Family tree of Danish monarchs

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The Danish royal family traces its descent from the 10th century to the present monarch, King Frederik X.

House of Gorm[edit]

House of Gorm
Harthacnut I
semi-legendary
King of Denmark
Gorm the Old
?-c. 963/964
King of Denmark
r. 935(?)–963/964
Thyra
d. 958
GunhildTove of the Obotrites
10th century
Harald Bluetooth
932–985
King of Denmark
r. 963/964–985
Gyrid of Sweden
10th cent.
Knut Gormsson
c. 920/925–962
Co-King of Denmark
r. 947–962
Toke
c. 948/950–986
King of Scania
King of Denmark
r. 971–986, r. 985–986
Styrbjörn the Strong
d. 986
Tyra of Denmark
d. 1000
Olaf Tryggvason
960s–1000
King of Norway
Sigrid the Haughty
960/972–1014
Sweyn Forkbeard
963–1014
King of Denmark
r. 986–1014
Gunhild of WendenHaakon
b. 961
Gunhilde
d. 1002
Pallig Tokesen
d. 1002
Richard I
933–996
Duke of Normandy
Gunnor
c. 936–1031
Eric Haakonsson
960s–1020s
Ruler of Norway
GythaSantslaueÆlfgifu of Northampton
c. 990–after 1040
Cnut the Great
c. 985/995–1035
King of Denmark
r. 1018–1035
Emma of Normandy
c. 985–1052
ThyraHarald II
?–1018
King of Denmark
r. 1014–1018
Estrid
Svendsdatter
990/997–1057/1073
Ulf the Earl
Jarl of Orkney
d. 1026
Richard II
963–1026
Duke of Normandy
Svein Knutsson
c. 1016–1035
King of Norway
Harold I Harefoot
c. 1015–1040
King of England
Harthacnut
Canute III
c. 1018–1042
King of Denmark
r. 1035–1042
Gunhilda of Denmark
c. 1020–1038
Henry III
1017–1056
Holy Roman Emperor
Sweyn II Estridsson
c. 1019–1076
King of Denmark
r. 1047–1076
Beorn Estrithson
d. 1049
House of Estridsen

House of Estridsen[edit]

Note: This chart also includes the kings from the Houses of Bjelbo (Olaf II); Pomerania (Eric VII) and Palatinate-Neumarkt (Christopher III) + the son of Hakon Sunnivasson (Eric III)

House of Estridsen
Sweyn
Forkbeard

963–1014
King of Denmark
r. 986–1014
Thorgil Sprakling
Anund Jacob
1008/1010–c. 1050
King of Sweden
Gunnhildr Sveinsdóttir
d.c. 1060
Cnut
the Great

985/995–1035
King of Denmark
r. 1018–1035
Harald II
d. 1018
King of Denmark
r. 1014–1018
Estrid
Svendsdatter
990 or 997 – between 1057 and 1073
Ulf
the Earl

Jarl of Orkney
d. 1026
Gyda
of Sweden
d.c. 1048/1049
Sweyn II
Estridsson

c. 1019–1076
King of Denmark
r. 1047–1076
Tora
Torbergsdatter
Beorn Estrithson
d. 1049
Harald III
Hardrada

c. 1015–1066
King of Norway
GottschalkSigrid
Svendsdatter

d. after 1066
Sweyn
the Crusader

c. 1050–1097
Olaf I
Hunger

c. 1050–1095
King of Denmark
r. 1086–1095
Ingegerd
of Norway
1046–1120
Ingerid
of Denmark
Olaf III
c. 1050–1093
King of Norway
Harald III
Hen

c. 1040–1080
King of Denmark
r. 1076–1080
Margareta
Hasbjörnsdatter
Canute IV
the Holy

c. 1042–1086
King of Denmark
r. 1080–1086
Adela
of Flanders
c. 1064–1115
Eric I
Evergood

c. 1060–1103
King of Denmark
r. 1095–1103
Boedil
Thurgotsdatter

d. 1103
Svend Svendsen
d. 1104
Ulvhild
Håkansdotter

c. 1095–1148
Niels
c. 1065–1134
King of Denmark
r. 1104–1134
Margaret
Fredkulla

of Sweden
1080s–1130
Folke
the Fat
Ingegerd
Knudsdatter

of Denmark
b. 1080/1085
Charles I
Count of Flanders
1084–1127
Ingeborg
of Kiev
Canute Lavard
c. 1090–1131
Duke of Schleswig
Harald Kesja
1080–1135
Ragnhild
of Denmark
Eric II
the Memorable

c. 1090–1137
King of Denmark
r. 1134–1137
Malmfred
of Kiev
Magnus I
1106–1134
King of Sweden
House of BjelboMagnus IV
1115–1139
King of Norway
Christina
Knutsdatter

of Denmark
c. 1118–1139
Valdemar I
the Great

1131–1182
King of Denmark
r. 1154–1182
Sophia
of Minsk
c. 1140–1198
Eric III
Lamb

c. 1120–1146
King of Denmark
r. 1137–1146
Lutgard
of Salzwedel
c. 1110–1152
Sweyn III
Grathe

c. 1125–1157
King of Denmark
r. 1146–1157
Canute V
Magnussen

c. 1129–1157
King of Denmark
r. 1146–1157
Gertrude
of Bavaria
1152/1155–1197
Canute VI
1163–1202
King of Denmark
r. 1182–1202
Ingeborg
of Denmark
1175–1236
Philip II
Augustus

1165–1223
King of France
Helena
of Denmark
c. 1180–1233
William
of Winchester
1184–1213
Lord of Lüneburg
Richeza
of Denmark
c. 1180–1220
Eric X
Knutsson

c. 1180–1216
King of Sweden
Helena
Guttormsdotter
Dagmar
of Bohemia
c. 1186–1212
Valdemar II
the Victorious

1170–1241
King of Denmark
r. 1202–1241
Berengaria
of Portugal
1190s–1221
unknown
mistress
Canute
Valdemarsen

c. 1205–1260
Duke of Estonia
Valdemar
the Young

c. 1209–1231
King of Denmark
r. 1215–1231
Eleanor
of Portugal
c. 1211–1231
Niels
d. 1218
Count of Halland
Oda
of Schwerin
Matilda
of Holstein
1220/1225–1288
Abel
1218–1252
King of Denmark
r. 1250–1252
Christopher I
1219–1259
King of Denmark
r. 1252–1259
Margaret Sambiria
c. 1230–1282
Eric IV
Ploughpenny

c. 1216–1250
King of Denmark
r. 1232–1250
Jutta
of Saxony
c. 1223–1267
Sophie
1217–1247
John I
Margrave of Brandenburg
c. 1213–1266
Bernhard I
1218–1287
Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg
Sophie
1240–after 1284
Valdemar III
1238–1257
Duke of Schleswig
Eric I
1241–1272
Duke of Schleswig
Abel
1252–1279
Lord of Langeland
Valdemar
1239–1302
King of Sweden
Sophia
of Denmark
1241–1286
Ingeborg
Eriksdotter

of Denmark
c. 1244–1287
Magnus VI
Haakonsson

1238–1280
King of Norway
Agnes
of Denmark
1249–after 1290
Bernhard II
c. 1260–after 1323
Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg
Valdemar IV
d. 1312
Duke of Schleswig
Agnes
of Brandenburg
c. 1257–1304
Eric V
Klipping

1249–1286
King of Denmark
r. 1259–1286
Matilda
1250–1299/1300
Albert III
Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel
c. 1250 –1300
Margaret
c. 1257–1306
John II
1253–1321
Count of Holstein-Kiel
Magnus III
1240–1290
King of Sweden
Bernhard III
d. 1348
Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg
Nicholas II
1275–1316
Lord of Werle
Richeza
d. 1303/1308
Henry I
1258–1304
Count of Holstein
-Rendsburg
Euphemia
of Pomerania
1285–1330
Christopher II
1276–1332
King of Denmark
r. 1320–1326, r. 1329–1332
Eric VI
Menved

1274–1319
King of Denmark
r. 1286–1319
Ingeborg
Magnusdotter

of Sweden
1277–1319
Margaret
Eriksdatter

of Denmark
1277–1341
Birger
Magnusson

1280–1321
King of Sweden
Eric II
c. 1290–1325
Duke of Schleswig
Sophia
of Werle
d. 1339
Gerhard III
1292–1340
Count of Holstein-Rendsburg
Elizabeth
of Holstein-Rendsburg
c. 1300–before 1340
Eric
Christoffersen

c. 1307 – c. 1332
Junior King of Denmark
r. 1321–1326, r. 1329–1332
Valdemar IV
Atterdag

c. 1320–1375
King of Denmark
r. 1340–1375
Helvig
of Schleswig
d. 1374
Otto
c. 1310–after 1346
Duke of Lolland and Estonia
Margaret
of Denmark
1305–1340
Catherine
of Anhalt-Bernburg
c. 1330–1390
Valdemar III
1314–1364
King of Denmark
r. 1326–1329
Albert II
c. 1318–1379
Duke of Mecklenburg
Christopher
c. 1341/1344–1363
Duke of Lolland
Margaret I
1353–1412
Queen of Denmark
r. 1388–1412
Haakon VI
1340–1380
King of Norway
Henry II
c. 1317–1381/84
Count of Holstein-Rendsburg
Ingeborg
of Mecklenburg
-Schwerin
1343/1345–1395
Henry III
c. 1337–1383
Duke of Mecklenburg
Ingeborg
of Denmark
1347–1370
Olaf II
1370–1387
King of Denmark
r. 1376–1387
Catherine Elisabeth
of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1385–after 1423
Gerhard VI
c. 1367–1404
Count of Holstein-Rendsburg
Maria
of Mecklenburg
-Schwerin
Wartislaw VII
1363/1365–1394/1395
Duke of Pomerania
Dietrich
c. 1398–1440
Count of Oldenburg
Helvig
of Schauenburg
1398–1436
John
1383–1443
Count Palatine of Neumarkt
Catherine
of Pomerania
c. 1390–1426
Philippa
of England
1394–1430
Eric VII
of Pomerania

1381/1382–1459
King of Denmark
r. 1396–1439
Cecilia
fl. 1439
Christian I
1426–1481
King of Denmark
r. 1448–1481
Dorothea
of Brandenburg
1430/1431–1495
Christopher III
of Bavaria

1416–1448
King of Denmark
r. 1440–1448

House of Oldenburg[edit]

House of Oldenburg
Eric V Klipping
1249–1286
King of Denmark
r. 1259–1286
Abel
1218–1252
King of Denmark
r. 1250–1252
3 generations
skipped
4 generations
skipped
Gerhard VI
c. 1367–1404
Count of Holstein-Rendsburg
Catherine Elisabeth
of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1385–after 1423
Dietrich
1398–1440
Count of Oldenburg
Helvig
of Schauenburg
1398–1436
Christian I
1426–1481
King of Denmark
r. 1448–1481
Dorothea
of Brandenburg
1430/1431–1495
Christina
of Saxony
1461–1521
John
1455–1513
King of Denmark
r. 1481–1513
Margaret
of Denmark
1456–1486
James III
1451–1488
King of Scots
Anna
of Brandenburg
1487–1514
Frederick I
1471–1533
King of Denmark
r. 1523–1533
Sophie
of Pomerania
1498–1568
Elizabeth
of Denmark
1485–1555
Joachim I Nestor
1484–1535
Elector of Brandenburg
Francis
of Denmark
1497–1511
John II
1521–1580
Duke of Schleswig-Holstein
Adolf
1526–1586
Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
Christine
of Hesse
1543–1604
Dorothea
of Denmark
1528–1575
Christopher
1537–1592
Duke of Mecklenburg
Isabella
of Austria
1501–1526
Christian II
1481–1559
King of Denmark
r. 1513–1523
Dorothea
of Saxe-Lauenburg
1511–1571
Christian III
1503–1559
King of Denmark
r. 1534–1559
Dorothea
of Denmark
1504–1547
Albert
1490–1568
Duke of Prussia
Ulrich III
1527–1603
Duke of Mecklenburg
Elizabeth
of Denmark
1524–1586
Magnus III
of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
1509–1550
Frederick
1532–1556
Prince-Bishop of Hildesheim
Elisabeth
of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
1550–1586
John II
Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
1545–1622
Magnus
1540–1583
Duke of Holstein
Maria Vladimirovna
of Staritsa
c1560–1610
Frederick II
1534–1588
King of Denmark
r. 1559–1588
Sophie
of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
1557–1631
Dorothea
of Denmark
1546–1617
William the Younger
Duke of Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1535–1592
Anne
of Denmark
1532–1585
Augustus
1526–1586
Elector of Saxony
Henry Julius
Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1564–1613
Elizabeth
of Denmark
1573–1626
Anne
of Denmark
1574–1619
James VI/I
1566–1625
King of England
Augusta
of Denmark
1580–1639
John Adolf
1575–1616
Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
Hedwig
of Denmark
1581–1641
Christian II
1583–1611
Elector of Saxony
Alexander
1573–1627
Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
Ulrik
of Denmark
1578–1624
John
of Schleswig-Holstein
1583–1602
August Philipp
1612–1675
Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck
Kirsten Madsdatter
d.1613
Anne Catherine
of Brandenburg
1575–1612
Christian IV
1577–1648
King of Denmark
r. 1588–1648
Kirsten Munk
1598–1658
Vibeke Kruse
d. 1648
Karen Andersdatter
d.1673
Christian Ulrik Gyldenløve
1611–1640
Ulrik Christian Gyldenløve
1630–1658
Hans Ulrik Gyldenløve
1615–1645
Ulrik
of Denmark
1611–1633
Magdalene Sibylle
of Saxony
1617–1668
Christian
1603–1647
Prince-Elect of Denmark
Valdemar Christian
of Schleswig-Holstein
1622–1656
Christiane Sehested
1626–1670
Hannibal Sehested
1609–1666
Hedevig Ulfeldt
1626–1678
Ebbe Ulfeldt
c. 1600–1670
Sophie Amalie
of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1628–1685
Frederick III
1609–1670
King of Denmark
r. 1648–1670
Sophie Elisabeth
1619–1657
Christian
von Pentz
1600–1651
Elisabeth Augusta Lindenov
1623–1677
Hans
Lindenov
d.1659
Leonora Christina
1621–1698
Corfitz Ulfeldt
1606–1664
John George III
1647–1691
Elector of Saxony
Anna Sophie
of Denmark
1647–1717
Frederica Amalia
of Denmark
1649–1704
Christian Albert
1641–1695
Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
Wilhelmine Ernestine
of Denmark
1650–1706
Charles II
1651–1685
Elector Palatine
George
1653–1708
Duke of Cumberland
Anne
1665–1714
Queen of Great Britain
Frederick Louis
1653–1728
Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck
Charlotte Amalie
of Hesse-Kassel
1650–1714
Christian V
1646–1699
King of Denmark
r. 1670–1699
Sophie Amalie Moth
1654–1719
Countess of Samsøe
Ulrika Eleonora
of Denmark
1656–1693
Charles XI
1655–1697
King of Sweden
Charlotte Amalie
1682–1699
Christian Gyldenløve
1674–1703
Dorothea Krag
1675–1754
Ulrik Christian
1678 –1719
Count of Samsø
Christian
of Denmark
1675–1695
Sophia Hedwig
of Denmark
1677–1735
Charles
of Denmark
1680–1729
William
of Denmark
1687–1705
Louise
of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
1667–1721
Frederick IV
1671–1730
King of Denmark
r. 1699–1730
Elisabeth Helene
von Vieregg
1679–1704
Anne Sophie Reventlow
1693–1743
Peter August
1697–1775
Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck
Sophie Magdalene
of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
1700–1770
Christian VI
1699–1746
King of Denmark
r. 1730–1746
Charlotte Amalie
of Denmark
1706–1782
George II
King of Great Britain
163O–1760
Karl Anton
of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck
1727–1759
Ernest Frederick III
1727–1780
Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Louise
of Denmark
1726–1756
Juliana Maria
of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
1729–1796
Frederick V
1723–1766
King of Denmark
r. 1746–1766
Louise
of Great Britain
1724–1751
Frederick
1707–1751
Prince of Wales
Sophia Frederica
of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
1758–1794
Frederick
1753–1805
Hereditary Prince of Denmark
Frederick II
1720–1785
Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
Friedrich Karl
1757–1816
Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck
Charles
1744–1836
Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
Louise
of Denmark
1750–1831
William I
1743–1821
Elector of Hesse
Wilhelmina Caroline
of Denmark
1747–1820
Caroline Matilda
of Great Britain
1751–1775
Christian VII
1749–1808
King of Denmark
r. 1766–1808
Sophia Magdalena
of Denmark
1746–1813
Gustav III
1746–1792
King of Sweden
Friedrich Wilhelm
1785–1831
Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Louise Caroline
of Hesse-Kassel
1789–1867
Marie
of Hesse-Kassel
1767–1852
Frederick VI
1768–1839
King of Denmark
r. 1808–1839
Louise Auguste
of Denmark
1771–1843
Frederick Christian II
Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
1765–1814
Christian IX
1818–1906
King of Denmark
r. 1863–1906
Louise
of Hesse-Kassel
1817–1898
Ferdinand
1792–1863
Hereditary Prince of Denmark
Caroline
of Denmark
1793–1881
Charlotte Frederica
of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
1784–1840
Christian VIII
1786–1848
King of Denmark
r. 1839–1848
Caroline Amalie
of Augustenburg
1796–1881
House of GlücksburgVilhelmine Marie
of Denmark
1808–1891
Frederick VII
1808–1863
King of Denmark
r. 1848–1863
Caroline Mariane
of Mecklenburg
1821–1876
Louise Rasmussen
1815–1874
Countess Danner

House of Glücksburg[edit]

House of Glücksburg
Frederick V
1723–1766
King of Denmark
r. 1746–1766
Christian III
1503–1559
King of Denmark
r. 1534–1559
Princess Louise
of Denmark
1750–1831
7 generations skipped
Louise Caroline
of Hesse-Kassel
1789–1867
Friedrich Wilhelm
1785–1831
Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Christian IX
1818–1906
King of Denmark
r. 1863–1906
Louise
of Hesse-Kassel
1817–1898
Friedrich
of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
1814–1885
Ernest Augustus
1845–1923
Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale
Thyra
of Denmark
1853–1933
Maria Feodorovna
of Denmark
1847–1928
Alexander III
1845–1894
Emperor of Russia
Olga
of Russia
1851–1926
George I
1845–1913
King of Greece
Alexandra
of Denmark
1844–1925
Edward VII
1841–1910
King of the United Kingdom
Frederik VIII
1843–1912
King of Denmark
r. 1906–1912
Louise
of Sweden
1851–1926
Valdemar
of Denmark
1858–1939
Marie
of Orléans
1865–1909
Friedrich Ferdinand
of Schleswig-Holstein
1855–1934
Frederick
of Schaumburg-Lippe
1868–1945
Louise
of Denmark
1875–1906
Maud
of Wales
1869–1938
Haakon VII
1872–1957
King of Norway
Thyra
of Denmark
1880–1945
Gustav
of Denmark
1887–1944
Ingeborg
of Denmark
1878–1958
Carl
1861–1951
Duke of Västergötland
Gustaf VI Adolf
1882–1973
King of Sweden
Jørgen Castenskjold
1893–1978
Dagmar
of Denmark
1890–1961
Alexandrine
of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
1879–1952
Christian X
1870–1947
King of Denmark
r. 1912–1947
Harald
of Denmark
1876–1949
Helena Adelaide
of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
1888–1962
Ingrid
of Sweden
1910–2000
Frederik IX
1899–1972
King of Denmark
r. 1947–1972
Knud
1900–1976
Hereditary Prince of Denmark
Caroline Mathilde
of Denmark
1912–1995
Henrik
of Monpezat
1934–2018
Margrethe II
b. 1940
Queen of Denmark
r. 1972–2024
Benedikte
of Denmark
b. 1944
Richard
of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg
1934–2017
Anne Marie
of Greece
b. 1946
Constantine II
1940–2023
King of Greece
Inge Terney
1938–1996
Ingolf
b. 1940
Count of Rosenborg
Sussie Hjorhøy
b. 1950
Mary Donaldson
b. 1972
Frederik X
b. 1968
King of Denmark
r. 2024–present
Alexandra Manley
b. 1964
Joachim
of Denmark
b. 1969
Marie Cavallier
b. 1976
Christian
1942–2013
Count of Rosenborg
Anne Dorte Maltoft-Nielsen
1947–2014
Elisabeth
of Denmark
1935–2018
Christian
b. 2005
Count of Monpezat
Isabella
of Denmark
b. 2007
Vincent
of Denmark
b. 2011
Josephine
of Denmark
b. 2011
Nikolai
of Denmark
b. 1999
Felix
of Denmark
b. 2002
Henrik
of Denmark
b. 2009
Athena
of Denmark
b. 2012