Brunswick River (New South Wales)

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Brunswick River (Durangbil[1])
Middle Arm of Brunswick River, Main Arm of Brunswick River[1]
An open mature wave dominated barrier estuary[2]
Name origin: In honour of Queen Caroline of Brunswick[3]
Country Australia
State New South Wales
IBRA NSW North Coast
District Northern Rivers
LGA Byron
 - right Mullumbimby Creek, Kings Creek (New South Wales), Simpsons Creek
Cities Mullumbimby, Brunswick Heads
Source Mount Jerusalem
 - location Palmwoods, near Uki
 - elevation 141 m (463 ft)
Mouth Coral Sea, South Pacific Ocean
 - location Brunswick Heads
 - elevation 0 m (0 ft)
 - coordinates 28°32′15″S 153°33′30″E / 28.53750°S 153.55833°E / -28.53750; 153.55833Coordinates: 28°32′15″S 153°33′30″E / 28.53750°S 153.55833°E / -28.53750; 153.55833
Length 34 km (21 mi)
Depth 1.3 m (4 ft)
Volume 4,267.9 m3 (150,719 cu ft)
Basin 226.3 km2 (87 sq mi)
Area 3.6 km2 (1 sq mi)
National park Mount Jerusalem NP
Brunswick River (New South Wales) is located in New South Wales
Brunswick River (New South Wales)
Location of the Brunswick River mouth in New South Wales
Website: NSW Environment and Heritage webpage

Brunswick River /ˈbrʌnzˈwɪk/, an open mature wave dominated barrier estuary,[2] is located in the Northern Rivers region of New South Wales, Australia.

Course and features[edit]

Brunswick River rises on the eastern slopes of Mount Jerusalem, at Palmwoods, near Uki, and flows generally east southeast, before reaching its mouth at the Coral Sea of the South Pacific Ocean, at Brunswick Heads. The river descends 142 metres (466 ft) over its 34 kilometres (21 mi) course;[4] through the towns of Mullumbimby and Brunswick Heads.

Brunswick River is impounded by a lake at Tyagarah, where the local tea trees give the lake water a brown tint. This lake becomes a popular swimming hole in the summer months and is used by naturists who come down from Tyagrah Beach. The naturist area is only about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) north of Byron Bay.

The north arm of the river, called Marshalls Creek, flows through Ocean Shores, Billinudgel, Ocean Shores North and The Pocket. Marshalls Creek also connects to a canal in Ocean Shores North and South Golden Beach. The south arm of the river, called Simpsons Creek, flows through Brunswick Heads, Bayside and Tyagarah.

Between Brunswick Heads and Ocean Shores, the Pacific Highway crosses the river.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Brunswick River". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Roy, P. S; Williams, R. J; Jones, A. R; Yassini, I; et al. (2001). "Structure and Function of South-east Australian Estuaries". Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 53: 351–384. doi:10.1006/ecss.2001.0796. 
  3. ^ "Brunswick Heads". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Map of Brunswick River, NSW". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 

External links[edit]