Grand Boulevard, Chicago
|Community Area 38 - Grand Boulevard|
Location within the city of Chicago
|• Total||1.73 sq mi (4.48 km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|ZIP Codes||parts of 60609, 60615 and 60653|
|Median household income||$30,260|
|Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services|
Grand Boulevard, located on the South Side of Chicago, Illinois, is one of the well-defined Chicago Community Areas. The boulevard from which the community area takes its name now bears the name of Martin Luther King, Jr. Drive. The area is bounded by 39th to the north, 51st Street to the south, Cottage Grove Avenue to the east, and the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railroad tracks to the west.
This is one of the two community areas that encompass the Bronzeville neighborhood, with the other being Douglas. Grand Boulevard also includes the Washington Park Court District neighborhood that was declared a Chicago Landmark on October 2, 1991.
The Harold Washington Cultural Center is one of its newer and more famous buildings. Among the other notable properties in this neighborhood are Daniel Hale Williams House, Robert S. Abbott House and Oscar Stanton De Priest House
According to a 2016 analysis by the Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning, there were 22,373 people and 9,697 households in Grand Boulevard. The racial makeup of the area was 3.2% White, 90.6% African American, 0.5% Asian, and 3.1% from other races. Hispanic or Latino residents of any race were 2.6% of the population. In the area, the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 19, 19.2% from 20 to 34, 22.9% from 35 to 49, 16.1% from 50 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years.
Grand Boulevard is part of City of Chicago School District #299 and City Colleges of Chicago District #508. The nearest City Colleges campus was Kennedy–King College in Englewood. A high school diploma had been earned by 84.4% of Hegewisch residents and a bachelor's degree had been earned by 27.1% of residents compared to citywide figures of 82.3% and 35.6% respectively.
The Chicago Transit Authority operates the Chicago "L" system in the Grand Boulevard community area. The Green Line provides rapid transit at four stations: Indiana, 43rd Street, 47th Street and 51st Street stations.
- Robert Sengstacke Abbott, founder of The Chicago Defender. He lived in Grand Boulevard from 1926 until his death in 1940.
- Floy Clements, first African American woman to serve in the Illinois House of Representatives.
- Oscar Stanton De Priest, first African-American member of the United States House of Representatives elected after the end of Reconstruction. The apartment building in which he lived from 1929 to 1951 was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1975.
- Open Mike Eagle, hip hop artist. He lived in the Robert Taylor Homes until the age of 13.
- Kirby Puckett, professional baseball player.
- Mr. T,actor known for his roles as B. A. Baracus in The A-Team and Clubber Lang in Rocky III. He was raised in the Robert Taylor Homes.
- Daniel Hale Williams, surgeon who performed the first documented, successful pericardium surgery in the United States to repair a wound. His residence at 445 East 42nd Street was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1975.
- Official City of Chicago Grand Boulevard Community Map
- Bronzeville travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Bronzeville at Explore Chicago, The Official City of Chicago Tourism Website
- "Community Data Snapshot - Grand Boulevard" (PDF). cmap.illinois.gov. MetroPulse. Retrieved November 29, 2017.
- "Washington Park Court District". City of Chicago Department of Planning and Development, Landmarks Division. 2003. Archived from the original on 2007-05-20. Retrieved 2007-03-30.
- Paral, Rob. "Chicago Community Areas Historical Data". Chicago Community Areas Historical Data. Archived from the original on 2013-03-18.
- Hallas, Jon, ed. (June 2016). "Community Demographic Snapshot: Grand Boulevard" (PDF). Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning. Retrieved March 19, 2017.
- "Robert S. Abbott House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2008-01-03. Retrieved 2008-03-02.
- "Clubwoman's Passing Mourned". Chicago Defender. November 30, 1960 – via ProQuest. (Subscription required (help)).
- "De Priest, Oscar Stanton, House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2008-03-03. Retrieved 2008-07-20.
- "BA #064:'Open' Mike Eagle". Box Angeles podcast.
- Weil, Martin (March 7, 2006). "Hall of Fame Outfielder Kirby Puckett Dies at 45". Washington Post. Retrieved June 3, 2018.
- Brachear, Manya A. (October 1, 2004). "Still Mr. T: The `T' is for testimony". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved June 3, 2018.
- Weisse, Allen B. (2011). "Cardiac Surgery: A Century of Progress". Texas Heart Institute Journal. 38 (5): 486–490. PMC 3231540. PMID 22163121.
- National Historic Landmarks Program - Williams, Daniel Hale, HouseArchived 2011-06-05 at the Wayback Machine. (2006). Retrieved 25 June 2007.