Sheikh Edebali

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Sheikh Edebali
Personal
Born1206
Died1326[1]
ReligionIslam
Parents
  • İbrâhim bin İnac el-Kırşehrî (father)
DenominationSunni
SchoolHanafi
CreedTariqa[2]
Known forSufism
Muslim leader
Period in office13th and 14th century

Sheikh Edebali, (1206-1326, Turkish: Şeyh Edebali, real name: İmâdüddin Mustafa bin İbrâhim bin İnac el-Kırşehrî ,[2] influential Ottoman Sunni Muslim Sheikh of the Ahi brotherhood, who helped shape and develop the policies of the growing Ottoman State.[4][1] He became first Qadi of the Ottoman Empire .[1] He was a member of the largest and northern Arabian tribe of Banu Tamim, .

Interaction with Ottoman leaders[edit]

Edebali often conversed with his close friend Ertuğrul Gazi, the father of Osman I about Islam and the state of affairs of Muslims in Anatolia. Osman had been a frequent guest of Edebali. Edebali became Osman's mentor and eventually girt him with a Gazi sword. Osman at Edebali's dergah, dreamed of a state .[5] This dream thus led to the establishment of a state . After this Edebali didn't oppose their union and Edebali's daughter married Osman I. As a result of this marriage, all the Ahyan sheikhs came under the Ottoman control. This had a major impact on the establishment and development of the Osmanic beylik.

Tomb of Sheikh Edebali (2013) in Bilecik

Advice to Osman I[edit]

Advice of Sheikh Edebali to Osman Gazi preserved on marble at Söğüt

Edebali's advice to his son-in-law, Osman I, shaped and developed Ottoman administration and rule for six centuries.

In one famous declaration, Edebali told Osman:

O my son!
Now you are king!

From now on, wrath is for us;
for you, calmness!

For us to be offended;
for you to please!

For us to accuse;
for you to endure!

For us, helplessness and error;
for you, tolerance!

For us, quarrel;
for you, justice!

For us, envy, rumor, slander;
for you, forgiveness!

O my son!

From now on, it is for us to divide;
for you to unite!

For us, sloth;
for you, warning and encouragement!

O my son!

Be patient, a flower does not bloom before its time.
Never forget: Let man flourish, and the state will also flourish!

O my son!

Your burden is heavy, your task hard, your power hangs on a hair!
May God be your helper!

In popular culture[edit]

Sheikh Edebali has been portrayed in the Turkish television series; Kuruluş "Osmancık" [tr] (1988),[6] Diriliş Ertuğrul (2014 - 2019) and Kuruluş: Osman (2019 - present).[7]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Şahin, Kamil (1994). "EDEBÂLI". TDV Encyclopedia of Islam, Vol. 10 (Dûmetülcendel – Elbi̇se) (in Turkish). Istanbul: Turkiye Diyanet Foundation, Centre for Islamic Studies. pp. 393–394. ISBN 9789753894371.
  2. ^ a b Akgunduz, Ahmed; Ozturk, Said (March 2011). Ottoman History - Misperceptions and Truths by Ahmed Akgunduz & Said Ozturk. Istanbul. p. 45. ISBN 978-975-7268-28-4. Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  3. ^ "Bilecik Şeyh Edebali Üniversitesi". bilecik.edu.tr. Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  4. ^ The Ottoman Empire, by Halil Inalcik, p. 55.
  5. ^ The Origins of the Ottoman Empire, by Mehmet Fuat Köprülü, Gary Leiser, p. 6.
  6. ^ KUTAY, UĞUR (10 February 2020). "Osmancık'tan ve Osman'a". BirGün (in Turkish). Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  7. ^ "Şeyh Edebali kimdir, ne zaman öldü? İşte Şeyh Edebali'nin hayatına ilişkin bilgiler…" (in Turkish). Hurriyet. 18 December 2019. Retrieved 28 January 2021.