Phase-out of fossil fuel vehicles
About a dozen countries and about 20 cities around the world have proposed banning the future sale of passenger vehicles powered by fossil fuels such as gasoline, liquefied petroleum gas and diesel. These include India, China (the largest auto market globally), Japan (the third largest auto market globally) that has comprehensive plans for a "hydrogen economy" by 2040, South Korea, Taiwan, also the EU auto market nations of Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Germany, France, the Netherlands, Spain, and Portugal, as well as Costa Rica in Central America. The intent to ban vehicles powered by fossil fuels is attractive to governments as it offers simpler target compliance as it is focused on a specific industry, compared with a more encompassing carbon tax or phase-out of fossil fuels. The automotive industry is working to introduce electrified vehicles to adapt to bans  with varying success. A partial ban enacted in 2012 by California, requiring that 15% of new vehicles offered for sale between 2018 and 2025 must be Zero Emission Vehicles ZEVs) in order for the automaker to sell any vehicles in the state, has yielded 8% compliance.
Reasons for banning further sale of fossil fueled vehicles include to meet national climate targets under international agreements such as the Kyoto Accord and the Paris Agreement to reduce carbon emissions that cause climate change, energy independence, or health risk due to local emissions.
The banning of fossil fuels vehicles has a defined scope and is generally applied in the form of a legislated decision to restrict further sales or registration of new vehicles powered with specific fuels from a future date. At the date of implementation current vehicles would still be registrable. As at 2017, most bans are over 10 years into the future and are not yet legislated.
Jurisdictions with planned fossil-fuel vehicle bans
|Country||Ban announced||Ban commences||Scope||Selectivity|
|China||2017||no date set||Gasoline or diesel||New vehicle sales|
|Costa Rica||2019||2050||Gasoline or diesel||New vehicle sales|
|Denmark||2019||2030||Gasoline or diesel||New vehicle sales|
|France||2017||2040||Gasoline or diesel||New vehicle sales|
|Iceland||2018||2030||Gasoline or diesel||New vehicle sales|
|Ireland||2018||2030||Gasoline or diesel||New vehicle sales|
|Israel||2018||2030||Gasoline or diesel||Imported vehicles|
|Netherlands||2017||2030||Gasoline or diesel||New vehicle sales|
|Norway||2017||2025||Gasoline or diesel||New vehicle sales|
|Sri Lanka||2017||2040||Gasoline or diesel||All vehicles|
|Sweden||2018||2030||Gasoline or diesel||New vehicle sales|
|United Kingdom||2017||2040 – England, Wales, Northern Ireland
2032 – Scotland
|Gasoline or diesel||New vehicle sales|
Cities and territories
Some cities listed have signed the Fossil Fuel Free Streets Declaration, committing to ban emitting vehicles by 2030, but this does not necessarily have force of law in those jurisdictions.
|City or Territory||Country||Ban announced||Ban commences||Scope||Selectivity|
|Amsterdam||Netherlands||2019||2030||Gasoline or Diesel||All vehicles|
|Auckland||New Zealand||2017||2030||Gasoline or Diesel||All vehicles, electric buses by 2025|
|Balearic Islands||Spain||2018||2025−35||Gasoline or Diesel||All vehicles|
|Barcelona||Spain||2017||2030||Gasoline or Diesel||All vehicles, electric buses by 2025|
|Bristol||United Kingdom||2019||2021||Diesel||All private vehicles (city center from 7 am to 3 pm)|
|British Columbia||Canada||2018||2025||Gasoline or Diesel||All vehicles by 2040, 10% ZEVs by 2025|
|Cape Town||South Africa||2017||2030||Gasoline or Diesel||All vehicles, electric buses by 2025|
|Copenhagen||Denmark||2017||2030||Gasoline or Diesel||All vehicles, electric buses by 2025|
|Hainan||China||2018||2030||Gasoline or Diesel||All vehicles|
|Heidelberg||Germany||2017||2030||Gasoline or Diesel||All vehicles, electric buses by 2025|
|London||United Kingdom||2017||2030||Gasoline or Diesel||All vehicles, electric buses by 2025|
|Los Angeles||United States||2017||2030||Gasoline or Diesel||All vehicles, electric buses by 2025|
|Mexico City||Mexico||2016||2025||Diesel||All vehicles|
|Milan||Italy||2017||2030||Diesel||All diesel vehicles, electric buses by 2025|
|Oxford||United Kingdom||2017||2020−35||Gasoline or Diesel||All vehicles (initially during daytime hours on six streets)|
|Quito||Ecuador||2017||2030||Gasoline or Diesel||All vehicles, electric buses by 2025|
|Seattle||United States||2017||2030||Gasoline or Diesel||All vehicles, electric buses by 2025|
|Vancouver||Canada||2017||2030||Gasoline or Diesel||All vehicles, electric buses by 2025|
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Private owners have until 2040 to replace their cars, tuk-tuks and motorcycles, when the country plans to no longer allow any fossil fuel-burning vehicles on its roads, he said.
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- Mallorca Goes Deep Green
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