Hugo Award for Best Related Work

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Hugo Award for Best Related Work
Awarded forThe best work related to the field of science fiction, fantasy, or fandom, published in the prior calendar year and which is either non-fiction or noteworthy primarily for aspects other than the fictional text
Presented byWorld Science Fiction Society
First awarded1980
Most recent winnerUrsula K. Le Guin (No Time to Spare: Thinking About What Matters)
Websitethehugoawards.org

The Hugo Awards are given every year by the World Science Fiction Society for the best science fiction or fantasy works and achievements of the previous year. The award is named after Hugo Gernsback, the founder of the pioneering science fiction magazine Amazing Stories, and was once officially known as the Science Fiction Achievement Award.[1] The award has been described as "a fine showcase for speculative fiction" and "the best known literary award for science fiction writing".[2][3] The Hugo Award for Best Related Work is given each year for primarily non-fiction works related to science fiction or fantasy, published or translated into English during the previous calendar year. Awards are also given out for works of fiction in the novel, novella, novelette, and short story categories.

The award was originally titled the Hugo Award for Best Non-Fiction Book and was first awarded in 1980. In 1999 the Award was retitled to the Hugo Award for Best Related Book, and eligibility was officially expanded to fiction works that were primarily noteworthy for reasons besides their fictional aspects.[4] In 2010, the title of the award was again changed, to the Hugo Award for Best Related Work.[5] In addition to the regular Hugo awards, beginning in 1996 Retrospective Hugo Awards, or "Retro Hugos", have been available to be awarded for years 50, 75, or 100 years prior in which no awards were given.[6] The Retro Best Related Work Hugo was awarded for 1954, 50 years later, but has not been awarded for any other year due to insufficient nominations.[7]

Hugo Award nominees and winners are chosen by supporting or attending members of the annual World Science Fiction Convention, or Worldcon, and the presentation evening constitutes its central event. The selection process is defined in the World Science Fiction Society Constitution as instant-runoff voting with six nominees, except in the case of a tie. The works on the ballot are the six most-nominated by members that year, with no limit on the number of works that can be nominated.[6] Initial nominations are made by members in January through March, while voting on the ballot of six nominations is performed roughly in April through July, subject to change depending on when that year's Worldcon is held.[8] Prior to 2017, the final ballot was five works; it was changed that year to six, with each initial nominator limited to five nominations.[9] Worldcons are generally held near the start of September, and are held in a different city around the world each year.[1][10] Members are permitted to vote "no award", if they feel that none of the nominees is deserving of the award that year, and in the case that "no award" takes the majority the Hugo is not given in that category. This happened in the Best Related Work category in 2015 and 2016.[11][12]

During the 40 nomination years, 197 authors have had works nominated; 52 of these have won, including co-authors and Retro Hugos. John Clute has won four times; once by himself, once with John Grant as a co-author, once with Peter Nicholls, and once with Nicholls, David Langford, and Graham Sleight. Nicholls has won a third time, and Grant has won a second time, sharing the award with his co-authors Elizabeth L. Humphrey and Pamela D. Scoville. Thomas Disch and Ursula K. Le Guin have also won twice, both without co-authors; no other author has won more than once. Cathy and Arnie Fenner have been nominated eight times for their work on the Spectrum: The Best In Contemporary Fantastic Art series, both the most number of nominations received by any author and the most number of nominations without winning. Clute has been nominated seven times, Farah Mendlesohn six times with one win; Le Guin four times with two wins; Isaac Asimov and Langford four times with one win; and Mike Resnick four times with no wins. The Writing Excuses team, consisting of Brandon Sanderson, Dan Wells, Howard Tayler, Mary Robinette Kowal, and Jordan Sanderson, have been nominated four times and won once. Seven other authors have been nominated three times. Many of these writers, editors and artists have won Hugos in other categories, from Fan Writer to Best Novel.

Winners and nominees[edit]

In the following table, the years correspond to the date of the ceremony, rather than when the work was first published. Each date links to the "year in literature" article corresponding with when the work was eligible. Entries with a blue background and an asterisk (*) next to the author's name have won the award; those with a white background are the nominees on the short-list.

  *   Winners and joint winners   +   No winner selected

Year Author(s) Work Publisher or publication Ref.
1980 Peter Nicholls* The Science Fiction Encyclopedia Doubleday [13]
Isaac Asimov In Memory Yet Green Doubleday [13]
Wayne Barlowe Barlowe's Guide to Extraterrestrials Workman Publishing Company [13]
Ian Summers
Michael Whelan Wonderworks The Donning Company [13]
Ursula K. Le Guin The Language of the Night Putnam Publishing Group [13]
Susan Wood
1981 Carl Sagan* Cosmos Random House [14]
Isaac Asimov In Joy Still Felt Doubleday [14]
Charles Platt Dream Makers Berkley Books [14]
Vincent Di Fate Di Fate's Catalog of Science Fiction Hardware Workman Publishing Company [14]
Ian Summers
Richard Bergeron Warhoon 28 (The Writings of Walter A. Willis) Richard Bergeron [14]
1982 Stephen King* Danse Macabre Everest Publishing [15]
Leo Dillon The Art of Leo & Diane Dillon Ballantine Books [15]
Diane Dillon
Byron Preiss
Ron Miller The Grand Tour Workman Publishing Company [15]
William K. Hartmann
Dougal Dixon After Man: A Zoology of the Future Macmillan Publishers [15]
Neil Barron Anatomy of Wonder, 2nd Edition R.R. Bowker [15]
1983 James Gunn* Isaac Asimov: The Foundations of Science Fiction Oxford University Press [16]
J. J. Llewellyn The World of The Dark Crystal Alfred A. Knopf [16]
Brian Froud
Baird Searles A Reader's Guide to Fantasy Avon Publications [16]
Beth Meacham
Michael Franklin
Barry N. Malzberg The Engines of the Night Doubleday [16]
Tim Underwood Fear Itself: The Horror Fiction of Stephen King Underwood-Miller [16]
Chuck Miller
1984 Donald H. Tuck* The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy, Vol. 3: Miscellaneous Advent [17]
Joy Chant The High Kings Bantam Books [17]
Charles Platt Dream Makers, Volume II Berkley Books [17]
Norman Spinrad Staying Alive: A Writer's Guide The Donning Company [17]
Rowena Morrill The Fantastic Art of Rowena Pocket Books [17]
1985 Jack Williamson* Wonder's Child: My Life in Science Fiction Bluejay Books [18]
Patti Perret The Faces of Science Fiction Analog Science Fact & Fiction [18]
Harlan Ellison Sleepless Nights in the Procrustean Bed Borgo Press [18]
George Turner In the Heart or in the Head: An Essay in Time Travel Analog Science Fact & Fiction [18]
Willis E. McNelly The Dune Encyclopedia Berkley Putnam [18]
1986 Tom Weller* Science Made Stupid Houghton Mifflin Harcourt [19]
Perry A. Chapdelaine, Sr. The John W. Campbell Letters, Vol. 1 AC Projects [19]
Tony Chapdelaine
George Hay
Harlan Ellison An Edge in My Voice The Donning Company [19]
Algis Budrys Benchmarks: Galaxy Bookshelf Southern Illinois University Press [19]
Brian Aldiss The Pale Shadow of Science Serconia Press [19]
Douglas E. Winter Faces of Fear: Encounters with the Creators of Modern Horror Berkley Books [19]
1987 Brian Aldiss* Trillion Year Spree Victor Gollancz Ltd [20]
David Wingrove*
Frank Miller Batman: The Dark Knight Returns DC Comics [20]
Klaus Janson
Lynn Varley
Thomas G. Smith Industrial Light and Magic Del Rey Books [20]
Charles N. Brown Science Fiction In Print: 1985 Locus Press [20]
William G. Contento
Paul Williams Only Apparently Real: The World of Philip K. Dick Arbor House [20]
1988 Michael Whelan* Michael Whelan's Works of Wonder Del Rey Books [21]
David A. Cherry Imagination: The Art & Technique of David A. Cherry Starblaze Graphics [21]
Jack Matthews The Battle of Brazil Crown Publishing Group [21]
Neil Barron Anatomy of Wonder, 3rd Edition R.R. Bowker [21]
Charles N. Brown Science Fiction, Fantasy, & Horror: 1986 Locus Press [21]
William G. Contento
1989 Samuel R. Delany* The Motion of Light in Water: Sex and Science Fiction Writing in the East Village 1957-1965 Arbor House [22]
Don Maitz First Maitz Ursus Publishing [22]
James Gunn The New Encyclopedia of Science Fiction Viking Press [22]
Robert Weinberg A Biographical Dictionary of Science Fiction and Fantasy Artists Greenwood Publishing Group [22]
Charles N. Brown Science Fiction, Fantasy, & Horror: 1987 Locus Press [22]
William G. Contento
1990 Alexei Panshin* The World Beyond the Hill: Science Fiction and the Quest for Transcendence J. P. Tarcher [23]
Cory Panshin*
Robert A. Heinlein Grumbles from the Grave Del Rey Books [23]
Ursula K. Le Guin Dancing at the Edge of the World Grove Press [23]
Arthur C. Clarke Astounding Days Victor Gollancz Ltd [23]
Harlan Ellison Harlan Ellison's Watching Underwood-Miller [23]
Greg Thokar Noreascon 3 Souvenir Book Massachusetts Convention Fandom, Inc [23]
1991 Orson Scott Card* How to Write Science Fiction and Fantasy Writer's Digest [24]
Norman Spinrad Science Fiction in the Real World Southern Illinois University Press [24]
Kristine Kathryn Rusch Science Fiction Writers of America Handbook Writer's Notebook Press [24]
Dean Wesley Smith
Brian Aldiss Bury My Heart at W.H. Smith's Hodder & Stoughton [24]
David J. Skal Hollywood Gothic W. W. Norton & Company [24]
1992 Charles Addams* The World of Charles Addams Alfred A. Knopf [25]
Everett F. Bleiler Science-Fiction: The Early Years Kent State University Press [25]
Jack L. Chalker The Science Fantasy Publishers: A Critical and Bibliographic History: Third Edition Mirage Press [25]
Mark Owings
Jeanne Gomoll The Bakery Men Don't See Cookbook (SF)3 [25]
Stephen Jones Clive Barker's Shadows in Eden Underwood-Miller [25]
1993 Harry Warner, Jr.* A Wealth of Fable: An Informal History of Science Fiction Fandom in the 1950s SCIFI Press [26]
David Langford Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man NESFA Press [26]
Virgil Finlay Virgil Finlay's Women of the Ages Underwood-Miller [26]
Thom Boswell The Costumemaker's Art Lark Books [26]
Camille Bacon-Smith Enterprising Women: Television Fandom and the Creation of Popular Myth University of Pennsylvania Press [26]
Damon Knight Monad Number Two Pulphouse Publishing [26]
1994 John Clute* The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction Orbit Books [27]
Peter Nicholls*
Michael Whelan The Art of Michael Whelan: Scenes/Visions Bantam Spectra [27]
Robert Bloch Once Around the Bloch: An Unauthorized Autobiography Tor Books [27]
Scott McCloud Understanding Comics: The Invisible Art Tundra Books [27]
Theodore Cogswell PITFCS: Proceedings of the Institute for Twenty-First Century Studies Advent [27]
1995 Isaac Asimov* I. Asimov: A Memoir Doubleday [28]
Christopher Priest The Book on the Edge of Forever Fantagraphics Books [28]
Samuel R. Delany Silent Interviews: On Language, Race, Sex, Science Fiction, and Some Comics University Press of New England [28]
Teresa Nielsen Hayden Making Book NESFA Press [28]
Cathy Fenner Spectrum: The Best In Contemporary Fantastic Art Underwood Books [28]
Arnie Fenner
1996 John Clute* Science Fiction: The Illustrated Encyclopedia Dorling Kindersley [29]
Isaac Asimov Yours, Isaac Asimov Doubleday [29]
Bob Eggleton Alien Horizons: The Fantastic Art of Bob Eggleton Paper Tiger Books [29]
Cathy Fenner Spectrum 2: The Best in Contemporary Fantastic Art Underwood Books [29]
Arnie Fenner
Joanna Russ To Write Like a Woman: Essays in Feminism and Science Fiction Indiana University Press [29]
1997 L. Sprague de Camp* Time & Chance: An Autobiography Donald M. Grant [30]
Diana Wynne Jones The Tough Guide To Fantasyland Vista Books [30]
John Clute Look at the Evidence Serconia Press [30]
David Langford The Silence of the Langford NESFA Press [30]
Patti Perret The Faces of Fantasy Tor Books [30]
1998 John Clute* The Encyclopedia of Fantasy Orbit Books [31]
John Grant*
Vincent Di Fate Infinite Worlds: The Fantastic Visions of Science Fiction Art Penguin Studio [31]
Ben Bova Space Travel Writer's Digest Books [31]
Anthony R. Lewis
Robert Silverberg Reflections and Refractions: Thoughts on Science-Fiction, Science and Other Matters Underwood Books [31]
Cathy Fenner Spectrum 4: The Best in Contemporary Fantastic Art Underwood Books [31]
Arnie Fenner
Jim Loehr
1999 Thomas Disch* The Dreams Our Stuff Is Made Of: How Science Fiction Conquered the World Free Press [32]
Richard A. Hauptmann The Work of Jack Williamson: An Annotated Bibliography and Guide NESFA Press [32]
Everett F. Bleiler Science-Fiction: The Gernsback Years Kent State University Press [32]
Howard DeVore The Hugo, Nebula and World Fantasy Awards Advent [32]
Cathy Fenner Spectrum 5: The Best in Contemporary Fantastic Art Underwood Books [32]
Arnie Fenner
2000 Frank M. Robinson* Science Fiction of the 20th Century Collector's Press [33]
Neil Gaiman The Sandman: The Dream Hunters Vertigo [33]
Yoshitaka Amano
Terry Pratchett The Science of Discworld Ebury Publishing [33]
Ian Stewart
Jack Cohen
Cathy Fenner Spectrum 6: The Best in Contemporary Fantastic Art Underwood Books [33]
Arnie Fenner
Karen Cooper Minicon 34 Restaurant Guide Rune Press [33]
Bruce Schneier
2001 Bob Eggleton* Greetings from Earth: The Art of Bob Eggleton Paper Tiger Books [34]
Nigel Suckling*
James Gifford Robert A. Heinlein: A Reader's Companion Nitrosyncretic Press [34]
Anthony R. Lewis Concordance to Cordwainer Smith, Third Edition NESFA Press [34]
Andrew M. Butler Terry Pratchett: Guilty of Literature Science Fiction Foundation [34]
Edward James
Farah Mendlesohn
Mike Resnick Putting It Together: Turning Sow's Ear Drafts Into Silk Purse Stories Wildside Press [34]
2002 Ron Miller* The Art of Chesley Bonestell Paper Tiger Books [35]
Frederick C. Durant III*
Melvin H. Schuetz*
Michael Swanwick Being Gardner Dozois Old Earth Books [35]
Tom Shippey J. R. R. Tolkien: Author of the Century HarperCollins [35]
Karen Haber Meditations on Middle-earth St. Martin's Press [35]
Jane Frank The Art of Richard Powers Paper Tiger Books [35]
Howard Frank
Mike Resnick I Have This Nifty Idea...Now What Do I Do With It? Wildside Press [35]
2003 Judith Merril* Better to Have Loved: The Life of Judith Merril Between the Lines [36]
Emily Pohl-Weary*
Jerry Weist Ray Bradbury: An Illustrated Life William Morrow and Company [36]
Bob Eggleton Dragonhenge Paper Tiger Books [36]
John Grant
Cathy Fenner Spectrum 9: The Best in Contemporary Fantastic Art Underwood Books [36]
Arnie Fenner
Justine Larbalestier The Battle of the Sexes in Science Fiction Wesleyan University Press [36]
2004 John Grant* The Chesley Awards for SF & Fantasy Art: A Retrospective Artist's and Photographer's Press [37]
Elizabeth L. Humphrey*
Pamela D. Scoville*
Jeff VanderMeer The Thackery T. Lambshead Pocket Guide to Eccentric & Discredited Diseases Night Shade Books [37]
Mark Roberts
Cathy Fenner Spectrum 10: The Best in Fantastic Contemporary Art Underwood Books [37]
Arnie Fenner
Brian Herbert Dreamer of Dune: The Biography of Frank Herbert Tor Books [37]
John Clute Scores: Reviews 1993–2003 Beccon Publications [37]
William J. Widder Master Storyteller: An Illustrated Tour of the Fiction of L. Ron Hubbard Galaxy Press [37]
2005 Edward James* The Cambridge Companion to Science Fiction Cambridge University Press [38]
Farah Mendlesohn*
Peter Weston With Stars in My Eyes: My Adventures in British Fandom NESFA Press [38]
David A. Hardy Futures: 50 Years in Space: The Challenge of the Stars Artists' and Photographers' Press [38]
Patrick Moore
William Tenn Dancing Naked: The Unexpurgated William Tenn, Volume 3 NESFA Press [38]
Richard A. Lupoff The Best of Xero Tachyon Publications [38]
2006 Kate Wilhelm* Storyteller: Writing Lessons and More from 27 Years of the Clarion Writers' Workshop Small Beer Press [39]
Mike Ashley Transformations: The Story of the Science Fiction Magazines from 1950 to 1970 Liverpool University Press [39]
David Langford The SEX Column and Other Misprints Cosmos [39]
Gary Westfahl Science Fiction Quotations Yale University Press [39]
Gary K. Wolfe Soundings, Reviews 1992–1996 Beccon Publications [39]
2007 Julie Phillips* James Tiptree, Jr.: The Double Life of Alice B. Sheldon St. Martin's Press [40]
Mike Resnick Worldcon Guest of Honor Speeches ISFiC Press [40]
Joe Siclari
Joseph T. Major Heinlein's Children: The Juveniles Advent [40]
Samuel R. Delany About Writing: Seven Essays, Four Letters, and Five Interviews Wesleyan University Press [40]
John Picacio Cover Story: The Art of John Picacio MonkeyBrain Books [40]
2008 Jeff Prucher* Brave New Words: the Oxford Dictionary of Science Fiction Oxford University Press [41]
Barry N. Malzberg Breakfast in the Ruins: Science Fiction in the Last Millennium Baen Books [41]
Diana Glyer The Company They Keep: C. S. Lewis and J. R. R. Tolkien as Writers in Community Kent State University Press [41]
Luis Ortiz Emshwiller: Infinity x Two Nonstop Press [41]
Shaun Tan The Arrival Arthur A. Levine Books [41]
2009 John Scalzi* Your Hate Mail Will be Graded: A Decade of Whatever, 1998–2008 Subterranean Press [42]
Farah Mendlesohn Rhetorics of Fantasy Wesleyan University Press [42]
Paul Kincaid What Is It We Do When We Read Science Fiction Beccon Publications [42]
Lillian Stewart Carl The Vorkosigan Companion: The Universe of Lois McMaster Bujold Baen Books [42]
John Helfers
Cathy Fenner Spectrum 15: The Best in Contemporary Fantastic Art Underwood Books [42]
Arnie Fenner
2010 Jack Vance* This is Me, Jack Vance! (Or, More Properly, This is "I") Subterranean Press [43]
John Clute Canary Fever: Reviews Beccon Publications [43]
Michael Swanwick Hope-In-The-Mist: The Extraordinary Career and Mysterious Life of Hope Mirrlees Temporary Culture [43]
Farah Mendlesohn The Inter-Galactic Playground: A Critical Study of Children's and Teens' Science Fiction McFarland & Company [43]
Farah Mendlesohn On Joanna Russ Wesleyan University Press [43]
Helen Merrick The Secret Feminist Cabal: A Cultural History of SF Feminisms Aqueduct Press [43]
2011 Lynne M. Thomas* Chicks Dig Time Lords: A Celebration of Doctor Who by the Women Who Love It Mad Norwegian Press [44]
Tara O'Shea*
Gary K. Wolfe Bearings: Reviews 1997-2001 Beccon Publications [44]
Mike Resnick The Business of Science Fiction: Two Insiders Discuss Writing and Publishing McFarland & Company [44]
Barry N. Malzberg
William H. Patterson, Jr. Robert A. Heinlein: In Dialogue with His Century, Volume 1: (1907–1948): Learning Curve Tor Books [44]
Brandon Sanderson Writing Excuses, Season 4 Writing Excuses [44]
Jordan Sanderson
Howard Tayler
Dan Wells
2012 John Clute* The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Third Edition Victor Gollancz Ltd [45]
David Langford*
Peter Nicholls*
Graham Sleight*
Daniel M. Kimmel Jar Jar Binks Must Die…and other Observations about Science Fiction Movies Fantastic Books [45]
Jeff VanderMeer The Steampunk Bible: An Illustrated Guide to the World of Imaginary Airships, Corsets and Goggles, Mad Scientists, and Strange Literature Abrams Image [45]
S. J. Chambers
Seanan McGuire Wicked Girls Seanan McGuire [45]
Brandon Sanderson Writing Excuses, Season 6 Writing Excuses [45]
Dan Wells
Howard Tayler
Mary Robinette Kowal
Jordan Sanderson
2013 Brandon Sanderson* Writing Excuses, Season 7 Writing Excuses [46]
Dan Wells*
Howard Tayler*
Mary Robinette Kowal*
Jordan Sanderson*
Edward James The Cambridge Companion to Fantasy Literature Cambridge University Press [46]
Farah Mendlesohn
Lynne M. Thomas Chicks Dig Comics: A Celebration of Comic Books by the Women Who Love Them Mad Norwegian Press [46]
Sigrid Ellis and
Deborah Stanish Chicks Unravel Time: Women Journey Through Every Season of Doctor Who Mad Norwegian Press [46]
L. M. Myles
Martin H. Greenberg I Have an Idea for a Book... The Bibliography of Martin H. Greenberg Battered Silicon Dispatch Box [46]
John Helfers
2014 Kameron Hurley* "We Have Always Fought: Challenging the Women, Cattle and Slaves Narrative" A Dribble of Ink [47]
Michael Damian Thomas Queers Dig Time Lords: A Celebration of Doctor Who by the LGBTQ Fans Who Love It Mad Norwegian Press [47]
Sigrid Ellis
Justin Landon Speculative Fiction 2012: The Best Online Reviews, Essays and Commentary Jurassic London [47]
Jared Shurin
Jeff VanderMeer Wonderbook: The Illustrated Guide to Creating Imaginative Fiction Abrams Image [47]
Jeremy Zerfoss
Brandon Sanderson Writing Excuses, Season 8 Writing Excuses [47]
Dan Wells
Howard Tayler
Mary Robinette Kowal
Jordan Sanderson
2015 (no award)+ [11][Note 1]
Ken Burnside "The Hot Equations: Thermodynamics and Military SF" Riding the Red Horse (Castalia House) [11]
Lou Antonelli Letters from Gardner The Merry Blacksmith Press [11]
John C. Wright Transhuman and Subhuman: Essays on Science Fiction and Awful Truth Castalia House [11]
Tedd Roberts "Why Science is Never Settled" Baen.com [11]
Michael Z. Williamson Wisdom from My Internet Patriarchy Press [11]
2016 (no award)+ [12][Note 1]
Marc Aramini Between Light and Shadow: An Exploration of the Fiction of Gene Wolfe, 1951 to 1986 Castalia House [12]
Jeffro Johnson "The First Draft of My Appendix N Book" jeffro.wordpress.com [12]
Daniel Eness "Safe Space as Rape Room" castaliahouse.com [12]
Vox Day SJWs Always Lie: Taking Down the Thought Police Castalia House [12]
Moira Greyland "The Story of Moira Greyland" askthebigot.com [12]
2017 Ursula K. Le Guin* Words Are My Matter: Writings About Life and Books, 2000-2016 Small Beer Press [48]
Kameron Hurley The Geek Feminist Revolution Tor Books [48]
Carrie Fisher The Princess Diarist Blue Rider Press [48]
Robert Silverberg Traveler of Worlds: Conversations with Robert Silverberg Fairwood [48]
Alvaro Zinos-Amaro
Neil Gaiman The View From the Cheap Seats William Morrow [48]
Sarah Gailey The Women of Harry Potter posts Tor.com [48]
2018 Ursula K. Le Guin* No Time to Spare: Thinking About What Matters Houghton Mifflin Harcourt [49]
Zoe Quinn Crash Override: How Gamergate (Nearly) Destroyed My Life, and How We Can Win the Fight Against Online Hate PublicAffairs [49]
Paul Kincaid Iain M. Banks (Modern Masters of Science Fiction) University of Illinois Press [49]
Nat Segaloff A Lit Fuse: The Provocative Life of Harlan Ellison NESFA Press [49]
Alexandra Pierce Luminescent Threads: Connections to Octavia E. Butler Twelfth Planet Press [49]
Mimi Mondal
Liz Bourke Sleeping with Monsters: Readings and Reactions in Science Fiction and Fantasy Aqueduct Press [49]

Retro Hugos[edit]

Beginning with the 1996 Worldcon, the World Science Fiction Society created the concept of "Retro Hugos", in which the Hugo award could be retroactively awarded for 50, 75, or 100 years prior. Retro Hugos may only be awarded for years in which a Worldcon was hosted, but no awards were originally given.[6] Retro Hugos have been awarded six times: for 1946, 1951, and 1954 (given 50 years later), and for 1939, 1941, and 1943 (given 75 years later).[7] The Hugo Award for Best Related Work has only been retroactively awarded once, in 2004; it was not on the ballot for the 1996 Retro Hugo awards, and the 2001 retro-award was "dropped due to insufficient response" after only nine nominating ballots included any response in the category.[50] The 2014, 2016, and 2018 retro-awards were also dropped due to insufficient response.[47][12][49]

Year Year awarded Author(s) Work Publisher Ref.
1954 2004 Wernher von Braun* Conquest of the Moon Viking Press [51]
Fred L. Whipple*
Willy Ley*
L. Sprague de Camp Science-Fiction Handbook Hermitage Press [51]
Reginald Bretnor Modern Science Fiction: Its Making and Future Coward-McCann [51]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Several categories, including Best Related Work, were awarded to "No award" in 2015 and 2016 in response to the Sad Puppies and Rabid Puppies voting campaigns.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Locus index to SF Awards: About the Hugo Awards". Locus. Archived from the original on 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  2. ^ Jordison, Sam (2008-08-07). "An International Contest We Can Win". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2009-07-29. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  3. ^ Cleaver, Emily (2010-04-20). "Hugo Awards Announced". Litro Magazine. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  4. ^ Docherty, Vincent (2009-12-07). "Eligibility of online works under the amended Hugo Award rules". File 770. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-06-04.
  5. ^ a b c "The Hugo Awards: FAQ". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-20.
  6. ^ a b "The Locus index to SF Awards: About the Retro Hugo Awards". Locus. Archived from the original on 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  7. ^ "The Hugo Awards: Introduction". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-20.
  8. ^ "Worldcon 75: 2017 Hugo report #2" (PDF). Worldcon 75. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-08-15. Retrieved 2017-08-15.
  9. ^ "World Science Fiction Society / Worldcon". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2009-04-14. Retrieved 2010-04-20.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g "2015 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2015-09-05. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h "2016 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2017-08-11. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
  12. ^ a b c d e "1980 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  13. ^ a b c d e "1981 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  14. ^ a b c d e "1982 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  15. ^ a b c d e "1983 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  16. ^ a b c d e "1984 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  17. ^ a b c d e "1985 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  18. ^ a b c d e f "1986 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  19. ^ a b c d e "1987 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  20. ^ a b c d e "1988 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  21. ^ a b c d e "1989 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  22. ^ a b c d e f "1990 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  23. ^ a b c d e "1991 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  24. ^ a b c d e "1992 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  25. ^ a b c d e f "1993 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  26. ^ a b c d e "1994 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  27. ^ a b c d e "1995 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  28. ^ a b c d e "1996 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  29. ^ a b c d e "1997 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  30. ^ a b c d e "1998 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  31. ^ a b c d e "1999 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  32. ^ a b c d e "2000 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  33. ^ a b c d e "2001 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  34. ^ a b c d e f "2002 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  35. ^ a b c d e "2003 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  36. ^ a b c d e f "2004 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  37. ^ a b c d e "2005 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  38. ^ a b c d e "2006 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  39. ^ a b c d e "2007 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  40. ^ a b c d e "2008 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  41. ^ a b c d e "2009 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  42. ^ a b c d e f "2010 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2011-04-25.
  43. ^ a b c d e "2011 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2012-04-09. Retrieved 2012-04-09.
  44. ^ a b c d e "2012 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2012-04-09. Retrieved 2012-04-09.
  45. ^ a b c d e "2013 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2015-09-06. Retrieved 2013-04-03.
  46. ^ a b c d e f "2014 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2015-09-06. Retrieved 2014-04-20.
  47. ^ a b c d e f "2017 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2017-08-11. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
  48. ^ a b c d e f g "2018 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  49. ^ Jaffe, Saul; Rick Katze (2001-06-13). "The 1951 Retro Hugo Awards" (Press release). World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2008-05-13. Retrieved 2010-06-07.
  50. ^ a b c "1954 Retro Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.

External links[edit]