Adam Peaty

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Adam Peaty
MBE
Adam Peaty Rio 2016.jpg
Peaty after winning the Men's 100 metre breaststroke at the 2016 Olympics
Personal information
Full name Adam George Peaty
National team  Great Britain
 England
Born (1994-12-28) 28 December 1994 (age 23)
Uttoxeter, England
Height 6 ft 3 in (191 cm) [1]
Weight 187 lb (85 kg)[1]
Sport
Sport Swimming
Club Loughborough University
Coach Mel Marshall[2]

Adam George Peaty, MBE (born 28 December 1994) is a British competitive swimmer who specialises in the breaststroke. He has represented Great Britain at the Olympic Games, FINA World Championships, and European Championships, and England in the Commonwealth Games. He won the gold medal in the 100m breaststroke at the 2016 Olympics, the first by a male British Swimmer in 24 years. He is the current holder of the world record in 50 and 100m breaststroke.

Peaty is the 2016 Olympic Champion, a five-time World Champion, a twelve-time European Champion and a three-time Commonwealth Champion. He has broken world records 10 times and currently holds two world records in the 50 and 100 metre breaststroke events becoming the first man to swim under 26 seconds for the 50 metre breaststroke and the first to swim the 100 metre breaststroke under 58 seconds. He is the first swimmer ever to win both sprint breaststroke events at the same World championships, and the most successful British swimmer in a single World Championships. He is one of only three British swimmers, with David Wilkie and Rebecca Adlington, to have won gold medals at all four major international events (Olympic, World, European and Commonwealth Games), and the only swimmer to win all four major gold medals in the same single event at the same time, a feat he completed in winning the 100 metres breaststroke at the 2016 Summer Olympics. Peaty is a four-time European swimmer of the year from 2014 to 2017 consecutively and the 2015 World swimmer of the year.

Early and personal life[edit]

Adam Peaty was born on 28 December 1994 in Uttoxeter, Staffordshire to Mark and Caroline Peaty, the youngest of four children. He attended Painsley Catholic College and Derby College.[3][4] As a young boy, he developed an acute fear of water and was averse to being put in the bath after his brothers told him that sharks may come up through the plughole. Later a friend took him to a pool on a trip and he lost the fear.[5][6]

Peaty first joined Dove Valley Swimming Club in Uttoxeter when he was nine, and started to win races and setting club records by the time he was twelve.[7] When he was 14, a friend took Peaty to join City of Derby Swimming Club, but the coach at the club, former Olympic swimmer Melanie Marshall, was not impressed by Peaty's performance in the freestyle and put him in the slow lane with younger girls.[8] However, she noticed "something special" the first time she saw him swim breaststroke.[9][10] According to Peaty, he did not take swimming seriously until he was 17 – he was preparing for a night out drinking with friends when he read that Craig Benson, whom he knew well from the junior circuit, made the semi-final of the 100m breaststroke at the 2012 London Olympics. This prompted him to reassess his priorities, and spurred him on to commit fully to swimming and train full-time.[11][12]

Career[edit]

"I can’t believe it, it’s a dream, I’ve studied Cameron [van der Burgh] for a while– he was my idol, and now he’s my rival. I knew I would go off quickly, but I caught him. It is a major stepping-stone for me, and for swimming in the country."

The Daily Telegraph quoting Peaty[13]

Peaty started training at the City of Derby swimming club in 2009, where he was coached by Melanie Marshall. He also trained up to eight times per week at Repton School, a co-educational boarding independent school in the village of Repton in Derbyshire, and two sessions at Loughborough University.[14] He started to train full-time at Loughborough University in 2017.[15]

Peaty's first senior event was the 2013 European Short Course Swimming Championships where he achieved three personal bests in three events.[16]

2014[edit]

At the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow, Scotland, Peaty entered four events: the 50 metre breaststroke, the 100 metre breaststroke, the 200 metre breaststroke, and the 4 × 100 metre medley relay.[3] In the 50 metre breaststroke, Peaty won his semi-final and finished 2nd in the final with a time of 26.78, 0.02 seconds behind South African Cameron van der Burgh.[17] In the 100 metre breaststroke, Peaty finished first, his time of 58.94 was 0.34 seconds faster than Van der Burgh, who came in second.[18] Olympic champion and world record holder Van der Burgh was the favourite to win, but Peaty managed a record time for a British man in the event.[13] In the 200 metre breaststroke, Peaty finished in 4th place, 0.15 seconds off a medal position and 2.72 seconds behind first placed Scotsman Ross Murdoch.[19] Peaty also won gold in the 4 x 100 metre medley relay with his team[20]

At the European Aquatic Championships in August 2014, Peaty took part in the final of the 4 × 100 m mixed medley relay, along with Chris Walker-Hebborn, Jemma Lowe and Francesca Halsall. He touched in a time of 59.30 for his 100 m breaststroke leg, and the team achieved the world record pace of 3:44.02. He also broke the world record in the 50 metre breaststroke swimming a time of 26.62 seconds in the semi-final, He went on to win the gold medal. He also won the gold in the 100 metre breaststroke and the men's 4 x 100 metre medley relay ending the championships having won gold in 4 out of the 5 events he entered after not qualifying for the final of the 200 metre breaststroke.

In the 2014 World Short Course Championships, he rounded off his year with three silver medals in 50 metre, 100 metre and 4 x 50 metre mixed relay, but again didn't qualify for the final of his weakest event, the 200 metre breaststroke.

2015[edit]

100m breaststroke medal ceremony at Kazan

In 2015, his rise continued, breaking the world record for 100 metre breaststroke at the British Championships and World Trials by almost half a second. His time of 57.92 seconds made him the first man to go under 58 seconds for the event.[21] He qualified for all three breaststroke events at the 2015 FINA World Aquatic Championships.

At the 2015 World Championships in Kazan, he became a World Champion for the first time.[22] He won gold at the 100 metres breaststroke.[23] Peaty then broke the world records for the 50 metre breaststroke with a time of 26.42 seconds in the semi-final, followed by another win in the final of the event, his second gold of the championship. A previous 50 metre record of 26.62 was not ratified by FINA because of administrative errors in standard post race testing, although it is generally recognised by statisticians.[24] Peaty added a third gold with a win at the 4 × 100 m mixed medley relay with a new world record.[25] His team finished fourth in the 4 x 100 metre medley relay just missing out on a medal.

2016 Olympics[edit]

Peaty at the Rio Olympics 100m breaststroke

Peaty only competed in the 100 metre breaststroke in the individual events as 50 metre breaststroke was not an Olympic swimming event at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro. In the heats of the 100 metre breaststroke, Peaty broke his own world record with a time of 57.55 seconds.[26] Peaty went on to win the event, breaking his world record set in the heats and winning Team GB's first gold medal of the 2016 Olympics[27] on 7 August 2016, winning with a time of 57.13 seconds.[28][29]

He won a further silver in the 4 × 100 m medley relay with Chris Walker-Hebborn, James Guy and Duncan Scott.[30]

2017[edit]

At the 2017 World Aquatics Championships, Peaty retained his 100 metre breaststroke title, winning the race with a championship record of 57.47 seconds.[31]

Peaty also broke his own world record twice in 50 metre breaststroke. He recorded 26.10 seconds in the heats, and in the semi-final, he became to first man to break 26 seconds and won in 25.95 seconds.[32] He successfully defended his 50m breaststroke title with another sub-26 time of 25.99 seconds, completing another double at the World Championship.[33] He won a further silver in the 4 × 100 m medley relay at the World Championship, setting a new British record, with same Olympic line-up of Walker-Hebborn, Guy and Scott.[34]

On 11 October, Peaty received an MBE from the Duke of Cambridge at Buckingham Palace[35]

At the 2017 European Short Course Swimming Championships, Peaty won a bronze medal in the 50 metre breaststroke with a personal best time and setting a new British record. He then went on to win gold in the 100 metre breaststroke setting a new European record in the process, his first ever gold medal at a short course event.[36][37]

2018[edit]

At the 2018 Commonwealth Games, Peaty defended his 100 metre breaststroke title, winning in a time of 58.84 seconds after setting a games record time in the semi final of 58.59.[38] However, he finished second in the 50 metre breaststroke behind his rival from South Africa Cameron van der Burgh, the first time he had failed to win a 50 metre breaststroke race for 4 years.[39] He also helped his England team win a silver medal in the 4x100 metre medley relay.[40]

At the 2018 European Championships, Peaty once again defended his European title in 100 metre breaststroke, beating his own world record with a time of 57.10 seconds.[41] He added a second gold the following day when he won as part of the team in the mixed 4 × 100m medley,[42] and a third in the 50 metre breaststroke.[43] He brought his tally at the championships to four golds after winning the men's 4 × 100 metre medley relay as part of the British team,[44] which made him Britain's first three-time quadruple champion at the European Championships.[45]

At the end of the European Championships, He held the eleven best times in 50 metre breaststroke and the fourteen best times in the 100 metre breaststroke.[46]

World Records[edit]

No. Event Time Meet Location Date
1 50 metre breaststroke 26.62 2014 European Swimming Championships Berlin, Germany August 18, 2014
2 4 × 100 metre mixed medley relay 3:44.02 2014 European Swimming Championships Berlin, Germany August 19, 2014
3 100 metre breaststroke 57.92 2015 British Swimming Championships London, United Kingdom April 17, 2015
4 50 metre breaststroke (2) 26.42 2015 World Swimming Championships Kazan, Russia August 4, 2015
5 4 × 100 metre mixed medley relay (2) 3:41.71 2015 World Swimming Championships Kazan, Russia August 5, 2015
6 100 metre breaststroke (2) 57.55 2016 Olympic Games Rio de Janeiro, Brazil August 6, 2016
7 100 metre breaststroke (3) 57.13 2016 Olympic Games Rio de Janeiro, Brazil August 7, 2016
8 50 metre breaststroke (3) 26.10 2017 World Swimming Championships Budapest, Hungary July 25, 2017
9 50 metre breaststroke (4) 25.95 2017 World Swimming Championships Budapest, Hungary July 15, 2017
10 100 metre breaststroke (4) 57.10 2018 European Swimming Championships Glasgow, United Kingdom August 4, 2018

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Adam Peaty". FINA. 
  2. ^ "Mel Marshall is Coach of The Year After Stellar Season For Her & Adam Peaty". Swim Vortex. Retrieved 9 December 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Adam Peaty". Commonwealth Games 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "FE students add to Team GB Olympic medal haul". FE Week. Retrieved 22 August 2016. 
  5. ^ Willgress, Lydia (8 August 2016). "Adam Peaty's grandmother recalls how he used to 'scream when he got in the bath' and tells how she 'went ballistic' when he won gold". Telegraph. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  6. ^ Kelner, Martha (6 April 2018). "Different strokes: how 'our Usain Bolt' Adam Peaty rules the pool". The Guardian. 
  7. ^ Smith, Pete (9 August 2016). "Olympics: Adam Peaty ready to help next potential stars follow in his golden footsteps". Stoke Sentinel. 
  8. ^ Josh Halliday and Haroon Siddique (8 August 2016). "'He's our hero': Adam Peaty's swimming club celebrates his success". The Guardian. 
  9. ^ Jones, Caroline (8 August 2016). "Who is Adam Peaty? 10 things you might not know about the Olympic gold-medal swimmer". Derby Telegraph. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  10. ^ "Olympic gold medallist Adam Peaty's triumphant trip to Rio". Derbyshire Life. 17 October 2016. 
  11. ^ Bull, Andy (8 August 2016). "Olympics: Adam Peaty makes light work of pressure as his hard work pays off". The Guardian. 
  12. ^ Majendie, Matt (26 July 2017). "Olympic champion Adam Peaty bidding to be Michael Phelps of breaststroke". CNN. 
  13. ^ a b Brown, Oliver (26 July 2014). "Francesca Halsall seals Commonwealth Games gold in 50 metres freestyle". The Daily Telegraph. Sports. p. 2. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  14. ^ Liz Byrnes (13 April 2015). "Swimmer Adam Peaty begins road to world championships after stellar 2014". The Guardian. 
  15. ^ "Peaty powers to double gold at British Swimming Championships". Loughborough University. 20 April 2017. 
  16. ^ "Adam Peaty". swimming.org. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  17. ^ "Men's 50m Breaststroke Final". Commonwealth Games 2014. 27 July 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  18. ^ "Men's 100m Breaststroke Final". Commonwealth Games 2014. 26 July 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  19. ^ "Men's 200m Breaststroke Final". Commonwealth Games 2014. 24 July 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  20. ^ "Swimming". Commonwealth Games 2014. 27 July 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  21. ^ "Adam Peaty 100m Breaststroke World Record". Swim Swam. 
  22. ^ "Peaty takes World Gold". BBC Sport. 3 August 2015. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  23. ^ "Adam Peaty sets 50m breaststroke record at world championships". 4 August 2015. 
  24. ^ "Peaty bypasses FINA Farce, sets new WR". Swimvortex.com. 4 August 2015. 
  25. ^ McMillan, Stephen (23 January 2016). "Rio 2016: Adam Peaty can lead Great Britain's renaissance in the pool". The Guardian. 
  26. ^ "Rio Olympics 2016: Adam Peaty sets world record in 100m breaststroke heats". BBC Sport. BBC. 6 August 2016. Retrieved 6 August 2016. 
  27. ^ "Rio 2016 Olympics: Adam Peaty wins 100m breaststroke gold". BBC Sport. 8 August 2016. Retrieved 28 October 2017. 
  28. ^ Rio 2016: Adam Peaty wins Olympic swimming gold – Live – BBC Sport. Bbc.co.uk (1 January 1970). Retrieved on 2016-08-08.
  29. ^ "Adam Peaty wins first Olympic gold and smashes world record again". Guardian. 8 August 2016. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  30. ^ Goodwin, Stuart (14 August 2016). "Team GB's medley relay silver brings up best Olympic swimming haul since 1908". The Guardian. 
  31. ^ "Adam Peaty retains world 100m breaststroke title & Ben Proud wins gold". BBC News. 24 July 2017. 
  32. ^ "Adam Peaty sets second 50m breaststroke world record in day". BBC Spors. 25 July 2017. 
  33. ^ "Adam Peaty wins 50m breaststroke to complete double-double at World Championships". BBC Sport. 26 July 2017. 
  34. ^ Hope, Nick (30 July 2017). "World Swimming Championships: Adam Peaty helps GB to men's 4x100m medley silver". BBC Sport. 
  35. ^ "Swimmer Adam Peaty and golfer Justin Rose collect MBEs". 
  36. ^ "Adam Peaty third in European Short Course 50m despite personal best". BBC. 13 December 2017. 
  37. ^ "Adam Peaty wins gold and sets new European record in 100m breaststroke". Sky Sports. 
  38. ^ "Adam Peaty sets Games record to defend Commonwealth title". Swimming.org. 7 April 2018. 
  39. ^ Kelner, Martha (9 April 2018). "Adam Peaty's four-year winning run ends at Commonwealth Games". The Guardian. 
  40. ^ "Commonwealth Games: Ben Proud claims gold, Caster Semenya breaks record". BBC Sport. 10 April 2018. 
  41. ^ "57.00s Record for Peaty at Euros". swimswam.com. 5 August 2018. 
  42. ^ "European Championships 2018: Peaty, Anderson, Guy & Davies win mixed relay gold". BBC Sport. 6 August 2018. 
  43. ^ Reuters (8 August 2018). "Swimming-Peaty and Sjoestroem strike triple gold at Europeans". Eurosport. 
  44. ^ "European Championships 2018: Adam Peaty & Ben Proud win gold for GB". BBC Sport. 9 August 2018. 
  45. ^ "Peaty is first ever British three-time quadruple European champion". Swimming.org. 9 August 2018. 
  46. ^ https://swimswam.com/adam-peaty-now-owns-the-10-best-50-breaststroke-performances-ever/

External links[edit]

Records
Preceded by
Cameron van der Burgh
World Record Holder
Men's 50 Breaststroke

22 August 2014*–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Cameron van der Burgh
World Record Holder
Men's 100 Breaststroke

17 April 2015–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
United States
World Record Holder
4x100m Mixed Medley Relay
for Great Britain
with Chris Walker-Hebborn, Siobhan-Marie O'Connor and Francesca Halsall

5 August 2015–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Awards
Preceded by
Dániel Gyurta
European Swimmer of the Year
2014 – 2017
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Kosuke Hagino
World Swimmer of the Year
2015
Succeeded by
Michael Phelps