Swastika-and-letter-F symbol of the National Romanian Fascio
The National Romanian Fascio (Romanian: Fascia Națională Română) was a small fascist group that was active in Romania for a short time during the 1920s.
Led by Titus Panaitescu Vifor, the group emerged from the short-lived National Fascist Party in 1921 and, at its peak, had around 1,500 members. It defined itself as national socialist, although generally it pursued a policy of corporatism, land reform and support for the creation of agricultural cooperatives. It was critical of capitalism and also espoused antisemitism. The movement's main areas of influence were Western Moldavia, Bukovina, and Banat.
The party merged with the National Italo-Romanian Cultural and Economical Movement in 1923 to form the National Fascist Movement, although a small rump movement carried on, with little significance. Both groups shared a close affinity to Italian fascism which facilitated their merger.
- ^ Stanley G. Payne, A History of Fascism 1914-45, Routledge, 2001, p. 136
- ^ F.L. Carsten, The Rise of Fascism, Methuen & Co, 1974, p. 184
- ^ Chronology of Romanian Fascism Archived 2005-11-24 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ R. Ioanid , 'Romania', RJB Bosworth, The Oxford Handbook of Fascism, Oxford University Press, 2009, pp, 402-3