2012 Tour de France

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2012 Tour de France
2012 UCI World Tour, race 18 of 28
Route of the 2012 Tour de France.png
Route of the 2012 Tour de France
Race details
Dates 30 June – 22 July
Stages 20 + Prologue
Distance 3,496.9 km (2,173 mi)
Winning time 87h 34′ 47"
Winner  Bradley Wiggins (GBR) (Team Sky)
Second  Chris Froome (GBR) (Team Sky)
Third  Vincenzo Nibali (ITA) (Liquigas-Cannondale)

Points  Peter Sagan (SVK) (Liquigas-Cannondale)
Mountains  Thomas Voeckler (FRA) (Team Europcar)
Youth  Tejay van Garderen (USA) (BMC Racing Team)
Team RadioShack-Nissan

The 2012 Tour de France was the 99th edition of the Tour de France. It began with a prologue time trial in the city of Liège in Belgium,[1][2] and finished on the Champs-Élysées in Paris. As well as the prologue, the first two road stages took place in Belgium, and one stage finished in Switzerland.

Bradley Wiggins (Team Sky) won the overall race, and became the first British rider to win the Tour. Wiggins finished 3' 21" clear of compatriot and teammate Chris Froome, making them the first British riders to finish in the top three in the general classification, although some months later Wiggins was retrospectively promoted to 3rd in the 2009 Tour following the disqualification of Lance Armstrong. The yellow jersey was worn for the first week by Switzerland's Fabian Cancellara (RadioShack-Nissan), who won the prologue.[3] Wiggins, second in the prologue, took the leadership of the race on stage 7, the first mountainous stage, which was won by Froome,[4] and maintained his lead throughout the rest of the race, winning both the long time trials, and not losing time to his main challengers for the overall title in the mountains. Froome came second in both the long time trials, and was alongside, or slightly ahead of, Wiggins on the mountainous stages. Italian Vincenzo Nibali (Liquigas-Cannondale) was third place overall and the only rider to consistently keep pace with Wiggins and Froome in the mountains.

The points classification was won by Nibali's Slovakian teammate, Peter Sagan. Sagan won three stages, and was second or third in four others: German sprinter André Greipel of Lotto-Belisol, and world champion Mark Cavendish, another British rider on Team Sky, both also won three stages, but were less consistent, failing to score any points in the two uphill sprints won by Sagan. Team Europcar's French rider Thomas Voeckler, winner of two mountainous stages and top scorer on seven successive cols, won the mountains classification, and BMC Racing Team's American rider Tejay van Garderen, in fifth place overall, won the award for the best young rider, while the team competition was won by RadioShack-Nissan, and Chris Anker Sørensen was given the award for the most combative rider.


The Prince-Bishops' Palace in Liège, Belgium, hosted the team presentation ceremony on 28 June.

Twenty-two teams participated in the 2012 edition of the Tour de France.[5] All eighteen UCI ProTeams were entitled, and obliged, to enter the race.[6] On 6 April 2012, the organizer of the Tour, Amaury Sport Organisation (ASO), announced the four UCI Professional Continental teams given wildcard invitations, of which one was Dutch-based and three French.[7] The presentation of the teams – where each team's roster are introduced in front of the media and local dignitaries – took place outside the Prince-Bishops' Palace in Liège, Belgium, on 28 June, two days before the opening stage held in the city.[8]

The number of riders allowed per squad was nine, therefore the start list contained a total of 198 riders.[9] From the riders that began this edition, 153 completed the race.[10] Riders of 31 different nationalities participated, the largest numbers being from France (44), Spain (21), Netherlands (18), Italy (15), Belgium (14), Germany (13) and Australia (12).[9] The average age of all the riders was 30.17; the youngest riders were Anthony Delaplace (Saur-Sojasun), Dominik Nerz (Liquigas-Cannondale), Thibaut Pinot (FDJ-BigMat) and Peter Sagan (Liquigas-Cannondale), at 22, and the most senior were RadioShack-Nissan riders Chris Horner and Jens Voigt at 40.[11] Saur-Sojasun was the youngest team and RadioShack-Nissan.[12]

The teams entering the race were:[5]

Professional Continental teams

Pre-race favourites[edit]

Team Sky's Bradley Wiggins, the eventual winner, had been widely considered as favourite for the general classification before the race.

2011 winner Cadel Evans attempted to defend his Tour title, but lost time on two key mountain stages and finished in seventh place. Runner-up Andy Schleck (and later declared 2010 winner) was not in the Tour due to a fracture of the sacral bone of his pelvis at the Critérium du Dauphiné.[13] The third still-active former Tour de France winner Alberto Contador was suspended and did not start in 2012 Tour.

Other former Grand Tour winners who took part in this Tour de France were: Denis Menchov (2009 Giro d'Italia, and 2005 and 2007 Vuelta a España: finished 15th), Alexander Vinokourov (2006 Vuelta a Espana: finished 31st), Alejandro Valverde (2009 Vuelta a España: finished 20th), Vincenzo Nibali (2010 Vuelta a España: finished 3rd), Juan José Cobo (2011 Vuelta a España: finished 30th), Ivan Basso (2006 Giro d'Italia and 2010 Giro d'Italia: finished 25th), Michele Scarponi (2011 Giro d'Italia: finished 24th) and Ryder Hesjedal (2012 Giro d'Italia: withdrew injured).[14][15][16]

According to many observers before the race the favourite was the eventual winner, British rider Bradley Wiggins.[17][18] Having finished fourth in the 2009 edition and been a podium finisher in the 2011 Vuelta a España, Wiggins had already showed good form during the season by winning the overall title in the stage races Paris-Nice, Tour de Romandie and the Critérium du Dauphiné.

Route and stages[edit]

The route was accidentally leaked by the ASO on its website on 10 October 2011,[19] eight days before the official presentation. The route featured a total of 101.1 km[20] in individual time trials and three uphill finishes: La Planche des Belles Filles (stage 7), La Toussuire - Les Sybelles (stage 11) and Peyragudes (stage 17). The Col du Grand Colombier, a climb that had previously featured in the Critérium du Dauphiné, Tour de l'Avenir and the Tour de l'Ain, was included for the first time, and was among six hors catégorie rated climbs in the Alps and Pyrenees.[21]

Stage characteristics and winners[22][23]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
P 30 June Liège 6.4 km (4 mi) Individual time trial  Fabian Cancellara (SUI)
1 1 July Liège to Seraing 198 km (123 mi) Flat stage  Peter Sagan (SVK)
2 2 July Visé to Tournai 207.5 km (129 mi) Flat stage  Mark Cavendish (GBR)
3 3 July Orchies to Boulogne-sur-Mer 197 km (122 mi) Medium-mountain stage  Peter Sagan (SVK)
4 4 July Abbeville to Rouen 214.5 km (133 mi) Flat stage  André Greipel (GER)
5 5 July Rouen to Saint-Quentin 196.5 km (122 mi) Flat stage  André Greipel (GER)
6 6 July Épernay to Metz 207.5 km (129 mi) Flat stage  Peter Sagan (SVK)
7 7 July Tomblaine to La Planche des Belles Filles 199 km (124 mi) Medium-mountain stage  Chris Froome (GBR)
8 8 July Belfort to Porrentruy 157.5 km (98 mi) Medium-mountain stage  Thibaut Pinot (FRA)
9 9 July Arc-et-Senans to Besançon 41.5 km (26 mi) Time Trial.svg Individual time trial  Bradley Wiggins (GBR)
10 July Mâcon Rest day
10 11 July Mâcon to Bellegarde-sur-Valserine 194.5 km (121 mi) Mountain stage  Thomas Voeckler (FRA)
11 12 July Albertville to La Toussuire - Les Sybelles 148 km (92 mi) Mountain stage  Pierre Rolland (FRA)
12 13 July Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne to Annonay - Davézieux 226 km (140 mi) Medium-mountain stage  David Millar (GBR)
13 14 July Saint-Paul-Trois-Châteaux to Cap d'Agde 217 km (135 mi) Flat stage  André Greipel (GER)
14 15 July Limoux to Foix 191 km (119 mi) Mountain stage  Luis León Sánchez (ESP)
15 16 July Samatan to Pau 158.5 km (98 mi) Flat stage  Pierrick Fedrigo (FRA)
17 July Pau Rest day
16 18 July Pau to Bagnères-de-Luchon 197 km (122 mi) Mountain stage  Thomas Voeckler (FRA)
17 19 July Bagnères-de-Luchon to Peyragudes 143.5 km (89 mi) Mountain stage  Alejandro Valverde (ESP)
18 20 July Blagnac to Brive-la-Gaillarde 222.5 km (138 mi) Flat stage  Mark Cavendish (GBR)
19 21 July Bonneval to Chartres 53.5 km (33 mi) Time Trial.svg Individual time trial  Bradley Wiggins (GBR)
20 22 July Rambouillet to Paris 120 km (75 mi) Flat stage  Mark Cavendish (GBR)
Total 3,496.9 km (2,173 mi)[24]

Classification leadership[edit]

There were four main individual classifications contested in the 2012 Tour de France, as well as a team competition. The most important was the general classification, which was calculated by adding each rider's finishing times on each stage. The rider with the least accumulated time is the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification will be considered the winner of the Tour.[25][26] If a crash happened within the final 3 km (1.9 mi) of a stage, not including time trials and summit finishes, the riders involved received the same time as the group they were in when the crash occurred.[27] There were no time bonuses given for this edition of the Tour.[28]

Points classification "coefficient" ranking for the twenty stages[26][29]
Stage classification 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
No particular difficulty
Short with uneven terrain
Very difficult
Very difficult short
Time trial

The points classification leader was identified with a green jersey.[25] Riders received points for finishing among the highest placed in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints during the stage.[26] The points available for each stage finish were determined by the "coefficient" ranking scale.[29]

No changes were made to the mountains classification, where points were awarded to the riders that reached the top of the most difficult ascents first. The climbs were categorised as either hors catégorie (English: beyond category), first, second, third, or fourth-category, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs.[26] The overall leader wore a polka dot jersey.[25] Double points were awarded on the summit finishes on stages 1, 11 and 20.[26]

The young rider classification, denoted by a white jersey,[25] was calculated the same way as the general classification, but the classification was restricted to riders who were born on or after 1 January 1988.[28] The team classification was calculated using the finishing times of the best three riders per team on each stage (not the team time-trial); the leading team was the team with the lowest cumulative time. The number of stage victories and placings per team determined the outcome of a tie.[28] The riders in the team that lead this classification were identified with yellow number bibs on the back of their jerseys.[25] For the time in the Tour's history the leading wore yellow helmets.[30] In addition, there was a combativity award, given after each stage to the rider considered, by a jury, to have "made the greatest effort and who has demonstrated the best qualities of sportsmanship".[28] The winner wore a red number bib the following stage.[25] At the conclusion of the Tour, Chris Anker Sørensen won the overall super-combativity award.[10][28]

A total of €2,414,246 was awarded in cash prizes in the race. The overall winner of the general classification received €450,000, with the second and third placed riders getting €200,000 and €100,000 respectively; all finishers of the race were awarded with money. The holders of the classifications benefited on each stage they lead; the final winners of the the points and mountains were given €25,000, while the best young rider and most combative rider got €20,000. Team prizes were available, with €10,000 for the team time trial and €50,000 for the winners of the team classification.[31] There were also two special awards each with a prize of €5000,[32] the Souvenir Jacques Goddet, given to the first rider to pass Goddet's memorial at the summit of the Col du Tourmalet in stage sixteen,[33] and the Souvenir Henri Desgrange, given to first rider to pass the summit of the highest climb in the Tour, the Col de la Croix de Fer in stage eleven.[34] Thomas Voeckler won the Jacques Goddet and Pierre Rolland the Henri Desgrange.[33][34]

Classification leadership by stage
Stage Winner General classification
Yellow jersey
Points classification
Green jersey
Mountains classification
Polka dot jersey
Young rider classification
White jersey
Team classification
Jersey with a yellow background on the number bib.
Combativity award
Jersey with a red background on the number bib.
P Fabian Cancellara Fabian Cancellara Fabian Cancellara no award Tejay van Garderen Team Sky no award
1 Peter Sagan Michael Mørkøv Nicolas Edet
2 Mark Cavendish Peter Sagan Anthony Roux
3 Peter Sagan Michael Mørkøv
4 André Greipel Yukiya Arashiro
5 André Greipel Mathieu Ladagnous
6 Peter Sagan David Zabriskie
7 Chris Froome Bradley Wiggins Chris Froome Rein Taaramäe Luis León Sánchez
8 Thibaut Pinot Fredrik Kessiakoff RadioShack-Nissan Fredrik Kessiakoff
9 Bradley Wiggins Tejay van Garderen no award
10 Thomas Voeckler Thomas Voeckler Thomas Voeckler
11 Pierre Rolland Fredrik Kessiakoff Pierre Rolland
12 David Millar Robert Kišerlovski
13 André Greipel Michael Mørkøv
14 Luis León Sánchez Peter Sagan
15 Pierrick Fédrigo Nicki Sørensen
16 Thomas Voeckler Thomas Voeckler Thomas Voeckler
17 Alejandro Valverde Alejandro Valverde
18 Mark Cavendish Alexander Vinokourov
19 Bradley Wiggins no award
20 Mark Cavendish
Final Bradley Wiggins Peter Sagan Thomas Voeckler Tejay van Garderen RadioShack-Nissan Chris Anker Sørensen
  • In stage two, Peter Sagan, who was second in the points classifications, wore the green jersey, because Fabian Cancellara wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification during that stage.[35]

Final standings[edit]

Yellow jersey Denotes the leader of the general classification[25] Green jersey Denotes the leader of the points classification[25]
Polka dot jersey Denotes the leader of the Mountains classification[25] White jersey Denotes the leader of the young rider classification[25]
Jersey with a yellow background on the number bib. Denotes the leader of the team classification[25] Jersey with a red background on the number bib. Denotes the winner of the super-combativity award[25]

General classification[edit]

Final general classification (1–10)[10]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Bradley Wiggins (GBR) Yellow jersey Team Sky 87h 34' 47"
2  Chris Froome (GBR) Team Sky + 3' 21″
3  Vincenzo Nibali (ITA) Liquigas-Cannondale + 6' 19″
4  Jurgen Van Den Broeck (BEL) Lotto-Belisol + 10' 15″
5  Tejay van Garderen (USA) White jersey BMC Racing Team + 11' 04″
6  Haimar Zubeldia (ESP) Jersey with a yellow background on the number bib. RadioShack-Nissan + 15' 41″
7  Cadel Evans (AUS) BMC Racing Team + 15' 49″
8  Pierre Rolland (FRA) Team Europcar + 16' 26″
9  Janez Brajkovič (SLO) Astana + 16' 33″
10  Thibaut Pinot (FRA) FDJ-BigMat + 17' 17″

Points classification[edit]

Final points classification (1–10)[10]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Peter Sagan (SVK) Green jersey Liquigas-Cannondale 421
2  André Greipel (GER) Lotto-Belisol 280
3  Matthew Goss (AUS) Orica-GreenEDGE 268
4  Mark Cavendish (GBR) Team Sky 220
5  Edvald Boasson Hagen (NOR) Team Sky 160
6  Bradley Wiggins (GBR) Yellow jersey Team Sky 144
7  Chris Froome (GBR) Team Sky 126
8  Luis León Sánchez (ESP) Rabobank 104
9  Juan José Haedo (ARG) Saxo Bank-Tinkoff Bank 102
10  Cadel Evans (AUS) BMC Racing Team 100

Mountains classification[edit]

Final mountains classification (1–10)[10]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Thomas Voeckler (FRA) Polka dot jersey Team Europcar 135
2  Fredrik Kessiakoff (SWE) Astana 123
3  Chris Anker Sørensen (DEN) Jersey with a red background on the number bib. Saxo Bank-Tinkoff Bank 77
4  Pierre Rolland (FRA) Team Europcar 63
5  Alejandro Valverde (ESP) Movistar Team 51
6  Chris Froome (GBR) Team Sky 48
7  Egoi Martínez (ESP) Euskaltel-Euskadi 43
8  Thibaut Pinot (FRA) FDJ-BigMat 40
9  Brice Feillu (FRA) Saur-Sojasun 38
10  Daniel Martin (IRL) Garmin-Sharp 34

Young rider classification[edit]

Final young rider classification (1–10)[10]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Tejay van Garderen (USA) White jersey BMC Racing Team 87h 45′ 51″
2  Thibaut Pinot (FRA) FDJ-BigMat + 6' 13″
3  Steven Kruijswijk (NED) Rabobank + 1h 05' 48″
4  Rein Taaramäe (EST) Cofidis + 1h 16' 48″
5  Gorka Izagirre (ESP) Euskaltel-Euskadi + 1h 21' 15″
6  Rafael Valls (ESP) Vacansoleil-DCM + 1h 26' 53″
7  Peter Sagan (SVK) Green jersey Liquigas-Cannondale + 1h 27' 33″
8  Dominik Nerz (GER) Liquigas-Cannondale + 1h 31' 08″
9  Edvald Boasson Hagen (NOR) Team Sky + 1h 41' 30″
10  Davide Malacarne (ITA) Team Europcar + 1h 46' 41″

Team classification[edit]

Final team classification (1–10)[10]
Rank Team Time
1 RadioShack-Nissan Jersey with a yellow background on the number bib. 263h 12' 14″
2 Team Sky + 5' 46″
3 BMC Racing Team + 36' 29″
4 Astana + 43' 22″
5 Liquigas-Cannondale + 1h 04' 55″
6 Movistar Team + 1h 08' 16″
7 Team Europcar + 1h 08' 46"
8 Team Katusha + 1h 12' 46″
9 FDJ-BigMat + 1h 19' 30″
10 Ag2r-La Mondiale + 1h 41' 15″

UCI World Tour rankings[edit]

The race was the eighteenth of the twenty-nine events in the 2012 UCI World Tour, with riders from the WorldTeams competing individually for points that contributed towards the rankings.[37] Points were awarded to the top twenty finishers in the general classification and to the top five finishers in each stage.[38]

UCI World Tour rankings after the Tour (1–10)[39][40]
Rank Prev. Name Team Points
1 3  Wiggins, BradleyBradley Wiggins (GBR) Team Sky 601
2 1  Rodríguez, JoaquimJoaquim Rodríguez (ESP) Team Katusha 404
3 4  Nibali, VincenzoVincenzo Nibali (ITA) Liquigas-Cannondale 400
4 2  Boonen, TomTom Boonen (BEL) Omega Pharma-Quick Step 368
5 5  Sagan, PeterPeter Sagan (SVK) Liquigas-Cannondale 351
6 52  Froome, ChrisChris Froome (GBR) Team Sky 266
7 6  Sánchez, SamuelSamuel Sánchez (ESP) Euskaltel-Euskadi 252
8 23  Van Den Broeck, JurgenJurgen Van Den Broeck (BEL) Lotto-Belisol 237
9 7  Gerrans, SimonSimon Gerrans (AUS) Orica-GreenEDGE 210
10 15  Valverde, AlejandroAlejandro Valverde (ESP) Movistar Team 201

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]


  1. ^ In July 2014, Denis Menchov was retroactively disqualified from the 2012 Tour de France by cycling's governing body, Union Cycliste Internationale, for "abnormalities in his biological passport".[36] The riders' positions below stood as before.[10]


  1. ^ "THE PROVINCE OF LIÈGE HOSTS THE GRAND DEPART 2012". letour.fr. 29 October 2010. Archived from the original on 22 October 2010. Retrieved 29 October 2010. 
  2. ^ "The Tour de France 2012 starts in Liège" (in Dutch). sporza.be. 29 October 2010. Archived from the original on 2 November 2010. Retrieved 29 October 2010. 
  3. ^ Benson, Daniel (30 June 2012). "Cancellara wins 2012 Tour de France prologue in Liège". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  4. ^ Westemeyer, Susan (7 July 2012). "Froome leads double Sky success on La Planche des Belles Filles". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "Teams". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  6. ^ "UCI Cycling Regulations: Part 2: Road Races page 4 article 2.1.005" (PDF). Union Cycliste Internationale. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 October 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  7. ^ "Argos-Shimano receives Tour de France wildcard invitation". Cyclingnews.com (Immediate Media Company). 6 April 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  8. ^ "Tour de France 2012 teams presented in Liege". Cycling Weekly (Time Inc. UK). 29 June 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  9. ^ a b "Start list". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Classifications stage 20 - Rambouillet > Paris Champs-Élysées". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  11. ^ "Tour de France 2012 - Statistics". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  12. ^ "Tour de France 2012 - Average team age". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  13. ^ "Andy Scheck with sacral fracture out for Tour de France". radioshacknissantrek.com. 13 June 2012. Retrieved 13 June 2012. 
  14. ^ "Cobo to ride Tour and Vuelta in 2012". cyclingnews.com. 12 January 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  15. ^ "Hesjedal heads to Tour de France with another win on his mind". cyclingnews.com. 5 June 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  16. ^ "Scarponi set to ride Tour de France". cyclingnews.com. 19 June 2012. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  17. ^ "Wiggins may not yet be at his peak, says Holm". cyclingnews.com. 13 June 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  18. ^ "Yates: Wiggins hasn’t peaked yet". cyclingnews.com. 13 June 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  19. ^ "Le parcours du Tour de France-2012 dévoilé par erreur sur le site d’ASO". Retrieved 11 October 2011. 
  20. ^ "5 km de chrono en plus". Retrieved 25 May 2012. 
  21. ^ "2012 Tour de France route officially presented". Retrieved 11 October 2011. 
  22. ^ "2012 Route". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 11 August 2015. 
  23. ^ "2012 Tour de France". BikeRaceInfo. McGann Publishing. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  24. ^ "The history of the Tour de France - 2012 Tour". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Race regulations 2012, p. 29.
  26. ^ a b c d e Race regulations 2012, p. 37.
  27. ^ Race regulations 2012, p. 32.
  28. ^ a b c d e Race regulations 2012, p. 38.
  29. ^ a b Race regulations 2012, pp. 33–35.
  30. ^ Legan, Nick (4 July 2012). "Keep a lid on it: The ins and outs of what’s covering Tour riders’ noggins". VeloNews (Competitor Group, Inc.). Retrieved 16 August 2015. 
  31. ^ Race regulations 2012, pp. 20–24.
  32. ^ Race regulations 2012, p. 24.
  33. ^ a b Pickering, Edward (18 July 2012). "Stage 16 analysis: Voeckler is king of the Queen Stage". Cycling Weekly (Time Inc. UK). Retrieved 16 August 2015. 
  34. ^ a b "Rolland wins while Wiggins increases his lead". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. 12 July 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2015. 
  35. ^ "Classifications stage 1 - Liège > Seraing". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  36. ^ Wynn, Nigel (14 July 2014). "Denis Menchov given two-year doping ban". Cycling Weekly (Time Inc. UK). Retrieved 25 August 2015. 
  37. ^ Wynn, Nigel (2 November 2011). "UCI WorldTour calendar 2012". Cycling Weekly (Time Inc. UK). Retrieved 22 August 2015. 
  38. ^ Race regulations 2012, p. 3.
  39. ^ "Wiggins new leader in UCI WorldTour rankings". Cyclingnews.com (Immediate Media Company). 23 July 2012. 
  40. ^ "UCI WorldTour Ranking - 2012". Union Cycliste Internationale. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 


External links[edit]