Jabhat Ansar al-Islam
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|Jabhat Ansar al-Islam|
Supporters of Islam Front
جبهة أنصار الإسلامParticipant in the Syrian Civil War
Logo of Jabhat Ansar al-Islam
8 August 2012 – late 2013 (Tajamu Ansar al-Islam)
Jabhat Ansar al-Islam:
Former, Tajamu Ansar al-Islam:
|Area of operations|
|Originated as||Tajamu Ansar al-Islam (Gathering of Supporters of Islam, 2012–13)|
|Opponents||Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant|
|Battles and wars|
The Supporters of Islam Front (Arabic: جبهة أنصار الإسلام; Jabhat Ansar al-Islam), originally formed as the Gathering of Supporters of Islam (Arabic: تجمع أنصار الإسلام; Tajamu Ansar al-Islam) in August 2012, is an independent Sunni Islamist Syrian rebel group active in the Quneitra and Daraa Governorates.
Abu al-Majd al-Jolani, commander of Jabhat Ansar al-Islam, stated during an interview on 14 July 2014 that he wanted to establish an Islamic state based on Sharia, and opposed both democracy and a caliphate similar to one proclaimed by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.
The group was originally formed as Tajamu Ansar al-Islam, or the Gathering of Supporters of Islam, a coalition of several Sunni Islamist groups in Damascus and the Rif Dimashq Governorate, announced on 8 August 2012. The coalition initially consisted of the Habib al-Mustafa Brigade, the Companions Battalions, Brigade of Islam, Criterion Brigade, Hamza ibn Abdul-Muttalib Battalion, Shield of al-Sham Battalions, and the Damascus branch of the Descendants of the Prophet Brigade. The group took part in the rebel capture of the Marj al-Sultan heliport on 25 November 2012 and the Battle of Daraya, part of the Rif Dimashq offensive (November 2012–February 2013).
In late 2013, Tajamu Ansar al-Islam fell apart due to differences and disputes between its component groups.
On 31 March 2014, Jabhat Ansar al-Islam was formed in the Damascus and Quneitra countryside by the [Usama ibn Zayd]] Brigade, Izz ibn 'Abd al-Salam Brigade, and the Battalion of the Chargers. Some time after its formation, the group established a branch in southern Damascus.
On 6 April 2017, clashes erupted between Jabhat Ansar al-Islam and the Syrian Revolutionaries Front in the northern Quneitra countryside, which resulted in 7 rebels being killed. Government forces shelled the area on the same day, which resulted in a ceasefire between the two rebel groups.
On 30 May 2018, two commanders of Jabhat Ansar al-Islam, Abu al-Majd al-Jolani and Bashar Abu Shihab, were captured by groups affiliated with the Free Syrian Army in the Quneitra countryside while attempting to surrender to the Syrian Army carrying around $300,000.
- Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi (6 February 2015). "ISIS and Syria's Southern Front". Middle East Institute.
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- Joško Barić. "Syrian War Daily – 30th of May 2018".
- "A spokesman for the Gathering of Supporters of Islam to Orient: Daraya became the regime's node". Orient News. 1 February 2013.
- "Free army factions in the south announce the formation of the "National Front for the Liberation of Syria"". El-Dorar al-Shamia. 22 July 2017.
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- "Dead and wounded in clashes between two factions revolutionists north of Quneitra". All4Syria. 7 April 2017.