2012 Tour de France
|2012 UCI World Tour, race 18 of 29|
|Route of the 2012 Tour de France|
|Dates||30 June – 22 July|
|Stages||20 + Prologue|
|Distance||3,496.9 km (2,173 mi)|
|Winning time||87h 34′ 47"|
|Winner||Bradley Wiggins (GBR)||(Team Sky)|
|Second||Chris Froome (GBR)||(Team Sky)|
|Third||Vincenzo Nibali (ITA)||(Liquigas–Cannondale)|
|Points||Peter Sagan (SVK)||(Liquigas–Cannondale)|
|Mountains||Thomas Voeckler (FRA)||(Team Europcar)|
|Youth||Tejay van Garderen (USA)||(BMC Racing Team)|
The 2012 Tour de France was the 99th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. It started in the Belgian city of Liège on 30 June and finished on the Champs-Élysées in Paris on 22 July. The Tour consisted of twenty-one race stages, including an opening prologue, and covered a total distance of 3,496.9 km (2,173 mi). As well as the prologue, the first two race stages took place in Belgium, and one stage finished in Switzerland. Bradley Wiggins (Team Sky) won the overall general classification, and became the first British rider to win the Tour. Wiggins's teammate Chris Froome placed second, and Vincenzo Nibali (Liquigas–Cannondale) was third.
The race leader's yellow jersey was worn for the first week by Fabian Cancellara (RadioShack–Nissan), who won the prologue. Wiggins, second in the prologue, took the leadership of the race on stage seven, the first mountainous stage, which was won by Froome, and maintained his lead for the remainder of the race, winning the two longest time trials, and not losing time to his main challengers for the overall title in the mountains. Froome came second in both the long time trials, and was alongside Wiggins on the mountainous stages.
The points classification was won by Nibali's teammate Peter Sagan, who won three stages. André Greipel of Lotto–Belisol and Team Sky rider Mark Cavendish both also won three stages. Team Europcar's Thomas Voeckler, winner of two mountain stages, won the mountains classification. BMC Racing Team's Tejay van Garderen, in fifth place overall, won the young rider classification. The team classification was won by RadioShack–Nissan and Chris Anker Sørensen (Saxo Bank–Tinkoff Bank) was given the award for the most combative rider.
- 1 Teams
- 2 Pre-race favourites
- 3 Route and stages
- 4 Race overview
- 5 Classification leadership
- 6 Final standings
- 7 UCI World Tour rankings
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes and references
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
Twenty-two teams participated in the 2012 edition of the Tour de France. All eighteen UCI ProTeams were entitled, and obliged, to enter the race. On 6 April 2012, the organiser of the Tour, Amaury Sport Organisation (ASO), announced the four second-tier UCI Professional Continental teams given wildcard invitations, of which one was Dutch-based and three French. The presentation of the teams – where each team's roster are introduced in front of the media and local dignitaries – took place outside the Prince-Bishops' Palace in Liège, Belgium, on 28 June, two days before the opening stage held in the city.
The number of riders allowed per squad was nine, resulting in a start list total of 198 riders. From the riders that began the race, 153 crossed the finish line in Paris. The riders came from 31 countries; France, Spain, Netherlands, Italy, Belgium, Germany and Australia all had 12 or more riders in the race. The average rider age was 30.17, with 22-year-old Thibaut Pinot (FDJ–BigMat) as the youngest rider, and 40-year-old Jens Voigt (RadioShack–Nissan) as the most senior. Saur–Sojasun was the youngest team and RadioShack–Nissan the oldest.
The teams entering the race were:
UCI Professional Continental teams
According to many observers before the race the favourite for the general classification was Bradley Wiggins. His closest rivals were thought to be Cadel Evans (BMC Racing Team) and Vincenzo Nibali (Liquigas–Cannondale). 2007 and 2009 winner Alberto Contador was serving a doping suspension and did not start in 2012 Tour. 2010 winner and 2011 runner-up Andy Schleck was not able to recover from an injury suffered in the Critérium du Dauphiné. The riders considered outsiders for the general classification were Ryder Hesjedal (Garmin–Sharp), Fränk Schleck (RadioShack–Nissan), Samuel Sánchez (Euskaltel–Euskadi), Jurgen Van den Broeck (Lotto–Belisol), Tony Martin (Omega Pharma–Quick-Step), Denis Menchov (Team Katusha), Levi Leipheimer (Omega Pharma–Quick-Step), Alejandro Valverde (Movistar Team) and Robert Gesink (Rabobank).
Wiggins's highest finishes in a Grand Tour were fourth in the 2009 Tour (later promoted to third after Lance Armstrong's result was annulled in 2012) and third in the 2011 Vuelta a España. He had shown his form in the season by winning the general classifications in three stage races, the Paris-Nice, Tour de Romandie and Dauphiné. Being a time trialist, Wiggins was thought to have been the rider most suited the race's course. The 2011 Tour winner Evans came back from an illness earlier in the season to win the two-day Critérium International and place third at the Dauphiné. The 2010 Vuelta a España winner Nibali had shown his form in the season by winning the Tirreno–Adriatico stage race.
The sprinters considered favourites for the points classification and wins in bunch sprint finishes were Mark Cavendish (Team Sky), André Greipel (Lotto–Belisol), Matthew Goss (Orica–GreenEDGE), Peter Sagan (Liquigas–Cannondale) and Marcel Kittel (Argos–Shimano). Cavendish was the world road race champion and defending points classification winner, but would not have the full support of Team Sky, with the focus being with Wiggins' general classification ambitions. He had won the four-stage race Ster ZLM Toer thirteen days before the start of the Tour. Greipel, who would have the full backing of his team, had shown his form in the season with thirteen victories. Goss was second to Cavendish at the world championships and was the new sprint leader of his team, although he had only one win in the year. Sagan was equal in wins with Greipel, of which five came in the Tour of California and four in the Tour de Suisse. Kittel won two stages in both the Tour of Oman and Ster ZLM Toer.
Route and stages
On 29 October 2010, the ASO announced that Liège would host the 2012 edition's Grand Départ (the Tour's opening stages), before further details of the first three stages held in Belgium at an event at the city's Prince-Bishops' Palace on 18 November. It was the first time a Grand Départ outside France had been hosted in the same location twice, with other occasion in 2004. The entire route of the race was accidentally published on the ASO website on 10 October 2011, eight days before the official presentation at the Palais des Congrès in Paris. Due to a clash with the start of the Olympics in the end of July, the Tour was moved forward a week earlier than usual.
After the opening prologue in Liège, stage one left the city with the finish in Seraing. The second stage took place between Visé to Tournai, before the race moved into north-west France. The third stage ended in the coastal city of Boulogne-sur-Mer, before the fourth ending in Rouen, and fifth in Saint-Quentin. Stage six took the race east, with the seventh ending in the Vosges Mountains. Stage eight entered Switzerland the finish in Porrentruy. A return to France saw the next stage take place between Arc-et-Senans to Besançon. The next stages, ten and eleven, went into the Alps, with the two after taking the Tour down to the Mediterranean Sea at Cap d'Agde. Stage fourteen moved the race into the east of Pyrenees, before a transitional stage taking it to the western side for the next two in the mountain range. The eighteen stage was between Blagnac to Brive-la-Gaillarde in the south of the country, before an air transfer took the race back to the north east to finish with the Champs-Élysées stage in Paris.
There were 21 stages in the race, covering a total distance of 3,496.9 km (2,173 mi), 133.1 km (82.7 mi) shorter than the 2011 Tour. The longest race stage was the twelfth at 226 km (140 mi), and stage 21 the shortest at 120 km (75 mi). The race featured a total of 101.1 km (63 mi) in individual time trials and three summit finishes: stage 7, to La Planche des Belles Filles; stage 11, to La Toussuire - Les Sybelles; and stage 17, to Peyragudes. The Col du Grand Colombier in the Alps, was included for the first time, and was among six hors catégorie (English: beyond category) rated climbs in the race. The rest days were after stage 9, in Mâcon, and 15, in Pau.
|P||30 June||Liège||6.4 km (4 mi)||Individual time trial||Fabian Cancellara (SUI)|
|1||1 July||Liège to Seraing||198 km (123 mi)||Flat stage||Peter Sagan (SVK)|
|2||2 July||Visé to Tournai||207.5 km (129 mi)||Flat stage||Mark Cavendish (GBR)|
|3||3 July||Orchies to Boulogne-sur-Mer||197 km (122 mi)||Medium-mountain stage||Peter Sagan (SVK)|
|4||4 July||Abbeville to Rouen||214.5 km (133 mi)||Flat stage||André Greipel (GER)|
|5||5 July||Rouen to Saint-Quentin||196.5 km (122 mi)||Flat stage||André Greipel (GER)|
|6||6 July||Épernay to Metz||207.5 km (129 mi)||Flat stage||Peter Sagan (SVK)|
|7||7 July||Tomblaine to La Planche des Belles Filles||199 km (124 mi)||Medium-mountain stage||Chris Froome (GBR)|
|8||8 July||Belfort to Porrentruy||157.5 km (98 mi)||Medium-mountain stage||Thibaut Pinot (FRA)|
|9||9 July||Arc-et-Senans to Besançon||41.5 km (26 mi)||Individual time trial||Bradley Wiggins (GBR)|
|10 July||Mâcon||Rest day|
|10||11 July||Mâcon to Bellegarde-sur-Valserine||194.5 km (121 mi)||Mountain stage||Thomas Voeckler (FRA)|
|11||12 July||Albertville to La Toussuire - Les Sybelles||148 km (92 mi)||Mountain stage||Pierre Rolland (FRA)|
|12||13 July||Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne to Annonay - Davézieux||226 km (140 mi)||Medium-mountain stage||David Millar (GBR)|
|13||14 July||Saint-Paul-Trois-Châteaux to Cap d'Agde||217 km (135 mi)||Flat stage||André Greipel (GER)|
|14||15 July||Limoux to Foix||191 km (119 mi)||Mountain stage||Luis León Sánchez (ESP)|
|15||16 July||Samatan to Pau||158.5 km (98 mi)||Flat stage||Pierrick Fedrigo (FRA)|
|17 July||Pau||Rest day|
|16||18 July||Pau to Bagnères-de-Luchon||197 km (122 mi)||Mountain stage||Thomas Voeckler (FRA)|
|17||19 July||Bagnères-de-Luchon to Peyragudes||143.5 km (89 mi)||Mountain stage||Alejandro Valverde (ESP)|
|18||20 July||Blagnac to Brive-la-Gaillarde||222.5 km (138 mi)||Flat stage||Mark Cavendish (GBR)|
|19||21 July||Bonneval to Chartres||53.5 km (33 mi)||Individual time trial||Bradley Wiggins (GBR)|
|20||22 July||Rambouillet to Paris||120 km (75 mi)||Flat stage||Mark Cavendish (GBR)|
|Total||3,496.9 km (2,173 mi)|
The opening 6.4 km (4 mi) prologue stage in Liège was won by RadioShack–Nissan's Fabian Cancellara. Bradley Wiggins and Sylvain Chavanel (Omega Pharma–Quick-Step) placed second and third respectively, both seven seconds in arrears, with Wiggins fractionally faster. Cancellara claimed the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification and the green jersey as leader of the points classification. In stage one a large group of riders reached the ending climb, the Côte de Seraing. Cancellara attacked 1.5 km (0.9 mi) out, followed by Peter Sagan and Edvald Boasson Hagen (Team Sky), before Sagan won the sprint finish at the summit. Michael Mørkøv of Saxo Bank–Tinkoff Bank took the first polka dot jersey as leader of the mountains classification. The next stage was won by Mark Cavendish from a bunch sprint finish in Tournai, Belgium, with Sagan taking the green jersey. Stage three, the first in France, saw the Sagan win again, crossing the finish line with a comfortable margin on the short steep climb in Boulogne-sur-Mer. The fourth ended with a bunch sprint won by André Greipel. A crash with 3 km (1.9 mi) remaining took Cavendish out of contention. Another bunch finish came in the next stage, with Greipel victorious again. The sixth stage was won by Sagan in another field sprint.
In the stage seven, the first at altitude, the last of the day's breakaway riders were caught with 1.5 km (0.9 mi) remaining, on the final climb to La Planche des Belles Filles. A select group of five – Wiggins and his compatriot and teammate Chris Froome, Cadel Evans, Vincenzo Nibali and Rein Taaramäe of Cofidis – then pulled clear in the final kilometre, before Evans attacked and Froome countered and to win stage and take the polka dot jersey. Cancellara lost almost two minutes on the day and surrendered the yellow jersey to Wiggins, who became the fifth British rider to wear the jersey, and first since David Millar in 2000. The eighth stage saw breakaway rider Thibaut Pinot attack a reduced break on the final climb, the Col de la Croix, and solo to the finish in Porrentruy, Switzerland, taking the victory by margin of twenty-six seconds. Breakaway rider Fredrik Kessiakoff (Astana) took the polka. Stage nine's 41.5 km (25.8 mi) individual time trial was taken by Wiggins, with Froome 35 seconds down in second and Cancellara a further 22. Froome moved up to third overall. The next day was the first rest day of the Tour.
The tenth stage was the first classified as mountainous. The Col du Grand Colombier broke apart a 25-rider breakaway, leaving small group to contest the finish at Bellegarde-sur-Valserine; Thomas Voeckler (Team Europcar) claimed the stage win and the polka dot jersey. Another mountain stage followed the next day, which again saw a large breakaway. The break crossed the two hors catégorie climbs – the col de la Madeleine and the Col de la Croix de Fer – before being caught chasing group containing the overall contenders. A number of attacks followed, until Team Europcar's Pierre Rolland escaped with 10 km (6.2 mi) to go and took the win at the Les Sybelles ski resort. The group of overall contenders followed, 55 seconds later. Evans was absent and dropped from second to fourth overall, over three minutes in arrears. Kessiakoff took back the lead of the mountains classification. In stage twelve, a large breakaway formed 20 km (12.4 mi) in, later reduced to five riders across the Col du Granier. They stayed together until the finish, where, with a kilometer remaining David Millar (Garmin–Sharp) escaped to take victory, closely followed by Jean-Christophe Péraud (Ag2r–La Mondiale). A transitional stage came next, with a bunch sprint finish in Cap d'Agde. Greipel took the win, with Sagan second.
In the first stage in the Pyrenees, the fourteenth, a large breakaway escaped 50 km (31.1 mi) in, and had at one point amassed a lead of fifteen minutes. Of five remaining riders from the final climb of Mur de Péguère, Luis León Sánchez of Rabobank attacked on an ascent with 11.5 km (7.1 mi) remaining and soloed to the finish in Foix. As the peloton (the main group) passed the Mur de Péguère, the race was sabotaged as a large number of riders had suffered tyre punctures from carpet tacks. Evans waited over a minute to get a replacement wheel, then had a further two punctures on the descent. Wiggins then forced the peloton to wait for Evans to return to the group. The next stage ran through the foothills of the Pyrenees. A five-rider breakaway made it to the finish in Pau, where with 6 km (3.7 mi) to go, Christian Vande Velde (Garmin–Sharp) and Pierrick Fédrigo (FDJ–BigMat) escaped and Fédrigo won the sprint finish. The following day was the Tour's second rest day.
In the sixteenth stage, the race entered the high mountains with the queen stage crossing two hors catégorie climbs – the Col d'Aubisque and the Col du Tourmalet – followed by the first-category climbs of the Col d'Aspin and the Col de Peyresourde, completing the so-called "Circle of Death". A 38-rider breakaway crossed the Aubisque, before fracturing on the Tourmalet. Voeckler attacked on the Peyresourde and took the stage win with a margin of one minute forty seconds. His stage victory and maximum points over all summits, put Voeckler in the lead of the mountains classification. Wiggins, Froome and Nibali came in seven minutes after Voeckler, while Evans lost almost five minutes to the trio, falling from fourth to seventh in the general classification. In the final stage in the Pyrenees, after a number on the leading group containing the overall contenders, Alejandro Valverde moved clear over the hors categorie Port de Balès. He held his lead to the summit finish at the Peyragudes ski resort. In the group behind Wiggins and Froome attacked their rivals to finish nineteen seconds later. Nibali came in seventh, a further eighteen down. In the following stage, six riders from a breakaway were caught on finishing straight in Brive-la-Gaillarde by the head of the chasing peloton, with Cavendish taking the victory ahead of Matthew Goss and Sagan respectively. Wiggins secured the general classification in penultimate stage's 53.5 km (33.2 mi) individual time trial. Froome place second, one minute and sixteen seconds in arrears, with Sánchez a further thirty-four.
In the final stage, Cavendish won a fourth consecutive Champs-Élysées stage, his third stage win of the race. Wiggins finished the race to become the first British rider to win the Tour de France. Wiggins finished three minutes and twenty-one seconds clear of compatriot and teammate Froome. Nibali placed third at six minutes and nineteen seconds. Sagan won the points classification with a total of 421, 141 ahead of Greipel in second. Voeckler the mountains classification with 135 points, 12 ahead of second-placed Kessiakoff. The best young rider was BMC Racing Team rider Tejay van Garderen, followed by Pinot and Steven Kruijswijk (Rabobank) respectively. RadioShack–Nissan finished as the winners of the team classification, over five minutes and forty-six seconds ahead of second-placed Team Sky.
There were four main individual classifications contested in the 2012 Tour de France, as well as a team competition. The most important was the general classification, which was calculated by adding each rider's finishing times on each stage. The rider with the least accumulated time is the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification will be considered the winner of the Tour. If a crash happened within the final 3 km (1.9 mi) of a stage, not including time trials and summit finishes, the riders involved received the same time as the group they were in when the crash occurred. There were no time bonuses given for this edition of the Tour.
|No particular difficulty|
|Short with uneven terrain|
|Very difficult short|
The points classification leader was identified with a green jersey. Riders received points for finishing among the highest placed in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints during the stage. The points available for each stage finish were determined by the "coefficient" ranking scale.
No changes were made to the mountains classification, where points were awarded to the riders that reached the top of the most difficult ascents first. The climbs were categorised as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category, with more points available for the higher-categorised climbs. The overall leader wore a polka dot jersey. Double points were awarded on the summit finishes on stages 1, 11 and 20.
The young rider classification, denoted by a white jersey, was calculated the same way as the general classification, but the classification was restricted to riders who were born on or after 1 January 1988. The team classification was calculated using the finishing times of the best three riders per team on each stage (not the team time-trial); the leading team was the team with the lowest cumulative time. The number of stage victories and placings per team determined the outcome of a tie. The riders in the team that lead this classification were identified with yellow number bibs on the back of their jerseys. For the time in the Tour's history the leading wore yellow helmets. In addition, there was a combativity award, given after each stage to the rider considered, by a jury, to have "made the greatest effort and who has demonstrated the best qualities of sportsmanship". The winner wore a red number bib the following stage. At the conclusion of the Tour, Chris Anker Sørensen won the overall super-combativity award.
A total of €2,414,246 was awarded in cash prizes in the race. The overall winner of the general classification received €450,000, with the second and third placed riders getting €200,000 and €100,000 respectively; all finishers of the race were awarded with money. The holders of the classifications benefited on each stage they lead; the final winners of the points and mountains were given €25,000, while the best young rider and most combative rider got €20,000. Team prizes were available, with €10,000 for the team time trial and €50,000 for the winners of the team classification. There were also two special awards each with a prize of €5000, the Souvenir Jacques Goddet, given to the first rider to pass Goddet's memorial at the summit of the Col du Tourmalet in stage sixteen, and the Souvenir Henri Desgrange, given to first rider to pass the summit of the highest climb in the Tour, the Col de la Croix de Fer in stage eleven. Thomas Voeckler won the Jacques Goddet and Pierre Rolland the Henri Desgrange.
- In stage one, Bradley Wiggins, who was second in the points classification, wore the green jersey, because first placed Fabian Cancellara wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification.
- In stage two, Peter Sagan, who was second in the points classifications, wore the green jersey, because Fabian Cancellara wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification during that stage.
|Denotes the winner of the general classification||Denotes the winner of the points classification|
|Denotes the winner of the mountains classification||Denotes the winner of the young rider classification|
|Denotes the winner of the team classification||Denotes the winner of the super-combativity award|
|1||Bradley Wiggins (GBR)||Team Sky||87h 34' 47"|
|2||Chris Froome (GBR)||Team Sky||+ 3' 21"|
|3||Vincenzo Nibali (ITA)||Liquigas–Cannondale||+ 6' 19"|
|4||Jurgen Van den Broeck (BEL)||Lotto–Belisol||+ 10' 15"|
|5||Tejay van Garderen (USA)||BMC Racing Team||+ 11' 04"|
|6||Haimar Zubeldia (ESP)||RadioShack–Nissan||+ 15' 41"|
|7||Cadel Evans (AUS)||BMC Racing Team||+ 15' 49"|
|8||Pierre Rolland (FRA)||Team Europcar||+ 16' 26"|
|9||Janez Brajkovič (SLO)||Astana||+ 16' 33"|
|10||Thibaut Pinot (FRA)||FDJ–BigMat||+ 17' 17"|
|1||Peter Sagan (SVK)||Liquigas–Cannondale||420|
|2||André Greipel (GER)||Lotto–Belisol||280|
|3||Matthew Goss (AUS)||Orica–GreenEDGE||268|
|4||Mark Cavendish (GBR)||Team Sky||220|
|5||Edvald Boasson Hagen (NOR)||Team Sky||160|
|6||Bradley Wiggins (GBR)||Team Sky||144|
|7||Chris Froome (GBR)||Team Sky||126|
|8||Luis León Sánchez (ESP)||Rabobank||104|
|9||Juan José Haedo (ARG)||Saxo Bank–Tinkoff Bank||102|
|10||Cadel Evans (AUS)||BMC Racing Team||100|
|1||Thomas Voeckler (FRA)||Team Europcar||135|
|2||Fredrik Kessiakoff (SWE)||Astana||123|
|3||Chris Anker Sørensen (DEN)||Saxo Bank–Tinkoff Bank||77|
|4||Pierre Rolland (FRA)||Team Europcar||63|
|5||Alejandro Valverde (ESP)||Movistar Team||51|
|6||Chris Froome (GBR)||Team Sky||48|
|7||Egoi Martínez (ESP)||Euskaltel–Euskadi||43|
|8||Thibaut Pinot (FRA)||FDJ–BigMat||40|
|9||Brice Feillu (FRA)||Saur–Sojasun||38|
|10||Dan Martin (IRL)||Garmin–Sharp||34|
Young rider classification
|1||Tejay van Garderen (USA)||BMC Racing Team||87h 45′ 51"|
|2||Thibaut Pinot (FRA)||FDJ–BigMat||+ 6' 13"|
|3||Steven Kruijswijk (NED)||Rabobank||+ 1h 05' 48"|
|4||Rein Taaramäe (EST)||Cofidis||+ 1h 16' 48"|
|5||Gorka Izagirre (ESP)||Euskaltel–Euskadi||+ 1h 21' 15"|
|6||Rafael Valls (ESP)||Vacansoleil–DCM||+ 1h 26' 53"|
|7||Peter Sagan (SVK)||Liquigas–Cannondale||+ 1h 27' 33"|
|8||Dominik Nerz (GER)||Liquigas–Cannondale||+ 1h 31' 08"|
|9||Edvald Boasson Hagen (NOR)||Team Sky||+ 1h 41' 30"|
|10||Davide Malacarne (ITA)||Team Europcar||+ 1h 46' 41"|
|1||RadioShack–Nissan||263h 12' 14"|
|2||Team Sky||+ 5' 46"|
|3||BMC Racing Team||+ 36' 29"|
|4||Astana||+ 43' 22"|
|5||Liquigas–Cannondale||+ 1h 04' 55"|
|6||Movistar Team||+ 1h 08' 16"|
|7||Team Europcar||+ 1h 08' 46"|
|8||Team Katusha||+ 1h 12' 46"|
|9||FDJ–BigMat||+ 1h 19' 30"|
|10||Ag2r–La Mondiale||+ 1h 41' 15"|
UCI World Tour rankings
The race was the eighteenth of the twenty-nine events in the UCI World Tour, with riders from the WorldTeams competing individually for points that contributed towards the rankings. Points were awarded to the top twenty finishers in the general classification and to the top five finishers in each stage. Wiggins moved in to the lead of the individual ranking, with Joaquim Rodríguez dropping to second. The points accrued by Chris Froome moved him from 52nd to 6th. Team Sky retained their lead of the team ranking, ahead of Liquigas–Cannondale. Spain remained as leaders of the nations ranking, with Italy second.
|1||3||Wiggins, BradleyBradley Wiggins (GBR)||Team Sky||601|
|2||1||Rodríguez, JoaquimJoaquim Rodríguez (ESP)||Team Katusha||404|
|3||4||Nibali, VincenzoVincenzo Nibali (ITA)||Liquigas–Cannondale||400|
|4||2||Boonen, TomTom Boonen (BEL)||Omega Pharma–Quick-Step||368|
|5||5||Sagan, PeterPeter Sagan (SVK)||Liquigas–Cannondale||351|
|6||52||Froome, ChrisChris Froome (GBR)||Team Sky||266|
|7||6||Sánchez, SamuelSamuel Sánchez (ESP)||Euskaltel–Euskadi||252|
|8||23||Van Den Broeck, JurgenJurgen Van Den Broeck (BEL)||Lotto–Belisol||237|
|9||7||Gerrans, SimonSimon Gerrans (AUS)||Orica–GreenEDGE||210|
|10||15||Valverde, AlejandroAlejandro Valverde (ESP)||Movistar Team||201|
Notes and references
- "Teams". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
- "UCI Cycling Regulations: Part 2: Road Races page 4 article 2.1.005" (PDF). Union Cycliste Internationale. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 October 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
- "Argos-Shimano receives Tour de France wildcard invitation". Cyclingnews.com (Immediate Media Company). 6 April 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
- "Tour de France 2012 teams presented in Liege". Cycling Weekly (Time Inc. UK). 29 June 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
- "Start list". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
- "Classifications stage 20 – Rambouillet > Paris Champs-Élysées". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
- "Tour de France 2012 – Statistics". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- "Tour de France 2012 – Average team age". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Wiggins, Bradley (21 June 2012). "I don't regard being bookies' favourite for Tour de France as pressure". theguardian.com (Guardian Media Group). Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- "Tour de France 2012: Will Bradley Wiggins win?". BBC Sport (BBC). 29 June 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- MacLeary, John (29 June 2012). "Bradley Wiggins is the 'outstanding favourite', says 1987 Triple Crown winner Stephen Roche". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group). Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- "Tour de France 2012: Who will win?". Cycling Weekly (Time Inc. UK). 28 June 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- "2012 Tour de France General-Classification Contenders". Bicycling (Rodale, Inc.). 23 June 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- John, Timothy (29 June 2012). "2012 Tour de France General-Classification Contenders". Road Cycling UK (Mpora). Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- "Rating the Tour de France favorites, from W(iggins) to Z". VeloNews (Competitor Group, Inc.). 22 June 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- Fotheringham, William (6 February 2012). "Alberto Contador gets two-year ban and stripped of 2010 Tour de France". theguardian.com (Guardian Media Group). Retrieved 4 September 2015.
- "Andy Schleck misses the Tour de France with a broken pelvis". BBC Sport (BBC). 13 June 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
- "Bradley Wiggins 2009 Tour de France result upgraded". BBC Sport (BBC). 29 October 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
- Bull, Nick (11 September 2011). "Froome and Wiggins finish on Vuelta podium". Cycling Weekly (Time Inc. UK). Retrieved 18 September 2015.
- Aubrey, Jane (25 June 2012). "2012 Tour de France: Top five points classification contenders". Cyclingnews.com (Immediate Media Company). Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- John, Timothy (28 June 2013). "Tour de France 2012 – contenders: green jersey". Road Cycling UK (Mpora). Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- "Tour de France: Green jersey guide". Eurosport (Discovery Communications). 28 June 2013. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- Fotheringham, William (27 June 2012). "Mark Cavendish sets sights on Olympic gold ahead of Tour de France". theguardian.com (Guardian Media Group). Retrieved 3 September 2015.
- "Mark Cavendish clinches Ster ZLM Toer ahead of Lars Boom". BBC Sports (BBC). 17 June 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- "Fixtures / Results Ster ZLM Toer 2012". Eurosport. Discovery Communications. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
- Kinross, David; Palmer, Dan (11 July 2012). "Tour de France 2012: interactive stage-by-stage guide". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group). Retrieved 3 September 2015.
- Wynn, Nigel (29 October 2010). "2012 Tour to start in Liege". Cycling Weekly (Time Inc. UK). Retrieved 27 August 2011.
- Liggett, Raia & Lewis 2005, p. 16.
- "Details of 2012 Tour de France start official". Cyclingnews.com (Immediate Media Company). 18 November 2010. Retrieved 27 August 2011.
- MacMichael, Simon (20 November 2010). "Details of 2012 Tour de France Grand Depart announced". road.cc (Farrelly Atkinson). Retrieved 27 August 2011.
- Kröner, Hedwig (20 October 2011). "2012 Tour de France route revealed". Cyclingnews.com (Immediate Media Company). Retrieved 27 August 2011.
- "2012 Route". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
- "The history of the Tour de France – 2012 Tour". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
- "The history of the Tour de France – 2011 Tour". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
- Kröner, Hedwig (20 October 2011). "2012 Tour de France route officially presented". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
- Ryan, Barry (20 October 2011). "Prudhomme hails a 2012 Tour de France route filled with novelty". Cyclingnews.com (Immediate Media Company). Retrieved 3 September 2015.
- "2012 Tour de France". BikeRaceInfo. McGann Publishing. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
- "Cancellara in yellow on day one – for the 5th time!". Tour de France (Amaury Sport Organisation). 30 June 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
- Westemeyer, Susan (1 July 2012). "Sagan triumphs in Seraing". Cyclingnews.com (Immediate Media Company). Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Bull, Nick (2 July 2012). "Cavendish takes 21st Tour de France stage victory in Tournai". Cycling Weekly (Time Inc. UK). Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Brown, Gregor (3 July 2012). "Sagan taking things to another level in the Tour". Cycling Weekly (Time Inc. UK). Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Lowe, Felix (4 July 2012). "Greipel dodges crash to win stage four". Yahoo! Eurosport (TF1 Group). Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Abraham, Richard (5 July 2012). "Greipel wins second successive Tour stage as Cavendish fades". Cycling Weekly (Time Inc. UK). Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Clarke, Les (6 July 2012). "Sagan wins Tour de France stage 6 in Metz". Cyclingnews.com (Immediate Media Company). Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Westemeyer, Susan (7 July 2012). "Froome leads double Sky success on La Planche des Belles Filles". Cyclingnews.com (Immediate Media Company). Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- "Bradley Wiggins takes yellow jersey". BBC Sport (BBC). 7 July 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
- Robinson, Mark (8 July 2012). "Pinot rides to glory in Porrentruy". Cyclingnews.com (Immediate Media Company). Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- "Bradley Wiggins says maiden stage win is 'like Christmas' following Team Sky one-two". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group). 9 July 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Case, Chris (11 July 2012). "Voeckler makes his mark on Le Tour – again". VeloNews (Competitor Group, Inc.). Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- "Rolland wins while Wiggins increases his lead". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. 12 July 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Smith, Sophie (13 July 2012). "Millar wins Tour stage, nine years on from his last". Cycling Weekly (Time Inc. UK). Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Lowe, Felix (14 July 2012). "Greipel takes third win in Tour". Yahoo! Eurosport (TF1 Group). Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Westemeyer, Susan (15 July 2012). "Sanchez saves Rabobank's Tour with stage win in Foix". Cyclingnews.com (Immediate Media Company). Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Williams, Richard (16 July 2012). "Bradley Wiggins safe in Team Sky's dark embrace". theguardian.com (Guardian Media Group). Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Hymas, Peter (18 July 2012). "Voeckler solos to second Tour stage win". Cyclingnews.com (Immediate Media Company). Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Hymas, Peter (19 July 2012). "Valverde lays claim to final mountain stage". Cyclingnews.com (Immediate Media Company). Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Gallagher, Brendan (20 July 2012). "Mark Cavendish wins stage 18 in sprint finish as Bradley Wiggins retains yellow jersey". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group). Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Abraham, Richard (19 August 2015). "Wiggins wins time-trial to claim Tour de France". Cycling Weekly (Time Inc. UK). Retrieved 22 July 2012.
- "Bradley Wiggins wins Tour de France title". BBC Sport (BBC). 22 July 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- ASO 2012, p. 29.
- ASO 2012, p. 37.
- ASO 2012, p. 32.
- ASO 2012, p. 38.
- ASO 2012, pp. 33–35.
- Legan, Nick (4 July 2012). "Keep a lid on it: The ins and outs of what's covering Tour riders' noggins". VeloNews (Competitor Group, Inc.). Retrieved 16 August 2015.
- ASO 2012, pp. 20–24.
- ASO 2012, p. 24.
- Pickering, Edward (18 July 2012). "Stage 16 analysis: Voeckler is king of the Queen Stage". Cycling Weekly (Time Inc. UK). Retrieved 16 August 2015.
- "Rolland wins while Wiggins increases his lead". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. 12 July 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
- "Classifications prologue – Liège > Liège". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
- "Classifications stage 1 – Liège > Seraing". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
- Wynn, Nigel (14 July 2014). "Denis Menchov given two-year doping ban". Cycling Weekly (Time Inc. UK). Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- Wynn, Nigel (2 November 2011). "UCI WorldTour calendar 2012". Cycling Weekly (Time Inc. UK). Retrieved 22 August 2015.
- ASO 2012, p. 3.
- "Wiggins new leader in UCI WorldTour rankings". Cyclingnews.com (Immediate Media Company). 23 July 2012. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
- "UCI WorldTour Ranking – 2012". Union Cycliste Internationale. 22 July 2015. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
- "UCI WorldTour Ranking – 2012". Union Cycliste Internationale. 17 July 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
- Deering, John (2012). Bradley Wiggins: Tour de Force. Edinburgh: Birlinn. ISBN 978-1-78027-103-3.
- Edworthy, Sarah; Brailsford, Dave (2012). 21 Days to Glory: The Official Team Sky Book of the 2012 Tour de France. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-00-750661-3.
- Friebe, Daniel (2012). Allez Wiggo!: How Bradley Wiggins Won the Tour De France and Olympic Gold in 2012. London: A & C Black. ISBN 978-1-4081-9069-2.
- Moore, Richard (2012). Sky's the Limit: Wiggins and Cavendish: British Cycling's Quest to Conquer the Tour De France. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-00-734183-2.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 2012 Tour de France.|