Festina (cycling team)

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Festina
Festina cycling team - Paris-Nice 1993.jpg
The Festina–Lotus at the 1993 Paris–Nice
Team information
UCI code FES
Registered Spain (1989–1992)
Andorra (1993–1994, 1996)
France (1995, 1997–2001)
Founded 1989 (1989)
Disbanded 2001
Discipline Road
Key personnel
General manager Miguel Moreno Cachinero (1989–1993)
Bruno Roussel (1994–1998)
Juan Fernández Martín (1999–2001)
Team name history
1989
1990–1992
1993–1999
2000–2001
Lotus–Zahor
Lotus–Festina
Festina–Lotus
Festina
Festina (cycling team) jersey
Jersey

Festina is a former professional cycling team that was active in the professional peloton from 1989 to 2001. The team was sponsored by Spanish watch manufacturers Festina.

History[edit]

Beginnings[edit]

The team first appeared as Lotus-Zahor but the following year, 1990, the team became Lotus-Festina. In 1993, the team became Festina-Lotus which it was known by until 2000. The team was a Spanish team from 1989 to 1992. Then the team was based in Andorra in 1993 and 1994. In 1995, the team became French-based from which it would stay until the team retired from the peloton, with the sole exception of 1996.

In 1991, the team signed the Portuguese cyclist Acacio Da Silva who would not win the sprints classification in that year’s Vuelta a España.[1]

The team signed Sean Kelly in 1992 who won Milan–San Remo, the first Classic victory for the team.[2] The team entered its first Tour de France in 1992. The team manager and directeur sportifs at this time included Miguel Moreno Cachinero and Carlos Machin Rodriguez but Bruno Roussel joined the team in 1993 and would lead the team during its most successful years. Richard Virenque joined the team in 1993.[3] The following year the team challenged Miguel Indurain in the 1994 Tour de France whereby teammates Luc Leblanc and Richard Virenque finished the race 4th and 5th overall and Festina won the team classification. Over the following years, Festina would be present in the Tour de France with Virenque finishing the race 3rd overall in 1996 and second overall in 1997.

Festina Doping Scandal[edit]

Virenque was a favourite in the 1998 Tour de France but after team soigneur Willy Voet was caught by France-Belgium border officials with large quantities of doping products in his Festina team car, all members of the 1998 Tour team including the World Champion Laurent Brochard and Christophe Moreau were arrested and seven admitted to taking EPO[4] and were ejected from the race.[5] Team doctor Eric Rijkaert was also arrested. Rijkaert was team doctor from 1993 to 1998. Laurent Brochard, Christophe Moreau and Didier Rous confessed and were served a six-month suspension before returning to racing[6] whereas Richard Virenque did not confess, releasing a book called Ma Vérité where he denied using doping products. However, on 24 October 2000, Virenque finally confessed and was handed a suspension.[7] The team doctor that was at the heart of the scandal, Eric Rijkaert, released a book in 2000 about the affair and discussing doping in the sport called De Zaak Festina.[8]

Post Festina affair[edit]

Due to these doping scandals, the team reorganised itself and sponsor Festina set up the Fondation d’Entreprise Festina which aimed to promote any actions that prevent doping taking place that are undertaken by institutions or individuals.[9] After the Festina Affair Juna Fernadez Martin, Yvon Sanquer, Michel Gros, Roberto Torres Toledano, Jacky Lachevere and Gerald Rue directed the team in its final years. The team achieved 3rd and 4th overall in the 2000 Tour de France with Joseba Beloki and Christophe Moreau and won the 2001 Vuelta a España with Angel Casero before retiring from the sport at the end of the 2001 season. The sponsor Festina continued in professional cycling for many years more by being the official timekeeper at the Tour de France, the Giro d'Italia, the Vuelta a España and several other stage-races.

Major wins[edit]

1989
Stage 6 Vuelta a España, Luc Suykerbuyk
Criterium Bavel, Luc Suykerbuyk
1990
Route Adélie de Vitré, Roberto Torres
1991
 Spain National Cyclo-cross Championships
Giro del Veneto, Roberto Pagnin
Stage 2 Volta Ciclista a Catalunya, Mathieu Hermans
1992
Milan–San Remo, Sean Kelly
Trofeo Luis Puig, Sean Kelly
Stage 3 Vuelta a Aragon, Andrei Zubov
Stage 13 Vuelta a Espana, Roberto Torres
Stage 10 Giro d'Italia, Roberto Pagnin
Stage 7 Tour de Suisse, Sean Kelly
Stage 9 Tour de Suisse, Roberto Pagnin
  Switzerland National Road Race Championships, Thomas Wegmüller
Giro del Lago Maggiore, Thomas Wegmüller
Circuito de Getxo, Mathieu Hermans
1993
Stages 4 & 8 Vuelta a España, Jean-Paul Van Poppel
Stage 14, Tour de France, Pascal Lino
Stage 3 Volta Ciclista a Catalunya, Jean-Paul Van Poppel
Profronde van Oostvoorne, Gert Jakobs
Stage 2 Tour du Poitou Charentes et de la Vienne, Thierry Marie
Criterium Ulvenhout, Sean Kelly
1994
Ronde van Boxmeer, Jean-Paul Van Poppel
Etoile de Bessèges, Jean-Paul Van Poppel
Ronde van Pijnacker, Jean-Paul Van Poppel
Stage 9 Vuelta a España, Jean-Paul Van Poppel
Stage 5 Critérium du Dauphiné, Pascal Herve
Jersey polkadot.svg Mountains classification Tour de France, Richard Virenque
Stage 2, Jean-Paul Van Poppel
Stage 11, Luc Leblanc
Stage 12, Richard Virenque
World Road Race Championships, Luc Leblanc
Boucles de l'Aulne, Richard Virenque
Trophée des Grimpeurs - Polymultipliée, Richard Virenque
1995
 France National Cyclo-cross Championships
La Poly Normande, Richard Virenque
Jersey violet.svg Overall Vuelta a Burgos, Laurent Dufaux
Jersey orange.svg Overall Route du Sud, Laurent Dufaux
Gent-Wevelgem, Lars Michaelsen
Stages 4 & 6 Critérium du Dauphiné, Richard Virenque
Stages 7 Critérium du Dauphiné, Fabian Jeker
Jersey polkadot.svg Mountains classification Tour de France, Richard Virenque
Stage 15, Richard Virenque
1996
 France National Cyclo-cross Championships, Emmanuel Magnien
Overall Vuelta Ciclista de Chile, Christophe Moreau
 Finland National Road Race Championships, Joona Laukka
Boucle de l'Artois, Jean-Miche Thilloy
Escalada a Montjuic, Fabian Jeker
La Poly Normande, Laurent Brochard
Jersey yellow.svg Overall Tour du Limousin, Laurent Brochard
Jersey yellow.svg Overall Tour du Haut Var, Bruno Boscardin
Stage 7 Paris–Nice, Bruno Boscardin
Stage 6 Giro d'Italia Pascal Herve
Stage 4 Critérium du Dauphiné, Richard Virenque
Jersey polkadot.svg Mountains classification Tour de France, Richard Virenque
Stages 17 & 19, Laurent Dufaux
  Switzerland National Hill climb Championships, Laurent Dufaux
Giro del Piemonte, Richard Virenque
1997
Overall Vuelta Ciclista de Chile, Patrice Halgand
Jersey yellow.svg Etoile de Bessèges, Patrice Halgand
La Poly Normande, Richard Virenque
Prueba Villafranca de Ordizia, Laurent Lefevre
GP d'Ouverture La Marseillaise, Richard Virenque
Stage 7 Giro d'Italia, Marcel Wüst
Jersey polkadot.svg Mountains classification Tour de France, Richard Virenque
Stage 9, Laurent Brochard
Stage 14, Richard Virenque
Stage 17, Anthony Neil Stephens
Stage 18, Didier Rous
Coppa Bernocchi, Gianluca Bortolami
Stages 2, 3 & 5 Vuelta a España, Marcel Wüst
World Road Race Championships, Laurent Brochard
Giro del Piemonte, Gianluca Bortolami
1998
Overall Vuelta Ciclista de Chile, Marcel Wüst
Grand Prix du Midi Libre, Laurent Dufaux
Escalada a Montjuic, Fabian Jeker
GP Chiasso, Gianluca Bortolami
Stage 5b Setmana Catalana de Ciclisme, Alex Zuelle
Stage 3 Critérium International, Christophe Moreau
Stage 3 Vuelta Ciclista al Pais Vasco, Pascal Herve
Trophée des Grimpeurs - Polymultipliée, Pascal Herve
Jersey yellow.svg Overall Tour de Romandie, Laurent Dufaux
Prologue, Stages 1 & 3, Laurent Dufaux
Stage 4b, Alex Zuelle
Prologue, Stages 6 & 15 Giro d'Italia, Alex Zuelle
Circuito de Getxo, Marcel Wüst
Stage 6 Critérium du Dauphiné, Richard Virenque
GP Ouest France-Plouay, Pascal Herve
Stages 14 & 17 Vuelta a España, Marcel Wüst
Stage 21 Vuelta a España, Alex Zuelle
1999
A Travers le Morbihan, Patrice Halgand
Stage 1 Setmana Catalana de Ciclisme, Marcel Wüst
Grand Prix de Plumelec-Morbihan, Patrice Halgand
Stage 5 Critérium du Dauphiné, Laurent Madouas
Jersey yellow.svg Overall Tour du Poitou Charentes et de la Vienne, Christophe Moreau
Stage 4, Christophe Moreau
Stages 4, 5, 6 & 7 Vuelta a España, Marcel Wüst
Stage 9, Vuelta a España, Laurent Brochard
 Australia National Time Trial Championships, Jonathan Hall
2000
Profronde van Surhuisterveen, Marcel Wüst
Escalada a Montjuic, Fabian Jeker
Jersey red.svg Overall Vuelta Ciclista Asturias, Joseba Beloki
Stage 3b Tour de Romandie, Joseba Beloki
Jersey yellow.svg Overall Deutschland Tour, David Plaza Romero
Stage 6, Marcel Wüst
Stage 7, David Plaza Romero
Stage 3 Tour de Suisse, Wladimir Belli
Stage 5 Tour de France, Marcel Wüst
GP Città di Camaiore, Wladimir Belli
Stage 5 Tour du Poitou Charentes et de la Vienne, Stéphane Auge
2001
Overall Vuelta Ciclista de Chile, David Plaza Romero
Stage 2 Etoile de Bessèges, Steffen Radochla
Stage 5 Etoile de Bessèges, Florent Brard
Cholet - Pays De Loire, Florent Brard
Stage 3 Tour de Romandie, David Plaza Romero
Jersey yellow-bluebar.svg Overall Critérium du Dauphiné, Christophe Moreau
 France National Time Trial Championship, Florent Brard
Prologue Tour de France, Christophe Moreau
Prueba Villafranca de Ordizia, David Clinger
Jersey gold.svg Overall Vuelta a España, Angel Moreno
Paris-Bourges, Florent Brard

Notable riders[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History Vuelta 1991". la vuelta .com. Archived from the original on 11 June 2011. Retrieved 27 October 2007. 
  2. ^ "Lotus-Festina 1992". the cycling website.net. Archived from the original on 20 June 2010. Retrieved 27 October 2007. 
  3. ^ "Festina-Lotus 1993". cyclebase.nl. Retrieved 27 October 2007. 
  4. ^ "Tour riders down wheels over drug use". London independent. Retrieved 28 July 2007. [dead link]
  5. ^ "A hint of doping at Tour de France". Herald Tribune. Archived from the original on 20 February 2008. Retrieved 19 July 2007. 
  6. ^ "Dopage 2". Humanite. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 29 July 2007. 
  7. ^ "Richard Virenque - sa vérité!". Dopage free cyclisme. Retrieved 27 October 2007. 
  8. ^ De Zaak Festina
  9. ^ "Sponsorship cycling". Archived from the original on 24 October 2007. Retrieved 27 October 2007. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Festina (cycling team) at Wikimedia Commons