Sun Devil Stadium

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Sun Devil Stadium
Sun Devil Stadium - Pac12 Championship.jpg
Sun Devil Stadium hosting the 2013 Pac-12 Football Championship Game
Location 500 East Veterans Way
Tempe, Arizona 85281
Coordinates 33°25′35″N 111°55′57″W / 33.42639°N 111.93250°W / 33.42639; -111.93250Coordinates: 33°25′35″N 111°55′57″W / 33.42639°N 111.93250°W / 33.42639; -111.93250
Owner Arizona State University
Operator Arizona State University
Capacity 57,078 (2017–present)[1]
56,232 (2016)[2]
64,248 (2015)[3]
65,870 (2014)[4]
71,706 (2004–2013)
73,379 (1996–2003)
73,473 (1992–1995)
74,865 (1989–1991)
70,491 (1987–1988)
70,021 (1983–1986)
70,330 (1980–1982)
70,311 (1978–1979)
57,722 (1976–1977)
50,300 (1970–1975)
41,000 (1966–1969)
30,450 (1958–1965)
Surface Bermuda Grass
Construction
Broke ground December 1957
Opened October 4, 1958[8]
Expanded 1966, 1970, 1976, 1977, 1989
Construction cost $1 million
($8.3 million in 2016 dollars[5])
Architect Edward L. Varney Associates[6]
General contractor F. H. Antrim Construction Company[7]
Tenants
Arizona State Sun Devils (NCAA) (1958–present)
Fiesta Bowl (NCAA) (1971–2006)
Arizona Wranglers (USFL) (1983–1984)
Arizona Outlaws (USFL) (1985)
Arizona Cardinals (NFL) (1988–2005)
Cactus Bowl (NCAA) (2006–2015)
Sun Devil Stadium at the southeast entrance
Sun Devil Stadium Press Box, 1998

Sun Devil Stadium is an outdoor football stadium on the campus of Arizona State University, in Tempe, Arizona, United States. It is home to the Arizona State Sun Devils football team of the Pac-12 Conference. The stadium's current seating capacity is 56,232 and the playing surface is natural grass. The gridiron within the stadium was named Frank Kush Field in honor of the former coach of the ASU football team in 1996.[9] Sun Devil Stadium is undergoing a $256 million renovation that is scheduled to be completed before the 2018 season.[10][11] It was the major outdoor stadium in the Valley of the Sun until the construction of University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale in 2006.

The stadium has hosted two annual college football bowl games: the Fiesta Bowl from 1971 to 2006, and the Cactus Bowl from 2006 to 2015.

Sun Devil Stadium was the initial home stadium of the NFL's Arizona Cardinals after the team's arrival in the area in 1988. The Cardinals moved across the Valley to University of Phoenix Stadium following the 2005 season.

Construction and upgrades[edit]

Built in 1958, the stadium's original capacity was 30,000. The first addition in 1976 substantially raised the capacity to 57,722. Seating was added to the south end zone, along with press and sky boxes. A year later, in 1977, the upper tier was completed to bring seating to 70,311. In 1988, 1,700 more seats were added to bring the facility. During that time the Carson Student Athlete Center was added to the south end. The building is the home of the ASU Athletic Department.

In 2007, engineers realized the stadium's concrete base was buckling due to the rusting of structural steel supporting the foundation. Stadium designers had neglected to waterproof the structure when it was built, assuming a stadium in the desert would not need waterproof concrete. However, cleaning/maintenance crews for the Sun Devils and Cardinals hosed down the seats after every game, introducing substantially more water to the stadium than the designers had envisioned. Engineers estimated $45 million in repairs would be needed to maintain the stadium beyond 2010.[12]

A new Arizona bill allows the Arizona Board of Regents to set up a district on ASU property to collect revenue from local businesses. Money from the fee will go toward the funding of renovation projects of ASU's athletic facilities, including the stadium. It was estimated the fund would accumulate enough money to begin planning renovations within 2–5 years (2012–2015).[13]

In April 2012, Sun Devil Athletics unveiled an estimated $300 million plan for renovated Sun Devil Stadium that entails reduced stadium capacity (55,000-60,000 seat range), field turf and fabric roof shading.[14] The plan to cover the stadium with fabric was later scrapped. In October 2013, Sun Devil Athletics announced the removal of approximately 5,700 north end zone upper deck seats that reduced the stadium capacity to 65,870 for the 2014 season.[15] The 2016 and 2017 Cactus Bowls, which are usually played in Sun Devil Stadium, will be played in nearby Chase Field while the renovations are completed.

The renovations were originally intended to consist of three phases that would each take place between football seasons, thus removing the need for the team to play one or more years at a temporary home venue during construction. Initial plans called for the entire project to be completed in time for the start of the 2017 season, but modifications to the renovation schedule have postponed the anticipated completion date to 2018.[10][11]

  • Phase 1 (2015): Sections of the upper deck were removed. The bleachers behind the south end zone were replaced with a steel and concrete structure.
  • Phase 2 (2016): The west side of the lower bowl and loge level was demolished and rebuilt. Construction began on an athletic facility on the north end of the stadium.
  • Phase 3 (2017): Completion of the athletic facility and installation of a new video board above the north end zone.
  • Phase 4 (2018, planned): The east side of the lower bowl will be rebuilt.

College football[edit]

The first game played at the stadium was on October 4, 1958. Arizona State defeated West Texas State 16-13.

On September 21, 1996, the playing surface was named in honor of former ASU football coaching great Frank Kush, and the name of the stadium was changed from Sun Devil Stadium to Sun Devil Stadium, Frank Kush Field. That night ASU shut out #1 Nebraska 19-0. The largest crowd ever seated for a college football game at the stadium was 80,470 for the 1999 Fiesta Bowl, where the Tennessee Volunteers beat the Florida State Seminoles, 23-16 on January 4, 1999 to win the National Championship.

Sun Devil Stadium hosted the Fiesta Bowl from 1971 to 2006. During the 1998 and 2002 seasons, the Fiesta Bowl doubled as the BCS National Championship Game.

The Cactus Bowl (formerly called the Buffalo Wild Wings, Insight and Copper Bowl) moved to Sun Devil Stadium from Chase Field in 2006, after the Fiesta Bowl relocated to the newly opened University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale. The Cactus Bowl temporarily moved back to Chase Field in 2016 to accommodate the 2015-2018 renovation project; the game will return to Sun Devil Stadium once renovations are complete.

Pro football[edit]

The first professional football game played in the stadium was a preseason game between the New York Jets and the Minnesota Vikings in 1975. The Green Bay Packers also played the Denver Broncos in a preseason game in 1987.

Sun Devil Stadium was the home stadium of the Arizona Wranglers/Outlaws of the USFL from 1983 to 1985.

The facility became an NFL stadium in 1988 when the St. Louis Cardinals moved west to Arizona and became the Phoenix Cardinals (renamed the Arizona Cardinals in 1994). The Cardinals' first regular season game in the stadium was a 17-14 loss to the Dallas Cowboys in a Monday Night Football game on September 12, 1988. The Cardinals won their next home game, defeating the defending Super Bowl champion Washington Redskins 30-21. The Cardinals intended to only play in Sun Devil Stadium temporarily until a new stadium could be built in Phoenix. However, the savings and loan crisis derailed plans for a permanent home, and the Cardinals remained in Tempe for 18 years. In the latter part of that time, the Cardinals began chafing at being merely a tenant in a college-owned stadium; they felt it denied them access to revenue streams that other NFL teams took for granted.

The stadium hosted Super Bowl XXX in 1996 as the Cowboys won their fifth Vince Lombardi Trophy, defeating the Pittsburgh Steelers, 27-17 in front of 76,347 spectators.

On October 27, 2003, the Monday Night Football game between the San Diego Chargers and Miami Dolphins was moved to Sun Devil Stadium because the Cedar Fire in the San Diego area forced the teams to vacate Qualcomm Stadium, which was being used as an evacuation site. Tickets for the game were free and the capacity crowd saw the Dolphins win 26-10. It was the first Monday Night Football game in the stadium in four years.[16]

The Cardinals ended their tenancy at Sun Devil Stadium with a 27-21 victory over the Philadelphia Eagles on Christmas Eve 2005. In 18 seasons, the Cardinals compiled a 64-80 (.444) record at Sun Devil Stadium, their best home record being 5-3 which they achieved four times: 1994, 1996, 1998, and 2004.

Whenever the Cardinals struggled, Sun Devil Stadium was frequently one of the quietest stadiums in the league. Cardinals home games often did not sell out in time for them to be aired locally, in compliance with NFL blackout policy at the time. The few fans who did show up for games were most often rooting for the visiting team, creating what amounted to "home games" on the road for many opposing teams. A significant percentage of the state's residents only live there during the winter and live elsewhere for the rest of the year, and many of Arizona's permanent residents either grew up in other states or have roots outside the state.[17] In 2005, for instance, all home games (except for the 49ers game which was held at Estadio Azteca in Mexico City) failed to sell out and could not be broadcast on local television.

In 2006, the Cardinals moved from Sun Devil Stadium to University of Phoenix Stadium in another Phoenix suburb, Glendale, located on the opposite side of the metro area from Tempe. The new stadium also hosts the Fiesta Bowl, and hosted the first stand-alone BCS National Championship Game in January 2007.

Satellite image in 2002

Film appearances[edit]

Sun Devil Stadium has been the setting for several movies over the years. Some of them include Cameron Crowe's 1996 blockbuster film Jerry Maguire, U2's 1988 rockumentary Rattle and Hum, The Rolling Stones' 1982 concert film Let's Spend the Night Together, 1976's A Star is Born, with Barbra Streisand and Kris Kristofferson,[18] the Coen Brothers 1987 film Raising Arizona,[19] and the 1980 film Used Cars. In 2003, the stadium was also featured on the Finale episode of The Amazing Race 4. 2009 The U ESPN 30 for 30.

Historic appearances[edit]

Pope John Paul II visited Phoenix on September 14, 1987, as a part of his whirlwind tour of the United States. In Tempe, he held Mass for 75,000 at Sun Devil Stadium, which had all images and textual mentions of the Sun Devil mascot and nickname removed or obscured in his presence.[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2017 ASU Football Final Guide" (PDF). Arizona State University Department of Athletics. August 28, 2017. Retrieved September 10, 2017. 
  2. ^ Haller, Doug (August 23, 2016). "Renovated Sun Devil Stadium Ready for Sept. 3 Opener". The Arizona Republic. Phoenix. Retrieved September 5, 2016. 
  3. ^ Boivin, Paola (July 17, 2015). "ASU Has High Hopes for Splitting Student Section". The Arizona Republic. Phoenix. Retrieved August 31, 2015. 
  4. ^ "A Closer Look at the Pac-12's Football Stadiums". The Arizona Republic. Phoenix. August 1, 2014. Retrieved August 3, 2014. 
  5. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, 2017. 
  6. ^ "Bids for New Sun Devil Stadium to Be Accepted". Prescott Courier. November 15, 1957. Retrieved September 26, 2011. 
  7. ^ Solliday, Scott (December 1, 2001). "Tempe Post-World War II Context Study". City of Tempe. Retrieved November 6, 2013. 
  8. ^ Sports-Venue.info – Sun Devil Stadium
  9. ^ Arizona State Athletics – Sun Devil Stadium, Frank Kush Field
  10. ^ a b Metcalfe, Jeff (February 11, 2016). "See what Sun Devil Stadium will look like after renovation". azcentral.com. Retrieved September 12, 2016. 
  11. ^ a b Metcalfe, Jeff (October 12, 2016). "ASU postpones final Sun Devil Stadium reconstruction". www.azcentral.com. Retrieved March 21, 2017. 
  12. ^ "Sun Devil Stadium Repairs Planned". The Arizona Republic. Phoenix. June 24, 2007. Retrieved December 30, 2007. 
  13. ^ Ottens, Cale (September 26, 2010). "Business Fee to Fund Sun Devil Stadium Renovation". State Press. Arizona State University. Retrieved December 1, 2010. 
  14. ^ Boor, William (April 4, 2012). "ASU Unveils Plans for Renovated Sun Devil Stadium". State Press. Arizona State University. Retrieved November 8, 2013. 
  15. ^ Metcalfe, Jeff (October 3, 2013). "ASU to Demolish Upper-Deck Seating in North End Zone at Sun Devil Stadium in January". The Arizona Republic. Phoenix. Retrieved November 6, 2013. 
  16. ^ Baum, Bob (October 28, 2003). "Dolphins 26, Chargers 10". Yahoo! Sports. Associated Press. Retrieved April 28, 2010. 
  17. ^ Boeck, Greg (October 23, 2003). "Cardinals Feel the Heat". USA Today. Retrieved January 28, 2013. 
  18. ^ "Sun Devil Stadium, Tempe Arizona 1976". Barbra Streisand Archives. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Raising Arizona Movie Filming Locations". The 80s Movies Rewind. Retrieved October 3, 2012. 
  20. ^ Komiya, Emi (23 September 2015). "Only Pope to ever visit AZ held mass at Sun Devil Stadium". KPNX-TV. Retrieved 4 September 2016. 

External links[edit]

Events and tenants
Preceded by
none
Home of the
Tostitos Fiesta Bowl

1971–2005
Succeeded by
University of Phoenix Stadium
Preceded by
Chase Field
Home of the
Insight Bowl

2006–present
Succeeded by
Current
Preceded by
Busch Stadium
Home of the
Arizona Cardinals

1988–2005
Succeeded by
University of Phoenix Stadium
Preceded by
Joe Robbie Stadium
Host of the Super Bowl
XXX 1996
Succeeded by
Louisiana Superdome
Preceded by

first stadium
Rose Bowl
Home of the
BCS National Championship Game

1999
2003
Succeeded by

Louisiana Superdome
Louisiana Superdome