714-X or 714X, also referred to as "trimethylbicyclonitramineoheptane chloride", is a mixture of substances manufactured by CERBE Distribution Inc and sold as an alternative medical treatment which is claimed to cure cancer, multiple sclerosis, fibromyalgia and other diseases. There is no scientific evidence that 714-X is effective in treating any kind of cancer, and its marketing is considered health fraud in the US.
714-X was developed by Gaston Naessens, a native of France and tried there for practicing medicine without a license. Naessens moved to Quebec and continued his research from the early 1970s. In 1989 he was arrested but acquitted from charges of accessory to murder, after a cancer patient using 714-X died following refusal to take conventional medical treatment.
The name "714-X" was chosen by Naessens to symbolize his initials (the 7th and 14th letters of the alphabet) and the year of his birth (1924, as X is the 24th letter). The marketers claim that 714-X works by counteracting the harm done by "somatids", a life form which is not bacterial, viral or fungal, but which instead belongs to a distinct domain unknown to modern science and medicine.
Sales of 714-X have been banned in the USA by the Food and Drug Administration, and in 1996 Charles Pixley was tried and jailed for advocating and distributing it. During proceedings Pixley claimed it was the re-branding of a homeopathic beverage, known prior to the establishment of the FDA, however Naessens later said that it was completely different and has nothing to do with homeopathy.
714-X is advertised as containing camphor combined with excess nitrogen, ammonium salts, sodium chloride, and ethanol. An analysis by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) found that 714-X was 94% water, with small amounts of the other salts and less than 0.01% camphor.
Safety and effectiveness
No studies have been published on the safety or efficacy of 714-X in humans, and the few available animal studies have shown no beneficial effect. The American Cancer Society has stated: "There is no scientific evidence that 714-X is effective in treating any type of cancer or any other illness."
714-X is manufactured in Canada, where it is legal to purchase for personal use through a physician under the Special Access Programme of Health Canada, a law which provides access to non-marketed treatments for terminal illnesses when no marketed alternative exists. However, in October 2004, Health Canada told the manufacturer to remove all references to the compound from its website. On July 28, 2006, Justice François Lemieux of the Federal Court of Canada granted a request for judicial review undertaken by a group of 714X patients. The judgment voided Health Canada's policy statement and restored access to 714-X under the Special Access Programme under certain conditions.
- Barrett, Stephen (2002-03-22). "Fanciful Claims for 714X". Quackwatch. Retrieved 2007-01-09.
- "714-X". American Cancer Society. 2007-07-20. Archived from the original on 29 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-21.
- Kurtzweil, Paula (1996). "Promoter of 714X Cure-All Faces Prison For Selling Unapproved Drug". FDA Consumer 30 (9). Archived from the original on 2008-01-28. Retrieved 2007-01-09.
- Kaegi E (June 1998). "Unconventional therapies for cancer: 6. 714-X". Canadian Medical Association Journal 158 (12): 1621–4. PMC 1229414. PMID 9645177.
- "714-X (PDQ)". National Cancer Institute. 2006-11-01. Retrieved 2007-01-09.
- Questions and Answers About 714-X: National Cancer Institute
- Profile of 714-X: American Cancer Society
- Fanciful Claims for 714X: Quackwatch