Bombardier CRJ700 series

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CRJ700 series
CRJ700 / CRJ900
CRJ1000
CRJ-900 Air Nostrum EC-JTU 01.jpg
Air Nostrum CRJ900 in 2014
Role Regional jet
National origin Canada
Manufacturer Bombardier Aerospace
First flight 27 May 1999
Introduction 2001
Status In service
Primary users SkyWest Airlines[1]
Endeavor Air
Mesa Airlines
Expressjet Airlines
Produced 1999-present
Number built 782 as of June 2016[2]
Unit cost
CRJ700: US$41 million
CRJ900: US$46M
CRJ1000: US$49M (2015)[3]
Developed from Bombardier CRJ200

The Bombardier CRJ700, CRJ900, and CRJ1000 are regional airliners manufactured by Bombardier and based on the CRJ200. Final assembly of the aircraft is at Montréal-Mirabel International Airport in Mirabel, Quebec, outside Montreal, Canada.[4]

Development[edit]

Following the success of the CRJ100/200 series, Bombardier produced larger variants in order to compete with larger regional aircraft such as Embraer's E-Jets, Fokker's F70/100 series, and the BAe 146/Avro RJ family.

CRJ700 series[edit]

Lufthansa CRJ701 ER

Design work on the CRJ700 by Bombardier started in 1995 and the programme was officially launched in January 1997.[5] The CRJ700 is a stretched 70-seat derivative of the CRJ200. Seating ranges from 66 to 78 for the CRJ700 versions, however. The CRJ700 features a new wing with leading edge slats and a stretched and slightly widened fuselage, with a lowered floor.

The early build aircraft were equipped with two General Electric CF34-8C1 engines. However, later build aircraft are now equipped standard with the -8C5 model, which is essentially an uprated 8C1. Most airlines have replaced the older engines with the newer model, while a few have kept the older -8C1 in their fleet. Maximum speed is Mach 0.85 (895 km/hr, 556 mi/hr) at a maximum altitude of 12,500 m (41,000 ft). Depending upon payload, the CRJ700 can travel up to 3,620 km (2,250 mi) with original engines, and a new variant with CF34-8C5 engines will be able to travel up to 4,660 km (2,900 mi).

The CRJ700 comes in three versions: Series 700, Series 701, and Series 702. The 700 is limited to 68 passengers, the 701 to 70 passengers, and the 702 to 78 passengers. The CRJ700 also has three fuel/weight options: standard, ER, and LR. The ER version has an increase in fuel capacity as well as maximum weight, which in turn increases the range. The LR increases those values further. The executive version is marketed as the Challenger 870.

Its first flight took place on 27 May 1999.[5] The aircraft's FAA Type Certificate designation is the CL-600-2C10.[6] The CRJ700 first entered commercial service with Brit Air in 2001.[5] The CRJ700 directly competes with the Embraer 170, which typically seats 70 passengers.[7]

In 2006, the CRJ700 was featured in Microsoft Flight Simulator X as one of the demo aircraft.[8]

In 2008, the CRJ700 was replaced with the CRJ700 NextGen, featuring improved economics and a revised cabin common to the CRJ900 NextGen and CRJ1000 NextGen. In January 2011 SkyWest Airlines ordered four CRJ700 NextGen aircraft.[9]

In 2016, Bombardier began offering a modernized cabin design for the CRJ Series with a more spacious entry, larger overhead bins, larger windows, newer seats, larger lavatories, and upgraded lighting.[10]

CRJ900 and derivative[edit]

Lufthansa CityLine Bombardier CRJ900LR taking off (2010).

The CRJ900 is a stretched 76–90 seat version of the CRJ700. The aircraft features two GE CF34-8C5 engines, 59.4 kN (13,400 lbf) thrust with APR, and added leading edge slats. Its maximum ground takeoff weight is 84,500 pounds. The airplane is loosely based on the CRJ200 series with a few major improvements. The environmental packs have a target temperature instead of a hot-cold knob. The cabin has a recirculation fan which aids in cooling and heating. The engines are controlled by FADEC digital engine control instead of control cables and a fuel control unit. The cabin floor has been lowered 2 inches which gains outward visibility from the windows in the cabin as the windows become closer to eye level height. The APU is a Honeywell RE220 unit which supplies much more air to the AC packs and has higher limits for starting and altitude usage. The wingspan is longer, the tail is redesigned with more span and anhedral. In typical service the CRJ900 can cruise 8–10,000 ft higher with a slightly higher fuel burn and an average true airspeed of 450–500 knots, a significant improvement over its predecessor. The FAA Type Certificate designation of the CRJ900 is the CL-600-2D24.

The first CRJ900 (C-FRJX) was modified from the prototype CRJ700 by adding longer fuselage plugs fore and aft of the wings; it was later converted into the prototype CRJ1000 by installing longer fuselage plugs.[11] The CRJ900 competes with the Embraer 175, and is more efficient per seat-mile, according to Bombardier.[12] Mesa Air Group was the launch customer for the CRJ900 painted in America West livery.

Scandinavian Airlines was a new customer of the CRJ900 in 2008

In 2007, Bombardier launched the CRJ900 NextGen to replace the initial version. The new model has improved economics and a new cabin common to the CRJ700 NextGen and CRJ1000 NextGen. Mesaba Aviation, operating at the time as Northwest Airlink (now Delta Connection), was the launch customer, and remains the largest operator of the CRJ900 NextGen. The Mesaba fleet of CRJ900 NextGen aircraft are configured in a two class seating configuration, with 12 first class seats and 64 coach seats.

Comair, operating as Delta Connection, has ordered 14 CRJ900s, with at least 6 in service as of November 2007.[13] These are in a two class configuration, with 12 first class seats and 64 coach seats. This is due to a limitation in Delta's contract with its pilots which limits its regional carriers to flying 76-seat aircraft.

In September 2011, PLUNA received its eleventh airplane (from an eventual total order of 15 with options). Estonian Air ordered 3 CRJ900 NextGen 88-seat aircraft. Also, SAS ordered 13 of these in March 2008. Iraqi Airways has ordered six Bombardier CRJ900 NextGen airliners and options on a further four of the type.[14] In June 2010, Lufthansa ordered eight CRJ900 NextGen.[15] In December 2012, Delta Air Lines ordered 40 CRJ900 NextGen worth $1.89 billion with 30 options.[16]

Air Canada Jazz CRJ705ER at Regina International Airport

The CRJ700 Series 705 is based on the CRJ900, with a business class cabin and a reduced maximum seating capacity to allow operation with regional airlines. The Series 705 seats 75 passengers. Some regional airlines have contracts with their major airlines that limit the maximum passenger capacity of aircraft they operate. The Air Canada Pilots Association negotiated a scope agreement with Air Canada limiting the maximum seating capacity of any jet aircraft at Air Canada Express to 75 seats. Air Canada Jazz was the launch customer for this aircraft in 2005 with 10 Executive Class and 65 Economy Class seats, all fitted with personal audio/video-on-demand systems. The FAA Type Certificate designation of the CRJ705 is the CL-600-2D15. Jazz Aviation, a subsidiary of Chorus Aviation, operates 16 CRJ705s on behalf of Air Canada and is currently the only operator of this version.[17][18] On April 26, 2016, Jazz Aviation announced that existing CRJ705 aircraft in operation will be converted to CRJ900 standards.[19]

In 2016, Bombardier began offering a modernized cabin design for the CRJ Series with a more spacious entry, larger overhead bins, larger windows, newer seats, larger lavatories, and upgraded lighting.[10]

CRJ1000[edit]

On 19 February 2007, Bombardier launched the development of the CRJ1000, previously designated CRJ900X, as a stretched CRJ900, with up to 100 seats. Bombardier states that it offers better performance and a higher profit per seat than the competing Embraer E-190.[20][21]

Brit Air and Air Nostrum were the launch customers for the CRJ1000.[22] MyAir had ordered 15 CRJ900Xs that were converted to the CRJ1000, but the airline went bankrupt in July 2009.[23] Atlasjet also indicated interest in the new type.[24] On 14 June 2009 Bombardier announced a new firm order for 15 CRJ1000 NextGen aircraft placed by Air Nostrum, for a total of 35 CRJ1000 NextGen aircraft.[25]

The CRJ1000 completed its first production flight on 28 July 2009 in Montreal; the entry into service was planned then for the first quarter of 2010.[26] A month after the first flight, however, a fault in the rudder controls forced the flight-test program to be grounded. The program was not resumed until February 2010, and deliveries were projected to begin by January 2011.[27]

Bombardier Aerospace announced on 10 November 2010 that its 100-seat CRJ1000 was awarded Aircraft Type Certificates from Transport Canada and European Aviation Safety Agency, allowing for deliveries to begin.[28] On 14 December 2010, Bombardier began CRJ1000 deliveries to Brit Air and Air Nostrum.[22][29] On 23 December 2010, it was announced that the Federal Aviation Administration had also awarded a type certificate, allowing the CRJ1000 to operate in US airspace.[30] The FAA Type Certificate designation of the CRJ1000 is the CL-600-2E25. In February 2012, Garuda Indonesia ordered six CRJ1000s and took options for another 18, and Danish lessor Nordic Aviation Capital ordered 12 for Garuda to operate with delivery beginning in 2012.[31] As of December 2015, a total of 43 aircraft had been delivered to airlines while there are 25 unfilled orders.[2]

In 2016, Bombardier began offering a modernized cabin design for the CRJ Series with a more spacious entry, larger overhead bins, larger windows, newer seats, larger lavatories, and upgraded lighting.[10]

Operators[edit]

A comparison between Bombardier CRJ700 (top) and CRJ900 (bottom)
A CRJ900 in Delta Connection livery

As of July 2015, 317 CRJ700 aircraft (all variants), 339 CRJ900 aircraft (all variants) and 40 CRJ1000 aircraft were in airline service with SkyWest Airlines (132), Endeavor Air (81), Mesa Airlines (78), Expressjet Airlines (71), GoJet Airlines (50), PSA Airlines (48), Envoy Air (43), HOP! (27), Air Nostrum (21), China Express Airlines (18), Lufthansa CityLine (18), Germanwings (17), Air Canada Express (16), Garuda Indonesia (15), Scandinavian Airlines (12), and other operators with fewer aircraft of the type.[32]

Orders and deliveries[edit]

Model Series Orders Deliveries Unfilled
CRJ700 336 327 9
CRJ705 16 16 0
CRJ900 428 392 36
CRJ1000 68 47 21
Total 848 782 66

Bombardier data as of 30 June 2016.[2]

Recent orders[edit]

Date Type Customer Orders Options Notes
9 February 2012 CRJ900 China Express Airlines 6 5 BBD Press Release[33]
10 February 2012 CRJ1000 Garuda Indonesia 6 18 BBD Press Release[34]
19 March 2012 CRJ900 Rwandair 2 2 BBD Press Release[35]
20 June 2012 CRJ1000 Nordic Aviation Capital[31] 12 0 BBD Press Release[36]
6 December 2012 CRJ900 Delta Air Lines[37] 40 30
6 December 2012 CRJ700 Undisclosed Chinese customer 7 0 BBD Press Release[38]
19 June 2013 CRJ1000 Arik Air 3 0 BBD Press Release[39]
2 December 2013 CRJ900 China Express Airlines 3 13 BBD Press Release[40]
12 December 2013 CRJ900 American Airlines[41] 30 40 Operated by American Airlines Group wholly owned subsidiary, PSA Airlines.[42]
27 March 2014 CRJ700 Undisclosed customer from Latin America 1 0 Specialized Configuration / BBD Press Release[43]
27 March 2014 CRJ900 Adria Airways 2 0 BBD Press Release[44]
31 March 2014 CRJ900 China Express Airlines 3 -3 Converted Conditional order / BBD Press Release[45]
30 June 2014 CRJ900 China Express Airlines 16 8 Previously an undisclosed customer, revealed on 8 November 2014.[46]
10 November 2014 CRJ900 Petroleum Air Services 1 0 BBD Press Release[47]
1 March 2015 CRJ900 American Airlines 24 0 BBD Press Release[42]
12 March 2015 CRJ900 Mesa Airlines 7 0 To be operated for American Eagle.[48]
2 October 2015 CRJ900 CityJet 8 6 BBD Press Release. CityJet acquires the aircraft from customer that signed a firm agreement.[49]
2 October 2015 CRJ700 Undisclosed existing customer 2 0 BBD Press Release[49]
31 December 2015 CRJ900 China Express Airlines 10 -8 BBD Press Release.[50]
25 April 2016 CRJ900 Trident Jet for CityJet 4 -4 BBD Press Release.[51]
26 April 2016 CRJ900 Jazz Air for Air Canada Express 5 5 BBD Press Release.[19]
20 June 2016 CRJ900 Undisclosed customer 10 0 BBD Press Release.[52]

Specifications[edit]

Variant CRJ700 CRJ900 CRJ1000
Cockpit crew Two
Seating capacity 66 to 78 76 to 90 97 to 104
Cargo capacity 547 ft3 / 15.5 m3
5,375 lb. / 2,438 kg
594 ft3 / 16.8 m3
6,075 lb. / 2,756 kg
683 ft3 / 19.4 m3
7,180 lb. / 3,257 kg
Length 106 ft. 1 in. / 32.3 m 118 ft. 11 in. / 36.2 m 128 ft. 5 in. / 39.1 m
Wing area 760 ft2 / 70.6 m2 765 ft2 / 71.1 m2 833 ft2 / 77.4 m2
Height 24 ft. 10 in. / 7.6 m 24 ft. 7 in. / 7.5 m 24 ft. 6 in. / 7.5 m
Wingspan 76 ft. 3 in. / 23.2 m 81 ft. 7 in. / 24.9 m 85 ft. 11 in. / 26.2 m
Fuselage max diameter 8 ft. 10 in. / 2.7 m
Maximum cabin width 100.5 in. / 2.55 m
Cabin height 74.4 in. / 1.89 m
Maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) 75,000 lb. / 34,019 kg (ER) 84,500 lb. / 38,330 kg (LR) 91,800 lb. / 41,640 kg (ER)
Maximum Landing Weight 67,000 lb. / 30,391 kg 75,100 lb. / 34,065 kg (LR) 81,500 lb. / 36,968 kg
Max Zero Fuel Weight (MZFW) 62,300 lb. / 28,259 kg 70,750 lb. / 32,092 kg (LR) 77,500 lb. / 35,154 kg
Operating empty weight 44,245 lb (20,069 kg) 48,160 lb (21,845 kg) 51,120 lb (23,188 kg)
Max payload 18,055 lb. / 8,190 kg 22,590 lb. / 10,247 kg (LR) 26,380 lb. / 11,966 kg
Range (225 lb. / 102 kg per pax.) 1,378 NM / 2,553 km (ER) 1,553 NM / 2,876 km (LR) 1,622 NM / 3,004 km (ER)
Take off (ISA, SL, MTOW) 5,265 ft. / 1,605 m (ER) 6,360 ft. / 1,939 m (LR) 6,955 ft. / 2,120 m (ER)
Landing (ISA, SL, MLW) 5,040 ft. / 1,536 m 5,355 ft. / 1,632 m 5,740 ft. / 1,750 m
Engines (2x) GE CF34-8C5B1 GE CF34-8C5 GE CF34-8C5A1
ISA +15 °C Flat Rated Thrust APR (2x) 13,790 lbf. / 61.3 kN 14,510 lbf. / 64.5 kN
Maximum cruise speed 0.825 Mach (473 kts, 876 km/h) 0.82 Mach (470 kts, 871 km/h)
Basic cruise speed 0.78 Mach (447 kts, 829 km/h)

Source: "CRJ Series Brochure" (PDF). Bombardier. June 2015. 

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Airliner Census". Flight International, p. 40. 24–30 August 2010.
  2. ^ a b c "Program Status Report – Bombardier CRJ Series".
  3. ^ "Average List Prices". Bombardier Aerospace. January 2015. 
  4. ^ "Aero India 2007 Bombardier CRJ900". 
  5. ^ a b c Frawley, Gerald. "Bombardier CRJ700 & CRJ900" The International Directory of Civil Aircraft, 2003/2004, p. 64. Fishwick, Act: Aerospace Publications, 2003. ISBN 1-875671-58-7.
  6. ^ "A21EA TCDS" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  7. ^ Baxter, Daniel. "SkyWest Purchases Four CRJ700 NextGen Regional Jets". Aviation Online Magazine. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  8. ^ "Bombardier CRJ700 Microsoft Flight Simulator X" (PDF). Alitaliavirtual. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  9. ^ New firm order for four CRJ700 NextGen LTBAonline News
  10. ^ a b c Bombardier Aerospace (10 May 2016). "CRJ Series New Cabin Design - Updated video: https://youtu.be/Axe3brYBDuk" – via YouTube.  External link in |title= (help)
  11. ^ "Photos of C-FRJX in its various incarnations as first prototypes of the CRJ-700, CRJ-900 and CRJ-1000". Airliners.net. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  12. ^ "The Bombardier CSeries Rolls Out but is it A Game Changer?". Airways News. Airways International, Inc. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  13. ^ Comair – Flying First Class with New Aircraft. Comair.com. Retrieved 26 November 2007.
  14. ^ Up to 10 CRJ900 NextGen aircraft destined for Iraq By Mary Kirby. Flight Global
  15. ^ "Bombardier gets $317M jet order". CBC News. 2 July 2010. 
  16. ^ Mary Jane (6 December 2012). "Delta Buys 40 Bombardier Regional Jets in Embraer Rebuff". BloombergBusinessweek. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  17. ^ "Chorus Aviation announces expansion of Jazz fleet - CPA covered fleet to increase by 10 incremental growth aircraft by 2017". Newswire. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  18. ^ "Our Fleet". Jazz Aviation. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  19. ^ a b "Bombardier and Chorus Sign Firm Purchase Agreement for up to 10 CRJ900 Aircraft". 26 April 2016. 
  20. ^ "Bombardier CRJ 1000". Business Aviation Group. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  21. ^ "Flying The Distance". Air Transport Publications Ltd. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  22. ^ a b "Bombardier to deliver first CRJ1000 on 14 December". Flightglobal.com. 7 December 2010. Retrieved 8 December 2010. 
  23. ^ Bombardier Aerospace Launches 100-Seat CRJ1000 Regional Jet. Bombardier.com. Retrieved 19 February 2007.
  24. ^ Flight International, 3–9 October 2006
  25. ^ "Bombardier Sells an Additional 15 CRJ1000 NextGen Aircraft to Air Nostrum". Bombardier. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  26. ^ Mary Kirby. Production CRJ1000 successfully completes first flight. Flightglobal
  27. ^ "Bombardier resumes CRJ1000 flight tests". Flightglobal.com. 17 March 2010. Retrieved 17 March 2010. 
  28. ^ "Bombardier CRJ1000 receives two Aircraft Type Certificates". 10 November 2010. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  29. ^ "Bombardier Showcases First Air Nostrum and Brit Air CRJ1000 NextGen Regional Jets". 14 December 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-15. 
  30. ^ Ranson, Lori (23 December 2010). "CRJ1000 gains type certification from FAA". Flightglobal.com. Retrieved 23 December 2010. 
  31. ^ a b "Nordic Aviation Capital Orders Twelve Bombardier CRJ1000 NextGen Aircraft to be Leased to Garuda Indonesia". Bombardier. 20 June 2012. 
  32. ^ "World Airliner Census" (PDF). Flight International. July 2015. p. 14. Retrieved 27 September 2015. 
  33. ^ "China Express Airlines to Operate up to Eleven Bombardier CRJ900 NextGen Aircraft". Bombardier. Retrieved 29 January 2016. 
  34. ^ "Garuda Indonesia Confirmed as Previously Unidentified Bombardier CRJ1000 NextGen Aircraft Buyer". Bombardier. Retrieved 29 January 2016. 
  35. ^ "Bombardier Sells Two CRJ900 NextGen Airliners to RwandAir". Bombardier. Retrieved 29 January 2016. 
  36. ^ "Nordic Aviation Capital Orders Twelve Bombardier CRJ1000 NextGen Aircraft to be Leased to Garuda Indonesia". Bombardier. Retrieved 29 January 2016. 
  37. ^ "Delta Buys 40 Bombardier Regional Jets in Embraer Rebuff". Bloomberg Businessweek, 6 December 2012.
  38. ^ "Undisclosed Customer in China Orders Seven Bombardier CRJ700 NextGen Aircraft". Bombardier. Retrieved 29 January 2016. 
  39. ^ "Arik Air Inks Firm Agreement for Three CRJ1000 NextGen Regional Jets and Four Q400 NextGen Turboprop Airliners". Bombardier. Retrieved 29 January 2016. 
  40. ^ "Bombardier and China Express Airlines Announce Purchase Agreements for up to 16 CRJ900 NextGen Aircraft". Bombardier. Retrieved 29 January 2016. 
  41. ^ "and American Airlines Execute Firm Agreement with Options for up to 70 CRJ900 NextGen Regional Jets". Bombardier. 2013-12-12. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  42. ^ a b "Customer Places Firm Order for 24 Bombardier CRJ900 NextGen Aircraft". 30 December 2014. 
  43. ^ "Bombardier Signs Firm Purchase Agreement with Undisclosed Customer for One CRJ700 NextGen Aircraft in Specialized Configuration". Bombardier. Retrieved 29 January 2016. 
  44. ^ "Long-Time Bombardier Customer Adria Airways Orders Two CRJ900 NextGen Aircraft". Bombardier. Retrieved 29 January 2016. 
  45. ^ "China Express Airlines Places Firm Order for Three More Bombardier CRJ900 NextGen Airliners". Bombardier. Retrieved 29 January 2016. 
  46. ^ "China Express Airlines Revealed as Customer who Ordered Up To 24 Bombardier CRJ900 NextGen Aircraft". 8 November 2014. 
  47. ^ "Petroleum Air Services Places Firm Order for a Bombardier CRJ900 NextGen Aircraft". 10 November 2014. 
  48. ^ "Bombardier and Mesa Airlines Sign Firm Purchase Agreement for Seven CRJ900 NextGen Aircraft". 12 March 2015. 
  49. ^ a b "Bombardier Signs Firm Agreements for Combined Total of up to 16 CRJ Series Aircraft and Welcomes Dublin's CityJet to CRJ Series Family". 3 October 2015. 
  50. ^ "China Express Airlines Orders 10 More Bombardier CRJ900 Jetliners". 31 December 2015. 
  51. ^ "Previously Unidentified Customer Trident Jet Orders Four More Bombardier CRJ900 Aircraft Increasing Firm Orders to 12". 25 April 2016. 
  52. ^ "Bombardier Secures Firm Order for 10 CRJ900 Aircraft". 20 June 2016. 

The initial version of this article was based on a public domain article from Greg Goebel's Vectorsite.

External links[edit]