Cai Qi

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Cai Qi
蔡奇 Cai Qi 20221023.jpg
Cai in 2022
First Secretary of the Secretariat of the Chinese Communist Party
Assumed office
23 October 2022
General SecretaryXi Jinping
Preceded byWang Huning
Director of the General Office of the Chinese Communist Party
Assumed office
20 March 2023
General SecretaryXi Jinping
Preceded byDing Xuexiang
Director of the Office of the General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party
Assumed office
20 March 2023
General SecretaryXi Jinping
Preceded byDing Xuexiang
Communist Party Secretary of Beijing
In office
27 May 2017 – 13 November 2022
DeputyChen Jining
Yin Yong (Mayor)
Preceded byGuo Jinlong
Succeeded byYin Li
Mayor of Beijing
In office
31 October 2016 – 27 May 2017
(Acting until 20 January 2017)
Party SecretaryGuo Jinlong
Preceded byWang Anshun
Succeeded byChen Jining
President of the Organizing Committee for the Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games
In office
25 February 2018 – 13 March 2022
IOC PresidentThomas Bach
Preceded byLee Hee-beom
Succeeded byGiovanni Malagò
Chair of the Beijing Organizing Committee for the 2022 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games
In office
9 June 2017 – 13 March 2022
Preceded byGuo Jinlong
Succeeded byPosition dissolved
Personal details
Born (1955-12-05) December 5, 1955 (age 67)
Youxi County, Fujian, China
Political partyChinese Communist Party (1975–present)
Alma materFujian Normal University

Cai Qi (Chinese: 蔡奇; pinyin: Cài Qí; born December 5, 1955) is a Chinese politician, who is the current first secretary of the Secretariat of the Chinese Communist Party and the fifth-ranking member of the CCP Politburo Standing Committee. He is also the serving directors of both the CCP general office and General Secretary's office.

Cai began his career in Fujian province. He has served successively as the mayor of Sanming, the mayor of Quzhou, the mayor of Hangzhou and the Communist Party secretary of Taizhou, Zhejiang. Beginning in 2010 he served as the executive vice governor of Zhejiang Province, and in 2014 was transferred to Beijing to serve as deputy director of the CCP National Security Commission Office (rank equivalent of minister). Between 2017 and 2022, he was the Communist Party Secretary of Beijing. Largely due to Cai's extensive experience working in Zhejiang province, he is believed to be a political ally of CCP General Secretary Xi Jinping.

Early life[edit]

Cai was born in Youxi County, Fujian province on December 5, 1955. During the latter years of the Cultural Revolution he worked at a rural commune. He joined the Chinese Communist Party in 1975. Cai attended Fujian Normal University and graduated in 1978 with a degree in political economics.[1]

Local careers[edit]


In the 1980s, Cai served in the General Office of the provincial party organization in Fujian province, gaining a series of rapid promotions.[1] He worked as deputy chief of staff serving provincial leaders, including as secretary to the provincial party secretary. Between 1994 and 1997, he pursued a master's degree in law at his alma mater.[1]

In September 1996 Cai took on his first major role in local government as the deputy Party secretary and later mayor of the city of Sanming in Fujian province.[1]


He was transferred to Zhejiang in May 1999 serving as the deputy Party Secretary and Mayor of Quzhou.[1] Between March 2002 and April 2004 Cai served as Quzhou's party secretary, the top political office of the city.[1] In April 2004 Cai became party secretary of Taizhou, Zhejiang; at the time, Xi Jinping was the party secretary of Zhejiang province.[1] In April 2007, Cai was promoted to the position Mayor of Hangzhou, the provincial capital, also serving as deputy Party Secretary.[1] In January 2010, he became a member of the provincial Party Standing Committee as head of the party's provincial Organization Department.[1]

In November 2013, Cai became the Executive Vice Governor of Zhejiang province. He made the announcement of his change in jobs on his microblog account.[2]

Cai has a doctoral degree in political economics which he obtained from September 1999 to July 2007 at Fujian Normal University.[1]


Cai in 2020

In March 2014, Cai was said to have been transferred to Beijing to work as the deputy General Office chief of the National Security Commission, a body led by party General Secretary Xi Jinping, though no official announcement was made about this appointment.[3][4] Given his Zhejiang work experience and his current position and seniority, Cai has been named as a member of the so-called "New Zhijiang Army", i.e., officials who at one point worked under Xi Jinping during his term as Zhejiang party secretary.[5]

After his transfer to Beijing, Cai stopped updating his various social media accounts. The only indication of his whereabouts appeared in news footage at numerous "study sessions" of the Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party, where he was shown seated next to other minister-level officials, suggesting that he was an official of full provincial-ministerial rank and working for the central party organization. It was later confirmed that he was serving as deputy director of the Office of the National Security Commission.[6]

On 31 October 2016, Cai was appointed acting mayor of Beijing, replacing Wang Anshun.[6]

In May 2017, Cai Qi was appointed party secretary of Beijing. Cai's appointment broke nearly all conventions in post-Cultural Revolution political tradition: he was neither a member nor alternate member of the Central Committee, and took on an office that would, under normal circumstances, be accorded Politburo membership. The move assured him a Politburo seat at the 19th Party Congress.[7]

In June 2017, Cai was appointed President of the Beijing Organising Committee for the 2022 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games.

In June 2020, Cai was appointed to lead the team charged with the elimination of coronavirus in the Xinfadi market.[8]

He was awarded the Gold Olympic Order after the 2022 Winter Olympics.[9]

Top leadership[edit]

At the 20th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party in October 2022, Cai was elected to the CCP Secretariat and the CCP Politburo Standing Committee, the top decision-making body.[10][11] In March 2023, he became the director of the CCP General Office, succeeding Ding Xuexiang; this made him the first General Office director that's also member of the Politburo Standing Committee since Wang Dongxing.[12]

Public image[edit]

Cai is known for his extensive use of social media and his unorthodox approach to governance.[4] Cai has referred to Xi as "Xi Dada" (Father Xi) and "Boss Xi!" in public media.[13] The Economist opined in 2017 as Cai "rocketed up the Communist Party’s ranks" that "Xi Jinping has chosen an unusual man to lead the capital city."[14] Cai is said to have been a fan of Kevin Spacey's House of Cards TV serial, and was cited as a fan of the iPhone product.[15]

Cai maintains a Weibo microblog account under the subtitle "Cai Qi, a Bolshevik",[16][13] which has been active since May 2010. The account was initially opened under the name Qianshui (潜水; literally, "scuba diving"), but he was eventually 'outed' by internet users. The account is 'followed' by over ten million people.[13] He used it regularly to communicate with citizens.[17] As a sub-provincial-level official Cai was one of the highest-ranking officials to maintain a regular social media presence.[18] It is the opinion of certain political scholars that Cai used this Weibo tool to circumvent existing CCP apparatus and thereby gain public profile, "considerable influence" within the CCP and thereby promotion.[18] Cai has stated of the CCP that:[19]

We need to learn and get used to work in a 'glass room'. Weibo is a direct way to the grassroots which can help us to know what people want and think. My Weibo can partly solve the misunderstanding between people and government by solving their problems and sincerely talking to them.

On the evening of September 14, 2013, a mother of an ordinary government staffer working for the national revenue agency posted on her microblog feed that her son was expected to partake in heavy drinking with superiors on a regular basis as part of his work and that it was affecting his health. The mother pleaded for attention to the case by then Zhejiang party organization chief Cai Qi. A day later Cai responded to her asking which department her son worked at and vowed publicly "your son doesn't have to drink from now on."[20][13]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j 蔡奇个人简历 (in Chinese). Hangzhou People's Government. July 2010. Archived from the original on 2010-10-16. Retrieved 2010-11-14.
  2. ^ "蔡奇任浙副省长仅4月即去职 拥有千万微博"粉丝"". 163. March 28, 2014.
  3. ^ name=Cai
  4. ^ a b "原浙江副省长蔡奇传调任国安委". South China Morning Post (Chinese). March 29, 2014.
  5. ^ "政坛新派系崛起 港媒盘点之江新军". Duowei News.
  6. ^ a b "Cai Qi Appointed Acting Mayor of Beijing". Caixin. 31 October 2016.
  7. ^ "蔡奇任北京市委书记 郭金龙不再兼任(图/简历)". 新华社.
  8. ^ Yan, Yan; Li, Yuan (13 June 2020). "蔡奇調度疫情防控工作並赴豐台區西城區現場檢查時要求 果斷處置精准防控 迅速堅決阻斷傳染源". People's Network. Cai Qi dispatched epidemic prevention and control work and went to the on-site inspection in Xicheng District of Fengtai District to require decisive treatment and precise prevention and control, and quickly and resolutely block the source of infection
  9. ^ "IOC thanks Beijing 2022 for memorable Olympic Winter Games". International Olympic Committee. 2022-02-21. Retrieved 2022-02-21.
  10. ^ Tian, Yew Lun; Munroe, Tony (2022-10-23). "China's Xi clinches third term, packs leadership with loyalists". Reuters. Retrieved 2022-10-23.
  11. ^ "Communique of the first plenary session of the 20th CPC Central Committee".
  12. ^ "Xi's New Top Aide Highlights Chinese Leader's Grip on Power". Bloomberg News. 21 March 2023. Retrieved 21 March 2023.
  13. ^ a b c d Ranade, Jayadeva (2017). Xi Jinping's China. KW Publishers Pvt Ltd. p. 189. ISBN 9789386288912.
  14. ^ "Xi Jinping has chosen an unusual man to lead the capital city". The Economist. 13 July 2017.
  15. ^ "The rise and rise of Xi Jinping's new man in Beijing". South China Morning Post. 28 May 2017.
  16. ^ "QQ Microblog, Cai Qi".
  17. ^ "港媒:大V官員蔡奇料入國安辦 出任專職副主任". Takungpao. March 28, 2014.
  18. ^ a b Wang, Boyong; Wang, Shaoyu (2014). "Social Media Development and Implication on eGovernance in China". In Sonntagbauer, Peter (ed.). Handbook of Research on Advanced ICT Integration for Governance and Policy Modeling. IGI Global. ISBN 9781466662377.
  19. ^ Liu, Wei (1 November 2016). "Meet Cai Qi, long-time online celeb and Beijing's acting mayor". China Daily Information Co.
  20. ^ "母亲微博哀怨儿子陪酒伤身 蔡奇怒斥". Sohu. September 17, 2013.
Party political offices
Preceded by First Secretary of the Secretariat of the Chinese Communist Party
Preceded by Communist Party Secretary of Beijing
Succeeded by
Preceded by Head of the Organization Department of Zhejiang province
Succeeded by
Sporting positions
Preceded by President of Organizing Committee for Winter Olympic Games
Succeeded by
Government offices
Preceded by Mayor of Beijing
Succeeded by
Preceded by Mayor of Hangzhou
Succeeded by