Japanese general election, 1928

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Japanese general election, 1928
← 1924 20 February 1928 1930 →

All 466 seats to the House of Representatives
234 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Tanaka Giichi.jpg Osachi Hamaguchi posing.jpg
Leader Tanaka Giichi Hamaguchi Osachi
Party Seiyūkai Minseitō
Last election 113 seats
Seats won 217 216
Seat change +114 New

Prime Minister before election

Tanaka Giichi

Prime Minister-designate

Tanaka Giichi

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General elections were held in Japan on 20 February 1928,[1] the first after the introduction of universal male suffrage. The ruling Rikken Seiyūkai led by Prime Minister Tanaka Giichi won one more seat than the opposition Rikken Minseitō led by Hamaguchi Osachi, although Rikken Minseitō had received slightly more votes. The hung parliament led to the Tanaka government continuing in office.

Electoral system[edit]

Following electoral reforms in 1925, the 466 members of the House of Representatives were elected from multi-member constituencies with between three and five seats. Voting had previously been restricted to men aged over 25 who paid at least 3 yen a year in direct taxation, but the reforms had also abolished the taxation requirement.[2] As a result, the electorate increased from 3.3 million in the 1924 elections to 12.4 million.


Party Votes % Seats +/–
Rikken Minseitō 4,251,771 43.1 216 New
Rikken Seiyūkai 4,244,385 43.1 217 +114
Labour-Farmer Party 184,040 1.9 2 New
Jitsugo Doshikai 166,250 1.7 4 New
Social Democratic Party 120,044 1.2 4 New
Japan Labour-Farmer Party 94,626 0.9 1 New
Kakushintō 81,324 0.8 3 New
Japan Farmers Party 44,000 0.5 0 New
Others 669,756 6.8 19 –50
Invalid/blank votes 111,888
Total 9,968,084 100 466 +2
Registered voters/turnout 12,408,678 80.3
Source: Mackie & Rose, Voice Japan


The Manchurian warlord Zhang Zuolin was assassinated by the Japanese army in June 1928. Tanaka denounced the army for this, but lost support and was forced to resign in July 1929. Opposition leader Hamaguchi became Prime Minister and formed a new government.


  1. ^ Thomas T Mackie & Richard Rose (1991) The International Almanac of Electoral History, Macmillan, p281
  2. ^ Mackie & Rose, p276