Democratic Forum of Germans in Romania
|Chamber leader||Ovidiu Ganț|
|Ideology||German minority interests
|European Parliament group||not represented,
EPP-ED (Jan - Nov 2007)
|Seats in the Senate||
0 / 176
|Seats in the Chamber||
1 / 412
|Seats in the European Parliament||
0 / 33
The Democratic Forum of Germans in Romania (German: Demokratisches Forum der Deutschen in Rumänien, DFDR; Romanian: Forumul Democrat al Germanilor din România, in short Forumul German, abbreviated FDGR) is a centrist political party representing the German minority in Romania.
It was founded at the end of 1989. Despite originally being a German minority party, the party grew quite popular amongst many ethnic Romanians, especially in parts of Transylvania or Banat, including the major city of Sibiu, where the party still has a majority in the local city council (12 out of 23 seats).
The party is regarded as independent, whilst its politicians, including former Sibiu mayor, former party leader, and current President of Romania, Klaus Johannis, have earned respect as thorough administrators. The party has often cooperated with the National Liberal Party, to which Iohannis became a member and one of its prime leaders in February, 2013.
The history of the German minority in Romania, and more specifically, their presence in the historical region of Transylvania, spans for almost a millennium. Under the term "Romanian Germans" (Rumäniendeutsche) are included a wide variety of different regional German-speaking groups, including most notably:
- Transylvanian Saxons
- Banat Swabians
- Sathmar Swabians
- Bukovina Germans
- Transylvanian Landler
- Zipser Germans
- Regat Germans (the term Regat refers to what was Romanian territory until World War I).
Since the year 2000, the FDGR/DFDR has won offices on both local and regional levels. In Sibiu (Hermannstadt), the DFDR's Klaus Johannis has held the office of mayor from 2000 to 2014. In 2004, the party gained 60.43% of the vote in local elections for the Municipal Council. The FDGR/DFDR holds 12 out of the 23 seats in the Sibiu Municipal Council, forming an absolute majority alongside the PNL.
Following the 2016 local elections in Sibiu County (which has a population of about 450,000 residents), the FDGR/DFDR won 8 out of 33 seats in the County Council, where it is the third strongest political faction. The FDGR/DFDR has also had mayors in office since 2004 in the cities of Mediaş (Mediasch) and Cisnădie (Heltau), as well as in a few villages in the Satu Mare (Sathmar) county. The DFDR is an associated member of the Federal Union of European Nationalities.
- 1990-1992: Thomas Nägler
- 1992-1998: Paul Philippi
- 1998-2001: Eberhard Wolfgang Wittstock
- 2001-2013: Klaus Werner Johannis
- 2013-present: Paul-Jürgen Porr
Localities with DFDR mayors
- Ciumești (Schamagosch)
- Cisnădie (Heltau)
- Foieni (Fienen)
- Petreşti (Petrifeld)
- Sibiu (Hermannstadt)
- Tiream (Terem)
- Martin Bottesch (President of the Sibiu County Council)
- Ovidiu Ganț (Member of Parliament and MEP for Romania, 2007-2009)
- Klaus Johannis (5th President of Romania)
- Paul Philippi (Theologian and President of DFDR)
- Eberhard Wolfgang Wittstock (Journalist and former DFDR Member of Parliament)
|Election||Chamber of Deputies||Senate|