Libertarian Party of Oklahoma

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Libertarian Party of Oklahoma
ChairpersonErin Adams
Senate leaderNone
House leaderNone
Founded1971
IdeologyLibertarianism
National affiliationLibertarian Party (United States)
Colorsa shade of Blue; Yellow
Website
Oklp.org

The Libertarian Party of Oklahoma is the branch of the Libertarian Party in Oklahoma. It has been active in state politics since the 1970s, but due to what critics characterize as Oklahoma's restrictive ballot access requirements the party has been an "official" party during only portions of the last 25 years.

State party organization[edit]

State party chapters and chairs[edit]

The party has two local chapters: one in both of Oklahoma's two largest cities (Oklahoma City and Tulsa). The state party's chairman is Erin Adams. Former state chairs include Tina Kelly, Steve Long, Seth Wheeler, Clark Duffe, Angelia O'Dell, Jimmy Cook, Steve Galpin, Chris Powell, Richard Prawdzienski, Robert Murphy, D. Frank Robinson, Tom Laurent, Gordon Mobley and Porter Davis. Other state officers are Vice-Chairman Christina Wright, Treasurer Chad Williams, and Secretary Traci Baker.[1]

Election history[edit]

Presidential election performance[edit]

The party has had the national party's presidential candidate on the ballot in 1980 (1.2% of the statewide vote was received), 1984 (0.7% of the statewide vote was received), 1988 (0.5% of the statewide vote was received), 1992(as an Independent) (0.3% of the statewide vote was received), 1996 (0.5% of the statewide vote was received), 2000 (0.5% of the statewide vote was received), and 2016.

1976[edit]

Oklahoma city restaurateur John Vernon finished second in the balloting for the vice-presidential nomination at the Libertarian National Convention. Running as an Independent, Porter Davis got 36% of the vote for State House in district 88. Davis would later be elected to one term as a state Representative as a Republican in 1982.[2]

1980[edit]

The party successfully petitioned for ballot access in the state for the first time and in addition to Ed Clark for president had four candidates for office including Jim Rushing and Frank Robinson who faced each other for the 5th Congressional District nomination as well as Anne Hill and Agnes Wampler who both sought to become the Tulsa County Clerk in the first Libertarian Party primaries in Oklahoma. Rushing won with 54% of the vote while Hill took over 90%.[3][4]

1984[edit]

After failing to get the required number of signatures for ballot access, the party sued and was ordered on the ballot for 1984. There were no primaries as the court order stipulated that the party nominate by convention.[5] In addition to David Bergland for president, 16 Libertarians ran for office in the state. Agnes Regier received 2.2% of the vote in a three-way race for a Corporation Commission seat while three state legislature candidates, Alice Cody, Paul Woodward, and Robert Chambers, and Tulsa County Clerk candidate Vickie Rhodes finished with vote percentages in double-digits.[6]

1988[edit]

The Libertarian and Populist parties along with the Rainbow Coalition sought to have Oklahoma's restrictive ballot access law overturned, but the 10th Circuit ruled against them.[7] Nevertheless, the LP was able to gather enough signatures to get on the ballot, with Ron Paul personally submitting the petition.[8] Paul received 6,261 votes, more than twice the total of Lenora Fulani of the New Alliance Party who was the other alternative presidential candidate on the ballot in Oklahoma.[9]

1992[edit]

In pursuit of 50 state access, the LP was able to gather enough signatures to get Andre Marrou on the ballot. He finished fourth behind George H. W. Bush, Bill Clinton, and Ross Perot.[10]

1996[edit]

After getting Andre Marrou on the ballot in 1992 as an Independent, the party again successfully petitioned to run candidates in 1996. Agnes Regier defeated Michael Clem in a primary for the US Senate nomination[11] and earned 1.2% of the vote in the general election, finishing fourth in a five-person race.[12]

2000[edit]

Successfully petitioning for ballot access again, fourteen Libertarians ran for office in the state alongside presidential candidate Harry Browne. Richard Prawdzienksi, Roger Bloxham and Whitney Boutin faced off in a primary for a seat on the Corporation Commission, resulting in Bloxham and Boutin heading to a runoff.[13] Despite finishing in first place with almost 42%, Boutin dropped out of the race allowing Bloxham to be nominated. This saved the state over $200,000 for the cost of the runoff election.[14] Bloxham would finish with 1.8% of the vote in the general election. The party ran candidates in all six Congressional races, besting the Democrats who only contested five. State House candidates Steve Galpin and Chris Powell both received double-digit percentages in their races.

Municipal electoral performance[edit]

The party has also experienced a fair degree of high vote counts in municipal races in the cities of Bethany, Bartlesville, Norman, Tulsa, and Oklahoma City, as well as other races at the local, state, and national levels.[15] Most recently, libertarian activist Traci Baker received 20.96% of the vote in Norman's 2017 Ward 7 City Council race against incumbent Stephen Tyler Holman.[16]

2016 elections[edit]

In 2014 the signature requirement to get a party on the ballot was changed from 5% of the vote for president or governor was lowered from 5% to 3%.[17] On March 21, 2016, the Oklahoma Election Board declared the Libertarian Party to have turned in enough petition signatures to attain ballot status.[18] In another legislative victory, on May 5 Governor Mary Fallin signed legislation reducing the number of votes necessary for a party to retain ballot access from 10% of the presidential or gubernatorial vote to 2.5%.[19] LP presidential candidate Gary Johnson polled as high as 13% in the state.[20]

In addition to Johnson, there were seventeen Libertarian candidates for state or federal office in Oklahoma in 2016.[21] Robert Murphy defeated Dax Ewbank for the U.S. Senate nomination in the only statewide primary for any party on June 28.[22][23]

The Johnson/Weld ticket received 83,481 votes in Oklahoma, 5.8% of the total, far surpassing previous results for LP presidential candidates and maintaining ballot access for the party for 2018. Robert T. Murphy finished third in a field of five in the U.S. Senate race with 3%. Zachary Knight garnered 6.1% running for CD5 and in CD4 4.3% voted for Sevier White. Of the two Libertarian candidates for state Senate, Frank Grove got over 35% in District 35 while Richard Prawdzienski was favored by 4.5% in District 41. In the state House the OKLP fielded nine candidates, including Steve Long, Gene Bell, Christina Wright, Tamara Morton, Erin Adams, Zac Davis and Dr. Shannon Grimes as wellas Elle Collins, who took over 7% of the vote in District 87 which was won by Collin Walke with a plurality of 48%, and Clarke Duffe, who was supported by 23.5% of the voters in district 39.[24]

The sole LP candidate for a county office in the state was Chris Powell who sought to become the Oklahoma County Clerk. Facing GOP nominee David B. Hooten, Powell received 89,019 votes, 36.4% of the total.[24]

2018 elections[edit]

On the ballot for a gubernatorial election for the first time, the OKLP had three individuals seek the nomination for the state's highest executive office. In the primary on June 26, former state chair Chris Powell received 49%, just 40 votes away from winning the nomination outright. Rex Lawhorn received 31%. The third candidate, zookeeper Joe Exotic, finished with 19%.[25] With no candidate achieving a majority, the race went to a runoff between Lawhorn and Powell on Aug. 28th, which Powell won with 59%.[26] This was the first Libertarian primary runoff election in the nation. Powell received 40,833 votes in the general election, 3.44% of the total.[27] This was the highest percentage for any of the 23 Libertarian gubernatorial candidates on the ballot on Nov. 6th.[28]

Other Libertarian candidates were Dr. John Yeutter for Oklahoma State Auditor and Inspector, Richard Castolda for US House Dist. 2, seven candidates for Oklahoma House of Representatives: Lee Miller (HD68), Kelli Krebs (HD75), Gene Bell (HD78), William Cagle (HD 84), Stephen Paulsen (HD85), and Paul Brewbaker (HD 95), as well as Marcus Hall who ran for the office of County Commissioner in Canadian County, Dist. #1[29][30] and Rachel L. Bussett who was in a non-partisan contest seeking to become an Associate District Judge for Canadian County.[31]

Yeutter received over 270 thousand votes(24.82%) in his race, the highest total for any alternative party candidate ever in Oklahoma. With both Yeutter and Powell achieving greater than 2.5% the OKLP retains ballot access through at least 2022. Hall had the highest percentage in a partisan race with 27.49% and Bussett came very close to winning nonpartisan judicial office with 47.83%.[27]

Office holders[edit]

In August of 2018 David Greer was appointed to fill a vacancy on the City Council of Dougherty, Oklahoma, becoming the first Libertarian to hold elective office in the state. His current term will be up in 2020.[32]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ "No Surprises Revealed In State House Races". Newsok.com. 3 November 1982.
  3. ^ "Elections 1980". Daily Oklahoman. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. 28 August 1980.
  4. ^ "PRIMARY ELECTIONS : August 26, 1980 : DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY ELECTION" (PDF). Ok.gov. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  5. ^ "Judge Orders Libertarian Party Candidates Put on State Ballot". Newsok.com. 31 July 1984.
  6. ^ "PRIMARY ELECTIONS : August 28, 1984 : DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY ELECTION" (PDF). Ok.gov. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  7. ^ "Rainbow Coalition v. Okla. State Election Bd, 844 F.2d 740 - Casetext". Casetext.com.
  8. ^ "Petitions filed by Libertarian ballot hopeful". Daily Oklahoman. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. 15 July 1988.
  9. ^ "PRIMARY ELECTIONS : March 8, 1988 : DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY ELECTION" (PDF). Ok.gov. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  10. ^ "SPECIAL ELECTION : October 15, 1991" (PDF). Ok.gov. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  11. ^ "OKLAHOMA STATE ELECTION BOARD : PRIMARY ELECTION RESULTS : AUGUST 27, 1996" (PDF). Ok.gov. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  12. ^ "OKLAHOMA STATE ELECTION BOARD : GENERAL ELECTION RESULTS : NOVEMBER 5, 1996" (PDF). Ok.gov. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  13. ^ "OKLAHOMA STATE ELECTION BOARD : PRIMARY ELECTION RESULTS : August 22, 2000" (PDF). Ok.gov. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  14. ^ Russell Ray. "Libertarian drops out of run-off race". Tulsaworld.com.
  15. ^ [2][dead link]
  16. ^ "OU student Traci Baker loses Ward 7 Norman City Council election". Oudaily.com.
  17. ^ "HB2181 - Oklahomans For Ballot Access Reform". Okvoterchoice.org.
  18. ^ "Oklahoma Libertarian Party Is Now a Qualified Party - Ballot Access News". Ballot-access.org.
  19. ^ "Oklahoma Ballot Access Bill Signed into Law - Ballot Access News". Ballot-access.org.
  20. ^ [3][dead link]
  21. ^ "Oklahoma : CANDIDATES FOR STATE ELECTIVE OFFICE 2016" (PDF). Ok.gov. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  22. ^ "Libertarian Party is Only Oklahoma Party to have a Statewide Primary on June 28 - Ballot Access News". Ballot-access.org.
  23. ^ "State Election Results, General Election, November 6, 2018". Ok.gov.
  24. ^ a b "State Election Results, General Election, November 6, 2018". Ok.gov.
  25. ^ "All Three Oklahoma Qualified Parties Will Need a Runoff Primary on August 28 - Ballot Access News". Ballot-access.org.
  26. ^ https://www.ok.gov/elections/support/20180828_seb.html
  27. ^ a b https://www.ok.gov/elections/support/20181106_seb.html
  28. ^ https://www.lp.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/2018-election-results-governor.pdf
  29. ^ "Oklahoma's Libertarian Candidates". Libertyunfiltered.wordpress.com. 5 July 2018.
  30. ^ "Marcus Hall". Ballotpedia.org.
  31. ^ "Candidate Filings, 2018". Ok.gov.
  32. ^ http://ballot-access.org/2019/01/02/libertarian-appointed-to-city-council-of-dougherty-oklahoma/

External links[edit]