et al.

Middle Jurassic

Yan'an Formation

 China

A member of Czekanowskiales, a species of Czekanowskia.

Elatocladus velenovskyi[82]

Nom. nov

Valid

Kvaček

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

Peruc-Korycany Formation

 Czech Republic

A conifer; a replacement name for "Sequoia" heterophylla Velenovský (1885). The species was transferred to the genus Elatocladus by Kvaček (2015); this, however, made this species a junior homonym of Elatocladus heterophylla Halle (1913), making the name change necessary.[82]

Ephedra multinervia[83]

Sp. nov

Valid

Yang & Lin in Yang, Lin & Ferguson

Early Cretaceous

Yixian Formation

 China

A species of Ephedra.

Estellencsia[84]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Ruiz & Wachtler

Middle Triassic (Anisian)

 Spain

A member of Coniferales. The type species is Estellencsia saezii.

Ginkgo badamgaravii[85]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kostina & Herman in Kostina, Herman & Kodrul

Middle Jurassic (possibly Aalenian)

Bakhar Formation

 Mongolia

A relative of the ginkgo.

Ginkgoidium nundichii[86]

Sp. nov

Valid

Velasco-de León et al.

Middle Jurassic

 Mexico

A member of Ginkgoales, a species of Ginkgoidium.

Glenrosa carentonensis[87]

Sp. nov

Valid

Moreau et al.

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

 France

A member of Coniferales of uncertain phylogenetic placement, a species of Glenrosa.

Golondrinia[88]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Cariglino

Permian (Guadalupian?-Lopingian)

La Golondrina Formation

 Argentina

A member of Glossopteridales belonging to the family Arberiaceae. The type species is Golondrinia archangelskyi.

Junggaropitys[89]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Shi et al.

Middle-Late Triassic

Karamay Formation

 China

A conifer. The type species is Junggaropitys dalongkouensis.

Krassilovia[90]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Herrera et al.

Early Cretaceous (Aptian-Albian)

Tevshiin Govi Formation

 Mongolia

A member of Voltziales. The type species is Krassilovia mongolica.

Latisemenia[91]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Wang et al.

Devonian (Famennian)

Wutong (Wutung) Formation

 China

An early seed plant. The type species is Latisemenia longshania.

Megasylvella[92]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Naugolnykh

Middle Permian (Kazanian)

 Russia

A member of Pinophyta belonging to the group Vojnovskyales. The type species is M. ivagorica.

Mirovia pethiorica[93]

Sp. nov

Valid

Nosova & Kiritchkova

Middle Jurassic (Aalenian–Bathonian)

Sysola Formation

 Russia

A conifer, a species of Mirovia.

Nageia maomingensis[94]

Sp. nov

Valid

Liu, Gao & Jin

Late Eocene

Maoming Basin

 China

A species of Nageia.

Nanshanopteris[95]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Wan & Wang

Late Permian (Changhsingian)

Sunan Formation

 China

A seed fern belonging to the group Peltaspermales. The type species is Nanshanopteris nervosa.

Ortiseia collii[84]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ruiz & Wachtler

Middle Triassic (Anisian)

 Spain

A member of Coniferales belonging to the family Ortiseiaceae, a species of Ortiseia.

Peltaspermopsis nebritovii[96]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bukhman, Bukhman & Gomankov

Late Permian

 Russia

A seed fern.

Phoenicopsis neimengguensis[97]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sun, Na, Dilcher, Wang & Li in Sun et al.

Middle Jurassic

Zhaogou Formation

 China

A member of Czekanowskiales, a species of Phoenicopsis.

Phoenicopsis (Phoenicopsis) odorsensis[98]

Sp. nov

Valid

Li & Sun in Li et al.

Middle Jurassic

Yan'an Formation

 China

A member of Czekanowskiales, a species of Phoenicopsis. The species name is spelled Phoenicopsis ordosensis on some pages; however, this version of the name is preoccupied by Phoenicopsis (Culgoweria) ordosensis Li et al. (2014).

Pinus maomingensis[99]

Sp. nov

Valid

Xu et al.

Late Eocene

Huangniuling Formation

 China

A pine.

Pinus mikii[100]

Sp. nov

Valid

Yamada, Yamada & Tsukagoshi

Late Miocene

Tokiguchi Formation

 Japan

A pine.

Pinus preyunnanensis[101]

Sp. nov

Valid

Xu & Sun in Xu et al.

Late Miocene

Shengxian Formation

 China

A pine.

Pityospermum godavarianum[72]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chinnappa, Rajanikanth & Rao

Early Cretaceous

Raghavapuram Formation

 India

A member of Coniferales, a species of Pityospermum.

Placotheca[102]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Wang et al.

Devonian (Famennian)

Wutong Formation

 China

A member of Lagenospermopsida (a group of plants of uncertain phylogenetic placement, probably spermatophytes). The type species is Placotheca minuta.

Podocarpidites microradiatus[71]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mays

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian to early Turonian)

Tupuangi Formation

 New Zealand

A conifer.

Podocarpoxylon atuelensis[103]

Sp. nov

Valid

Gnaedinger et al.

Early Jurassic

El Freno Formation

 Argentina

A member of Podocarpaceae, a species of Podocarpoxylon.

Protaxodioxylon jianchangense[104]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tian & Wang in Tian et al.

Late Middle Jurassic to early Late Jurassic

Tiaojishan Formation

 China

A member of Cupressaceae, a species of Protaxodioxylon.

Prumnopityoxylon[105]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Franco & Brea

Late Cenozoic

Ituzaingó Formation

 Argentina

A member of Podocarpaceae. The type species is Prumnopityoxylon gnaedingerae.

Pseudofrenelopsis capillata[106]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sucerquia, Bernardes-de-Oliveira & Mohr

Early Cretaceous

Crato Formation

 Brazil

A member of Cheirolepidiaceae, a species of Pseudofrenelopsis.

Pseudotorellia gobiense[85]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kostina & Herman in Kostina, Herman & Kodrul

Middle Jurassic (possibly Aalenian)

Bakhar Formation

 Mongolia

A member of Ginkgoales, a species of Pseudotorellia.

Pseudotorellia mongolica[85]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kostina & Herman in Kostina, Herman & Kodrul

Middle Jurassic (possibly Aalenian)

Bakhar Formation

 Mongolia

A member of Ginkgoales, a species of Pseudotorellia.

Ptilophyllum cariae[107]

Sp. nov

Valid

Scanu, Kustatscher & Pittau

Middle Jurassic (Bajocian–Bathonian)

Genna Selole Formation

 Italy

A member of Bennettitales, a species of Ptilophyllum.

Radicites trimorphus[92]

Sp. nov

Valid

Naugolnykh

Middle Permian (Kazanian)

 Russia

A seed plant of uncertain phylogenetic placement described on the basis of isolated roots.

Sagenopteris nadalii[84]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ruiz & Wachtler

Middle Triassic (Anisian)

 Spain

A member of Caytoniales, a species of Sagenopteris.

Scitistrobus[108]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Spencer, Mapes, Hilton & Rothwell in Spencer et al.

Middle Jurassic (Aalenian)

Bearreraig Sandstone Formation

 United Kingdom

A member of Cupressaceae. The type species is Scitistrobus duncaanensis.

Sequoia maguanensis[109]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zhang & Zhou in Zhang et al.

Late Miocene

Xiaolongtan Formation

 China

A relative of the coast redwood.

Sequoia ochotica[110]

Sp. nov

Valid

Yudova & Golovneva

Late Cretaceous (Turonian-Coniacian)

Arman Formation
Chingandzha Formation

 Russia

A species of Sequoia.

Solenites baishanensis[111]

Sp. nov

Valid

Li et al.

Early Cretaceous

Yingzuilazi Formation

 China

A member of Czekanowskiales, a species of Solenites.

Solenites gracilis[111]

Sp. nov

Valid

Li et al.

Early Cretaceous

Yingzuilazi Formation

 China

A member of Czekanowskiales, a species of Solenites.

Sphenobaiera mixteca[86]

Sp. nov

Valid

Velasco-de León et al.

Middle Jurassic

 Mexico

A member of Ginkgoales, a species of Sphenobaiera.

Taeniopteris novomundensis[112]

Sp. nov

Valid

Prestianni et al.

Late Triassic (Carnian)

 Norway
  Switzerland

A seed plant of uncertain phylogenetic placement, probably a member of Cycadophyta; a species of Taeniopteris.

Taxus guyangensis[113]

Sp. nov

Valid

Xu et al.

Early Cretaceous

Guyang Formation

 China

A species of Taxus.

Thorezia[114]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Prestianni & Gerrienne

Late Devonian

 Belgium

A spermatophyte of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Thorezia vezerensis.

Thinnfeldia vemavaramensis[72]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chinnappa, Rajanikanth & Rao

Early Cretaceous

Vemavaram Formation

 India

A seed fern belonging to the group Corystospermales, a species of Thinnfeldia.

Tsuga nanfengensis[115]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bondarenko, Wang & Zhou in Wang et al.

Late Miocene

Xiaolongtan Formation

 China

A species of Tsuga.

Warsteinia sancheziae[116]

Sp. nov

Valid

Prestianni et al.

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

 Argentina

An early seed plant, a species of Warsteinia.

Williamsonia carolinensis[117]

Sp. nov

Valid

Pott & Axsmith

Late Triassic

Pekin Formation

 United States

A member of Bennettitales belonging to the family Williamsoniaceae, a species of Williamsonia.

Xenoxylon yunnanensis[118]

Sp. nov

Valid

Feng in Feng et al.

Middle Jurassic

Shaximiao Formation

 China

A gymnosperm, possibly a member of Pinophyta; a species of Xenoxylon.

Yiduxylon[119]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Wang & Liu

Devonian (Famennian)

Tizikou Formation

 China

A plant of uncertain phylogenetic placement, either an early seed plant or a taxon closely related to seed plants. The type species is Yiduxylon trilobum.

Marchantiophyta[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Anastrophyllum rovnoi[120]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mamontov et al.

Late Eocene

 Ukraine

A liverwort found in Rovno amber, a species of Anastrophyllum.

Cephalozia veltenii[121]

Sp. nov

Valid

Katagiri

Eocene

Baltic amber

Europe (Baltic Sea coast)

A liverwort belonging to the family Cephaloziaceae found in Baltic amber; a species of Cephalozia.

Cephaloziella nadezhdae[122]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mamontov, Heinrichs & Váňa in Mamontov et al.

Late Eocene

Rovno amber

 Ukraine

A liverwort found in Rovno amber, a species of Cephaloziella.

Ceratolejeunea sublaetefusca[123]

Sp. nov

Valid

Heinrichs et al.

Miocene

Mexican Amber

 Mexico

A liverwort belonging to the family Lejeuneaceae, a species of Ceratolejeunea.

Frullania riclefgrollei[124]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mamontov et al.

Late Eocene

 Ukraine

A liverwort found in Rovno amber, a species of Frullania.

Mastigolejeunea extincta[123]

Sp. nov

Valid

Heinrichs et al.

Miocene

 Mexico

A liverwort belonging to the family Lejeuneaceae, a species of Mastigolejeunea.

Microlejeunea miocenica[125]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lee et al.

Miocene

 Dominican Republic

A liverwort belonging to the family Lejeuneaceae found in Dominican amber, a species of Microlejeunea.

Notoscyphus balticus[126]

Sp. nov

Valid

Heinrichs et al.

Eocene

Baltic amber

Europe (Baltic Sea coast)

A Jungermannial liverwort.

Notoscyphus grollei[127]

Sp. nov

Valid

Váňa et al.

Paleogene

 Germany

A Jungermannial liverwort found in Bitterfeld amber, a species of Notoscyphus.

Tetralophozia groehnii[128]

Sp. nov

Valid

Heinrichs, Váňa & Schäfer-Verwimp in Heinrichs et al.

Eocene

Baltic amber

Europe (Baltic Sea coast)

A liverwort, a species of Tetralophozia.

Other plants[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Adiantitophyllum[129]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Nagalingum & Cantrill

Early Cretaceous

Triton Point Formation

Antarctica (Alexander Island)
 Australia?

A leptosporangiate fern of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Adiantitophyllum serratum; genus might also include "Adiantites" lindsayoides Seward from the Koonwarra flora in Australia.

Arthropitys iannuzzii[130]

Sp. nov

Valid

Neregato, Rößler & Noll in Neregato et al.

Permian

Motuca Formation

 Brazil

A member of Calamitaceae, a species of Arthropitys.

Arthropitys isoramis[130]

Sp. nov

Valid

Neregato, Rößler & Noll in Neregato et al.

Permian

Motuca Formation

 Brazil

A member of Calamitaceae, a species of Arthropitys.

Boueina? crassundia[131]

Sp. nov

Valid

Vachard, Krainer & Lucas

Permian (Kungurian)

Los Vallos Formation
San Andres Formation

 United States

A member of Codiaceae.

Boueina? tubulata[131]

Sp. nov

Valid

Vachard, Krainer & Lucas

Permian (Kungurian)

San Andres Formation

 United States

A member of Codiaceae.

Chara nikolskae[132]

Nom. nov

Valid

Doweld

Holocene

 Kazakhstan

A green alga belonging to the group Charophyta and the family Characeae; a species of Chara. A replacement name for Chara elliptica Nikolskaja (1984) (preoccupied).

Charaxis martinclosasi[133]

Sp. nov

Valid

Granier et al.

Early Cretaceous (Barremian)

 Lebanon

A green alga belonging to the group Charophyta; a species of Charaxis.

Chelinospora prisca[134]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wellman, Steemans & Miller

Late Ordovician and early Silurian

Qasim Formation
Sarah Formation

 Saudi Arabia

An early land plant of uncertain phylogenetic placement, a species of Chelinospora.

Cladophlebis auriculipilosus[135]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mays & Tosolini in Mays et al.

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

Tupuangi Formation

 New Zealand

A fern of probable osmundalean affinity, a species of Cladophlebis.

Cladophlebis dissecta[129]

Sp. nov

Valid

Nagalingum & Cantrill

Early Cretaceous (Albian)

Triton Point Formation

Antarctica (Alexander Island)

A leptosporangiate fern of uncertain phylogenetic placement, a species of Cladophlebis.

Cladophlebis drinnanii[129]

Sp. nov

Valid

Nagalingum & Cantrill

Early Cretaceous (Albian)

Triton Point Formation

Antarctica (Alexander Island)

A leptosporangiate fern of uncertain phylogenetic placement, a species of Cladophlebis.

Cladophlebis macloughlinii[129]

Sp. nov

Valid

Nagalingum & Cantrill

Early Cretaceous (Albian)

Triton Point Formation

Antarctica (Alexander Island)

A leptosporangiate fern of uncertain phylogenetic placement, a species of Cladophlebis.

Crenulopteris[136]

Gen. et comb. nov.

Valid

Wittry et al.

Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian)

 Austria
 Bulgaria
 Canada
 France
 Germany
 Poland
 Spain
  Switzerland
 Turkey
 United Kingdom
 United States

A member of Marattiales belonging to the family Psaroniaceae. A new genus for "Pecopteris" acadica Bell (1962); genus also contains "Pecopteris" micromiltoni Bertrand ex Corsin (1951) and "Pecopteris" lamuriana Heer (1865).

Cryptotetras[137]

Gen. et 2 sp. nov

Valid

Strother, Traverse & Vecoli

Ordovician (Darriwilian to Late Ordovician[138])

Ghelli Formation[138]
Qasim Formation

 Iran[138]
 Saudi Arabia

An early land plant of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Cryptotetras erugata; genus also contains Cryptotetras mordacis.

Didymospora[137]

Gen. et 2 sp. nov

Valid

Strother, Traverse & Vecoli

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Qasim Formation

 Saudi Arabia

An early land plant of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Didymospora luna; genus also contains Didymospora fucosogranulata.

Equisetocaulis[139]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Rothwell & Ash

Late Triassic (Norian)

 United States

A horsetail. The type species is Equisetocaulis muirii.

Equisetum dimorphum[140]

Sp. nov

Valid

Elgorriaga et al.

Early Jurassic

 Argentina

A species of Equisetum.

Gymnocodium? bacillum[131]

Sp. nov

Valid

Vachard, Krainer & Lucas

Permian (Kungurian)

Los Vallos Formation
San Andres Formation

 Guatemala
 United States

A member of Gymnocodiaceae.

Gymnocodium? johnsonii[131]

Sp. nov

Valid

Vachard, Krainer & Lucas

Permian (Kungurian)

Los Vallos Formation
San Andres Formation

 United States
 China?
 Guatemala?

A member of Gymnocodiaceae.

Kwazulupteris[141]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Vera & Herbst

Cretaceous (probably Albian–Turonian)

Probably Mzinene Formation

 South Africa

A tree fern. The type species is Kwazulupteris schaarschmidtii.

Lepidodendron wingfieldense[142]

Sp. nov

Valid

Thomas & Seyfullah

Carboniferous (Bashkirian)

 United Kingdom

Lobifolia nana[143]

Sp. nov

Valid

Frolov & Mashchuk

Early Jurassic

Cheremkhovskaya Formation

 Russia

A fern, a species of Lobifolia.

Lobodendron[144]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Liu et al.

Late Devonian (Famennian)

Wutong Formation

 China

A member of Lycopsida of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Lobodendron fanwanense.

Marattiopsis patagonica[145]

Sp. nov

Valid

Escapa et al.

Early Jurassic

 Argentina

A member of Marattiaceae, a species of Marattiopsis.

Mendozaphyllum[146]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Puebla, Prámparo & Gandolfo

Late Cretaceous (Campanian–Maastrichtian)

Loncoche Formation

 Argentina

A member of Marsileaceae. The type species is Mendozaphyllum loncochense.

Montenegrella? gracilis[147]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sokač & Grgasović

Early Cretaceous (Barremian)

 Croatia

A green alga belonging to the group Dasycladales, possibly a species of Montenegrella.

Muscites gracilis[135]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mays & Cantrill in Mays et al.

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

Tupuangi Formation

 New Zealand

A leafy moss, a species of Muscites.

Natalipteris[141]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Vera & Herbst

Cretaceous (probably Albian–Turonian)

Probably Mzinene Formation

 South Africa

A tree fern. The type species is Natalipteris wildei.

Neocalamites grojecensis[148]

Sp. nov

Valid

Jarzynka & Pacyna

Middle Jurassic (Bathonian)

 Poland

A member of Equisetopsida of uncertain phylogenetic placement, a species of Neocalamites.

Nunatakia[129]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Nagalingum & Cantrill

Early Cretaceous

Triton Point Formation

Antarctica (Alexander Island)
 India?

A leptosporangiate fern of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Nunatakia alexanderensis.

Osmunda pulchella[149]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bomfleur, Grimm & McLoughlin

Early Jurassic (Pliensbachian)

 Sweden

A member of Osmundaceae. Originally described as a species of Osmunda; transferred to the genus Osmundastrum by Bomfleur, Grimm & McLoughlin (2017).[150]

Osmundacaulis bamfordae[151]

Sp. nov

Valid

Herbst

Cretaceous (Albian-Turonian interval)

Probably Mzinene Formation

 South Africa

A member of Osmundaceae, a species of Osmundacaulis.

Osmundacaulis tidwellii[151]

Sp. nov

Valid

Herbst

Cretaceous (Albian-Turonian interval)

Probably Mzinene Formation

 South Africa

A member of Osmundaceae, a species of Osmundacaulis.

Osmundacaulis whittlesii[152]

Sp. nov

Valid

Smith, Rothwell & Stockey

Early Cretaceous

 Canada

A member of Osmundaceae, a species of Osmundacaulis.

Paurodendron stellatum[153]

Sp. nov

Valid

McLoughlin et al.

Permian (Guadalupian)

Antarctica

A member of Isoetales, a species of Paurodendron.

Phlebopteris hazarensis[154]

Sp. nov

Valid

Naugolnykh & Pronin

Late Triassic (Rhaetian)

 Kazakhstan

A member of Matoniaceae, a species of Phlebopteris.

Pleopeltis dominicensis[155]

Sp. nov

Valid

Schneider, Heinrichs & Schmidt in Schneider et al.

Miocene

 Dominican Republic

A fern found in Dominican amber, a species of Pleopeltis.

Reticuspinosporites[156]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Slater et al.

Middle Jurassic (Bathonian)

Scalby Formation

 United Kingdom

A plant of uncertain phylogenetic placement, possibly a member or a relative of lycopsids. The type species is Reticuspinosporites whytei.

Retitriletes polygonatus[157]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hashemi-Yazdi, Sajjadi & Dehbozorgi

Middle Jurassic

Dalichai Formation

 Iran

A lycophyte known from spores, a species of Retitriletes.

Rimosotetras subsphaerica[137]

Sp. nov

Valid

Strother, Traverse & Vecoli

Ordovician (Darriwilian to Late Ordovician[138])

Ghelli Formation[138]
Qasim Formation

 Iran[138]
 Saudi Arabia

An early land plant of uncertain phylogenetic placement, a species of Rimosotetras.

Shougangia[158]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Wang et al.

Devonian (Famennian)

Wutong Formation

 China

A fern-like plant, a euphyllophyte of uncertain phylogenetic placement.[159] Genus includes new species Shougangia bella.

Sphenopteris sinuosa[129]

Sp. nov

Valid

Nagalingum & Cantrill

Early Cretaceous (Albian)

Triton Point Formation

Antarctica (Alexander Island)

A leptosporangiate fern of uncertain phylogenetic placement, a species of Sphenopteris.

Tetraplanarisporites[134]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Wellman, Steemans & Miller

Late Ordovician and early Silurian

Ghelli Formation[138]
Qasim Formation
Sarah Formation

 Iran[138]
 Saudi Arabia

An early land plant of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Tetraplanarisporites laevigatus.

Tricosta[160]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Shelton et al.

Early Cretaceous

 Canada

A pleurocarpous moss. The type species is Tricosta plicata.

References[edit]

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