Banu Tamim

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The tribe of Banu Tamim (Arabic: بـنـو تـمـيـم‎‎) or Bani Tamim (Arabic: بـني تـمـيـم‎‎) is one of the main tribes of Arabia.

Today, descendants from the tribe live in the Arabian Peninsula and neighboring countries such as Saudi Arabia, Egypt,[1][2] Iraq, Kuwait, Jordan, Syria, Qatar, Oman, Yemen, Bahrain, Morocco, United Arab Emirates, Iran, Lebanon and Palestine. The word Tamim in Arabic means strong and solid. It can also mean perfection.[3]

Hadith[edit]

  • Perhaps the best-known of any hadith about a Tamimite, is the hadith of Dhu’l-Khuwaysira related in Sahih al-Bukhari: Abu Sa‘id al-Khudri said:

‘We were once in the presence of Allah’s Messenger while he was dividing the spoils of war. Dhu’l-Khuwaysira, a man of the Tamim tribe, came up to him and said: “Messenger of Allah, be fair!” He replied: “Woe betide you! Who will be fair if I am not? You are lost and disappointed if I am not fair!” And Umar said, “Messenger of Allah! Give me permission to deal with him, so that I can cut off his head!” But he said: “Let him be. And he has companions. One of you would despise his prayer in their company, and his fast in their company. They recite the Qur’an but it goes no further than their collarbones. They pass through religion as an arrow passes through its target.”’ Abu Sa‘id continued: ‘I swear that I was present when Ali ibn Abi Talib fought against them. He ordered that that man be sought out, and he was brought to us.’[4]

  • The companion and poet Hassan ibn Thabit composed a poem against Banu Tamim in the presence of the Prophet ﷺ .[5] Hassan's ode "completetly humiliated" Banu Tamim by describing the low status of their tribe.[5]

Dynasties[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Among the tribe's members are:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "قبيلة بني تميم العريقة - بني تميم". www.bnitamem.com. Retrieved 2015-11-27. 
  2. ^ "معلومات عن قبيلة بـني تـميم". www.traidnt.net. Retrieved 2015-11-27. 
  3. ^ Kister, M. J (November 1965). "Mecca and Tamīm (Aspects of Their Relations)". Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient. 8 (2): 113–163. doi:10.2307/3595962. JSTOR 3595962. 
  4. ^ Bukhari, Manaqib, 25. For the ‘passing through’ see Abu’l-Abbas al-Mubarrad, al-Kamil, chapter on ‘Akhbar al-Khawarij’ published separately by Dar al-Fikr al-Hadith [Beirut, n.d.], pp.23-4: ‘usually when this happens none of the target’s blood remains upon it’
  5. ^ a b Guillaume, Alfred (1955-01-01). Sīrat Rasūl Allāh. Oxford University Press. 
  6. ^ http://www.marefa.org/index.php/بني_مر،_أسيوط
  7. ^ http://encyclopedia.jrank.org/AUD_BAI/AUTHORITIBS.html
  8. ^ أستاذي:الشيخ محمد الصالح العثيمين