1969 Tour de France
Route of the 1969 Tour de France
|Dates||28 June – 20 July|
|Stages||22 + Prologue, including three split stages|
|Distance||4,117 km (2,558 mi)|
|Winning time||116h 16' 02"|
The 1969 Tour de France was the 56th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. It took place between 28 June and 20 July, with 22 stages covering a distance of 4,117 km (2,558 mi). The participant teams were no longer national teams, but were once more commercially sponsored.
The 1969 race is unique in that it is the only time that a single cyclist has won not only the general classification, but the points classification and mountains classification as well. Eddy Merckx rode on the winning team, Faema, won the combination classification and the combativity award.
- 1 Teams
- 2 Route and stages
- 3 Race overview
- 4 Classification leadership
- 5 Final standings
- 6 Notes and references
- 7 External links
In 1967 and 1968, the Tour was contested by national teams, but in 1969 the commercially sponsored teams were back. The Tour started with 13 teams, each with 10 cyclists: Eddy Merckx had been removed from the 1969 Giro d'Italia in leading position because of a positive doping result, and was initially not allowed to join the 1969 Tour de France, but his suspension was later lifted.
The teams entering the race were:
Route and stages
The 1969 Tour de France started on 28 June, and had no rest days.
|P||28 June||Roubaix||10 km (6.2 mi)||Individual time trial||Rudi Altig (GER)|
|1a||29 June||Roubaix to Sint-Pieters-Woluwe (Belgium)||147 km (91 mi)||Plain stage||Marino Basso (ITA)|
|1b||Sint-Pieters-Woluwe (Belgium)||16 km (9.9 mi)||Team time trial||Faema|
|2||30 June||Sint-Pieters-Woluwe (Belgium) to Maastricht (Netherlands)||182 km (113 mi)||Plain stage||Julien Stevens (BEL)|
|3||1 July||Maastricht (Netherlands) to Charleville-Mézières||213 km (132 mi)||Plain stage||Eric Leman (BEL)|
|4||2 July||Charleville-Mézières to Nancy||214 km (133 mi)||Plain stage||Rik Van Looy (BEL)|
|5||3 July||Nancy to Mulhouse||194 km (121 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Joaquim Agostinho (POR)|
|6||4 July||Mulhouse to Ballon d’Alsace||133 km (83 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Eddy Merckx (BEL)|
|7||5 July||Belfort to Divonne-les-Bains||241 km (150 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Mariano Diaz (ESP)|
|8a||6 July||Divonne-les-Bains||9 km (5.6 mi)||Individual time trial||Eddy Merckx (BEL)|
|8b||Divonne-les-Bains to Thonon-les-Bains||137 km (85 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Michele Dancelli (ITA)|
|9||7 July||Thonon-les-Bains to Chamonix||111 km (69 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Roger Pingeon (FRA)|
|10||8 July||Chamonix to Briançon||221 km (137 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Herman Van Springel (BEL)|
|11||9 July||Briançon to Digne||198 km (123 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Eddy Merckx (BEL)|
|12||10 July||Digne to Aubagne||161 km (100 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Felice Gimondi (ITA)|
|13||11 July||Aubagne to La Grande-Motte||196 km (122 mi)||Plain stage||Guido Reybrouck (BEL)|
|14||12 July||La Grande-Motte to Revel||234 km (145 mi)||Plain stage||Joaquim Agostinho (POR)|
|15||13 July||Revel||19 km (12 mi)||Individual time trial||Eddy Merckx (BEL)|
|16||14 July||Castelnaudary to Luchon||199 km (124 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Raymond Delisle (FRA)|
|17||15 July||Luchon to Mourenx||214 km (133 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Eddy Merckx (BEL)|
|18||16 July||Mourenx to Bordeaux||201 km (125 mi)||Plain stage||Barry Hoban (GBR)|
|19||17 July||Bordeaux to Brive||193 km (120 mi)||Plain stage||Barry Hoban (GBR)|
|20||18 July||Brive to Puy de Dôme||198 km (123 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Pierre Matignon (FRA)|
|21||19 July||Clermont-Ferrand to Montargis||329 km (204 mi)||Plain stage||Herman Van Springel (BEL)|
|22a||20 July||Montargis to Créteil||111 km (69 mi)||Plain stage||Jozef Spruyt (BEL)|
|22b||Créteil to Paris||37 km (23 mi)||Individual time trial||Eddy Merckx (BEL)|
|Total||4,117 km (2,558 mi)|
Rudi Altig won the prologue, where Merckx finished second. In the team time trial in the second part of the first stage, Merckx's team won, and this gave Merckx the lead.
In the second stage, a group escaped, with Merckx's team mate Julien Stevens as highest-ranked cyclist. There were no dangerous competitors in the escape, so Merckx did not chase them. The group stayed away, and Stevens took over the lead, with Merckx in second place.
In the fourth stage, Rik Van Looy escaped, because he wanted to show himself, such that he would be selected for the Belgian squad for the 1969 UCI Road World Championships. Van Looy quickly took several minutes, and became the virtual leader of the race. With less than 40 km to go, Stevens tried to defend his lead by attacking. He was followed by a group of cyclists, including René Pijnen, one of Van Looy's team mates. Pijnen was trying to stop the chase, and this angered the other cyclists in the group. The group nonetheless was able to reduce the margin to less than a minute, and Stevens conserved his lead.
In the fifth stage, Stevens was not able to stay in the first group. Désiré Letort, who had joined Stevens in the chase the previous stage, became the new leader, 9 seconds ahead of Merckx.
The first mountains showed up in the sixth stage, with a mountain finish on the Ballon d’Alsace. Merckx won convincingly: Galera was second after 55 seconds, Altig after almost two minutes, and the next cyclist came after more than four minutes. Because Letort was more than seven minutes behind, Merckx was now the leader, with Altig in second place, more than two minutes behind.
Merckx won the short time trial in stage 8, but only gained two seconds on Altig. In the ninth stage, Roger Pingeon and Merckx were away, with Pingeon winning the sprint. Altig lost almost eight minutes, and was out of contention. The second place was now taken by Pingeon, more than five minutes behind.
Merckx added some time in the eleventh stage, which he won, and the twelfth stage, where he finished in the first group. After the twelfth stage, Merckx was leading by more than seven minutes. After he won the time trial in stage fifteen, it was more than eight minutes.
By then, his victory was almost sure, he just had to make sure that he stayed with his competitors. But in the seventeenth stage, Merckx did more than that, and got away alone, going solo for more than 140 km. By the finish, he had a margin of almost eight minutes on a group of seven cyclists, and the next cyclists were almost fifteen minutes away. Merckx had increased his margin to more than sixteen minutes. By winning the final time trial, he increased it to almost eighteen minutes.
After the doping-incident with Merckx in the 1969 Giro, the rules for doping offences were changed: riders were no longer removed from the race, but were given a penalty of fifteen minutes in the general classification. After every stage in the 1969 Tour, three cyclists were tested. These were either the first three of the stage, the first three in the general classification, or three randomly selected cyclists. Five riders tested positive: Henk Nijdam, Jos Timmerman, Rudi Altig, Bernard Guyot and Pierre Matignon. Nijdam, Timmerman and Altig requested their B samples to be tested, but they also returned positive. Altig, Guyot and Matignon were given the time penalty of fifteen minutes; Nijdam and Timmerman had already left the race when the results came out.
There were several classifications in the 1969 Tour de France, three of them awarding jerseys to their leaders. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.
Additionally, there was a points classification, which awarded a green jersey. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification.
There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, but was not identified with a jersey in 1969.
Another classification was the combination classification. This classification was calculated as a combination of the other classifications, its leader wore the white jersey. Specifically it combined the rankings of the general, points, and mountains classifications.
The fifth individual classification was the intermediate sprints classification. This classification had similar rules as the points classification, but only points were awarded on intermediate sprints. In 1969, this classification had no associated jersey.
For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time. The riders in the team that lead this classification wore yellow caps.
||Mountains classification[n 1]||Combination classification
|P||Rudi Altig||Rudi Altig||Rudi Altig||no award||no award||Salvarani|
|1a||Marino Basso||Marino Basso||Roger De Vlaeminck||Eddy Merckx|
|2||Julien Stevens||Julien Stevens|
|4||Rik Van Looy|
|5||Joaquim Agostinho||Désiré Letort||Salvarani|
|6||Eddy Merckx||Eddy Merckx||Eddy Merckx||Eddy Merckx|
|7||Mariano Diaz||Roger De Vlaeminck||Joaquim Galera|
|9||Roger Pingeon||Eddy Merckx||Eddy Merckx|
|10||Herman Van Springel||Faema|
|21||Herman Van Springel|
|Final||Eddy Merckx||Eddy Merckx||Eddy Merckx||Eddy Merckx||Faema|
|Denotes the winner of the general classification||Denotes the winner of the points classification|
|Denotes the winner of the combination classification|
|1||Eddy Merckx (BEL)||Faema||116h 16' 02"|
|2||Roger Pingeon (FRA)||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||+ 17' 54"|
|3||Raymond Poulidor (FRA)||Mercier–BP–Hutchinson||+ 22' 13"|
|4||Felice Gimondi (ITA)||Salvarani||+ 29' 24"|
|5||Andrés Gandarias (ESP)||Kas–Kaskol||+ 33' 04"|
|6||Marinus Wagtmans (NED)||Willem II–Gazelle||+ 33' 57"|
|7||Pierfranco Vianelli (ITA)||Molteni||+ 42' 40"|
|8||Joaquim Agostinho (POR)||Frimatic–de Gribaldy–Viva–Wolber||+ 51' 24"|
|9||Désiré Letort (FRA)||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||+ 51' 41"|
|10||Jan Janssen (NED)||Bic||+ 52' 56"|
|1||Eddy Merckx (BEL)||Faema||244|
|2||Jan Janssen (NED)||Bic||150|
|3||Marinus Wagtmans (NED)||Willem II–Gazelle||136|
|4||Roger Pingeon (FRA)||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||131|
|5||Felice Gimondi (ITA)||Salvarani||108|
|6||Raymond Poulidor (FRA)||Mercier–BP–Hutchinson||99|
|7||Michele Dancelli (ITA)||Molteni||95|
|8||Joaquim Agostinho (POR)||Frimatic–de Gribaldy–Viva–Wolber||91|
|9||Andrés Gandarias (ESP)||Kas–Kaskol||89|
|10||Harm Ottenbros (NED)||Willem II–Gazelle||82|
|1||Eddy Merckx (BEL)||Faema||155|
|2||Roger Pingeon (FRA)||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||94|
|3||Joaquim Galera (ESP)||Fagor||80|
|4||Paul Gutty (FRA)||Frimatic–de Gribaldy–Viva–Wolber||68|
|5||Andrés Gandarias (ESP)||Kas–Kaskol||54|
|6||Felice Gimondi (ITA)||Salvarani||51|
|7||Raymond Poulidor (FRA)||Mercier–BP–Hutchinson||48|
|8||Martin Vandenbossche (BEL)||Faema||36|
|9||Raymond Delisle (FRA)||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||29|
|10||Wladimiro Panizza (ITA)||Salvarani||28|
|1||Eddy Merckx (BEL)||Faema||3|
|2||Roger Pingeon (FRA)||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||8|
|3||Felice Gimondi (ITA)||Salvarani||15|
|4||Raymond Poulidor (FRA)||Mercier–BP–Hutchinson||16|
|5||Andrés Gandarias (ESP)||Kas–Kaskol||19|
Intermediate sprints classification
|1||Eric Leman (BEL)||Flandria–De Clerck–Krüger||53|
|2||Michael Wright (GBR)||Bic||46|
|3||Raymond Riotte (FRA)||Mercier–BP–Hutchinson||43|
|4||Domingo Perurena (ESP)||Fagor||20|
|5||Stéphane Abrahamian (FRA)||Sonolor–Lejeune||17|
|1||Faema||351h 50' 56"|
|2||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||+ 14' 53"|
|3||Kas–Kaskol||+ 1h 01' 42"|
|4||Fagor||+ 1h 17' 46"|
|5||Frimatic–de Gribaldy–Viva–Wolber||+ 1h 28' 20"|
|6||Salvarani||+ 1h 32' 30"|
|7||Mercier–BP–Hutchinson||+ 1h 38' 03"|
|8||Molteni||+ 1h 41' 38"|
|9||Sonolor–Lejeune||+ 1h 41' 41"|
|10||Bic||+ 3h 07' 22"|
|1||Eddy Merckx (BEL)||Faema||419|
|2||Joaquim Agostinho (POR)||Frimatic–de Gribaldy–Viva–Wolber||320|
|3||Michele Dancelli (ITA)||Molteni||178|
|3||Felice Gimondi (ITA)||Salvarani||178|
|5||Andrés Gandarias (ESP)||Kas–Kaskol||159|
Notes and references
- "56ème Tour de France 1969" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 2 January 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2016.
- Augendre 2016, p. 60.
- Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 10 June 2009. Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- Augendre 2016, p. 109.
- "56ème Tour de France 1969 - 4ème étape" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 3 April 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
- "Kwartier straf in Tour voor doping". Het vrije volk (in Dutch). Koninklijke Bibliotheek. 28 June 1969. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
- "Cyclists guilty of doping". Eugine Register-Guard. Google News. 13 July 1969. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
- "Vijf renners 'gesnapt' - Triest slot voor Nijdam". Het vrije volk (in Dutch). Koninklijke Bibliotheek. 14 July 1969. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
- Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified - Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Archived from the original on 9 February 2013. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- Mark, Eddy van der. "Tour Xtra: Other Classifications & Awards". Chippewa Valley Cycling Club. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- "Tutte le cifre del Tour" [All figures of the Tour]. Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). 21 July 1969. p. 2. Archived from the original on 8 August 2018. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- Mark, Eddy van der. "Tour Xtra: Intermediate Sprints Classification". Chippewa Valley Cycling Club. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- Chauner, David; Halstead, Michael (1990). The Tour de France Complete Book of Cycling. Villard. ISBN 0679729364. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- "Dag na dag en rit na rit in de Tour" [Day after day and stage after stage in the Tour]. Gazet van Antwerpen (in Dutch). 22 July 1969. p. 32. Archived from the original on 14 February 2019.
- Cunningham, Josh (4 July 2016). "History of the Tour de France jerseys". Cyclist. Dennis Publishing. Archived from the original on 26 October 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
- "Clasificaciones". El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 21 July 1969. p. 17. Retrieved 22 November 2010.
- Planas, Narciso (22 July 1969). "Eddy Merckx se impuso en todos los frentes: General, montaño, regularidad. combinada. combatividad y equipos". Los Sitios de Gerona (in Spanish). Ajuntament de Girona. Retrieved 22 November 2010.[dead link]
- "Otras clasificaciones" (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 21 July 1969. p. 22. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
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