Camping World Stadium
"Orlando Citrus Bowl"
|Former names||Orlando Stadium (1936–1946, 1977–1982)|
Tangerine Bowl (1947–1975)
Citrus Bowl (1976)
Florida Citrus Bowl (1983–2013)
Orlando Citrus Bowl (2014–2016)
|Address||1 Citrus Bowl Place|
|Location||Orlando, Florida, United States|
|Coordinates||28°32′20″N 81°24′10″W / 28.53889°N 81.40278°WCoordinates: 28°32′20″N 81°24′10″W / 28.53889°N 81.40278°W|
|Public transit||20, 21, 36|
|Owner||City of Orlando|
|Capacity||Football: 60,219 (2014–present)|
(expandable to 65,194)
Soccer: 19,500 (expandable to 60,219)
|Record attendance||WrestleMania 33: 75,245 (April 2, 2017)|
|Field size||120 yds × 53.3 yds (football)|
114 yds × 74 yds (soccer)
|Surface||AstroTurf RootZone 3D3 (2016–present)|
|Broke ground||Early 1936|
|Renovated||1999–2002, 2014, 2021|
|Expanded||1952, 1968, 1974–76, 1989, 1999–2002|
|Construction cost||1936: US$115,000 ($2.25 million in 2021 dollars)|
1989 renovation: US$38 million ($83.1 million in 2021 dollars)
2014 renovation: US$207 million
|Citrus Bowl (NCAA) 1947–present|
Orlando Broncos (SFL) 1962–1963
Orlando Panthers (CFL) 1966–1970
Florida Blazers (WFL) 1974
UCF Knights (NCAA) 1979–2006
Orlando Americans (AFA) 1981
Orlando Renegades (USFL) 1985
Orlando Thunder (WLAF) 1991–1992
Orlando Sundogs (USL 1) 1997
Cheez-It Bowl (NCAA) 2001–present
Orlando Rage (XFL) 2001
Florida Tuskers (UFL) 2009–2010
Orlando Fantasy (LFL) 2011–2012
Orlando City SC (USL Pro) 2011–2013
Cure Bowl (NCAA) 2015–2018, 2020
Orlando City SC (MLS) 2015–2016
Orlando Pride (NWSL) 2016
Orlando Guardians (XFL) 2023–present
Camping World Stadium is an outdoor stadium in Orlando, Florida, United States located in the West Lakes neighborhood of Downtown Orlando, west of new sports and entertainment facilities including the Amway Center, the Dr. Phillips Center for the Performing Arts, and Exploria Stadium. It opened in 1936 as Orlando Stadium and has also been known as the Tangerine Bowl and Florida Citrus Bowl. The City of Orlando owns and operates the stadium.
Camping World Stadium is the current home venue of the Citrus Bowl and the Cheez-It Bowl. It is also the regular host of other college football games including the Florida Classic between Florida A&M and Bethune-Cookman, the MEAC/SWAC Challenge, and the Camping World Kickoff. The stadium was built for football and in the past, it has served as home of several alternate-league football teams and currently serves as the home of the Orlando Guardians of the XFL. From 2011 to 2013, it was the home of the Orlando City SC, a soccer team in USL Pro. From 1979 to 2006, it served as the home of the UCF Knights football team. It was one of the nine venues used for the 1994 FIFA World Cup. The stadium has also hosted the NFL's Pro Bowl four times.
Construction on the stadium began in 1936 as a project of the Works Progress Administration under President Franklin D. Roosevelt during the Great Depression. The stadium was built to the immediate east of the baseball park Tinker Field, which opened in 1914. The stadium opened later in 1936 with a capacity of 8,900 as Orlando Stadium. The first college football bowl game was played on January 1, 1947. Catawba defeated Maryville 31–6 in the inaugural Tangerine Bowl. 2,000 seats were added in 1952. During this period, the stadium was known as the Tangerine Bowl. 5,000 more seats were added in 1968, along with the first press box.
From 1974 to 1976 an expansion project raised the capacity to 50,612, including a 3,600-seat upper deck on the east sidelines. However, shortly after completion the project proved to be a public fiasco and potentially an architectural and engineering failure. On November 27, 1976, the first major game was held at the expanded stadium, a regular season matchup between Florida and Miami. During the game, the newly-constructed upper deck noticeably swayed whenever fans stood up and cheered. The deck vibrated, fences and railings shook and creaked, causing an unnerving sensation for the patrons sitting in those sections. The swaying and shaking was noticeable again about a month later during the 1976 Tangerine Bowl game. The swaying was so pronounced that some fans vowed never to sit in those seats again, while some refused to return to the stadium at all. Before long, engineering evaluations, as well as legal investigations, uncovered numerous missteps, rushing, and cut corners in the stadium's design. While it was believed that the upper deck was structurally sound and met building codes, it nevertheless was deemed a failure. Additional problems included inadequate access to restrooms in the upper deck, gaps between the sections which required obstructive fences, and the fact that the upper deck was built at such an angle that it had poor sight lines. Meanwhile, unsightly I-beams installed to hold up the upper deck now blocked seats in the lower deck that were previously unobstructed.
The maligned stadium's reputation was heavily tarnished after the upper deck scandal, criticized by public officials, media, and fans. Further complicating the situation was UCF's pending move to the stadium for 1979. The city finally received a settlement of $900,500 from the stadium's engineers, architects, and designers, money that was soon appropriated for new improvements. The infamous steel east upper deck was dismantled in May 1980.
After various new improvements, and a $30 million renovation that added new concrete upper decks to both sides, a capacity of 65,438 was established in 1989. In 1983, the Florida Department of Citrus was added as a title sponsor for the facility, at a price of $250,000. From 1999 to 2002, key stadium improvements included the addition of contour seating, two escalators, and a new 107-foot (33 m) wide scoreboard/video screen. A new sound system, along with two full-color ribbon displays along the upper decks, were also added. The expansion resulted in the upper deck overhanging Tinker Field's right field area, albeit at a significant height.
Camping World Stadium has been home field to several short-lived professional football teams. From 1966 to 1970, the stadium was home to the Orlando Panthers of the Continental Football League. In 1974, the Florida Blazers of the World Football League played their only season in existence at the Tangerine Bowl. The USFL's Orlando Renegades played one season in 1985. The Orlando Thunder of the WLAF called the Citrus Bowl home in their two-season existence during the early 1990s, while the XFL's Orlando Rage played there in 2001 as well as the UFL's Florida Tuskers, occupying the stadium for 2 seasons from 2009, before moving to Virginia Beach as the Virginia Destroyers in 2011. The Orlando Fantasy of the Lingerie Football League moved to the stadium shortly after, having previously used the UCF Arena.
In 2022, it was announced that Orlando had been chosen to be the home of one of the second incarnation of the XFL’s eight teams and that the team would play its home games at Camping World Stadium. The Orlando Guardians are set to start playing in the 2023 XFL season.
The stadium hosted the National Football League's all-star game, the Pro Bowl, from 2017 through 2020. Seven NFL preseason games have been held at the stadium..
The stadium has hosted various college football games, including many bowl games:
- Since 1947 (except for 1973), the stadium has hosted a bowl game, currently known as the Citrus Bowl, typically played on January 1 or January 2. The bowl has also been known by different names, and has also been held during December, at various times during its history.
- Since 1997, the stadium has been home to the Florida Classic, an annual game between Bethune–Cookman University and Florida A&M University.
- Since 2001, the stadium has hosted a December bowl game. Known by several different names due to sponsorship changes, in May 2020 it became the Cheez-It Bowl.
- In 2010 and 2011, the stadium hosted the East–West Shrine Game, which then moved to Tropicana Field in St. Petersburg, Florida.
- Since 2015, the stadium hosted the Cure Bowl. The bowl game moved to Orlando City Stadium for the 2019 season, but returned beginning in the 2020 season.
- The stadium hosted the 1979 NCAA Division I-AA Football Championship Game, 2005 C-USA Championship Game, and 2016 ACC Championship Game.
- Rollins College of Winter Park, Florida, was the first college to use the then-named Orlando Stadium as its home field. It played there prior to and after World War II.
High school football
The Florida High School Athletic Association state football championships are held at Camping World Stadium. The varsity football team from nearby Jones High School used Camping World Stadium as a regular season home field for decades through the end of their 2011 season. The school started playing home football games on their own field beginning on August 31, 2012.
The playing surface is large enough for use in international soccer matches, and it was a venue for the 1994 FIFA World Cup. In five matches, attendance averaged over 60,000 per match. In 1996, Olympic soccer matches in both the men's and women's competitions were held at the stadium.
It hosted the USISL A-League Orlando Sundogs in 1997. It also hosted the Major League Soccer All-Star Game in 1998. The stadium was the home of Orlando City SC, a soccer team in the USL Pro League. In 2013, the investment group that owned that club was awarded an expansion team in Major League Soccer. They spent their 2014 season in USL Pro at ESPN Wide World of Sports Complex in Lake Buena Vista while Camping World Stadium was being renovated.
During the 2013 season, Fifth Third Bank owned naming rights to the field for Orlando City matches. Its name during those matches was Fifth Third Bank Field at the Citrus Bowl.
Orlando City played their final USL Pro match at Camping World Stadium on September 6, 2013. They won the USL Pro Championship over Charlotte Eagles, 7–4, before a crowd of 20,886. The last soccer event held at Camping World Stadium before its renovation was an international friendly between the women's teams of the United States and Brazil. The U.S. won the match, 4–1, before a crowd of 20,274.
Orlando City, now playing in Major League Soccer, returned to Camping World Stadium for the 2015 and 2016 seasons.
The Orlando Pride, the National Women's Soccer League 2016 expansion team owned by Orlando City SC, played in Camping World Stadium while the Orlando City (now Exploria) Stadium was completed.
Camping World Stadium was one of the venues for Copa América Centenario in June 2016. Three group stage matches were held there, Paraguay vs Costa Rica on June 4, Bolivia vs Panama on June 6 and Brazil vs Haiti on June 8.
The stadium hosted the Mexico national football team vs. Guatemala "MexTour" on April 27, 2022.
The 2022 Florida Cup exhibition soccer match between Arsenal and Chelsea, 4–0, had an attendance of 63,811, a record crowd for a soccer match at the stadium.
1994 FIFA World Cup matches
|Date||Time (UTC−5)||Team #1||Res.||Team #2||Round||Attendance|
|June 19, 1994||12:30||Belgium||1–0||Morocco||Group F||61,219|
|June 24, 1994||12:30||Mexico||2–1||Republic of Ireland||Group E||60,790|
|June 25, 1994||12:30||Belgium||1–0||Netherlands||Group F||62,387|
|June 29, 1994||12:30||Morocco||1–2||60,578|
|July 4, 1994||12:00||Netherlands||2–0||Republic of Ireland||Round of 16||61,355|
|Date||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Competition||Attendance|
|July 23, 2022||Arsenal||4–0||Chelsea||2022 Florida Cup||63,811|
On March 30, 2008, the stadium hosted WrestleMania XXIV, the 2008 edition of WWE's flagship professional wrestling pay-per-view. The first WrestleMania held in Florida, and the second to be held entirely outdoors since WrestleMania IX at Caesars Palace, it had a reported attendance of 74,635—the largest crowd in stadium history. It was estimated to have brought in $51.5 million in revenue to the local economy.
WWE returned to Camping World Stadium to host WrestleMania 33, which took place on April 2, 2017. WWE claimed an attendance record of 75,245, exceeding the total of WrestleMania XXIV.
- The Citrus Bowl was the site of two Billy Graham Crusades, the most recent of which took place in 1983.
- During the 1996 Summer Olympics, it hosted some of the football (soccer) preliminaries.
- Drum Corps International has held its annual World Championships at the stadium four times in 1996, 1997, 1998, and 2003
- The Feld Entertainment-promoted Monster Jam shows held there every year featured a track similar to the one at Sam Boyd Stadium in 2008 and 2009. The 2014 Monster Jam event on January 25 was the last event held at Camping World Stadium before its reconstruction began.
- The Corporate 5K Orlando road race has been based at the stadium for several years.
- The AMA Supercross Series holds an annual spring event.
- British rock band Pink Floyd performed their only concert in Orlando at the stadium on April 30, 1988, as part of their A Momentary Lapse of Reason tour.
- The stadium hosted the Rock Super Bowl festivals during the late 1970s and early 1980s
- Guns N' Roses continued their Not in This Lifetime... Tour, playing at the stadium on 29 July 2016 to a sold-out crowd.
- The stadium hosted the Monster Jam World Finals XX on May 10–11, 2019, and will host World Finals XXI on May 21-22, 2022.
- The stadium has hosted The Bands of America Orlando Regional Championship every fall since 2018 excluding 2020, when it was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
- The stadium hosted Billy Joel on his only show stop in Florida on his stadium series of the Billy Joel in Concert Tour on March 12, 2022.
- The stadium hosted the Garth Brooks Triple Live Stadium Tour on March 26, 2022. The attendance was 70,000, which set a new concert attendance record at the stadium.
- The stadium hosted Paul McCartney's second and final Florida show on his Got Back Tour on May 28, 2022.
- Def Leppard and Mötley Crüe performed at the stadium on June 19, 2022, during their The Stadium Tour.
By 2005, Orlando-area government officials and officials from the University of Central Florida (UCF) expressed dissatisfaction with the state of the facility and lack of revenue, as while UCF was the primary leasing tenant for the facility, it received minimal revenue from football games. Lack of an agreement to rectify these issues led UCF to consider relocating, or spend considerable expense to upgrade the facility at its own cost. In addition, the stadium's capacity was seen as too large for UCF, leaving the stadium an appearance of being empty even with attendance of as much as 30,000–40,000 people per game. UCF's all-time attendance record was 51,978 for the 2005 C-USA Championship Game versus Tulsa. Furthermore, the stadium was located over 10 miles (16 km) from the university's main campus in East Orlando, with travel times of up to a half-hour due to traffic. In 2005, UCF officials led by university president John Hitt made the decision to construct a new on-campus stadium, which opened for the 2007 season.
Orlando officials began exploring stadium refurbishment project in 2004, when the Capital One Bowl bid to become a Bowl Championship Series (BCS) game, but was not chosen due to the stadium's aging condition. Camping World Stadium also submitted a bid for the ACC Championship Game, but lost to Jacksonville Municipal Stadium. The key reasons for losing the bids were the lack of modern luxury boxes, bench seating, and capacity. The hopes for Camping World Stadium became reality when, on September 29, 2006, Orlando Mayor Buddy Dyer announced an agreement on a $175-million renovation of Camping World Stadium. It is part of the "Triple Crown for Downtown", a $1.1-billion plan to redo the Orlando Centroplex with a new $480-million arena for the Orlando Magic, a new $375-million performing arts center, and the Camping World Stadium improvements. Conceptual drawings for the possible improvements include enclosed concourses on the east and west sides of the stadium and additions to the north side that will finally complete the lower bowl. The Orlando/Orange County Interlocal Agreement was approved by the Orlando City Council on August 6, 2007. However, the plans were heavily affected by the Great Recession of 2007–08.
In 2010, the natural grass surface was replaced with AstroTurf Gameday Grass 3D after the 2009 Champs Sports Bowl and 2010 Capital One Bowl were marred by poor field conditions that led to two football player injuries. Stadium conditions once again prompted a review of the stadiums condition. Finally, it was announced in May 2013 that the Florida Citrus Bowl Stadium would undergo a reconstruction during 2014, at a cost of less than US$200 million. The cost estimate as of March 2014 was US$207 million. The stadium's upper level seating was retained, but the entire lower bowl structure was demolished.
In the newly reconstructed stadium there are two 360-degree concourses, a 20,000-square-foot (1,900 m2) plaza deck ("Party Deck") in the north end zone, 41,000 all-new lower bowl seats with six additional inches of leg room & chairbacks, multiple giant video displays, new team facilities including locker rooms training rooms and attached media, new stadium operations facilities to allow better efficiency in food service, security, first aid and maintenance, new concessions and restrooms, and an open-air façade. The new mezzanine is now referred to as the "Plaza level". The upper deck, previously numbered the "300" level, is now numbered the "200" level.
The reconstruction began immediately following a groundbreaking event held at the stadium on January 29, 2014, and demolition of the entire lower bowl lasted 25 days. The first event at the renovated Camping World Stadium was the 2014 edition of the Florida Classic on November 22, 2014. The Bethune-Cookman Wildcats defeated the Florida A&M Rattlers, 18–17 in overtime.
Orlando City returned to the renovated Camping World Stadium for the 2015 season, their first season in Major League Soccer, while awaiting construction of their own soccer-specific stadium. In their first match, a 1–1 draw against fellow expansion team New York City FC on March 8, 2015, they drew a sellout crowd of 62,510, the largest attendance for a soccer match at the venue.
The United States women's national soccer team returned to Camping World Stadium on October 25, 2015. They defeated Brazil again, 3–1. The attendance of 32,869 was the largest attendance for a standalone USWNT friendly in the state of Florida.
The Orlando Pride, the expansion National Women's Soccer League team owned by Orlando City SC, played in Camping World Stadium until the Orlando City Stadium was complete. On April 23, 2016, they broke the record for attendance at an NWSL game, setting at 23,403, when the Pride beat the Houston Dash, 3–1.
On November 19, 2015, CONCACAF and CONMEBOL announced that Camping World Stadium would be one of the host venues for the Copa América Centenario soccer tournament in 2016.
On April 26, 2016, Florida Citrus Sports announced that they had sold naming rights for the stadium to Camping World. Camping World also became the title sponsor of the stadium's college football kickoff game through at least 2019, and the annual December bowl game held at the stadium was known as the Camping World Bowl from 2017 through 2019. These naming changes did not affect the Citrus Bowl or the Florida Classic.
In 2021, Camping World Stadium renovations included modernizing and improving the north endzone seating bowl, concession ares, club-level seating, and new premium mezzanine clubs on east and west. The project was completed on a fast-track schedule of less than 12 months by Construction Manager Barton Malow. During the work, the City of Orlando and FLorida Citrus Sports hosted several events at the stadium. All were held without incident due to specialized safety techniques that separated construction activities, visitors, and staff.
Seating and attendance
Prior to the 2014 renovation, the stadium had 65,000 permanent seats. The lower bowl lacked permanent seats in the north end zone, though temporary bleachers could be erected there if necessary. The temporary bleachers were last used for the 2005 Capital One Bowl, which had an attendance of 70,229.
Following the renovation, the seating capacity was reduced to 60,219 due to the introduction of chair-back seats in the lower bowl and Plaza Level. The upper deck continues to have bench seats. Temporary bleachers can be added in the Plaza level in place of the Party Deck to increase the capacity to 65,194.
In popular culture
- Camping World Stadium (then still known as the Citrus Bowl) was a filming location for the 1998 Adam Sandler movie The Waterboy. In the film, the Citrus Bowl depicted both the home stadium of the fictional University of Louisiana Cougars as well as the venue of the climactic Bourbon Bowl game.
- Exterior shots of the then-Citrus Bowl were used in the television series Coach, starring Craig T. Nelson as Coach Hayden Fox. In the show, the Citrus Bowl was the home stadium of the fictional Orlando Breakers franchise, which Coach Fox led during the series' final two seasons (1995–1997). The change, which coincided with a production move to Disney-MGM Studios (now Disney's Hollywood Studios), reflected the real-life expansion team, the Jacksonville Jaguars.
- ^ a b 1634–1699: McCusker, J. J. (1997). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States: Addenda et Corrigenda (PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1700–1799: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States (PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1800–present: Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Retrieved April 16, 2022.
- ^ City of Orlando Community Venues Archived September 27, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
- ^ "City of Orlando Venues – City of Orlando Arts, Cultural and Sporting Events Facilities". City of Orlando Venues.
- ^ "GET 2014 SEASON TICKETS TODAY TO GUARANTEE SEAT IN 2015!". Retrieved November 5, 2013.
- ^ Now you can watch the Citrus Bowl reconstruction online as it happens. Central Florida News 13.
- ^ "The Orlando Citrus Bowl: A Brief History". January 21, 2015.
- ^ "Sections of T-Bowl Sway". Sentinel Star. November 28, 1976. p. 49. Retrieved September 21, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- ^ Guest, Larry (May 14, 1978). "T-Bowl sway just one of its burdens (Part 1)". Sentinel Star. p. 1. Retrieved September 21, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- ^ Guest, Larry (May 14, 1978). "T-Bowl sway just one of its burdens (Part 2)". Sentinel Star. p. 15. Retrieved September 21, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- ^ Guest, Larry (May 15, 1978). "Rush sacks expansion for a loss (Part 1)". Sentinel Star. p. 1. Retrieved September 21, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- ^ Guest, Larry (May 15, 1978). "Rush sacks expansion for a loss (Part2)". Sentinel Star. p. 6. Retrieved September 21, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- ^ Guest, Larry (May 16, 1978). "T-Bowl sway just one of its burdens (Part 1)". Sentinel Star. p. 1. Retrieved September 21, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- ^ Guest, Larry (May 16, 1978). "T-Bowl sway just one of its burdens (Part 2)". Sentinel Star. p. 10. Retrieved September 21, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- ^ Ziffer, Randy (April 29, 1980). "3,600 swaying T-Bowl seats to be taken down in 2 weeks". Sentinel Star. p. 30. Retrieved September 21, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- ^ "Orlando Citrus Bowl history".
- ^ Orr, Conor. "Orlando Pro Bowl returning to AFC-NFC format in 2017". NFL.com. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- ^ "Cheez-It® Heads To Orlando To Join Florida Citrus Sports Beginning With 2020 Season". cheezitbowl.com. May 27, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- ^ Murschel, Matt (May 1, 2019). "Orlando City Stadium to host Cure Bowl". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
- ^ "News". Orlando City Soccer Club.
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- ^ Jeff Wilen Jawbreaker (March 27, 2008). "It's time for WrestleMania XXIV". Daytona Beach News-Journal Online (archived by WebCite). Archived from the original on May 12, 2008. Retrieved April 25, 2008.
- ^ Zucker, Joseph. "WWE WrestleMania 33 Breaks Attendance Record at Orlando Citrus Bowl". Bleacher Report. Retrieved April 6, 2017.
- ^ "WrestleMania XXIV brought more than the Undertaker to Central Florida". Orlando Sentinel. December 1, 2008. Archived from the original on May 27, 2012. Retrieved December 1, 2008.
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- ^ Dosh, Kristi. "WrestleMania 33 Breaks Attendance And Revenue Records As Part Of 5 Nights Of WWE Sellouts". Forbes.
- ^ 1996 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 1. p. 539.
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- ^ "Orlando City & NYCFC Battle To 1–1 Draw In Front Of 62K". Orlando City Soccer Club.
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- ^ "Demolition for Florida Citrus Bowl Reconstruction Begins Next Month". bungalower. December 2, 2013.
|Events and tenants|
ESPN Wide World of Sports Complex
| Home of Orlando City SC
2011 – 2013
2015 – 2016
| Home of Orlando Pride
| Home of the
|Preceded by|| Home of the
2023 – present
| Home of the
1979 – 2006
|Preceded by|| Home of Russell Athletic Bowl
2001 – present
| Home of Citrus Bowl
1947 – 1972
1974 – present
|Preceded by|| Host of the
ACC Championship Game
|Preceded by|| Host of the NFL Pro Bowl
2017 – 2020
|Preceded by|| Host of WrestleMania
|Preceded by|| Host of the NCAA Division I-AA National Championship Game
|Preceded by|| Host of the Drum Corps International
1996 – 1998
- American football venues in Florida
- College football venues
- Florida Tuskers stadiums
- Former Major League Soccer stadiums
- Former National Women's Soccer League stadiums
- NCAA bowl game venues
- Olympic football venues
- Orlando Rage
- Orlando Guardians
- Orlando Renegades stadiums
- Soccer venues in Florida
- Sports venues in Orlando, Florida
- Sports venues completed in 1936
- UCF Knights football
- United Football League (2009–2012) venues
- United States Football League venues
- Venues of the 1996 Summer Olympics
- World Football League venues
- XFL (2001) venues
- XFL (2020) venues
- 1994 FIFA World Cup stadiums
- 1936 establishments in Florida