2019 Ukrainian presidential election

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2019 Ukrainian presidential election

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Nominee Petro Poroshenko Yulia Tymoshenko Volodymyr Zelensky
Party Independent Fatherland Servant of the People
Alliance Petro Poroshenko Bloc

  Boiko Yurii Wiki Vadim Chuprina.jpg Msc 2006-Saturday, 16.00 - 18.00-Grytsenko.jpg Ляшко, Олег Валерьевич 0076 Чуприна Вадим А (cropped).jpg
Nominee Yuriy Boyko Anatoliy Hrytsenko Oleh Lyashko
Party Independent Civil Position Radical Party
Alliance Opposition Platform — For Life
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Presidential elections will be held in Ukraine on 31 March 2019.[1] If no candidate receives an absolute majority of the vote, a second round will be held on 21 April.[2]

Voters can choose between 44 candidates for the elections.[3]

34,544,993 people are eligible to vote in the elections.[4]

Background[edit]

The election of the President of Ukraine by law must take place on the last Sunday of March of the fifth year of the term of the incumbent President.[2] Thus, the 2019 Ukrainian presidential election should take place on 31 March 2019.[2] The Ukrainian parliament had to approve the date of the presidential election no later than 100 days before the election day.[2] On 26 November 2018, Ukraine's parliament set the presidential vote for 31 March 2019.[1][5]

Due to the March 2014 annexation of Crimea by Russia and the occupation of parts of Donetsk Oblast and Luhansk Oblast by separatists (since April 2014), roughly 12% of eligible voters cannot participate in the elections.[6][2] Notably, the Central Election Commission closed all five foreign polling stations in Russia ahead of the vote.[7]

During the presidency of Poroshenko more than 20 journalists were killed in Ukraine. In 2015 three prominent Poroshenko critics killed in Kiev in three days.

Candidates[edit]

By the end of the registration period on 9 February 2019,[2] the Central Election Commission (CEC) had registered 44 candidates for the elections.[3][8][9] If no more than 19 withdraw, this will be the largest ever number of candidates to participate in a Ukrainian presidential election (in 2004 there were 24 candidates).[10] In total, 92 people submitted documents to the CEC to participate in the elections.[3]

The Central Election Commission refused to register 47 people, most due to failure to pay the deposit of 2.5 mln hryvnias (approx. 90,000 US dollars).[11]

Requirements for candidates[edit]

According to Ukrainian law a presidential candidate must be a citizen of Ukraine who is at least 35 years old, can speak the (state) Ukrainian language and has lived in Ukraine for the last ten years prior to election day.[2] Candidates were nominated by a political party, or by self-nomination.[2] Candidates also had to submit a declaration of income for the year preceding the election year.[2] This document was then scrutinized by the National Agency for Prevention of Corruption, which subsequently published the results of the audit.[2] Nominations could be submitted from 31 December 2018 to 4 February 2019.[2] The end of the registration period was 9 February 2019.[2] After a potential candidate had given the required documentation to the Central Election Commission (CEC), this body had five days to register the candidate or to refuse to do so.[12]

Candidates were required to pay a nomination deposit of 2.5 mln hryvnias (approx. 90,000 US dollars); only the two candidates that progress to the second round of voting will get this deposit returned (the other deposits will be transferred to the state budget).[2]

Candidates can withdraw their candidacy, but not later than 23 days before the election.[2]

Registered candidates[edit]

  • Ihor Shevchenko: former Minister of Ecology and Natural Resources; submitted the documents to the CEC for registration as a presidential candidate on 31 December 2018 (which was also the first day of the electoral campaign).[13] Shevchenko had declared his intention for candidacy on 13 November 2018 but also stated he would not participate in the elections if a new candidate appears who "better meets the requirements."[14] The CEC approved his documentation on 4 January, making Shevchenko the first officially registered candidate.[15]
  • Serhiy Kaplin: at the time a member of the Ukrainian parliamentary faction of Petro Poroshenko Bloc and leader of the Social Democratic Party; filed documents with the CEC for registration as a candidate for the presidential elections in Ukraine on 3 January 2019.[16] In October 2017 Kaplin had already stated his intention to take part of the election as the leader of the Socialist Party of Ukraine.[17] But the legal chairman of this party was Illia Kyva [uk; ru].[18] The CEC registered Kaplin as a candidate on 8 January.[19]
  • Vitaliy Skotsyk: filed documents with the CEC for registration as a candidate for the presidential elections on 3 January 2019 as the candidate of the Agrarian Party of Ukraine.[20] But the next day the Agrarian Party stated he had been expelled from the party the previous September for "actions that harm the authority and discredit the governing body of the party and the party as a whole".[21] The CEC registered Skotsyk as a candidate on 8 January, he was registered as a self-nominated candidate.[19]
  • Andriy Sadovyi: Mayor of Lviv; his party Self Reliance announced on 3 October 2018 that Sadovyi is its candidate in the election.[22] The CEC registered Sadovyi as a candidate on 8 January.[19]
  • Valentyn Nalyvaichenko: former head of the Security Service of Ukraine and former People's Deputy of Ukraine; nominated by his party Spravedlivost on 3 January 2019.[23] The CEC registered Nalyvaichenko as a candidate on 8 January.[19]
  • Vitalii Kuprii [uk; ru]: People's Deputy of Ukraine. The CEC officially registered him as a candidate on 15 January.[24]
  • Evgeny Murayev: People's Deputy of Ukraine; on 10 January 2019 Murayev's party Ours (Nashi) nominated him for President.[25] His candidacy was officially registered on 15 January.[24]
  • Anatoliy Hrytsenko: former Minister of Defence (2005-2007); a congress of Hrytsenko's Civil Position nominated Hrytsenko as a candidate on 11 January.[26] Hrytsenko's candidacy is supported by the European Party of Ukraine, Native Land, Alternative [uk] and Wave [uk].[27] The CEC officially registered Hrytsenko as a candidate on 15 January.[24]
  • Gennady Balashov: businessman and former People's Deputy of Ukraine (1998-2002); on 21 May 2018, Balashov released a video on his official website titled "Will Balashov Run for President?" in which he asks the audience if they're "capable of raising money" for his campaign, yet doesn't say whether he will participate in the election.[28] On 19 September 2018 he clearly announced his intention to run on behalf of his party 5.10.[29] The CEC officially registered his candidacy on 18 January.[30]
  • Olha Bohomolets: People's Deputy of Ukraine for Petro Poroshenko Bloc and candidate in the 2014 Ukrainian presidential election. The CEC officially registered her candidacy on 18 January.[30]
  • Olexandr Shevchenko: founder of the resort Bukovel, People's Deputy of Ukraine, member of political party UKROP. The CEC officially registered his candidacy on 21 January.[31]
  • Roman Nasirov: former head of the State Fiscal Service.[32] The CEC officially registered his candidacy on 22 January.[33]
  • Yuriy Boyko: People's Deputy of Ukraine and former Minister of Fuel and Energy of Ukraine.[34] Boyko is the candidate for the Opposition Platform-For life alliance.[34] His nomination was announced on 17 November. Because Opposition Platform-For life was not yet registered as a party in January 2019 it could not nominate him as a presidential candidate.[35] The CEC officially registered his candidacy on 22 January.[36]
  • Yulia Tymoshenko: People's Deputy of Ukraine and former Prime Minister of Ukraine (2005; 2007-2010). In October 2017, Tymoshenko announced that she intends to participate.[37] On 20 June 2018 Tymoshenko officially declared that she will take part in the election.[38] The CEC registered her candidacy on 25 January.[39]
  • Oleh Lyashko: People's Deputy of Ukraine.[40][41] The CEC registered his candidacy on 25 January.[39]
  • Oleksandr Vilkul: People's Deputy of Ukraine and former Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine was nominated by Opposition Bloc - Party for Development and Peace (the recently renamed Industrial Party of Ukraine) on 20 January 2019.[42] Vilkul had been already nominated by his party Opposition Bloc on 17 December 2018.[43] But a Ukrainian court ruled three days before (in response to a lawsuit filed by People's Deputy of Ukraine for Opposition Bloc Serhiy Larin) that Opposition Bloc's congress at which Vikul was to be nominated could not "reorganize the party by any means".[44] On 18 December 2018, the website of Opposition Bloc stated that therefore all the decisions made at the congress were invalid.[45] The CEC registered his candidacy on 25 January.[39]
  • Dmytro Dobrodomov: People's Deputy of Ukraine. The CEC registered Dobrodomov's candidacy on 25 January.[39]
  • Arkadiy Kornatskiy: People's Deputy of Ukraine. The CEC registered Kornatskiy's candidacy on 25 January.[39]
  • Oleksandr Moroz: Speaker of Verkhovna Rada (parliament) of Ukraine twice: July 2006 to September 2007, and previously in 1994 through 1998, ex-leader on Socialist Party of Ukraine. He declared his candidacy on 11 December 2018.[46] The CEC registered his candidacy on 25 January.[39]
  • Illia Kyva [uk; ru]: Chairman of the Socialist Party of Ukraine; nominated by his party on 3 November 2018.[47][18] Kyva was at the time of nomination also an advisor to Interior Minister Arsen Avakov.[48] The CEC registered his candidacy on 25 January.[39]
  • Ruslan Koshulynskyi: On 14 October 2018, Oleh Tyahnybok, Chairman of the party All-Ukrainian Union Svoboda, announced that he would not be running for president and that the party had instead decided to nominate Koshulynskyi as the candidate of nationalist political forces.[49] On 19 November 2018 fellow Ukrainian nationalist political organizations Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists, Congress of Ukrainian Nationalists, Right Sector and C14 endorsed Koshulynskyi's candidacy.[50] The CEC registered his candidacy on 28 January.[51]
  • Oleksandr V. Danylyuk [uk]: former Defence Ministry advisor.[32] The CEC registered his candidacy on 28 January.[52]
  • Serhiy Taruta: People's Deputy of Ukraine and former Governor of Donetsk Oblast (2014); nominated by his party Osnova on 22 September 2018.[53][54] The CEC registered his candidacy on 29 January.[55]
  • Volodymyr Zelensky: Ukrainian showman, screenwriter, actor, and art-director of Kvartal 95. Zelensky announced his candidacy on live TV on 31 December 2018.[56] The CEC registered his candidacy on 30 January.[57]
  • Ihor Smeshko: former head of the Security Service of Ukraine (2003-2005); announced his intention to run on 13 January 2019. The CEC registered his candidacy on 30 January.[57][58]
  • Inna Bohoslovska: former People's Deputy of Ukraine.[59] The CEC registered her candidacy on 30 January.[57][58]
  • Mykola Haber: former People's Deputy of Ukraine.[60] The CEC registered his candidacy on 1 February.[61]
  • Yuriy Derevyanko: People's Deputy of Ukraine.[62] Nominated by the party Volia on 27 January.[63] The CEC registered his candidacy on 1 February.[61]
  • Roman Bezsmertnyi: former Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine and former People's Deputy of Ukraine; declared his candidacy on 31 May 2018.[64] The CEC registered his candidacy on 4 February.[65]
  • Viktor Bondar: former People's Deputy of Ukraine, chairman of the party Revival. Bondar filed documents to the CEC on 31 January.[66] The CEC registered his candidacy on 4 February.[67]
  • Viktor Kryvenko: People's Deputy of Ukraine; Kryvenko was chosen the People's Movement of Ukraine candidate in the 2019 Ukrainian presidential election on 10 January 2019.[68][69] The CEC registered his candidacy on 5 February.[70]
  • Serhiy Krivonos: war veteran.[32][70]
  • Ruslan Rihovanov.[70]
  • Serhiy Nosenko: investment consultant.[70]
  • Vasyl Zhuravlev.[71]
  • Andriy Novak: Chairman of the Committee of Economists of Ukraine;[72] nominated by the Patriot Party on 24 January 2019.[73] The CEC registered his candidacy on 6 February.[71]
  • Yuri Tymoshenko: People's Deputy of Ukraine. The CEC registered his candidacy on 6 February.[71]
  • Petro Poroshenko: incumbent President of Ukraine, businessman.[74] In July 2018 the deputy head of Poroshenko's parliamentary bloc announced that an election campaign team had been formed for Poroshenko, and that it was very likely that he would participate in the elections.[75] Poroshenko announced his participation in the elections on 29 January 2019.[76] The CEC registered his candidacy on 7 February.[77]
  • Yurii Karmazin: former People's Deputy of Ukraine. The CEC registered his candidacy on 7 February.[78]
  • Yulia Lytvynenko: journalist. The CEC registered her candidacy on 7 February.[78]
  • Oleksandr Vashchenko: Chairman of NGO Power of The People. The CEC registered his candidacy on 7 February.[78]
  • Volodymyr Petrov: Ukrainian political analyst, candidate in the 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election, journalist and public figure.[79][80][81] The CEC registered him as a candidate on 7 February.[82] At the time of registration Petrov was under house arrest and being investigated for alleged harassment of a female student.[83]
  • Dmytro Gnap: journalist.[84] Nominated by the party People Power on 20 January.[85] The CEC registered his candidacy on 8 February.[86]
  • Oleksandr Solovyev: leader of the party Reasonable Force.The CEC initially refused to register him on 2 February due to a point in his election manifesto which was interpreted as "encroaching on Ukraine's territorial integrity."[87] After making corrections to his manifesto, he resubmitted documents and was registered by the CEC on 8 February.[86]

Registration denied[edit]

The CEC rejected 47 applications (most due to failure to pay the deposit of 2.5 mln hryvnias (approx. 90,000 US dollars)) of potential candidates,[11] including:

  • Petro Symonenko: Leader of the Communist Party of Ukraine. His nomination was announced on the parties congress on 1 December 2018.[88] Legally the Communist Party of Ukraine is not banned, but the Ministry of Justice is allowed to prohibit the Communist Party from participating in elections.[89] The CEC refused to register him as a candidate on 2 February due to the fact that the statute, name and symbolism of the Communist Party of Ukraine did not comply with 2015 decommunization laws.[11][90]
  • Nadiya Savchenko: People's Deputy of Ukraine, Hero of Ukraine.[91] Savchenko was nominated by her party on 26 January 2019.[92] Savchenko’s bid to become a candidate was rejected by the CEC on 7 February because she failed to pay the deposit and her party didn’t stamp the document regarding her nomination.[93]

Declined candidates[edit]

Opinion polls[edit]

Billboard for Yulia Tymoshenko and her "New course for Ukraine"

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ukraine's parliament sets presidential vote date for March 31, UNIAN (26 November 2018)
    [https://en.hromadske.ua/posts/ukraine-declares-martial-law Ukraine Declares Martial Law in Regions Bordering Russia and Unrecognized Transnistria, Hromadske.TV (26 November 2018)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n (in Ukrainian) The CEC unveiled a calendar plan for the presidential election, Ukrayinska Pravda (21 December 2018)
    (in Ukrainian) Elections of the President of Ukraine 2019: figures, dates and candidates, Ukrayinska Pravda (14 November 2018)
  3. ^ a b c "CEC registers 44 candidates in Ukraine's presidential election". Ukrinform. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
  4. ^ "Стало известно, сколько граждан смогут проголосовать на президентских выборах в Украине". Интерфакс-Украина (in Russian). Retrieved 2019-02-15.
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  6. ^ Gerrymandering Ukraine? Electoral Consequences of Occupation by Paul D'Anieri, Sage Journals (9 August 2016)
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