|Genre(s)||Action role-playing, hack and slash, Dungeon crawl|
Diablo III is a dungeon crawler hack-and-slash action role-playing game developed and published by Blizzard Entertainment as the third installment in the Diablo franchise. It was released for Microsoft Windows and OS X in May 2012, the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 in September 2013, the PlayStation 4 and Xbox One in August 2014, and the Nintendo Switch in November 2018. In the game, players choose to play as one of seven character classes – Barbarian, Crusader, Demon Hunter, Monk, Necromancer, Witch Doctor, or Wizard – and are tasked with defeating the Lord of Terror, Diablo, as in previous games in the series.
An expansion pack entitled Reaper of Souls was released for the original PC versions of the game in March 2014. It was later released for consoles as part of the Diablo III: Ultimate Evil Edition version in August 2014. The Diablo III: Rise of the Necromancer pack was released for the Windows, macOS, and latest-generation console editions of the game in June 2017. Diablo III: Eternal Collection, combining Reaper of Souls and Rise of the Necromancer, was released for PlayStation 4 and Xbox One in June 2017, and for the Nintendo Switch in November 2018.
The game received critical acclaim, although its always-on DRM feature was criticized. The game set a new record for "fastest-selling PC game" by selling over 3.5 million copies in the first 24 hours of its release, and became the best-selling PC game of 2012 by selling over 12 million copies. As of August 2015, the number of sales had grown to over 30 million.
- 1 Gameplay
- 2 Plot
- 3 Development
- 4 Marketing and release
- 5 Reception
- 6 Controversies
- 7 References
- 8 Further reading
- 9 External links
Much like in Diablo and Diablo II, the quality and attributes of equipment are randomized. In addition to base stats (such as damage and attack speed for weapon or armor points on armor) higher-quality items have additional properties such as extra damage, attribute bonuses, bonuses to critical hit chance, or sockets, which allow items to be upgraded and customized by adding gems for various stat bonuses. Magic-quality items have up to three random properties, rare-quality items have up to six, and legendary-quality items typically have up to eight with varying degrees of randomness. Set items are a subtype of legendary items which provide additional, cumulative bonuses if multiple items from the same set are simultaneously equipped. Higher level monsters tend to drop higher level items, which tend to have higher base stats and bonuses.
The proprietary engine incorporates Blizzard's custom in-house physics, and features destructible environments with an in-game damage effect. The developers sought to make the game run on a wide range of systems without requiring DirectX 10. Diablo III uses a custom 3D game engine in order to present an overhead view to the player, in a somewhat similar way to the isometric view used in previous games in the series. Enemies utilize the 3D environment as well, in ways such as crawling up the side of a wall from below into the combat area.
As in Diablo II, multiplayer games are possible using Blizzard's Battle.net service, with many of the new features developed for StarCraft II also available in Diablo III. Players are also able to drop in and out of sessions of co-operative play with other players. Unlike its predecessor, Diablo III requires players to be connected to the internet constantly due to their DRM policy, even for single-player games.
An enhanced quest system, a random level generator, and a random encounter generator are used in order to ensure the game provides different experiences when replayed.
Unlike previous iterations, gold can be picked up merely by touching it, or coming within range (adjusted by gear) rather than having to manually pick it up. One of the new features intended to speed up gameplay is that health orbs drop from enemies, replacing the need to have a potion bar. The latter is replaced by a skill bar that allows a player to assign quick bar buttons to skills and spells; previously, players could only assign two skills (one for each mouse button) and had to swap skills with the keyboard or mousewheel. Players can still assign specific attacks to mouse buttons.
Skill runes, another new feature, are skill modifiers that are unlocked as the player levels up. Unlike the socketable runes in Diablo II, skill runes are not items but instead provide options for enhancing skills, often completely changing the gameplay of each skill. For example, one skill rune for the Wizard's meteor ability reduces its arcane power cost, while another turns the meteor to ice, causing cold damage rather than fire.
As in Diablo II, Diablo III gives players the choice to make hardcore characters. Players are required to first level up a regular character to level 10 before they have the option to create new Hardcore characters. Hardcore characters cannot be resurrected; instead they become permanently unplayable if they are killed. Hardcore characters are separately ranked, and they can only form teams with other hardcore characters. After dying, the ghost of a hardcore character can still chat. Their name still shows up in rankings, but the character cannot return to the game. If the hardcore character reached level 10 before dying, it can be placed in the Hall of Fallen Heroes.
Artisans are non-player characters (NPCs) who sell and craft. Two types of artisans can be introduced by completing a quest for each: Haedrig Eamon the Blacksmith and Covetous Shen the Jeweler. The Reaper of Souls expansion introduced the Mystic artisan, who can replace individual item enchantments and change the physical appearance of items. Artisans create items using materials the player can gather by scrapping acquired items and reducing them to their component parts. These materials are used to create items with random bonuses. Unlike Diablo II rare and magic items can also be enhanced rather than just basic weaponry and armor. Crafting can be used to train and improve the skills of the artisans rather than create new items. When artisans gain new levels, their shop reflects their higher skill level. The process of salvaging items into materials also makes inventory management easier. Blizzard stated that this crafting system was designed so that it would not slow down the pace of the game.
Followers are NPC allies that can accompany the player throughout the game world. There are three followers in Diablo III: Kormac the Templar, Lyndon the Scoundrel and Eirena the Enchantress, who each possess their own skills and background. As followers fight alongside the player, they gain new experience, skills, and equipment as they level up. Only one follower accompanies the player at a time, creating a gameplay strategy decision. Originally, followers were only going to appear in Normal mode; however, Jay Wilson stated at BlizzCon 2011 that followers would continue to be usable in later difficulty levels. Followers do not appear in co-op games nor against Diablo, as he traps them in a cage of metal bones.
On August 1, 2011, it was reported that Diablo III would feature two types of auction houses: one where players spend in-game gold and another where players could buy or sell virtual items for real-world money. The real-money auction house was not available in Hardcore mode.
Prior to release, Blizzard stated that nearly everything that drops on the ground, including gold, could be traded with other players either directly or through the auction house system. Aside from certain bound on account items, such as the Staff of Herding needed to access the Whimsyshire easter egg, Blizzard stated there would be very few items that would be bound to a particular character and therefore untradable.
In the gold-based auction house, a flat fee of 15 percent was taken from the final sale price of an auction. The real-money auction house fees were US$1, €1 or £1 (or equivalent) for equipment (weapons and armor) and a 15 percent fee for commodity auctions, which included items like crafting materials, blacksmith and jewelcrafting plans, and gold exchange. There was an additional 15 percent "cashing-out" fee from proceeds gained selling items in the real-money auction house.
While the gold-based auction house was available to any player regardless of which region they play in, the real-money auction was restricted to players on their home region. If they used the global play function to play in a different region, they would not be able to access the real-money auction house. The real money auction house was opened on June 12, 2012 (June 15 in the Americas).
In March 2013, former Diablo III game director Jay Wilson stated that he felt the existence of the auction houses "really hurt" the game. "I think we would turn it off if we could," Wilson said during his talk. But the solution is "not as easy as that."
On September 17, 2013, Blizzard stated that both the gold and real-money auction houses would be shut down on March 18, 2014. Players had until June 24, 2014 to claim gold and items from the completed tab on the auction house interface.
Player versus player combat (PvP) was added to Diablo III in a limited form with the 1.0.7 patch in February 2013. The Brawling system provides a simple free for all area where between two and four characters can fight and defeat each other as long as they like, but without any scores or damage being tracked. Players can participate by choosing from their existing characters, with access to all of the gear and skill they have gathered from playing the game in single-player or cooperative mode.
PvP content for Diablo III had been discussed throughout the game's development, but on March 9, 2012, Blizzard announced that PvP had been delayed and would not be included with the game's release. Lead designer Jay Wilson said in a post on Battle.net that the PvP Arena system would arrive in a post-release patch; it would include multiple Arena maps with themed locations and layouts, PvP-centric achievements, and a quick and easy matchmaking system.
On December 27, 2012, Blizzard announced that the previously mentioned Team Deathmatch or Arena mode was canceled, because it did not have enough depth. Instead a simple PvP system would be added for the time being. That PvP mode was initially named Dueling, and was renamed to Brawling before release. Although the PvP systems initially outlined were not released, Blizzard stated that they would add other full-featured PvP systems in a free future content patch. In a May 2013 interview, Diablo III developer Wyatt Cheng stated that the development team was looking to see how the Brawling PvP evolves, while they "continue to work on figuring out something more objective-based."
There are five available character classes from Diablo III and one from the Reaper of Souls expansion, for a total of six character classes; a seventh has been added in 2017. In the previous two games each class had a fixed gender, but in Diablo III players may choose the gender.
- The Witch Doctor is a new character reminiscent of the Diablo II necromancer, but with skills more traditionally associated with shamanism and voodoo culture. The witch doctor has the ability to summon monsters, cast curses, harvest souls, and hurl poisons and explosives at their enemies. To power spells the Witch Doctor uses Mana, a vast pool of mental power which regenerates slowly.
- The Barbarian previously appeared in Diablo II, and has a variety of revamped skills at their disposal based on incredible physical prowess. The barbarian is able to whirlwind through crowds, cleave through swarms, leap across crags, crush opponents upon landing, and grapple-snap enemies into melee range. The resource used by the barbarian is fury, which is generated through attacking enemies, getting attacked by enemies, and using certain abilities. Fury is used for the barbarian's strongest abilities and degenerates over time.
- The Wizard is a version of the sorceress from Diablo II or the sorcerer from Diablo. The Wizard's abilities range from shooting lightning, fire and ice at their enemies to slowing time and teleporting past enemies and through walls. Wizards fuel their spells with arcane power, which is a shallow but fast-regenerating power source.
- The Monk is a melee attacker, using martial arts to cripple foes, resist damage, deflect projectiles, attack with blinding speed, and land explosive killing blows. Monk gameplay combines the melee elements of Diablo II's assassin class with the "holy warrior" role of the paladin. Blizzard has stated that the monk is not related in any way to the monk class from the Sierra Entertainment–made Diablo: Hellfire expansion. The monk is fueled by spirit, which has defensive purposes and is slowly generated through attacking, though it does not degenerate.
- The Demon Hunter combines elements of Diablo II's amazon and assassin classes. Demon hunters use bows and crossbows as their main weapons and can also throw small bombs and knives at enemies. The demon hunter is fueled by both discipline and hatred: hatred is a fast regenerating resource that is used for attacks, while discipline is a slow regenerating resource used for defensive abilities involving acrobatics or shadows.
- The Crusader is a Reaper of Souls expansion character. The crusader has a variety of combat skills at its disposal based on physical prowess, and typically wields a shield and an associated weapon (typically a flail). The crusader has an eclectic mix of abilities, including movement abilities to move into the thick of battle, close-quarters attacks that dispose of many nearby enemies, and many more. The resource used by the crusader is wrath, which is generated through attacking enemies, getting attacked by enemies, and using certain abilities.
- The Necromancer is a death-themed spellcaster, available as downloadable content for Reaper of Souls. Described as a "reimagining" of the previous incarnation seen in Diablo II, the necromancer specializes in controlling the dead, be it by summoning minions, reviving dead enemies temporarily or using their corpses as a medium to their magical powers, while using blood magic to power their offensive and defensive abilities. The resource used by the necromancer is essence, which is generated through attacking enemies with their primary skills.
All seven classes are represented in Blizzard's crossover multiplayer online battle arena title Heroes of the Storm (2015) as playable heroes. Players can choose between Sonya (the Barbarian), Johanna (the Crusader), Valla (the Demon Hunter), Kharazim (the Monk), Xul (the Necromancer), Nazeebo (the Witch Doctor), and Li-Ming (the Wizard).
The game takes place in Sanctuary, the dark fantasy world of the Diablo Series, twenty years after the events of Diablo II. Deckard Cain and Leah are in Tristram Cathedral (the same cathedral that was the setting of Diablo) investigating ancient texts regarding an ominous prophecy. A mysterious star falling from the sky strikes the Cathedral, creating a deep crater into which Deckard Cain disappears.
The protagonist arrives in the town of New Tristram to investigate the falling star which struck the cathedral, which is now emanating risen undead. The protagonist accompanies Leah to the cathedral in order to rescue Cain from the crater into which he fell. After rescuing Cain, the protagonist learns that the only way to the fallen star is to defeat King Leoric, the former ruler of Khanduras known now as the 'Skeleton King'. Cain informs the protagonist that Leoric's crown must be recovered to defeat him, and the protagonist searches for Leoric's crown with the aid of Haedrig Eamon, the blacksmith of New Tristram. After recovering the crown, the protagonist returns to the cathedral where he/she eventually encounters and rescues Kormac, a warrior of the Templar order who has been taken captive by members of a cult known as the Dark Coven. Together, they defeat Leoric and find a stranger where the fallen star landed. The stranger's only memory is of a sword that shattered into three pieces as he fell.
The protagonist recovers the sword pieces from the Khazra Den and the Drowned Temple, opposed by the witch Maghda, leader of the Dark Coven - giving aid to a bandit named Lyndon in retrieving a false relic in the process. Maghda, however, recovers the third piece before the protagonist does and attempts to force Cain to repair the sword. Leah, however, kills the cultists with a surge of magical power, forcing Maghda to kill Cain and flee with the stranger. Cain, before dying, repairs the sword and tasks the protagonist with returning it to the stranger, revealing that both the sword and the stranger are angelic. The protagonist pursues Maghda into the bowels of King Leoric's dilapidated torture chambers underneath his manor, rescuing the stranger and returning to him his sword after a violent fight with the Butcher, a powerful demon. The stranger's memories are recovered, and it is revealed that he is the Archangel Tyrael, the Aspect of Justice. Disgusted with his fellow angels' unwillingness to protect humanity from the forces of Hell, Tyrael casts aside his divinity to become a mortal and warn Sanctuary about the arrival of the demon lords Belial (Lord of Lies) and Azmodan (Lord of Sin).
The protagonist, Leah, and Tyrael travel to the city of Caldeum. The protagonist leaves to track down Maghda at Alcarnus as per orders from Asheara, commander of the Iron Wolves (returning from Diablo II), while Leah and Tyrael search for evidence of Belial in the city sewers. The protagonist first encounters a young Enchantress who introduces herself as Eirena, who hails from a different era. With Eirena's help, the protagonist finds and stops cultists from channeling an illusion by halting their progress. Continuing on, the protagonist reaches the Khasim Outpost, finding that Belial's serpent demons have imprisoned and replaced the true guards. Freeing Captain Davyd and his men, the protagonist reclaims the Khasim Outpost from the serpent demons and is given access to Alcarnus. After freeing the prisoners, the protagonist fights Maghda in her lair and kills her, avenging Cain, then returns to Caldeum to rescue Leah from the grasp of the Imperial Guards. Gaining an audience with the young Emperor of Caldeum, Hakan II, the protagonist is blamed for the chaos at Alcarnus, and the Emperor orders the protagonist's death and that Leah be brought to him, forcing the protagonist to escape the palace. Escaping to the sewers, Leah reveals that her mother, Adria (the witch of Tristram from the original game) is still alive. The protagonist aids Leah in rescuing Adria from the city's sewers.
Adria reveals that the key to stopping the forces of Hell is the Black Soulstone. Crafted by the deranged warlock Zoltun Kulle, it has the power to trap the souls of the seven Lords of Hell and destroy them forever. Leah explains that Kulle was slain by the Horadrim before he could put the finishing touches on the stone, and that his severed head was sealed off in the lush Dahlgur Oasis. Adria instructs the protagonist to find the warlock's head in the oasis if the Soulstone is to be retrieved. After the head is retrieved, Leah revives the ghost of Zoltun Kulle, and Tyrael instructs him to activate the Black Soulstone. Kulle states that two vials of his blood hidden by the Horadrim in the Desolate Sands are needed to reach the stone. Leah decides to accompany the protagonist whilst putting the warlock's head in the protagonist's packs. After recovering the two vials of blood, the protagonist ventures into Kulle's archives in search of his body, while Leah prepares the ritual to bring Kulle back. After Kulle is brought back to life, the protagonist is then led into the archive's inner sanctum where the Black Soulstone is located, but is forced to defeat Kulle when the resurrected warlock attempts to take the soulstone for himself. Upon returning to Caldeum, the protagonist finds the city under attack by Belial's forces. Leah and Adria fight their way to the palace with the protagonist, revealing Belial as having taken the form of the Emperor to deceive them, and eventually defeat him. Leah then traps Belial's soul within the Black Soulstone, freeing Caldeum, after which she has a vision of the demon lord Azmodan, who is invading Sanctuary from the crater of Mount Arreat (destroyed by Tyrael in Diablo II: Lord of Destruction) in order to retrieve the Black Soulstone and empower himself, becoming the Prime Evil.
The protagonist travels to Bastion's Keep with Tyrael, their followers, Leah and Adria only to find it under attack by Azmodan's army. Tyrael instructs the protagonist to aid the defenders, lighting the signal fires on the keep's walls, and raising the catapults. With that done, the protagonist enters the stronghold, where Azmodan's forces have breached the lower levels, defeating the demon Ghom, the Lord of Gluttony. The protagonist then takes to the battlefield, destroying Azmodan's siege weapons and traveling to the crater of Mount Arreat. Tyrael assists the protagonist in reaching the demonic gate protecting the crater, and destroys it with his sword, El'druin. After a gruesome battle with a huge Siegebreaker Assault Beast, the protagonist traverses the depths of Arreat's inner core, destroying the Sin Hearts, which empower Azmodan and his armies. Azmodan's consort Cydaea, the Maiden of Lust, attempts to protect the hearts, but is defeated by the protagonist, who then confronts and defeats Azmodan. Leah seals Azmodan's soul within the Black Soulstone. With all seven Lords of Hell trapped within the stone, Tyrael states that the Eternal Conflict between Heaven and Hell will be ended if the stone is destroyed. The protagonist returns to Bastion's Keep, but finds that Adria has betrayed them. Adria reveals she has been serving Diablo from the beginning, and that Leah's father is Leoric's son Aidan, the Dark Wanderer (the Warrior player character from the first game and Diablo's reincarnate body in Diablo II), who was possessed by Diablo. Adria uses the Black Soulstone to resurrect Diablo while forcing Leah to serve as his vessel. With all the souls of the Lords of Hell now within him, Diablo becomes the Prime Evil, and begins an assault on the High Heavens.
The protagonist arrives in the High Heavens to find that it is already under attack. Imperius, the Aspect of Valor, blames the protagonist and Tyrael for their downfall, causing Tyrael to give in to despair. On the other hand, the protagonist remains determined to fight, and defeats the demon Iskatu. The protagonist then meets Itherael, the Aspect of Fate, who instructs him to rescue Auriel, the Aspect of Hope, from Rakanoth, the Lord of Despair, in the Library of Fate. After rescuing Auriel and returning hope to the forces of Heaven, the protagonist is then instructed by Auriel to close the Hell Rifts. After this is done, the protagonist finds Tyrael, who has overcome his despair. Together, they attempt to stop Diablo from reaching the Crystal Arch, the source of power for the forces of Heaven, but not before a brawl with Izual, Tyrael's corrupted former lieutenant. After a long and fierce battle, Diablo is defeated and his physical manifestation is destroyed. The Black Soulstone is shown falling from the High Heavens, still intact. After the battle, Tyrael decides to rejoin the Angiris Council as the new Aspect of Wisdom, but remains a mortal, dedicated to building a permanent alliance between angels and humans.
Development on Diablo III began in 2001 when Blizzard North was still in operation, and the game was first announced on June 28, 2008, at the Blizzard Worldwide Invitational in Paris, France. The original artistic design differed from that shown at Blizzard Worldwide Invitational 2008 demonstration, and had undergone three revisions before reaching the standards felt necessary by the team behind Diablo III. It was announced that the game would be simultaneously released on both Windows and macOS platforms, and would require a constant internet connection to play, even for single-player mode.
The proprietary engine incorporates Blizzard's custom in-house physics, a change from the original usage of Havok's physics engine, and features destructible environments with an in-game damage effect.
Diablo III's lead designer was Jay Wilson, a former Relic Entertainment designer credited with work on Warhammer 40,000: Dawn of War and Company of Heroes, as well as Blood II: The Chosen for Monolith Productions. The lead world designer was Leonard Boyarsky, one of the six co-creators of Fallout.
On May 9, 2011, Blizzard announced that the game was expected to be released for external beta testing in Q3 of 2011. On September 7, 2011, Blizzard community manager Bashiok confirmed the start of the closed public beta test of the game with limited external testing by employees and their families. Testers were not restricted by a non-disclosure agreement. The beta began on April 20, 2012, and closed on May 1, 2012. Following the beta, the game officially released for Windows and OS X on May 15, 2012.
On June 11, 2012, it was announced at the 2012 Apple Worldwide Developers Conference keynote that native Retina display support would be coming to Diablo III. The following day, a Blizzard representative confirmed via the official Battle.net forums Apple's statement, the ongoing work by the developer on the optimization of the game engine for its rendering on the Retina display (and technically on other similar future high-density monitors) and that this optimization was mainly for aesthetic purposes.
Patch 1.0.4 introduced the paragon leveling system. After reaching the level cap of 60, characters continue to accumulate experience points, gaining paragon levels (up to a cap of 100), each of which provides a bonus to core stats (making characters more powerful and durable) and magic find and gold find (increasing the quantity and average quality of loot drops).
Patch 1.0.5 expanded the difficulty settings with the addition of the Monster Power system. In addition to the Normal/Nightmare/Hell/Inferno difficulty system, players can also set Monster Power at any level from 0 to 10, with each level of Monster Power increasing the damage, health points, experience point yield and loot drop rates beyond the base value for a given difficulty tier.
The first PvP addition to the game was in February 2013, as part of patch 1.0.7; a simple free-for-all system called "Brawling" and multiple item crafting options.
For Diablo's 20th anniversary, it was announced during BlizzCon 2016 that Diablo III would receive a free patch called The Darkening of Tristam that would recreate the original game. The patch contained a 16-level dungeon, four main bosses from the 1996 version and special graphics filters and 8-directions limited movement like the original game. The patch released on November 4, 2016.
On January 10, 2012, Blizzard community manager Bashiok tweeted "Yup. Josh Mosqueira is lead designer for the Diablo III console project" however a Blizzard spokesperson later clarified that Bashiok's tweet was only "intended as a confirmation that Blizzard is actively exploring the possibility of developing a console version of Diablo III," adding, "This is not a confirmation that Diablo III is coming to any console platform."
At Sony's Press Conference on February 20, 2013, Chris Metzen announced that Diablo III would release on both PlayStation 3 and PlayStation 4. Activision Blizzard stated in their first-quarter 2013 earnings report, that the PlayStation 3 version of Diablo III would be released in 2013. On June 6, 2013, Blizzard announced that both the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 port of the game would be released on September 3, 2013. A PS3 version of the game was published and localized by Square Enix in Japan, released there on January 30, 2014.
In August 2013, Diablo III developers stated that they had started on the PlayStation 4 development of the game, titled Diablo III: Ultimate Evil Edition, and were looking at how to best utilize the new features of the PS4 controller, such as the TouchPad and the Share button. In May 2014, Blizzard announced that Diablo III: Ultimate Evil Edition would be released on August 19, bringing the game to the PlayStation 4, Xbox One, PlayStation 3, and Xbox 360. The game runs at a display resolution of 1080p on the PlayStation 4 and Xbox One. The consoles versions of Reaper of Souls added several new features exclusive to it, including the Nemesis System which sends a boss into a player's game that hunt downs their character.
On June 27, 2017, Diablo III: Eternal Collection, which includes all content from previous expansions, was released for PlayStation 4 and Xbox One. It was later released for the Nintendo Switch as well, which included exclusive content based on Nintendo's The Legend of Zelda series and features Amiibo support.
Reaper of Souls expansion
At Gamescom 2013, Diablo III: Reaper of Souls was announced as the first expansion pack for the game. It features the fallen angel of wisdom Malthael as the expansion's main villain and is set in the city of Westmarch, which takes inspiration from many Gothic medieval locations. The expansion includes a new hero called the Crusader, an increased level cap to level 70, major improvements to loot drops including the ability to change item stats using an enchanting system, the ability to change the look of an item using transmogrification, and an improved Paragon leveling system which is account-wide and does not have a level cap. Reaper of Souls was released on March 25, 2014, for the Windows and macOS versions of Diablo III. The expansion pack content was released as part of the Diablo III: Ultimate Evil Edition version for consoles on August 19 for the PlayStation 4, Xbox One, PlayStation 3, and Xbox 360. That edition expanded the base Diablo III game on the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360, and brought the game for the first time to the PlayStation 4 and Xbox One. A second expansion was being worked on at the time of Reaper of Soul's release, but was later abandoned by Blizzard with the developers predominantly moving over to World of Warcraft.
Russell Brower wrote the original score for the game, with additional music being composed by Derek Duke, Glenn Stafford, Joseph Lawrence, Neal Acree, Laurence Juber, and Edo Guidotti. When composing for the orchestra, Brower tried to respect the Wagnerian style from the expansion to the second game in the series, Lord of Destruction. The Overture is considered the main theme of the game and it has been performed by the Eminence Symphony Orchestra, and was released on iTunes in 2009, as a single. A similar composition was used in the cinematic teaser trailer of the game. The Tristram theme from the first Diablo, also used in the second game, is present in Diablo III with some changes.. Irish choral ensemble Anúna also feature on the soundtrack. Brower stated that "Working somewhat against conventional expectations, Hell is a beautiful and seductive sound, provided by Dublin’s uniquely astounding choral group ANÚNA". A full soundtrack was released on iTunes at the same time of the game's release, as well as part of the Collector's Edition of the game.
Marketing and release
Diablo III was released on May 15, 2012. Players had the options to buy one of two retail boxed versions, a standard edition and collector's edition, or could also pre-order directly from Battle.net and download the installer in advance. On May 14, 2012, players who bought the downloadable version from Battle.net could install the rest of the game including patches. On May 15, 2012, the retail version could be bought from stores doing midnight launches such as GameStop. The Diablo III Battle.net servers went live at this point, people who downloaded the game could begin playing. Initially the launches were hindered by heavy server load with many users getting various errors, including the error 37 which reads; "The servers are busy at this time. Please try again later". These issues made the game unplayable for those affected, while some others experienced in-game bugs. Despite assurances from Blizzard that the problems leading to the connection errors during Diablo III's launch had been resolved, Eurogamer reported on May 31, 2012, that these errors were still ongoing, and had reappeared after patch 1.0.2 was released for the game. Many fans complained that the ongoing problems had caused them to lose their hardcore (permanent death) characters. In South Korea, players waited up to 36 hours to purchase the collector's edition.
The release was also the source of a minor controversy in Australia when retailer Game went into voluntary administration the day before the release, and so was unable to honor pre-orders or offer refunds. In response to this, Blizzard Entertainment offered affected customers credit in purchasing the digital version of the game.
On April 23, 2015, the game was released in China as it was approved by the Ministry of Culture. It used to be sold under the name "Big Pineapple" (大菠萝 Dɑ Boluo) which sounds similar to Diablo in Mandarin Chinese in order to dodge the sales ban.
World of Warcraft promotion
Starting at BlizzCon in October 2011, Blizzard offered an "annual pass" for World of Warcraft, where players who signed up for a 12-month subscription to that game received a free digital copy of Diablo III once released, as well as guaranteed beta access for the Mists of Pandaria expansion to World of Warcraft and a special Diablo-inspired mount called Tyrael's Charger in World of Warcraft.
A demo version of the game, called the Starter Edition, was released simultaneously with the full release. It provides a limited introduction to the game where players can complete Act 1 up to the Skeleton King boss encounter with a level cap of 13. Originally after Diablo III's release the Starter Edition was only available through a guest pass code, which was included with the boxed versions of the game. Players have the option to upgrade to the full game through their Battle.net accounts. The Starter Edition became available to all users a few months after release on August 15, 2012.
GamesRadar+ was positive about the game's opening act and its nods to past Diablo games saying "we liked what we saw". IGN was positive about the new skill system stating "Instead of gameplay like Diablo II, where I often regretted how I allotted my ability points, Diablo III encourages experimentation and finding out exactly what works for your play-style. It's a vastly superior way to handle character abilities", and praised the overall gameplay, stating "the new systems really do make it a lot easier to enjoy Diablo III". IGN further praised the game's new gameplay design, in particular the rune and loot systems, the randomly generated levels and the game's enjoyable unpredictability. It stated the game's feel is quite intuitive and also praised the game's sound and voicing.
Rock, Paper, Shotgun gave mixed commentary during the game's beta period, praising the actual game itself by stating that it is much more direct than its predecessors and intuitive in its interface. However, it said the playing experience is spoiled due to lag in single-player mode caused by a lack of an offline single-player mode. Following the game's release, it reaffirmed its displeasure at the always-online DRM and offered a mixed opinion that the game was enjoyable but added "nothing new" to its genre.
Users have voiced criticism about the game's strong digital rights management which requires what is known as persistent online authentication, resulting in the lack of an offline single-player mode. Erik Kain, a Forbes contributing writer, stated that the requirement to remain online is not necessary for single-player mode and that Blizzard is abusing its position as a "juggernaut" and is setting a worrying precedent for the gaming industry. In response to questions about the lack of offline single-player, Diablo III senior producer Alex Mayberry said, "Obviously StarCraft II did it, World of Warcraft authenticates also. It's kind of the way things are, these days. The world of gaming is not the same as it was when Diablo II came out."
Gaming Blend supported the game's fanbase (referring to the user ratings on Metacritic and Amazon) and rejected counter-criticisms of the community. It claims that the gaming industry at large is far too defensive of production companies' actions, to the point of accepting backward steps in game availability. William Usher, the article's author said, "Journalists should have been acknowledging consumer distaste rather than fueling it with pro-corporate pandering." While Gaming Blend disliked the always-online DRM, it did give the game a positive review. It stated the game includes interesting opportunities for experimentation and has great appeal for replaying over and over. The review concluded the game is "smooth and entertaining". A GameArena critic questioned how Blizzard managed to "fail so spectacularly at creating reliable networking for Diablo 3" before going on to point out the lack of competitive multiplayer.
Many users criticized the art direction as it was considered too bright and colourful in contrast to the darker atmosphere of the previous releases. This led to petitions demanding Blizzard to change the design. The lead producer Keith Lee responded to these criticisms and explaining the design choices by stating that "We feel that color actually helps to create a lot of highlights in the game so that there is contrast." He also highlighted that unlike the previous games, the players explore outdoors.
The Black Soulstone footage won the 'Outstanding Visual Effects in an Animated Commercial or Video Game Trailer' award from the Visual Effects Society. The Switch version was nominated for the Freedom Tower Award for Best Remake at the New York Game Awards 2019.
Before its release, Diablo III broke several presale records and became the most pre-ordered PC game to date on Amazon. Activision Blizzard reported that Diablo III had broken the one-day PC sales records, accumulating over 3.5 million sales in the first 24 hours after release and over 6.3 million sales in its first week, including the 1.2 million people who obtained Diablo III through the World of Warcraft annual pass. On its first day, the game amassed 4.7 million players worldwide, an estimate which includes those who obtained the game via the World of Warcraft annual pass. In its 2012 second quarter report, Diablo III was reported to have pushed Activision Blizzard's expectations and as of July 2012[update], more than 10 million people had played the game. Diablo III remains the fastest selling PC game to date, and also one of the best-selling PC video games. As of the end of 2012, it had sold more than 12 million copies, and as of March 2013[update], Blizzard stated that Diablo III had around 1 million daily players, with 3 million unique players each month. By May 2013, Diablo III had been played by 14.5 million unique players. and had sold over 30 million copies worldwide by August 2015.
On May 28, 2012, Blizzard Entertainment's offices in South Korea were raided by the Fair Trade Commission amid allegations that the company had breached consumer rights laws, including suspected violations of Korea's law on electronic commerce and commercial contracts. Players in Korea requested refunds from Blizzard based on their inability to play Diablo III, but Blizzard cited the terms of sale and refused to grant these requests. Hundreds of gamers filed formal complaints with the FTC, and in June 2012 Blizzard started offering players full refunds.
On June 15, 2012, French consumers group UFC Que Choisir announced that it had received 1,500 complaints in four days regarding connectivity issues with Diablo III. As a result of this, the organization asked Blizzard Entertainment to provide a permanent solution by June 30, 2012, and to "communicate completely and transparently about problems encountered in due time". They also requested that gamers be given reimbursement for any troubles they may have encountered. In addition, they asked the French government to take a closer look at games with online-only DRM. On June 28, Blizzard replied to the Que Choisir that the box for Diablo III clearly labelled that a high-speed internet connection was required and that most of the stability issues had been fixed.
The German Federation of Consumer Organizations threatened legal action if Blizzard did not respond to complaints about Diablo III's lack of clear information on the German version of the box by July 27, 2012, regarding the always-online requirement and lack of ability to resell the digital game.
- Wilson, Jay. "Diablo". Blizzard Entertainment. Blizzard. Retrieved June 13, 2011.
- "Items - Game Guide - Diablo III".
- Onyett, Charles (June 28, 2008). "Diablo III Gameplay Panel Live Blog". IGN. Retrieved June 28, 2008.
- "Diablo III - Frequently Asked Questions". Blizzard Entertainment.
- "Diablo III 'Classes' Gameplay (video)". GameVideos.com. June 28, 2008. Archived from the original on June 26, 2013. Retrieved June 29, 2008.
- "Live From Blizzard's Worldwide Invitational 2008". IGN. June 28, 2008. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
- Welsh, Oli (June 28, 2008). "Blizzard announces Diablo III". Eurogamer. Retrieved June 28, 2008.
- Coldewey, Devin (August 1, 2011). "Diablo 3 DRM Requires Constant Internet Connection – Until You Crack It, Of Course". TechCrunch. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- "Diablo III Unveiled" (Press release). Blizzard Entertainment. June 28, 2008. Archived from the original on August 22, 2008. Retrieved August 28, 2010.
- "Diablo III Game Guide: Gameplay Fundamentals". Blizzard Entertainment. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
- Breckon, Nick. "ShackNews 19 May 2009, retrieved on 2009-19-05". Shacknews.com. Retrieved May 21, 2009.
- Donlan, Chris (August 1, 2011). "Hardcore mode is indeed back..." Next-gen.biz. Archived from the original on January 6, 2012. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- "Diablo III Hardcore Mode patch 14". Archived from the original on August 4, 2012.
- Coby, Alex (May 14, 2012). "If You're Not Playing Diablo III Hardcore, You're Doing It Wrong". GameSpot. Archived from the original on July 6, 2013. Retrieved May 23, 2013.
- Schlotan, Nathan (August 21, 2010). "Travel With the Caravan in Diablo III". RPGamer. Archived from the original on August 26, 2010. Retrieved August 22, 2010.
- "Diablo III - Followers". Blizzard Entertainment.
- "Followers Viability".
- Mead, Derek (July 31, 2011). "Diablo III to offer cash auctions, can't be played offline". Digital Trends. Retrieved August 2, 2011.
- "Get Rich Playing Diablo III". IGN. August 1, 2011. Retrieved August 1, 2011.
- Winter, Nick (January 14, 2012). "Blizzard Drops Auction House for Korean Diablo III". GameSpy.com.
- "Diablo III Auction House General Information". Blizzard Entertainment. Retrieved May 3, 2012.
- "Introducing Global Play for Diablo® III". Blizzard Entertainment. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
- "Diablo 3 Director Jay Wilson: Auction Houses 'really hurt' game".
- "Jay Wilson: We'd Turn Off Diablo III's Auction House If We Could".
- "Jay Wilson Says the Diablo 3 Auction House Hurt the Game".
- Liebl, Matt (September 17, 2013). "Diablo 3 Auction house to be shut down in March 2014". GameZone. Retrieved September 18, 2013.
- "Diablo III Auction House Update FAQ".
- "Patch 1.0.7 Now Live". Blizzard. February 12, 2013. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- Wilson, Jay (March 9, 2012). "Diablo III PvP Update - Diablo III". Us.battle.net. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- Wilson, Jay (December 27, 2012). "Diablo III PvP Update". Blizzard Entertainment. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
- "Dueling System Renamed to 'Brawling'". diablo.somepage.com. February 8, 2013. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
- Bramblet, Matthew (May 26, 2013). "Candid Chats with Wyatt Cheng and Travis Day". Diablo Somepage. Retrieved June 15, 2013.
- "FAQ Which characters will be in Diablo III?". Blizzard.com. Retrieved May 21, 2009.
- "Diablo III Character classes". Us.blizzard.com. Retrieved May 8, 2011.
- Restoring the Balance—Necromancer Overview - Diablo III
- "Diablo III - Witch Doctor Character Class Interview". IGN.com. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
- "Diablo III - Barbarian Character Class Interview". IGN.com. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
- "Diablo III - Wizard Character Class Interview". IGN.com. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
- Bashiok (August 24, 2009). "Lies about old classes? -Monk-". Blizzard Entertainment. Archived from the original on August 30, 2009. Retrieved September 28, 2009.
- "Diablo III - Monk Character Class Interview". IGN.com. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
- "Diablo III - Demon Hunter Character Class Interview". IGN.com. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
- "The Archivist (april fools) - Diablo Wiki". DiabloWiki. Retrieved March 17, 2013.
- "Diablo heroes in Heroes of the Storm". Blizzard.
- "Diablo 3 cannot be played offline". PC Gamer. January 8, 2011.
- "Diablo III is Coming Soon". Cheats.co. March 20, 2012. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
- Harper, Elizabeth (June 29, 2008). "Joystiq chats with Jay Wilson on Diablo 3". Joystiq.com. Retrieved August 3, 2014.
- Remo, Chris (June 30, 2008). "Blizzard mines my 90s-era gaming memories". Remowned. Retrieved July 1, 2008.
- McElroy, Justin (May 9, 2011). "Diablo 3 'external' beta coming Q3 2011". Joystiq. Retrieved May 19, 2011.
- Bashiok (September 7, 2011). "Friends And Family Test And NDA". us.battle.net.
- "Diablo® III Open Beta Weekend". Blizzard Entertainment. Retrieved April 20, 2012.
- "Diablo III Launching May 15 – Digital Pre-Sales NOW OPEN". Blizzard. March 15, 2012.
- "Diablo 3 updated with Retina display support for 'next generation' MacBook Pro". Joystiq.
- "Diablo III and 2012 MacBook Pro Retina Displays". Machkhan (Blizzard's Support Forum Agent).
- "Introducing the Paragon System - Diablo III".
- "Monster Power: More Guts, More Glory - Diablo III".
- Schreier, Jason. "Blizzard Is Remaking Diablo Inside Of Diablo III". Kotaku. Retrieved November 4, 2016.
- Sanchez, Miranda. "The Original Diablo Returns in Diablo 3 Anniversary Patch". IGN. Retrieved November 4, 2016.
- Schreier, Jason (January 10, 2012). "Blizzard: Diablo III Is Coming To Consoles". Wired. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
- Bradford, Matt (January 10, 2012). "Blizzard: Diablo III not confirmed for any console platform at this time". Retrieved January 11, 2012.
- Dyer, Mitch (February 20, 2013). "Blizzard Announces Diablo 3 for PlayStation 4". Retrieved February 20, 2013.
- Bramblet, Matthew (May 18, 2013). "PlayStation 3 Diablo III Release Date in 2013". diablo.somepage.com. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
- Kubba, Sinan (June 6, 2013). "Diablo 3 coming to Xbox 360 as well, dated worldwide Sept. 3". Retrieved June 6, 2013.
- Hillier, Brenna (February 5, 2014). "3DS sales top 15 million in Japan, Diablo 3 debuts close to chart top – Media Create". VG24/7. Retrieved March 30, 2014.
- Kanter, Rob (August 28, 2013). "PS3 Diablo III Characters Might Play on PS4 - Matthew Berger from the D3 console team talks future plans for the game". Diablo Somepage. Retrieved August 29, 2013.
- "Reaper of Souls Coming to Console August 19". Blizzard Entertainment. May 12, 2014. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
- Purchese, Robert (June 12, 2014). "Diablo 3 runs at 1080p on PS4, 900p on Xbox One". Eurogamer. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
- Lee, Tyler (August 7, 2014). "Diablo 3 For Xbox One To Get 1080p Support In Day One Patch". Ubergizmo. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
- Parker, Jason (August 16, 2018). "Diablo 3 coming to Nintendo Switch with Zelda-themed items this fall". CNET.
- Tucker, Kevin (August 31, 2018). "Diablo 3 on Nintendo Switch will have Amiibo support". Shacknews. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
- "Live: Blizzard Gamescom conference".
- "Diablo III: Reaper of Souls". Blizzard Entertainment. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
- Flux (March 31, 2009). "Diablo III's Composer Speaks". incgamers.com.
- Flux (2009). "Diablo III Overture - Single, Russell Brower & The Eminence Symphony Orchestra". iTunes.
- "Destructoid News".
- Newman, Jared. "Diablo III Launches at Midnight: What You Need to Know". PCWorld. Retrieved May 18, 2012.
- "Diablo 3 Server Meltdown Unable to Meet Demand". IBTimes.
- Tassi, Paul (May 15, 2012). "The Good, the Bad and the Ugly of Diablo 3 Launch Day". Forbes. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
- "Diablo 3 struck by error 37 woe again". Eurogamer. May 30, 2012.
- "디아블로 3, 한정판 구하기 하늘의 별따기? …줄 선 사람들도 돌려 보내". etoday.
- Manning, James (May 16, 2012). "'Ripped off': fans rage as Diablo 3 debut spoiled by glitches". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
- Manning, James (May 15, 2012). "Blizzard steps in after GAME customers 'left out in the cold'". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
- "Activision Blizzard Announces Better-Than-Expected Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results". Yahoo Finance. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
- "Diablo 3 Being Called "Big Pineapple" in China to Dodge Sales Ban". PCWorld. May 29, 2012. Retrieved June 26, 2012.
- Entertainment, Blizzard (November 2, 2011). "World of Warcraft Annual Pass Update - World of Warcraft". battle.net. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- "'Diablo 3' Starter Edition confirmed". Digitalspy.ca. May 14, 2012. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- "'Diablo 3' Starter Edition Now Available". Blizzard Entertainment. August 15, 2012. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
- "Diablo III for PC Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved May 22, 2012.
- "Diablo III for PlayStation 3 Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
- "Diablo III for Xbox 360 Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
- "Diablo III: Ultimate Evil Edition for PlayStation 4 Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
- "Diablo III: Ultimate Evil Edition for Xbox One Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
- "Diablo III: Eternal Collection for Switch Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
- "Diablo III review". Edge. May 18, 2012. Retrieved May 21, 2012.
- Welsh, Oli (May 21, 2012). "Diablo 3 Review". Eurogamer. Retrieved May 21, 2012.
- Kelly, Kevin (May 21, 2012). "Diablo 3 Review for PC". G4. Retrieved May 22, 2012.
- Biessener, Adam (May 22, 2012). "A New High Water Mark For Action/RPGs - Diablo III". Game Informer. Retrieved May 23, 2012.
- Petit, Carolyn (May 22, 2012). "Diablo III Review". GameSpot. Archived from the original on May 26, 2012. Retrieved May 23, 2012.
- Osborn, Chuck (May 22, 2012). "Diablo 3 Review - The Verdict Is In!". GameSpy. Retrieved May 23, 2012.
- Cooper, Hollander (May 21, 2012). "Diablo III review". GamesRadar. Retrieved May 22, 2012.
- Gallegos, Anthony. "Diablo III Review". IGN. Retrieved May 23, 2012.
- Francis, Tom (May 22, 2012). "Diablo 3 review". PC Gamer. Retrieved May 22, 2012.
- Gies, Arthur. "Diablo 3 Review: Angels and Demons". Polygon. Retrieved May 24, 2012.
- "Diablo III review (so far) - Act I impressions". GamesRadar. May 15, 2012. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
- "Diablo III Review in Progress". IGN. May 14, 2012. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
- Gallegos, Anthony (May 14, 2012). "Diablo III Review: Well worth the wait". Retrieved May 28, 2012.
- Walker, John (May 15, 2012). "Hack Slashes: Three Hours With Diablo III". Rock, Paper, Shotgun.
- Walker, John (May 18, 2012). "How Diablo III's Solo Experience Reveals A Hollow Game". Rock, Paper, Shotgun. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
- Kain, Erik (May 17, 2012). "Diablo III' Fans Should Stay Angry About Always-Online DRM". Forbes. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
- Geere, Duncan (August 1, 2011). "Diablo 3 will come with egregious DRM, cash-payments and no modding". Wired UK. Archived from the original on April 23, 2012. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
- Usher, William (May 17, 2012). "Diablo 3's Launch Fiasco Proves Video Game Journalism Fails". Cinema Blend. Retrieved May 18, 2012.
- Haas, Peter (May 20, 2012). "Diablo 3 Review: Between Heaven And Hell". Cinema Blned. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
- Joaby (May 15, 2012). "Diablo III Review". GameArena. Archived from the original on October 13, 2012. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- Tracey, John (February 7, 2008). "'Diablo III' Producer Justifies Controversial Art Direction: 'Color Is Your Friend'". MTV. Retrieved February 9, 2016.
- Liebl, Matt (February 10, 2012). "Blizzard wins award for Diablo III 'Black Soulstone' cinematic". GameZone. Archived from the original on November 14, 2012. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
- Giardina, Carolyn (February 7, 2012). "'Apes,' 'Hugo,' 'Transformers 3' Win Two Categories Each at VES Awards". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- Keyes, Rob (January 3, 2019). "2018 New York Game Awards Nominees Revealed". Screen Rant. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
- Liebl, Matt (May 12, 2012). "Diablo 3 is Amazon's most pre-ordered PC game ever". GameZone. Archived from the original on May 13, 2012. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
- Cork, Jeff (May 23, 2012). "Diablo III Breaks PC Sales Records". Game Informer. Retrieved May 23, 2012.
- Goldfarb, Andrew (August 2, 2012). "Diablo III Has More than 10 Million Players". IGN. Retrieved March 29, 2013.
- Bramblet, Matthew (February 7, 2013). "Activision Blizzard Q4 2012 Earnings Report". diablo.somepage.com. Archived from the original on September 3, 2014. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
- Kanter, Rob (March 28, 2013). "Diablo III Has 3 Million Players a Month, 1 Million Each Day - Jay Wilson at GDC gives current gameplay stats and reflects on how the Auction House 'really hurt' the game". diablo.somepage.com. Retrieved March 29, 2013.
- "Diablo III's One-Year Anniversary Infographic". Blizzard Entertainment. May 20, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
- Sarker, Samit (August 4, 2015). "Diablo 3 lifetime sales top 30 million units". Polygon. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
- "Blizzard probed over Diablo 3". Korea Times. May 29, 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2012.
- Orry, James (June 1, 2012). "Blizzard's Korean Offices Raided after Fan Outcry over Diablo 3 Server Issues". Videogamer.com. Retrieved May 23, 2013.
- Hatfield, Tom (June 1, 2012). "Blizzard Offices Raided over Diablo 3 Refund Policy after Error 37 Strokes Korean Gamers". PC Gamer. Retrieved May 23, 2013.
- Goldfarb, Andrew (June 21, 2012). "Blizzard Offers Full Diablo III Refunds in South Korea". IGN. Retrieved May 23, 2013.
- "Face à l'enfer vécu par les joueurs, l'UFC-Que choisir prend les manettes". June 11, 2012. Retrieved May 23, 2013.
- "France Threatening Blizzard with Legal Action". June 13, 2012. Retrieved May 23, 2013.
- "Diablo 3 et l'erreur 37 : la réponse de Blizzard à l'UFC-Que Choisir" (in French). Retrieved July 3, 2012.
- Usher, William (July 23, 2012). "Diablo 3's Always-On DRM Pushes German Consumer Advocacy Group To Pursue Legal Action". Retrieved July 31, 2012.
- Chalk, Andy (July 23, 2012). "German Consumer Group Threatens Legal Action Against Blizzard". Escapist Magazine. Retrieved May 23, 2013.
- Wright, Steven T. (August 14, 2019). "What goes right and wrong when games like Diablo 3 take a decade to make". Polygon. Retrieved August 17, 2019.