Ford F-Series (second generation)

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Main article: Ford F-Series
Second generation
1955 Ford F-100 front.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Ford
Also called Mercury M-Series
Production 1952–1956[1]
1957–1962 (Brazil)
Assembly Chester, Pennsylvania, USA
Dearborn, Michigan, USA
Edison, New Jersey, USA
Long Beach, California, USA
Norfolk, Virginia, USA
St. Paul, Minnesota, USA
St. Louis, Missouri, USA
São Paulo, Brazil (Ford Brazil)
Hapeville, Georgia, USA
Louisville, Kentucky, USA
San Jose, California, USA
Highland Park, Michigan, USA
Body and chassis
Class Full-size pickup truck
Body style 2-door pickup
4-door panel truck
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine 215 CID (3.5 L) I6
223 CID (3.7 L) Mileage Maker I6
239 CID (3.9 L) Flathead V8
239 CID (3.9 L) Y-block V8
272 CID (4.5 L) Y-block V8
Transmission Heavy-duty 3-speed manual[2]
3-speed automatic<[3]
4-speed manual
Ford-O-Matic[3]
Dimensions
Wheelbase 110.0 in (2,794 mm) (F-100)
118.0 in (2,997 mm) (F-250)[3]
Length 189.1 in (4,803 mm)[3]
Chronology
Predecessor Ford F-Series first generation (1948–1952)
Successor Ford F-Series third generation (1957–1960)

The Ford F-Series was redesigned by Ford for 1953 with a more integrated look. The pickups also obtained their widely familiar names: The F-1 now became the F-100, the F-2 and F-3 now became the F-250, and the F-4 now became the 1-ton F-350. Optional interior amenities were new, including a dome light, lighter, arm rests, sun visors and a radio. On March 13, 1953, the Ford-O-Matic automatic transmission became an option.

Engine types[edit]

The 1953 F-100 was the last year for the flathead engine in the US. Models in Canada, however, (Mercury M-Series), retained the flathead. 1953-54 saw the introduction of the new 239 CID overhead valve Y-block V8, dubbed "Power King." The six-cylinder engine's displacement was also increased from 215 to 223 CID and power steering was introduced as an option. In 1954 the 239 Y-block was replaced with the 279 and 317.

Body styles[edit]

The 1956 F-100 is a one-year only body style. The 1956 F-100 is easily identified as it has vertical windshield pillars and a wrap around windshield as opposed to the sloped pillars and angled windshield of the 1953-55. The 1956 model also offered a larger wraparound back window as an option. Starting in 1956, Ford offered the very rare "Low GVWR" versions of each model. Also in 1956, seat belts became an option.[3]

Construction in Brazil[edit]

Second generation trucks were built in Brazil from 1957 to 1962 as the F-100, F-350 and F-600.

Models[edit]

  • F-100: 1/2 ton (5,000 GVWR max)
  • F-110: 1/2 ton (4,000 GVWR max)
  • F-250: 3/4 ton (7,400 GVWR max)
  • F-260: 3/4 ton (4,900 GVWR max)
  • F-350: 1 ton (9,800 GVWR max)
  • F-360: 1 ton (7,700 GVWR max)
  • F-600: 2 1/2 ton (16,000 GVWR max)
  • F-700 Big Job

Engines[edit]

Engine Years Power
215 CID Straight-6 1953 101 hp (75 kW)
239 CID Flathead V8 1953 100 hp (75 kW)
223 CID Mileage Maker I6 1954–55 115 hp (86 kW)
239 CID Y-block V8 1954–55 130 hp (97 kW)
223 CID Mileage Maker I6 1956 137 hp (102 kW)
256- CID Y-block V8 1955 140 hp (100 kW)
279- CID Y-block V8 1954-56 152 hp (113 kW)
317- CID Y-block V8 1954-56 170 hp (125 kW)

Gallery[edit]

1953 Mercury M-100, a Canada-only rebadged F-100 
1953 Ford F-100 
1955 Ford F-100 
1956 Mercury M-100 pickup 
1956 Ford F-100 

References[edit]