Admiral Grigorovich-class frigate

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Адмирал Григорович.jpg
Lead ship Admiral Grigorivich at anchor
Class overview
Name: Admiral Grigorovich class[1]
Builders:
Operators:
Preceded by:
Planned: 8
Building: 3
Completed: 3
Active: 3
General characteristics
Type: Guided missile frigate
Displacement:
Length: 124.8 m (409 ft)
Beam: 15.2 m (50 ft)
Draught: 4.2 m (14 ft)
Propulsion:
  • 2 shaft COGAG;
  • 2 DS-71 cruise gas turbines 8,450 shp (6,300 kW);
  • 2 DT-59 boost gas turbines 22,000 shp (16,000 kW) ;
  • Total: 60,900 shp (45,400 kW)
  • or
  • 2x M90FR FRU 20 (25/28) MW boost , 2x cruise M70FRU 14 MW , M70FRU2 8 MW
  • total=56–68 MW
Speed: 30 kn (56 km/h; 35 mph)
Range: 4,850 nmi (8,980 km; 5,580 mi) at 14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph)
Endurance: 30 days
Complement: 200
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Air search radar: Fregat M2M
  • Surface search radar: 3Ts-25 Garpun-B, MR-212/201-1, Nucleus-2 6000A
  • Fire control radar: JSC 5P-10 Puma FCS, 3R14N-11356 FCS, MR-90 Orekh SAM FCS
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
  • EW Suite: TK-25-5;
  • Countermeasures:
  • 4 × KT-216
Armament:
Aircraft carried: 1 × Ka-27 series helicopter
Aviation facilities: Helipad and hangar for one helicopter

The Admiral Grigorovich class, also referred to as Krivak IV class, Russian designation Project 11356Р/М, is a class of frigates built by the Yantar Shipyard in Kaliningrad for the Russian Navy. Based on the Talwar class, six ships were ordered for the Russian Black Sea Fleet under two contracts in 2010 and 2011 as a complement to the Admiral Gorshkov class frigates.[3]

History[edit]

By 2010-2011, it was decided the Russian Navy will procure six vessels based on the proven Talwar class design, mainly due to repeated delays with production of Admiral Gorshkov frigates and because of the urgent need for new frigates necessary for modernization of the Black Sea Fleet.[4] The Yantar Shipyard won the contract for construction of the frigates and three vessels was to be completed in four years. Previously, six ships of the same design, known as Talwar class, were built for the Indian Navy between 1999 and 2011 by the Baltic Shipyard, Saint Petersburg and Yantar Shipyard, Kaliningrad.[5]

The lead ship, Admiral Grigorovich, was laid down on 18 December 2010 and was commissioned on 11 March 2016.[6][7]

Initially, Ukrainian state-owned enterprise Zorya-Mashproekt was providing gas turbines for the Russian frigates,[8] but after the Ukrainian crisis, Ukraine said it would no longer supply the engines.[9] Instead, Russian manufacturer Saturn was asked to supply alternative M90FR gas turbines.[10]

Since October 2016, it was claimed the three incomplete frigates, Admiral Butakov, Admiral Istomin and Admiral Kornilov, that construction was suspended in 2015 due to Ukraine's refusal to supply gas turbine power plants, are considered to be sold to India.[11] The Russian Navy has opposed this export.[12]

On 1 June 2017, the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC) announced that it would resume construction of the last three frigates in 2018 and that the ships will later join the Russian Navy. The decision to resume the work was made following the preliminary testing of latest Russian gas turbine engines, the M70FRU (14 MW), M70FRU2 (6-8 MW) and M90FR (20 MW , maximal 25-28 MW), from the United Engine Corporation, built at NPO Saturn and TurboRus plants.[10] With an access to alternative power plants, the ships were believed to remain in Russian service.[13][14]

However, on 27 October 2018, India's Ministry of Defence and Russia signed a US$950 million deal for delivery of two incomplete Admiral Grigorovich-class frigates to the Indian Navy. Reportedly, these are to be Admiral Butakov and Admiral Istomin frigates, previously being built for the Russian Navy.[15]

As of February 2019, the last three vessels remain without engines.[16]

Operational history[edit]

On 3 November 2016, Admiral Grigorivich was first deployed to the Mediterranean Sea as part of Russian military intervention in the Syrian Civil War.[17] On 15 November 2016, the frigate launched Kalibr cruise missile on Islamic State and Al-Nusra positions in Syria's Idlib and Homs provinces, targetting ammunition warehouses, gathering and training centers and weapon production plants.[18][19]

In April 2017, Admiral Grigorivich was deployed to the Mediterranean Sea following the US missile strike against Syria.[20]

Export[edit]

On 20 November 2018, Rosoboronexport and Goa Shipyard signed a US$500 million deal for construction of additional two Admiral Grigorovich-class frigates for the Indian Navy. The frigates are to be license-built at the Goa Shipyard in India under a technology transfer from Russia. The construction is expected to start in 2020, with first vessel to be delivered in 2026 and second in 2027.[21][22][23][24]

Ships[edit]

Name Namesake Builder Laid down Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
Admiral Grigorovich Ivan Konstantinovich Grigorovich Yantar, Kaliningrad 18 December 2010 14 March 2014[25] 11 March 2016[26] Black Sea Active
Admiral Essen Nikolai Ottovich Essen Yantar, Kaliningrad 8 July 2011[27][28] 7 November 2014[29] 7 June 2016[30] Black Sea Active
Admiral Makarov[31][32][33] Stepan Osipovich Makarov Yantar, Kaliningrad 29 February 2012[34][35] 2 September 2015[36] 27 December 2017[37] Black Sea Active
Admiral Butakov Grigory Ivanovich Butakov Yantar, Kaliningrad 13 July 2013[38] 5 March 2016[39] By 2022[15][40] Sold to India, under construction
Admiral Istomin Vladimir Ivanovich Istomin Yantar, Kaliningrad 15 November 2013[41] 16 November 2017[42] By 2022
Admiral Kornilov Vladimir Alexeyevich Kornilov Yantar, Kaliningrad 16 November 2017[42] Before 2020 Black Sea[43] Under construction[44][45]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ""Адмирал Григорович"" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 4 January 2016. Retrieved 5 February 2016.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-12-23. Retrieved 2017-06-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "На фрегате "Адмирал Григорович" поднят Андреевский флаг - Еженедельник "Военно-промышленный курьер"". vpk-news.ru (in Russian). 11 March 2016. Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 5 August 2016.
  4. ^ Admiral Gorshkov Frigate Reveals Serious Shortcomings in Russia’s Naval Modernization Program Archived 2016-10-13 at the Wayback Machine - Center for Strategic and International Studies, March 2016
  5. ^ "В Калининграде заложили первый фрегат нового проекта для ВМФ РФ | Оборона и безопасность | Лента новостей "РИА Новости"" (in Russian). Rian.ru. 18 December 2010. Archived from the original on 22 December 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  6. ^ "St. Andrew flag hoisted on Russia's Project 11356 lead frigate". TASS. 11 March 2016. Archived from the original on 27 September 2016. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  7. ^ LaGrone, Sam (9 June 2016). "Russian Black Sea Fleet Gets First New Frigate Since Cold War". usni.org. Archived from the original on 8 August 2016. Retrieved 5 August 2016.
  8. ^ LaGrone, Sam (10 June 2015). "Russian Navy Faces Surface Modernization Delays Without Ukrainian Engines, Officials Pledge to Sue". usni.org. Archived from the original on 20 January 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  9. ^ "Russia hoping to export three sanction-hit Admiral Grigorovich-class frigates". Jane's Defence Weekly. Archived from the original on 2015-10-16.
  10. ^ a b Jones, Bruce (6 June 2017). "USC announces restart of Project 11356 frigates". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 8 June 2017. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  11. ^ "India, Russia sign 16 agreements across multiple sectors". firstpost.com. 11 March 2016. Archived from the original on 22 November 2016. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-08-26. Retrieved 2017-04-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "Три фрегата проекта 11356 будут достроены для ВМФ России с российскими газотурбинными агрегатами". bmpd.livejournal.com (in Russian). 3 June 2017. Archived from the original on 5 June 2017.
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  18. ^ "Russian carrier takes part in massive strikes on terrorists in Syria's Idlib & Homs provinces – MoD". RT International. Archived from the original on 2016-11-16. Retrieved 2016-11-15.
  19. ^ Sputnik. "Russian Admiral Grigorovich Frigate Targets Terrorists in Syria With Missiles". sputniknews.com. Archived from the original on 2016-11-16. Retrieved 2016-11-15.
  20. ^ LeGrone, Sam (7 April 2017). "Russia Sends Frigate to Mediterranean Following U.S. Retaliation Strike; U.S. Destroyers Remain on Station". usni.org. Archived from the original on 7 April 2017. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  21. ^ "India, Russia sign $500 million navy deal for 2 stealth frigates". hindustantimes.com. 20 November 2018. Archived from the original on 10 May 2019. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  22. ^ "Russia, India sign contracts on building 4 Project 11356 frigates". TASS. 20 November 2018. Archived from the original on 2019-04-27. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  23. ^ "India signs USD500-million deal to licence-build two Russian stealth frigates". 21 November 2018. Archived from the original on 6 May 2019. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  24. ^ "Indian MoD awarded Goa Shipyard Ltd contract for 2 Talwar frigates". navyrecognition.com. 31 January 2019. Archived from the original on 4 February 2019. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
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  26. ^ "ПСЗ "Янтарь" сдал "Адмирала Григоровича" » Ресурс машиностроения. Новости машиностроения, статьи. Каталог машиностроительных заводов и предприятий". i-mash.ru (in Russian). 10 March 2016. Archived from the original on 11 October 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2016.
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  33. ^ "New frigate laid down at Yantar shipyard in Kaliningrad". ITAR-TASS (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2012-09-13. Retrieved 2011-12-28.
  34. ^ Gavrilenko, Andrew (25 February 2012). "Флоту – новый фрегат". redstar.ru (in Russian). Archived from the original on 20 June 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  35. ^ "Russia to Lay Down New Frigate for Navy | Defense | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. 2012-02-28. Archived from the original on 2012-07-08. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
  36. ^ "В Калининграде спустили на воду новейший фрегат "Адмирал Макаров"". flotprom.ru (in Russian). 2 September 2015. Archived from the original on 22 October 2016. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  37. ^ "На новейшем фрегате "Адмирал Макаров" поднят Андреевский флаг" (Press release) (in Russian). Ministry of Defence (Russia). 27 December 2017. Archived from the original on 28 December 2017. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  38. ^ "Russia Lays Down New Frigate for Black Sea Fleet". En.ria.ru. 13 July 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  39. ^ "Rosja: W Kaliningradzie zwodowano fregatę rakietową. Bez zainstalowanej siłowni" (in Polish). defence24.pl. 5 March 2016. Archived from the original on 13 May 2016. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  40. ^ "India, Russia Sign $950 Million Deal For 2 Guided-Missile Frigates". 2018-10-29. Archived from the original on 2018-11-20. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  41. ^ "Baltic Shipyard Starts Work on New Frigate for Russian Navy". RIA Novosti. 15 November 2013. Archived from the original on 1 August 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  42. ^ a b "Yantar Shipyard Launched Two Project 11356 Frigates in Kaliningrad". navyrecognition.com. 16 November 2017. Archived from the original on 18 November 2017. Retrieved 17 November 2017.
  43. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-04-18. Retrieved 2018-04-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  44. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-04-28. Retrieved 2017-04-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  45. ^ "Фрегаты (сторожевые корабли) проекта 11356Р/М. Досье". tass.ru (in Russian). 11 March 2016. Archived from the original on 4 June 2017.

External links[edit]

"RIA Novosti: a new frigate is laid down in Kaliningrad for the Russian Navy (in Russian)". RIA Novosti. December 18, 2010.