2002 Tour de France

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2002 Tour de France
Route of the 2002 Tour de France.png
Route of the 2002 Tour de France
Race details
Dates 6–28 July
Stages 20 + Prologue
Distance 3,278 km (2,037 mi)
Winning time 82h 05' 12"
Palmares
Winner none[n 1]
Second  Joseba Beloki (ESP) (ONCE–Eroski)
Third  Raimondas Rumšas (Lithuania) (Lampre–Daikin)

Points  Robbie McEwen (AUS) (Lotto–Adecco)
Mountains  Laurent Jalabert (FRA) (CSC–Tiscali)
Youth  Ivan Basso (ITA) (Fassa Bortolo)
Team ONCE–Eroski
2001
2003

The 2002 Tour de France was a multiple-stage bicycle race held from 6 to 28 July, and the 89th edition of the Tour de France. The event started in Luxembourg and ending in Paris. France was visited counter-clockwise, so the Pyrenees were there before the Alps. It has no overall winner—although American cyclist Lance Armstrong originally won the event, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced in August 2012 that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his seven Tour de France wins from 1999 to 2005; the Union Cycliste Internationale has confirmed this verdict.

The favourite was Armstrong, at the time, winner in 1999, 2000 and 2001. The main opposition would probably come from the ONCE team with Joseba Beloki (3rd last year), Igor González de Galdeano (5th last year) and Marcos Serrano (9th last year), and from the Kelme riders Óscar Sevilla (7th last year, 2nd in last year's Vuelta a España) and Santiago Botero (8th last year). Other riders to keep in account for a high place in the final rankings were Tyler Hamilton (2nd Giro 2002), Levi Leipheimer (3rd Vuelta 2001), Christophe Moreau (4th Tour 2000) and Armstrong's team mate Roberto Heras (4th Vuelta 2001). Important riders who were not present were Jan Ullrich (2nd last year, injury) and Gilberto Simoni (winner 2001 Giro).

Teams[edit]

For a more comprehensive list, see List of teams and cyclists in the 2002 Tour de France.

Teams qualified for the 2002 Tour de France by various methods.[1] U.S. Postal Service was selected because it included the winner of the previous edition, Lance Armstrong. Rabobank was selected because it included the winner of the 2001 UCI Road World Cup, Erik Dekker. Alessio, Kelme–Costa Blanca and iBanesto.com were selected because they won the team classifications in respectively the 2001 Giro d'Italia, 2001 Tour de France and 2001 Vuelta a España. A further seven teams qualified based on the UCI ranking in the highest UCI division at the end of 2001, after compensating for transfers.[2] Five more teams were given wildcards by the organiser of the Tour, Amaury Sport Organisation.[2] After the wildcards were given, it was announced that Saeco's main rider Gilberto Simoni had tested positive for cocaine on two occasions. In response, the wildcard for Saeco was withdrawn and given to Jean Delatour.[3] In total, 21 teams participated, each with 9 cyclists, for a total of 189 cyclists.[4]

The teams entering the race were:[2]

Qualified teams

Invited teams

Route and stages[edit]

In the first week, the stages were mostly flat in the North of France. The last two weeks had mountain stages in the Pyrenees and Alps.[1]

Stage characteristics and winners[4][5][6]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
P 6 July Luxembourg City (Luxembourg) 7.0 km (4.3 mi) Individual time trial  Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1]
1 7 July Luxembourg City (Luxembourg) 192.5 km (119.6 mi) Plain stage  Rubens Bertogliati (SUI)
2 8 July Luxembourg City (Luxembourg) to Saarbrücken (Germany) 181.0 km (112.5 mi) Plain stage  Óscar Freire (ESP)
3 9 July Metz to Reims 174.5 km (108.4 mi) Plain stage  Robbie McEwen (AUS)
4 10 July Épernay to Château-Thierry 67.5 km (41.9 mi) Team time trial  ONCE–Eroski
5 11 July Soissons to Rouen 195.0 km (121.2 mi) Plain stage  Jaan Kirsipuu (EST)
6 12 July Forges-les-Eaux to Alençon 199.5 km (124.0 mi) Plain stage  Erik Zabel (GER)
7 13 July Bagnoles-de-l'Orne to Avranches 176.0 km (109.4 mi) Plain stage  Bradley McGee (AUS)
8 14 July Saint-Martin-de-Landelles to Plouay 217.5 km (135.1 mi) Plain stage  Karsten Kroon (NED)
9 15 July Lanester to Lorient 52.0 km (32.3 mi) Individual time trial  Santiago Botero (COL)
16 July Bordeaux Rest day
10 17 July Bazas to Pau 147.0 km (91.3 mi) Plain stage  Patrice Halgand (FRA)
11 18 July Pau to La Mongie 158.0 km (98.2 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1]
12 19 July Lannemezan to Plateau de Beille 199.5 km (124.0 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1]
13 20 July Lavelanet to Béziers 171.0 km (106.3 mi) Plain stage  David Millar (GBR)
14 21 July Lodève to Mont Ventoux 221.0 km (137.3 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Richard Virenque (FRA)
22 July Vaucluse Rest day
15 23 July Vaison-la-Romaine to Les Deux Alpes 226.5 km (140.7 mi) Hilly stage  Santiago Botero (COL)
16 24 July Les Deux Alpes to La Plagne 179.5 km (111.5 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Michael Boogerd (NED)
17 25 July Aime to Cluses 142.0 km (88.2 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Dario Frigo (ITA)
18 26 July Cluses to Bourg-en-Bresse 176.5 km (109.7 mi) Hilly stage  Thor Hushovd (NOR)
19 27 July Régnié-Durette to Mâcon 50.0 km (31.1 mi) Individual time trial  Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1]
20 28 July Melun to Paris (Champs-Élysées) 144.0 km (89.5 mi) Plain stage  Robbie McEwen (AUS)
Total 3,278 km (2,037 mi)[7]

Classification leadership[edit]

Riders on the way to Mont Ventoux on the fourteenth stage

There were several classifications in the 2002 Tour de France. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.[8]

Additionally, there was a points classification, which awarded a green jersey. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.[8]

There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a polkadot jersey.[8]

The fourth individual classification was the young rider classification, which was marked by the white jersey. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders under 26 years were eligible.[8]

For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time.[9]

For the combativity award classification, a jury gave points after each stage to the cyclists they considered most combative. The cyclist with the most votes in all stages lead the classification.

Classification leadership by stage
Stage Winner General classification
Yellow jersey
Points classification
Green jersey
Mountains classification
Polkadot jersey
Young rider classification
White jersey
Team classification Combativity award
A white jersey with a red number bib.
P Lance Armstrong[n 1] Lance Armstrong[n 1] Lance Armstrong[n 1] no award David Millar CSC–Tiscali no award
1 Rubens Bertogliati Rubens Bertogliati Erik Zabel Christophe Mengin Rubens Bertogliati Stéphane Berges
2 Óscar Freire Stéphane Berges Sylvain Chavanel
3 Robbie McEwen Erik Zabel Christophe Mengin Jacky Durand
4 ONCE-Eroski Igor González Isidro Nozal ONCE–Eroski no award
5 Jaan Kirsipuu Stefano Casagranda
6 Erik Zabel Steffen Wesemann
7 Bradley McGee Franck Rénier
8 Karsten Kroon Raivis Belohvoščiks
9 Santiago Botero David Millar no award
10 Patrice Halgand Robbie McEwen Ludo Dierckxsens
11 Lance Armstrong[n 1] Lance Armstrong[n 1] Erik Zabel Patrice Halgand Ivan Basso Laurent Jalabert
12 Lance Armstrong[n 1] Laurent Jalabert Laurent Jalabert
13 David Millar Robbie McEwen Eddy Mazzoleni
14 Richard Virenque Alexander Bocharov
15 Santiago Botero Mario Aerts
16 Michael Boogerd Michael Boogerd
17 Dario Frigo Mario Aerts
18 Thor Hushovd Leon van Bon
19 Lance Armstrong[n 1] no award
20 Robbie McEwen Cristian Moreni
Final Lance Armstrong[n 1] Robbie McEwen Laurent Jalabert Ivan Basso ONCE–Eroski Laurent Jalabert

Final standings[edit]

Legend
Green jersey Denotes the leader of the points classification Polka dot jersey Denotes the leader of the mountains classification
White jersey Denotes the leader of the young rider classification A white jersey with a red number bib. Denotes the winner of the super-combativity award

General classification[edit]

Final general classification (1–10)[4][10]
Rank Rider Team Time
DSQ  Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1] U.S. Postal Service 82h 05' 12"
2  Joseba Beloki (ESP) ONCE–Eroski + 7' 17"
3  Raimondas Rumsas (LTU) Lampre–Daikin + 8' 17"
4  Santiago Botero (COL) Kelme–Costa Blanca + 13' 10"
5  Igor González (ESP) ONCE–Eroski + 13' 54"
6  José Azevedo (POR) ONCE–Eroski + 15' 44"
7  Francisco Mancebo (ESP) iBanesto.com + 16' 05"
DSQ  Levi Leipheimer (USA) Rabobank +17' 11"
9  Roberto Heras (ESP) U.S. Postal Service + 17' 12"
10  Carlos Sastre (ESP) CSC–Tiscali + 19' 05"

Points classification[edit]

Final points classification (1–10)[10]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Robbie McEwen (AUS) Green jersey Lotto–Adecco 280
2  Erik Zabel (GER) Team Telekom 261
3  Stuart O'Grady (AUS) Crédit Agricole 208
4  Baden Cooke (AUS) Française des Jeux 198
5  Ján Svorada (CZE) Lampre–Daikin 154
DSQ  Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1] U.S. Postal Service 119
7  Thor Hushovd (NOR) Crédit Agricole 103
8  Laurent Brochard (FRA) Jean Delatour 99
9  Raimondas Rumšas (LTU) Lampre–Daikin 92
10  Santiago Botero (COL) Kelme–Costa Blanca 87

Mountains classification[edit]

Final mountains classification (1–10)[10]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Laurent Jalabert (FRA) Polka dot jersey A white jersey with a red number bib. CSC–Tiscali 262
2  Mario Aerts (BEL) Lotto–Adecco 178
3  Santiago Botero (COL) Kelme–Costa Blanca 162
DSQ  Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1] U.S. Postal Service 159
5  Axel Merckx (BEL) Domo–Farm Frites 121
6  Joseba Beloki (ESP) ONCE–Eroski 115
7  Michael Boogerd (NED) Rabobank 113
8  Richard Virenque (FRA) Domo–Farm Frites 107
9  Carlos Sastre (ESP) CSC–Tiscali 97
10  Raimondas Rumšas (LTU) Lampre–Daikin 96

Young rider classification[edit]

Final young rider classification (1–10)[10]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Ivan Basso (ITA) White jersey Fassa Bortolo 82h 24' 30"
2  Nicolas Vogondy (FRA) Française des Jeux + 13' 26"
3  Christophe Brandt (BEL) Lotto–Adecco + 48' 32"
4  Sylvain Chavanel (FRA) Bonjour + 50' 08"
5  Isidro Nozal (ESP) ONCE–Eroski + 54.09"
6  Haimar Zubeldia (ESP) Euskaltel–Euskadi + 56' 21"
7  Volodymir Hustov (UKR) Fassa Bortolo + 58' 08"
8  Gerhard Trampusch (AUT) Mapei–Quick-Step + 1h 32' 12"
9  David Millar (GBR) Cofidis + 1h 40' 33"
10  Sandy Casar (FRA) Française des Jeux + 1h 53' 04"

Team classification[edit]

Final team classification (1–10)[10]
Rank Team Time
1 ONCE–Eroski 246h 36' 14"
2 U.S. Postal Service + 22' 49"
3 CSC–Tiscali + 30' 17"
4 iBanesto.com + 34' 06"
5 Cofidis + 36' 19"
6 Rabobank + 40.41"
7 Jean Delatour + 1h 17.21"
8 Kelme–Costa Blanca + 1h 42.22"
9 Domo–Farm Frites + 1h 46.20"
10 Fassa Bortolo + 2h 01.59"

Combativity classification[edit]

Final combativity award classification (1–10)[10]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Laurent Jalabert (FRA) Polka dot jersey A white jersey with a red number bib. CSC–Tiscali 100
2  Franck Rénier (FRA) Bonjour 50
3  Thor Hushovd (NOR) Crédit Agricole 35
4  Michael Boogerd (NED) Rabobank 33
5  Ludo Dierckxsens (BEL) Lampre–Daikin 33
6  Mario Aerts (BEL) Lotto–Adecco 31
7  Leon van Bon (NED) Domo–Farm Frites 29
8  Stéphane Berges (FRA) AG2R Prévoyance 24
9  Sylvain Chavanel (FRA) Bonjour 23
10  Axel Merckx (BEL) Domo–Farm Frites 20

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p On 24 August 2012, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his victory in the 2003 Tour de France. The Union Cycliste Internationale, responsible for the international cycling, confirmed this verdict on 22 October 2012.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Maloney, Tim (26 October 2001). "2002 Tour de France Full Preview: A Classic Cuvee for the 89th Edition of-le-Tour de France". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 20 August 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c Jones, Jeff (2 May 2002). "Tour de France team selection". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 20 August 2011. 
  3. ^ Jones, Jeff (3 June 2002). "Saeco out of the Tour". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 20 August 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c "89ème Tour de France 2002" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 29 August 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016. 
  5. ^ Augendre, Jacques (2009). Guide Historique, Part 5 (PDF) (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. p. 101. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 July 2009. Retrieved 18 April 2012. 
  6. ^ Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 2009-06-10. Retrieved 15 Aug 2011. 
  7. ^ Augendre, Jacques (2009). Guide Historique, Part 6 (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. p. 115. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 October 2009. Retrieved 30 September 2009. 
  8. ^ a b c d Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified - Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 
  9. ^ Chauner, David; Halstead, Michael (1990). The Tour de France Complete Book of Cycling. Villard. ISBN 0679729364. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f Jones, Jeff (28 July 2002). "McEwen ends in green with Champs Elysées win". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 

External links[edit]