Hugo Award for Best Short Story

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Hugo Award for Best Short Story
Awarded forThe best science fiction or fantasy story of less than 7,500 words published in the prior calendar year
Presented byWorld Science Fiction Society
First awarded1955
Most recent winnerRebecca Roanhorse ("Welcome to your Authentic Indian Experience™")
Websitethehugoawards.org

The Hugo Award for Best Short Story is one of the Hugo Awards given each year for science fiction or fantasy stories published or translated into English during the previous calendar year. The short story award is available for works of fiction of fewer than 7,500 words; awards are also given out for pieces of longer lengths in the novelette, novella, and novel categories. The Hugo Awards have been described as "a fine showcase for speculative fiction" and "the best known literary award for science fiction writing".[1][2]

The Hugo Award for Best Short Story has been awarded annually since 1955, except in 1957. The award was titled "Best Short Fiction" rather than "Best Short Story" in 1960–1966. During this time no Novelette category was awarded and the Novella category had not yet been established; the award was defined only as a work "of less than novel length" that was not published as a stand-alone book.[3] In addition to the regular Hugo awards, beginning in 1996 Retrospective Hugo Awards, or "Retro Hugos", have been available to be awarded for 50, 75, or 100 years prior. Retro Hugos may only be awarded for years in which a World Science Fiction Convention, or Worldcon, was hosted, but no awards were originally given.[4] To date, Retro Hugo awards have been given for short stories for 1939, 1941, 1943, 1946, 1951, and 1954.[5]

Hugo Award nominees and winners are chosen by supporting or attending members of the annual Worldcon, and the presentation evening constitutes its central event. The selection process is defined in the World Science Fiction Society Constitution as instant-runoff voting with six nominees, except in the case of a tie. The short stories on the ballot are the six most-nominated by members that year, with no limit on the number of stories that can be nominated. The 1955 and 1958 awards did not include any recognition of runner-up stories, but since 1959 all six candidates have been recorded.[4] Initial nominations are made by members in January through March, while voting on the ballot of six nominations is performed roughly in April through July, subject to change depending on when that year's Worldcon is held.[6] Prior to 2017, the final ballot was five works; it was changed that year to six, with each initial nominator limited to five nominations.[7] Worldcons are generally held near Labor Day, and are held in a different city around the world each year.[8][9] Members are permitted to vote "no award", if they feel that none of the nominees is deserving of the award that year, and in the case that "no award" takes the majority the Hugo is not given in that category. This happened in the Best Short Story category in 2015.[10]

During the 69 nomination years, 191 authors have had works nominated; 52 of these have won, including co-authors and Retro Hugos. Harlan Ellison has received the most Hugos for Best Short Story at four, Arthur C. Clarke, Larry Niven, Mike Resnick, Michael Swanwick, and Connie Willis have each won three times, and Poul Anderson, Joe Haldeman, and Ken Liu have won twice, the only other authors to win more than once. Resnick has received the most nominations at 18, while Swanwick has received 14; no other author has gotten more than 7. Michael A. Burstein, with 7, has the highest number of nominations without winning.

Winners and nominees[edit]

In the following table, the years correspond to the date of the ceremony, rather than when the short story was first published. Each year links to the corresponding "year in literature" article. Entries with a blue background have won the award; those with a white background are the nominees on the short-list. If the short story was originally published in a book with other stories rather than by itself or in a magazine, the book title is included after the publisher's name.

  *   Winners and joint winners   +   No winner selected

Year Author(s) Short story Publisher or publication Ref.
1955 Eric Frank Russell* "Allamagoosa" Astounding Science-Fiction [11]
1956 Arthur C. Clarke* "The Star" Infinity Science Fiction [12]
F. L. Wallace "End as a World" Galaxy Science Fiction [12]
James Blish "King of the Hill" Infinity Science Fiction [12]
Algis Budrys "Nobody Bothers Gus" Astounding Science-Fiction [12]
Cordwainer Smith "The Game of Rat and Dragon" Galaxy Science Fiction [12]
Ray Bradbury "The Dragon" Esquire [12]
Robert Sheckley "Spy Story" Playboy [12]
Theodore Sturgeon "Twink" Galaxy Science Fiction [12]
1958 Avram Davidson* "Or All the Seas with Oysters" Galaxy Science Fiction [13]
1959 Robert Bloch* "That Hell-Bound Train" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [14]
Anton Lee Baker "They've Been Working On..." Astounding Science-Fiction [14]
Alfred Bester "The Men Who Murdered Mohammed" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [14]
J. F. Bone "Triggerman" Astounding Science-Fiction [14]
Algis Budrys "The Edge of the Sea" Venture Science Fiction [14]
C. M. Kornbluth "The Advent on Channel Twelve" Star Science Fiction Stories #4 (Ballantine Books) [14]
C. M. Kornbluth "Theory of Rocketry" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [14]
Fritz Leiber "Rump-Titty-Titty-Tum-Tah-Tee" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [14]
Stanley Mullen "Space to Swing a Cat" Astounding Science-Fiction [14]
Manly Wade Wellman "Nine Yards of Other Cloth" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [14]
1960 Daniel Keyes* "Flowers for Algernon" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [15]
Philip José Farmer "The Alley Man" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [15]
Alfred Bester "The Pi Man" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [15]
Theodore Sturgeon "The Man Who Lost the Sea" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [15]
Ralph Williams "Cat and Mouse" Astounding Science-Fiction [15]
1961 Poul Anderson* "The Longest Voyage" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [16]
Pauline Ashwell "The Lost Kafoozalum" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [16]
Philip José Farmer "Open to Me, My Sister" (aka. "My Sister's Brother") The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [16]
Theodore Sturgeon "Need" Beyond Fantasy Fiction [16]
1962 Brian Aldiss* "Hothouse" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [17]
Lloyd Biggle, Jr. "Monument" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [17]
Fritz Leiber "Scylla's Daughter" Fantastic [17]
Mack Reynolds "Status Quo" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [17]
James H. Schmitz "Lion Loose" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [17]
1963 Jack Vance* "The Dragon Masters" Galaxy Science Fiction [18]
Gary Jennings "Myrrha" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [18]
Fritz Leiber "The Unholy Grail" Fantastic [18]
Theodore Sturgeon "When You Care, When You Love" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [18]
Thomas Burnett Swann "Where Is the Bird of Fire?" Science Fantasy [18]
1964 Poul Anderson* "No Truce with Kings" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [19]
Rick Raphael "Code Three" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [19]
Roger Zelazny "A Rose for Ecclesiastes" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [19]
Edgar Rice Burroughs "Savage Pellucidar" Amazing Stories [19]
1965 Gordon R. Dickson* "Soldier, Ask Not" Galaxy Science Fiction [20]
Rick Raphael "Once a Cop" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [20]
Robert F. Young "Little Dog Gone" Worlds of Tomorrow [20]
1966 Harlan Ellison* ""Repent, Harlequin!" Said the Ticktockman" Galaxy Science Fiction [21]
Poul Anderson "Marque and Reprisal" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [21]
Philip José Farmer "Day of the Great Shout" Worlds of Tomorrow [21]
Fritz Leiber "Stardock" Fantastic [21]
Roger Zelazny "The Doors of His Face, The Lamps of His Mouth" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [21]
1967 Larry Niven* "Neutron Star" If [22]
Brian Aldiss "Man In His Time" Who Can Replace a Man? (Signet Books) [22]
Harlan Ellison "Delusions for a Dragon Slayer" Knight [22]
Raymond F. Jones "Rat Race" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [22]
Richard McKenna "The Secret Place" Orbit #1 (Putnam Publishing Group) [22]
Fred Saberhagen "Mr. Jester" If [22]
Bob Shaw "Light of Other Days" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [22]
Roger Zelazny "Comes Now the Power" Magazine of Horror [22]
1968 Harlan Ellison* "I Have No Mouth, and I Must Scream" If [23]
Larry Niven "The Jigsaw Man" Dangerous Visions (Doubleday) [23]
Samuel R. Delany "Aye, and Gomorrah" Dangerous Visions (Doubleday) [23]
1969 Harlan Ellison* "The Beast that Shouted Love at the Heart of the World" Galaxy Science Fiction [24]
Larry Niven "All the Myriad Ways" Galaxy Science Fiction [24]
Terry Carr "The Dance of the Changer and the Three" The Farthest Reaches (Pocket Books) [24]
Betsy Curtis "The Steiger Effect" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [24]
Damon Knight "Masks" Playboy [24]
1970 Samuel R. Delany* "Time Considered as a Helix of Semi-Precious Stones" New Worlds [25]
Robert Silverberg "Passengers" Orbit #4 (Putnam Publishing Group) [25]
Larry Niven "Not Long Before the End" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [25]
Gregory Benford "Deeper than the Darkness" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [25]
Ursula K. Le Guin "Winter's King" Orbit #5 (Putnam Publishing Group) [25]
1971 Theodore Sturgeon* "Slow Sculpture" Galaxy Science Fiction [26]
R. A. Lafferty "Continued on Next Rock" Orbit #7 (Putnam Publishing Group) [26]
Gordon R. Dickson "Jean Duprès" Nova #1 (Delacorte Press) [26]
Keith Laumer "In the Queue" Orbit #7 (Putnam Publishing Group) [26]
Ben Bova "Brillo" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [26]
1972 Larry Niven* "Inconstant Moon" All the Myriad Ways (Ballantine Books) [27]
Ursula K. Le Guin "Vaster than Empires and More Slow" New Dimensions #1 (Doubleday) [27]
Clifford D. Simak "The Autumn Land" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [27]
Stephen Tall "The Bear with the Knot on His Tail" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [27]
R. A. Lafferty "Sky" New Dimensions #1 (Doubleday) [27]
George Alec Effinger "All the Last Wars at Once" Universe #1 (Bantam Spectra) [27]
1973 R. A. Lafferty* "Eurema's Dam" New Dimensions #2 (Doubleday) [28]
Frederik Pohl* "The Meeting" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [28]
Robert Silverberg "When We Went to See the End of the World" Universe #2 (Bantam Spectra) [28]
James Tiptree, Jr. "And I Awoke and Found Me Here on the Cold Hill's Side" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [28]
Joanna Russ "When It Changed" Again, Dangerous Visions (Doubleday) [28]
1974 Ursula K. Le Guin* "The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas" New Dimensions #3 (Doubleday) [29]
George R. R. Martin "With Morning Comes Mistfall" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [29]
Clifford D. Simak "Construction Shack" If [29]
Vonda N. McIntyre "Wings" The Alien Condition (Ballantine Books) [29]
1975 Larry Niven* "The Hole Man" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [30]
Alfred Bester "The Four-Hour Fugue" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [30]
Michael Bishop "Cathadonian Odyssey" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [30]
Ursula K. Le Guin "The Day Before the Revolution" Galaxy Science Fiction [30]
Robert Silverberg "Schwartz Between the Galaxies" Stellar #1 (Ballantine Books) [30]
1976 Fritz Leiber* "Catch That Zeppelin!" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [31]
Harlan Ellison "Croatoan" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [31]
P. J. Plauger "Child of All Ages" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [31]
Richard A. Lupoff "Sail the Tide of Mourning" New Dimensions #5 (Doubleday) [31]
Michael Bishop "Rogue Tomato" New Dimensions #5 (Doubleday) [31]
Gregory Benford "Doing Lennon" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [31]
1977 Joe Haldeman* "Tricentennial" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [32]
Charles L. Grant "A Crowd of Shadows" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [32]
Damon Knight "I See You" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [32]
James White "Custom Fitting" Stellar #2 (Ballantine Books) [32]
1978 Harlan Ellison* "Jeffty Is Five" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [33]
John Varley "Air Raid" Asimov's Science Fiction [33]
Spider Robinson "Dog Day Evening" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [33]
Randall Garrett "Lauralyn" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [33]
James Tiptree, Jr. "Time-Sharing Angel" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [33]
1979 C. J. Cherryh* "Cassandra" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [34]
Harlan Ellison "Count the Clock that Tells the Time" Omni [34]
Joan D. Vinge "View From a Height" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [34]
Edward Bryant "Stone" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [34]
Ian Watson "The Very Slow Time Machine" Anticipations (Faber and Faber) [34]
1980 George R. R. Martin* "The Way of Cross and Dragon" Omni [35]
Orson Scott Card "Unaccompanied Sonata" Omni [35]
Ted Reynolds "Can These Bones Live?" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [35]
Edward Bryant "giANTS" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [35]
Connie Willis "Daisy, In the Sun" Galileo [35]
1981 Clifford D. Simak* "Grotto of the Dancing Deer" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [36]
Robert Silverberg "Our Lady of the Sauropods" Omni [36]
Susan C. Petry "Spidersong" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [36]
Jeff Duntemann "Cold Hands" Asimov's Science Fiction [36]
Jeff Duntemann "Guardian" Asimov's Science Fiction [36]
1982 John Varley* "The Pusher" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [37]
Gene Wolfe "The Woman the Unicorn Loved" Asimov's Science Fiction [37]
Somtow Sucharitkul "Absent Thee from Felicity Awhile" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [37]
George Guthridge "The Quiet" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [37]
1983 Spider Robinson* "Melancholy Elephants" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [38]
Ursula K. Le Guin "Sur" The New Yorker [38]
James Tiptree, Jr. "The Boy Who Waterskied to Forever" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [38]
Bruce Sterling "Spider Rose" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [38]
Howard Waldrop "Ike at the Mike" Omni [38]
1984 Octavia E. Butler* "Speech Sounds" Asimov's Science Fiction [39]
Frederik Pohl "Servant of the People" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [39]
Hilbert Schenck "The Geometry of Narrative" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [39]
Gardner Dozois "The Peacemaker" Asimov's Science Fiction [39]
William F. Wu "Wong's Lost and Found Emporium" Amazing Stories [39]
1985 David Brin* "The Crystal Spheres" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [40]
George Alec Effinger "The Aliens Who Knew, I Mean, Everything" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [40]
Lee Killough "Symphony for a Lost Traveler" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [40]
Lucius Shepard "Salvador" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [40]
Kim Stanley Robinson "Ridge Running" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [40]
Steven Gould "Rory" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [40]
1986 Frederik Pohl* "Fermi and Frost" Asimov's Science Fiction [41]
Howard Waldrop "Flying Saucer Rock & Roll" Omni [41]
John Crowley "Snow" Omni [41]
Bruce Sterling "Dinner in Audoghast" Asimov's Science Fiction [41]
William F. Wu "Hong's Bluff" Omni [41]
1987 Greg Bear* "Tangents" Omni [42]
Isaac Asimov "Robot Dreams" Robot Dreams (Berkley Books) [42]
Nancy Springer "The Boy Who Plaited Manes" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [42]
David S. Garnett "Still Life" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [42]
James Patrick Kelly "Rat" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [42]
1988 Lawrence Watt-Evans* "Why I Left Harry's All-Night Hamburgers" Asimov's Science Fiction [43]
Kate Wilhelm "Forever Yours, Anna" Omni [43]
Pat Cadigan "Angel" Asimov's Science Fiction [43]
Howard Waldrop "Night of the Cooters" Omni [43]
Karen Joy Fowler "The Faithful Companion at Forty" Asimov's Science Fiction [43]
Lisa Goldstein "Cassandra's Photographs" Asimov's Science Fiction [43]
1989 Mike Resnick* "Kirinyaga" Fantasy & Science Fiction [44]
David Brin "The Giving Plague" Interzone [44]
Geoffrey A. Landis "Ripples in the Dirac Sea" Asimov's Science Fiction [44]
Bruce Sterling "Our Neural Chernobyl" Fantasy & Science Fiction [44]
Eileen Gunn "Stable Strategies for Middle Management" Asimov's Science Fiction [44]
Jack McDevitt "The Fort Moxie Branch" Full Spectrum (Doubleday) [44]
1990 Suzy McKee Charnas* "Boobs" Asimov's Science Fiction [45]
Orson Scott Card "Lost Boys" Fantasy & Science Fiction [45]
Eileen Gunn "Computer Friendly" Asimov's Science Fiction [45]
Larry Niven "The Return of William Proxmire" What Might Have Been? Vol. 1: Alternate Empires (Bantam Spectra) [45]
Michael Swanwick "The Edge of the World" Asimov's Science Fiction [45]
Bruce Sterling "Dori Bangs" Asimov's Science Fiction [45]
1991 Terry Bisson* "Bears Discover Fire" Asimov's Science Fiction [46]
Connie Willis "Cibola" Asimov's Science Fiction [46]
Charles Sheffield "Godspeed" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [46]
Robert Reed "The Utility Man" Asimov's Science Fiction [46]
W. R. Thompson "VRM-547" Analog Science Fact & Fiction [46]
1992 Geoffrey A. Landis* "A Walk in the Sun" Asimov's Science Fiction [47]
Mike Resnick "One Perfect Morning, With Jackals" Asimov's Science Fiction [47]
Connie Willis "In the Late Cretaceous" Asimov's Science Fiction [47]
Mike Resnick "Winter Solstice" Fantasy & Science Fiction [47]
Terry Bisson "Press Ann" Asimov's Science Fiction [47]
John Kessel "Buffalo" Fantasy & Science Fiction [47]
Martha Soukup "Dog's Life" Amazing Stories [47]
1993 Connie Willis* "Even the Queen" Asimov's Science Fiction [48]
Nancy Kress "The Mountain to Mohammed" Asimov's Science Fiction [48]
Mike Resnick "The Lotus and the Spear" Asimov's Science Fiction [48]
Martha Soukup "The Arbitrary Placement of Walls" Asimov's Science Fiction [48]
Nicholas A. DiChario "The Winterberry" Alternate Kennedys (Tor Books) [48]
1994 Connie Willis* "Death on the Nile" Asimov's Science Fiction [49]
Mike Resnick "Mwalimu in the Squared Circle" Asimov's Science Fiction [49]
Martha Soukup "The Story So Far" Full Spectrum 4 (Doubleday) [49]
Bridget McKenna "The Good Pup" Fantasy & Science Fiction [49]
Terry Bisson "England Underway" Omni [49]
1995 Joe Haldeman* "None So Blind" Asimov's Science Fiction [50]
Kate Wilhelm "I Know What You're Thinking" Asimov's Science Fiction [50]
Mike Resnick "Barnaby in Exile" Asimov's Science Fiction [50]
Terry Bisson "Dead Man's Curve" Asimov's Science Fiction [50]
Barry N. Malzberg "Understanding Entropy" SF Age [50]
M. Shayne Bell "Mrs. Lincoln's China" Asimov's Science Fiction [50]
1996 Maureen F. McHugh* "The Lincoln Train" Fantasy & Science Fiction [51]
Esther Friesner "A Birthday" Fantasy & Science Fiction [51]
Michael A. Burstein "TeleAbsence" Analog Science Fiction and Fact [51]
Tony Daniel "Life on the Moon" Asimov's Science Fiction [51]
Michael Swanwick "Walking Out" Asimov's Science Fiction [51]
1997 Connie Willis* "The Soul Selects Her Own Society: Invasion and Repulsion: A Chronological Reinterpretation of Two of Emily Dickinson's Poems: A Wellsian Perspective" Asimov's Science Fiction [52]
James White "Un-Birthday Boy" Analog Science Fiction and Fact [52]
Michael Swanwick "The Dead" Starlight #1 (Tor Books) [52]
Robert Reed "Decency" Asimov's Science Fiction [52]
John Crowley "Gone" Fantasy & Science Fiction [52]
1998 Mike Resnick* "The 43 Antarean Dynasties" Asimov's Science Fiction [53]
James Patrick Kelly "Itsy Bitsy Spider" Asimov's Science Fiction [53]
Gene Wolfe "No Planets Strike" Fantasy & Science Fiction [53]
Robert J. Sawyer "The Hand You're Dealt" Free Space (Tor Books) [53]
Karen Joy Fowler "Standing Room Only" Asimov's Science Fiction [53]
Andy Duncan "Beluthahatchie" Asimov's Science Fiction [53]
1999 Michael Swanwick* "The Very Pulse of the Machine" Asimov's Science Fiction [54]
Bruce Sterling "Maneki Neko" Fantasy & Science Fiction [54]
Michael Swanwick "Radiant Doors" Asimov's Science Fiction [54]
Michael Swanwick "Wild Minds" Asimov's Science Fiction [54]
Michael A. Burstein "Cosmic Corkscrew" Analog Science Fiction and Fact [54]
Robert Reed "Whiptail" Asimov's Science Fiction [54]
2000 Michael Swanwick* "Scherzo with Tyrannosaur" Asimov's Science Fiction [55]
Michael Swanwick "Ancient Engines" Asimov's Science Fiction [55]
Mike Resnick "Hothouse Flowers" Asimov's Science Fiction [55]
Terry Bisson "macs" Fantasy & Science Fiction [55]
Nicholas A. DiChario "Sarajevo" Fantasy & Science Fiction [55]
2001 David Langford* "Different Kinds of Darkness" Fantasy & Science Fiction [56]
Michael A. Burstein "Kaddish for the Last Survivor" Analog Science Fiction and Fact [56]
Michael Swanwick "Moon Dogs" Asimov's Science Fiction [56]
Mike Resnick "The Elephants on Neptune" Asimov's Science Fiction [56]
Stephen Baxter "The Gravity Mine" Asimov's Science Fiction [56]
2002 Michael Swanwick* "The Dog Said Bow-Wow" Asimov's Science Fiction [57]
Ursula K. Le Guin "The Bones of the Earth" Tales from Earthsea (Harcourt) [57]
Mike Resnick "Old MacDonald Had a Farm" Asimov's Science Fiction [57]
Stephen Baxter "The Ghost Pit" Asimov's Science Fiction [57]
Michael A. Burstein "Spaceships" Analog Science Fiction and Fact [57]
2003 Geoffrey A. Landis* "Falling Onto Mars" Analog Science Fiction and Fact [58]
Michael Swanwick "'Hello,' Said the Stick" Analog Science Fiction and Fact [58]
Michael Swanwick "The Little Cat Laughed to See Such Sport" Asimov's Science Fiction [58]
Jeffrey Ford "Creation" Fantasy & Science Fiction [58]
Molly Gloss "Lambing Season" Asimov's Science Fiction [58]
2004 Neil Gaiman* "A Study in Emerald" Shadows Over Baker Street (Del Rey Books) [59]
Michael A. Burstein "Paying It Forward" Analog Science Fiction and Fact [59]
Mike Resnick "Robots Don't Cry" Asimov's Science Fiction [59]
Joe Haldeman "Four Short Novels" Fantasy & Science Fiction [59]
David D. Levine "The Tale of the Golden Eagle" Fantasy & Science Fiction [59]
2005 Mike Resnick* "Travels with My Cats" Asimov's Science Fiction [60]
James Patrick Kelly "The Best Christmas Ever" Scifi.com [60]
Mike Resnick "A Princess of Earth" Asimov's Science Fiction [60]
Robert J. Sawyer "Shed Skin" Analog Science Fiction and Fact [60]
Michael A. Burstein "Decisions" Analog Science Fiction and Fact [60]
2006 David D. Levine* "Tk'tk'tk" Asimov's Science Fiction [61]
Michael A. Burstein "Seventy-Five Years" Analog Science Fiction and Fact [61]
Dominic Green "The Clockwork Atom Bomb" Interzone [61]
Margo Lanagan "Singing My Sister Down" Black Juice (Eos) [61]
Mike Resnick "Down Memory Lane" Asimov's Science Fiction [61]
2007 Tim Pratt* "Impossible Dreams" Asimov's Science Fiction [62]
Neil Gaiman "How to Talk to Girls at Parties" Fragile Things (William Morrow and Company) [62]
Robert Reed "Eight Episodes" Asimov's Science Fiction [62]
Bruce McAllister "Kin" Asimov's Science Fiction [62]
Benjamin Rosenbaum "The House Beyond Your Sky" Strange Horizons [62]
2008 Elizabeth Bear* "Tideline" Asimov's Science Fiction [63]
Michael Swanwick "A Small Room in Koboldtown" Asimov's Science Fiction [63]
Stephen Baxter "Last Contact" The Solaris Book of New Science Fiction #1 (Solaris Books) [63]
Ken MacLeod "Who's Afraid of Wolf 359?" The New Space Opera (Eos) [63]
Mike Resnick "Distant Replay" Asimov's Science Fiction [63]
2009 Ted Chiang* "Exhalation" Eclipse #2 (Night Shade Books) [64]
Kij Johnson "26 Monkeys, Also the Abyss" Asimov's Science Fiction [64]
Michael Swanwick "From Babel's Fall'n Glory We Fled" Asimov's Science Fiction [64]
Mary Robinette Kowal "Evil Robot Monkey" The Solaris Book of New Science Fiction #2 (Solaris Books) [64]
Mike Resnick "Article of Faith" Jim Baen's Universe [64]
2010 Will McIntosh* "Bridesicle" Asimov's Science Fiction [65]
Mike Resnick "The Bride of Frankenstein" Asimov's Science Fiction [65]
Lawrence M. Schoen "The Moment" Footprints (Hadley Rille Books) [65]
N. K. Jemisin "Non-Zero Probabilities" Clarkesworld Magazine [65]
Kij Johnson "Spar" Clarkesworld Magazine [65]
2011 Mary Robinette Kowal "For Want of a Nail" Asimov's Science Fiction [66]
Carrie Vaughn "Amaryllis" Lightspeed Magazine [66]
Kij Johnson "Ponies" Tor.com [66]
Peter Watts "The Things" Clarkesworld Magazine [66]
2012 Ken Liu* "The Paper Menagerie" Fantasy & Science Fiction [67]
E. Lily Yu "The Cartographer Wasps and the Anarchist Bees" Clarkesworld Magazine [67]
Mike Resnick "The Homecoming" Asimov's Science Fiction [67]
Nancy Fulda "Movement" Asimov's Science Fiction [67]
John Scalzi "Shadow War of the Night Dragons: Book One: The Dead City: Prologue" Tor.com [67]
2013 Ken Liu* "Mono no Aware" The Future is Japanese (Viz Media) [68]
Aliette de Bodard "Immersion" Clarkesworld Magazine [68]
Kij Johnson "Mantis Wives" Clarkesworld Magazine [68]
2014 John Chu* "The Water That Falls on You from Nowhere" Tor.com [69]
Rachel Swirsky "If You Were a Dinosaur, My Love" Apex Magazine [69]
Thomas Olde Heuvelt "The Ink Readers of Doi Saket" Tor.com [69]
Sofia Samatar "Selkie Stories Are for Losers" Strange Horizons [69]
2015 (no award)+ [10][a]
Lou Antonelli "On a Spiritual Plain" Sci Phi Journal [10]
Steven Diamond "A Single Samurai" The Baen Big Book of Monsters (Baen Books) [10]
Kary English "Totaled" Galaxy's Edge [10]
Steve Rzasa "Turncoat" Riding the Red Horse (Castalia House) [10]
John C. Wright "The Parliament of Beasts and Birds" The Book of Feasts & Seasons (Castalia House) [10]
2016 Naomi Kritzer* "Cat Pictures Please" Clarkesworld Magazine [71]
S. R. Algernon "Asymmetrical Warfare" Nature [71]
Juan Tabo "If You Were an Award, My Love" voxday.blogspot.com [71]
S. Harris
Charles Shao "Seven Kill Tiger" There Will Be War Volume X (Castalia House) [71]
Chuck Tingle Space Raptor Butt Invasion Amazon Digital Services [71]
2017 Amal El-Mohtar* "Seasons of Glass and Iron" The Starlit Wood: New Fairy Tales (Saga Press) [72]
N. K. Jemisin "The City Born Great" Tor.com [72]
Alyssa Wong "A Fist of Permutations in Lightning and Wildflowers" Tor.com [72]
Brooke Bolander "Our Talons Can Crush Galaxies" Uncanny Magazine [72]
Carrie Vaughn "That Game We Played During the War" Tor.com [72]
John C. Wright "An Unimaginable Light" God, Robot (Castalia House) [72]
2018 Rebecca Roanhorse* "Welcome to your Authentic Indian Experience™" Apex Magazine [73]
Caroline M. Yoachim "Carnival Nine" Beneath Ceaseless Skies [73]
Fran Wilde "Clearly Lettered in a Mostly Steady Hand" Uncanny Magazine [73]
Vina Jie-Min Prasad "Fandom for Robots" Uncanny Magazine [73]
Linda Nagata "The Martian Obelisk" Tor.com [73]
Ursula Vernon "Sun, Moon, Dust" Uncanny Magazine [73]

Retro Hugos[edit]

Beginning with the 1996 Worldcon, the World Science Fiction Society created the concept of "Retro Hugos", in which the Hugo award could be retroactively awarded for years 50, 75, or 100 years before the current year, if no awards were originally given that year.[4] Retro Hugos have been awarded six times, for 1939, 1941, 1943, 1946, 1951, and 1954.[b] The 1939, 1941, and 1943 Retro Hugos were awarded 75 years later, the other three were given 50 years later.[5] The next year that Retro Hugos can be awarded is 2022, for 1947.[4]

Year Year awarded Author(s) Short story Publisher or publication Ref.
1939 2014 Arthur C. Clarke* "How We Went to Mars" Amateur Science Stories [74]
Lester del Rey "The Faithful" Astounding Science-Fiction [74]
Lester del Rey "Helen O'Loy" Astounding Science-Fiction [74]
Ray Bradbury "Hollerbochen's Dilemma" Imagination! [74]
L. Sprague de Camp "Hyperpilosity" Astounding Science-Fiction [74]
1941 2016 Isaac Asimov* "Robbie" Super Science Stories [75]
Leigh Brackett "Martian Quest" Astounding Science Fiction [75]
Robert A. Heinlein "Requiem" Astounding Science Fiction [75]
Leigh Brackett "The Stellar Legion" Planet Stories [75]
Jorge Luis Borges "Tlön, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius" Sur [75]
1943 2018 C. L. Moore* data-sort-value=""Twonky" !" | "The Twonky" Astounding Science Fiction [76]
Henry Kuttner*
Fredric Brown "Etaoin Shrdlu" Unknown [76]
Donald A. Wollheim (as Martin Pearson) "Mimic" Astonishing Stories [76]
Hal Clement "Proof" Astounding Science Fiction [76]
Isaac Asimov "Runaround" Astounding Science Fiction [76]
Fritz Leiber "The Sunken Land" Unknown [76]
1946 1996 Hal Clement* "Uncommon Sense" Astounding Science-Fiction [77]
Murray Leinster "The Ethical Equations" Astounding Science-Fiction [77]
Fredric Brown "The Waveries" Astounding Science-Fiction [77]
Lewis Padgett "What You Need" Astounding Science-Fiction [77]
Raymond F. Jones "Correspondence Course" Astounding Science-Fiction [77]
1951 2001 Damon Knight* "To Serve Man" Galaxy Science Fiction [78]
Fritz Leiber "Coming Attraction" Galaxy Science Fiction [78]
Richard Matheson "Born of Man and Woman" The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction [78]
A. J. Deutsch "A Subway Named Mobius" Astounding Science-Fiction [78]
Reginald Bretnor "The Gnurrs Come from the Voodvork Out" The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction [78]
1954 2004 Arthur C. Clarke* "The Nine Billion Names of God" Star Science Fiction Stories #1 (Ballantine Books) [79]
Jerome Bixby "It's a Good Life" Star Science Fiction Stories #2 (Ballantine Books) [79]
Alfred Bester "Star Light, Star Bright" The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [79]
Theodore Sturgeon "A Saucer of Loneliness" Galaxy Science Fiction [79]
Robert Sheckley "Seventh Victim" Galaxy Science Fiction [79]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Several categories, including Best Short Story, were awarded to "No award" in 2015 in response to the Sad Puppies and Rabid Puppies voting campaigns. Additionally, "Goodnight Stars" by Annie Bellet was initially nominated for Best Short Story in 2015, but was withdrawn by the author after the nominees were announced in protest for being promoted by the Sad Puppies and Rabid Puppies nomination slates, the first time a nominee was withdrawn after announcement. It was replaced on the ballot by "A Single Samurai" by Steven Diamond.[70]
  2. ^ Although no "Best Short Story" Hugo was awarded at the 1957 convention, Hugos were awarded in other categories, hence no "Retro Hugos" for 1957 could be awarded in 2007 nor in any future year.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jordison, Sam (2008-08-07). "An International Contest We Can Win". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2009-07-29. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  2. ^ Cleaver, Emily (2010-04-20). "Hugo Awards Announced". Litro Magazine. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  3. ^ "The World Science Fiction Society Constitution and Bylaws 1963". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-05-19.
  4. ^ a b c d "The Hugo Awards: FAQ". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-20.
  5. ^ a b "The Locus index to SF Awards: About the Retro Hugo Awards". Locus. Archived from the original on 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  6. ^ "The Hugo Awards: Introduction". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-20.
  7. ^ "Worldcon 75: 2017 Hugo report #2" (PDF). Worldcon 75. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-08-15. Retrieved 2017-08-15.
  8. ^ "The Locus index to SF Awards: About the Hugo Awards". Locus. Archived from the original on 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  9. ^ "World Science Fiction Society / Worldcon". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2009-04-14. Retrieved 2010-04-20.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g "2015 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2015-09-05. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  11. ^ "1955 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h "1956 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2017-09-18. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  13. ^ "1958 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "1959 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  15. ^ a b c d e "1960 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  16. ^ a b c d "1961 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  17. ^ a b c d e "1962 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  18. ^ a b c d e "1963 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  19. ^ a b c d "1964 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  20. ^ a b c "1965 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  21. ^ a b c d e "1966 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h "1967 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  23. ^ a b c "1968 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  24. ^ a b c d e "1969 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  25. ^ a b c d e "1970 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  26. ^ a b c d e "1971 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  27. ^ a b c d e f "1972 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  28. ^ a b c d e "1973 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  29. ^ a b c d "1974 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  30. ^ a b c d e "1975 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  31. ^ a b c d e f "1976 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  32. ^ a b c d "1977 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  33. ^ a b c d e "1978 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  34. ^ a b c d e "1979 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  35. ^ a b c d e "1980 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  36. ^ a b c d e "1981 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  37. ^ a b c d "1982 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  38. ^ a b c d e "1983 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  39. ^ a b c d e "1984 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  40. ^ a b c d e f "1985 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  41. ^ a b c d e "1986 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  42. ^ a b c d e "1987 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  43. ^ a b c d e f "1988 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  44. ^ a b c d e f "1989 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  45. ^ a b c d e f "1990 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  46. ^ a b c d e "1991 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  47. ^ a b c d e f g "1992 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  48. ^ a b c d e "1993 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  49. ^ a b c d e "1994 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  50. ^ a b c d e f "1995 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  51. ^ a b c d e "1996 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  52. ^ a b c d e "1997 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  53. ^ a b c d e f "1998 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  54. ^ a b c d e f "1999 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  55. ^ a b c d e "2000 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  56. ^ a b c d e "2001 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  57. ^ a b c d e "2002 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  58. ^ a b c d e "2003 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  59. ^ a b c d e "2004 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  60. ^ a b c d e "2005 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  61. ^ a b c d e "2006 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  62. ^ a b c d e "2007 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  63. ^ a b c d e "2008 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  64. ^ a b c d e "2009 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  65. ^ a b c d e "2010 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2011-04-25.
  66. ^ a b c d "2011 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2012-04-09. Retrieved 2012-04-09.
  67. ^ a b c d e "2012 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2012-04-09. Retrieved 2012-04-09.
  68. ^ a b c "2013 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2015-09-06. Retrieved 2013-04-03.
  69. ^ a b c d "2014 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2015-09-06. Retrieved 2014-04-20.
  70. ^ Standlee, Kevin (2015-04-16). "Two Finalists Withdraw from 2015 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2018-07-05. Retrieved 2015-04-19.
  71. ^ a b c d e "2016 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2017-08-11. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
  72. ^ a b c d e f "2017 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2017-08-11. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
  73. ^ a b c d e f "2018 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  74. ^ a b c d e "1939 Retro Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2016-04-22. Retrieved 2014-04-20.
  75. ^ a b c d e "1941 Retro Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2017-08-14. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
  76. ^ a b c d e f "1943 Retro Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  77. ^ a b c d e "1946 Retro Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  78. ^ a b c d e "1951 Retro Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  79. ^ a b c d e "1954 Retro Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.

External links[edit]