Valerie Amos, Baroness Amos
Valerie Ann Amos, Baroness Amos, LG, CH, PC (born 13 March 1954) is a British Labour Party politician and diplomat who served as the eighth UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator. Before her appointment to the UN, she served as British High Commissioner to Australia. She was created a life peer in 1997, serving as Leader of the House of Lords and Lord President of the Council from 2003 to 2007. Since September 2020, Amos has been Master of University College, Oxford, succeeding Sir Ivor Crewe and becoming the first-ever black head of an Oxford college, as well as the first woman appointed to the post.
When she was appointed Secretary of State for International Development on 12 May 2003, following the resignation of Clare Short, Amos became the first Black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) woman to serve as a Cabinet minister. She left the Cabinet when Gordon Brown became Prime Minister. In July 2010, Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon announced Baroness Amos's appointment to the role of Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator. She took up the position on 1 September 2010 and remained in post until 29 May 2015. In September 2015, Amos was appointed Director of SOAS, University of London, becoming the first black woman to lead a university school in the United Kingdom.
Amos was born in 1954 in British Guiana (now Guyana) in South America and, after moving with her family to Great Britain in 1963, she attended Bexley Technical High School for Girls (now Townley Grammar School), Bexleyheath, where she was the first black deputy head girl. She completed a degree in Sociology at the University of Warwick (1973–76), an MA in cultural studies at the University of Birmingham, and studied education at the University of East Anglia.
After working in Equal Opportunities, Training and Management Services in local government in the London boroughs of Lambeth, Camden and Hackney, Amos became Chief Executive of the Equal Opportunities Commission in 1989, leaving the position in 1994.
In 1995, Amos co-founded the consultancy firm Amos Fraser Bernard and was an adviser to the South African government on public service reform, human rights and employment equity.
Amos has also been Deputy Chair of the Runnymede Trust (1990–98), a Trustee of the Institute for Public Policy Research, a non-executive Director of the University College London Hospitals Trust, a Trustee of Voluntary Service Overseas, Chair of the Afiya Trust, Member of the board of the Sierra Leone Titanium Resources Group, a director of Hampstead Theatre and chair of the Board of Governors of the Royal College of Nursing Institute.
House of Lords
Amos was elevated to the peerage in August 1997 as Baroness Amos, of Brondesbury in the London Borough of Brent. In the House of Lords, she was a co-opted member of the Select Committee on European Communities Sub-Committee F (Social Affairs, Education and Home Affairs) from 1997 to 1998. From 1998 to 2001, she was a Government Whip in the House of Lords and also a spokesperson on Social Security, International Development and Women's Issues as well as one of the Government's spokespersons in the House of Lords on Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs. Baroness Amos was appointed Parliamentary Under-Secretary for Foreign & Commonwealth Affairs on 11 June 2001, with responsibility for Africa; Commonwealth; Caribbean; Overseas Territories; Consular Issues and FCO Personnel. She was replaced by Chris Mullin.
International Development Secretary and Leader of the House of Lords
After previously threatening to resign as International Development Secretary in the lead-up to the 2003 invasion of Iraq, Clare Short eventually stood down in May 2003 over a draft UN resolution that she felt failed to give "the UN its promised central role in rebuilding Iraq". Baroness Amos, who had been serving as Foreign Office minister and as a spokesperson in the Lords for International Development was swiftly announced as Short's replacement. Her appointment made her "the UK's first black woman cabinet minister" and was an unusual example of a government department being headed by a member of the House of Lords.
Baroness Amos was appointed Leader of the House of Lords on 6 October 2003, following the death of Lord Williams of Mostyn, which meant that her tenure as Secretary of State for International Development lasted less than six months.
On 17 February 2005, the British Government nominated Lady Amos to head the United Nations Development Programme.
Baroness Amos left the cabinet when Gordon Brown took over as Prime Minister from Tony Blair in June 2007. Brown proposed her as the European Union special representative to the African Union. However, Belgian career diplomat Koen Vervaeke was appointed to this role instead. She was a member of the Committee on Commonwealth Membership, which presented its report on potential changes in membership criteria for the Commonwealth of Nations at the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 2007 in Kampala, Uganda.
On 8 October 2008, it was reported that Amos was to join the Football Association's management board for England's bid to host the 2018 World Cup. This was described as a "surprise appointment", since she has no recorded interest in football (despite her interest in cricket) or any experience in similar work such as the 2012 Olympics bid.
British High Commissioner to Australia
On 4 July 2009, it was advised that Baroness Amos had been appointed British High Commissioner to Australia in succession to Helen Liddell (now Baroness Liddell). Amos took up the position in October 2009.
UN Emergency Relief Coordinator
In 2010, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon announced Amos's appointment as Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator. In March 2012, she visited Syria on behalf of the UN to press the Syrian government to allow access to all parts of Syria to help people affected by the 2011–2012 Syrian uprising.
In 2015, World Health Organization (WHO) Director General Margaret Chan appointed Amos as member of the Advisory Group on Reform of WHO's Work in Outbreaks and Emergencies with Health and Humanitarian Consequences. Since 2019, Amos has been serving on the Center for Strategic & International Studies’ (CSIS) Task Force on Humanitarian Access, co-chaired by Cory Booker and Todd Young.
In September 2015, she became the ninth director of SOAS University of London, the first woman of African descent to be director of an institute of higher education in Great Britain. In 2019, she co-led a report by Universities (UUK) and the National Union of Students (NUS) addressing the disparity between the proportion of "top degrees" (first or 2:1 degrees) achieved by white and black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) students.
In January 2021, Amos left her position at SOAS to become Master of University College, Oxford, as both the first female appointed to that post and the first black head of any Oxford college.
Amos was awarded an Honorary Professorship at Thames Valley University in 1995 in recognition of her work on equality and social justice. On 1 July 2010, she received an honorary doctorate (Hon DUniv) from the University of Stirling in recognition of her "outstanding service to our society and her role as a model of leadership and success for women today." She has also been awarded the honorary degrees of Doctor of Laws (Hon LLD) from the University of Warwick in 2000 and the University of Leicester in 2006.
At the University of Birmingham, where she studied as an undergraduate, the Guild of Students have named one of the committee rooms "The Amos Room" after her, in acknowledgement of her services to society.
In 2013, Amos was made an honorary Doctor of Civil Law at Durham University.
Amos was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Companions of Honour (CH) in the 2016 Birthday Honours for services to the United Nations and emergency relief.
In 2017, Amos was awarded an honorary degree at Middlesex University, thereby "recognising achievement at the highest level as well as dedication to public duty and making a difference to others' lives."
In July 2018, Amos received an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from the University of Bristol. In December 2018, she was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Literature by the University of the Witwatersrand.
She was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences as an International Honorary Member in 2019.
On 1 January 2022, the Queen appointed Amos a Lady Companion of the Order of the Garter. Amos's banner of arms was erected at St George's Chapel, Windsor on 13 June. The design has not yet been made public. Amos has said that she wants a reference to education and learning, a personal passion, as well as something about Guyana, the place of her birth, and her longer term lineage in West Africa. She also would like something about global affairs. Amos is the first Black "knight or lady companion" member of the order since its foundation (excluding the Emperor of Ethiopia Haile Selassie, who as a foreign monarch was a stranger knight of the order).
Amos is an enthusiast of cricket and talked about her love of the game with Jonathan Agnew on Test Match Special during the lunch break of the first day of the England v. New Zealand test match at Old Trafford in May 2008.
After resigning from the cabinet, Baroness Amos took up a directorship with Travant Capital, a Nigerian private equity fund launched in 2007. In the House of Lords Register of Members Interests, she lists this directorship as remunerated.
Amos was listed as one of "the 50 best-dressed over-50s" by The Guardian in March 2013.
- ^ a b "2018 - Wits honours Baroness Valerie Amos with an honorary Doctorate in Literature". University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. 5 December 2018. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
- ^ "Baroness Valerie Amos appointed as Master of University College – First-ever black College Head appointed at Oxford". University of Oxford. 2 August 2019. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
- ^ "Valerie Amos appointed new Master". University College Oxford. August 2019. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
- ^ "New UN humanitarian chief among five senior officials appointed by Ban". UN News Centre. United Nations. 9 July 2010. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
- ^ a b "Valerie Amos to be ninth Director of SOAS, University of London". SOAS University of London. 29 June 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
- ^ a b Wynne-Jones, Jonathan (19 July 2015). "Baroness Amos: I was taken aback when I found out I was the first black female head of a university". The Observer – via The Guardian.
- ^ Hennessey, Ted (31 December 2021). "Baroness Amos becomes first black person appointed by Queen to prestigious order". The Independent.
- ^ The London Gazette. 30 September 1997. p. 11015.
- ^ Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage & Baronetage (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 89. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1. OL 8563686M.
- ^ a b "Short launches broadside on Blair". BBC News. 12 May 2003. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
- ^ "Amos nominated for senior UN job". BBC News. 17 February 2005.
- ^ "Amos leaves Government role for EU". Prime Minister's Office. 27 June 2007. Archived from the original on 19 July 2007.
- ^ Kelso, Paul (7 October 2008). "Surprise as Baroness Amos joins 2018 World Cup bid". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 11 October 2008.
- ^ Colin Mackie (18 March 2014). British Diplomats Directory: Part 3 of 4. FCO Historians – via Issuu.
- ^ "Change of British High Commissioner to Australia". British High Commission Canberra. 4 July 2009. Archived from the original on 3 July 2009.
- ^ "Secretary-General Appoints Valerie Amos of United Kingdom Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs". United Nations. 9 July 2010.
- ^ Siddique, Haroon (9 March 2012). "Syria: opposition rejects call for dialogue - Friday 9 March". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 March 2012.
- ^ "Members of the Advisory Group on Reform of WHO's Work in Outbreaks and Emergencies with Health and Humanitarian Consequences". World Health Organization. Archived from the original on 18 September 2016.
- ^ "CSIS Task Force on Humanitarian Access". Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS).
- ^ "Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic student attainment at UK universities: #closingthegap". Universities UK. 2 May 2019.
- ^ "Baroness Valerie Amos appointed the first-ever black College Head at Oxford University". Black History Month. 5 August 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
- ^ "Happiness is University shaped at Stirling's summer graduations". University of Stirling. 9 June 2010.
- ^ "List of all Honorary Graduates and Chancellor's Medallists". warwick.ac.uk. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
- ^ "University of Leicester - Leader of Lords Honoured by University". www.le.ac.uk. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
- ^ "The First Lady" (PDF). The Birminngham magazine. No. 20. 2008–2009. p. 23.
- ^ "Durham University honours leading national and international figures". dur.ac.uk. 21 December 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2020.
- ^ The London Gazette. 11 June 2016. p. B27.
- ^ "Birthday Honours 2016: the Foreign Secretary's overseas list for the Order of the Companions of Honour, Knight Bachelor and British Empire" (PDF). Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Retrieved 10 June 2016 – via GOV.UK.
- ^ "Baroness Amos awarded honorary degree at Middlesex University". Middlesex University. 14 December 2017.
- ^ "Honorary degrees awarded at the University of Bristol". bristol.ac.uk. 19 July 2018. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
- ^ "2019 Fellows and International Honorary Members with their affiliations at the time of election". members.amacad.org. Archived from the original on 2 March 2020.
- ^ "Blair becomes 'Sir Tony' and joins top royal order". BBC News. 31 December 2021. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
- ^ "New Appointments to the Order of the Garter announced". royal.uk. The British Monarchy. 31 December 2021. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
In addition, The Queen has been graciously pleased to appoint The Right Honourable Valerie Ann, Baroness Amos C.H. to be a Lady Companion
- ^ "Valerie Amos". Oxford University. Retrieved 4 June 2022.
- ^ "Prince Andrew out of view as Tony Blair receives royal honour". BBC News. 13 June 2022. Retrieved 13 June 2022.
- ^ Mountford, Adam (20 May 2008). "TMS starts the series in style". BBC Sport.
- ^ Mountford, Adam (7 July 2008). "From the Commons to Lord's". BBC Sport.
- ^ "The Board". Travant Capital. Archived from the original on 6 February 2011.
- ^ "House of Lords - Register of Lords' Interests". publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
- ^ Cartner-Morley, Jess (28 March 2013). "The 50 best-dressed over-50s – in pictures". The Guardian.
- UN Forum Speaker: Baroness Valerie Amos UNA UK (Archived)
- About us - Head of OCHA United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- Contributions in Parliament at Hansard 1803–2005
- Voting record at PublicWhip.org
- Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou.com
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Valerie Amos, Baroness Amos at IMDb
- Graham Brown-Martin Baroness Valerie Amos Interview Trace, 2010 (Archived)
- 1954 births
- Living people
- Alumni of the University of Birmingham
- Alumni of the University of East Anglia
- Alumni of the University of Warwick
- Black British women politicians
- British Christians
- British officials of the United Nations
- British Secretaries of State
- British women ambassadors
- Female members of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom
- Guyanese Christians
- Guyanese emigrants to England
- High Commissioners of the United Kingdom to Australia
- Labour Party (UK) life peers
- Ladies Companion of the Garter
- Leaders of the House of Lords
- Life peeresses created by Elizabeth II
- Lord Presidents of the Council
- Masters of University College, Oxford
- Members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom
- People educated at Townley Grammar School
- People from Bexleyheath
- Under-Secretaries-General of the United Nations