John Fleming (American politician)
|Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Economic Development|
|Succeeding||Jay Williams (2017)|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Louisiana's 4th district
January 3, 2009 – January 3, 2017
|Preceded by||Jim McCrery|
|Succeeded by||Mike Johnson|
John Calvin Fleming, Jr.
July 5, 1951
Meridian, Mississippi, U.S.
|Alma mater||University of Mississippi, Oxford|
University of Mississippi, Jackson
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
John Calvin Fleming Jr. (born July 5, 1951) is an American politician, physician, military veteran, and businessman who was appointed in March 2017, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Health Information Technology Reform in the Donald Trump administration.
From January 3, 2009, to January 3, 2017, Fleming was the representative for Louisiana's 4th congressional district. He resides in the city of Minden in Webster Parish in northwestern Louisiana. A second cousin (five generations removed) to the former House Speaker Henry Clay of Kentucky, Fleming is a member of Sons of the American Revolution and Jamestowne Society. He is only the second Republican to hold his House seat since Reconstruction, the first was his predecessor, Jim McCrery.
The former congressman said that he "plans to advocate policies that would encourage physicians to use technology in their medical practice. He hopes to remove barriers to data transfer." Despite his 2016 defeat for the United States Senate seat vacated by fellow Republican David Vitter, Fleming has not ruled out another run for elected office.
- 1 Early life, education and family
- 2 Medical career
- 3 Business career
- 4 Webster Parish coroner
- 5 U.S. House of Representatives
- 6 Congressional tenure
- 6.1 Legislation authored
- 6.1.1 Federal Duck Stamp
- 6.1.2 Stagg courthouse naming
- 6.1.3 Amtrak Secure Transportation of Firearms
- 6.1.4 Conscience Protection Act of 2016
- 6.1.5 The Abortion Non-Discrimination Act (ANDA)
- 6.1.6 Seniors' Tax Simplification Act of 2015
- 6.1.7 H. Res. 615 of 2009
- 6.1.8 American Health Care Reform Act of 2013
- 6.1.9 Tax cuts and increases
- 6.2 Activities in Congress led by Fleming
- 6.2.1 Co-founder of the House Freedom Caucus
- 6.2.2 Attempt to impeach the Commissioner of the IRS
- 6.2.3 Social media to connect with constituents
- 6.2.4 Work on religion in the military
- 6.2.5 Long Range Strike Caucus
- 6.2.6 Congressional Addiction, Treatment and Recovery Caucus
- 6.2.7 House Values Action Team (VAT)
- 6.2.8 2012 abortion post
- 6.2.9 Budget Control Act of 2011 and budget sequestration of 2013
- 6.3 Political positions
- 6.4 Other social issues
- 6.5 Committee assignments
- 6.6 Caucus memberships
- 6.1 Legislation authored
- 7 See also
- 8 Health and Human Services tenure
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Early life, education and family
Fleming was born in Meridian in Lauderdale County in eastern Mississippi. He was reared in a working class home. While he was still young, his mother became disabled and could no longer work. Just prior to Fleming's high school graduation, Fleming's father died of a heart attack. This forced him to finance his education with odd jobs and loans. Fleming attended the University of Mississippi at Oxford, where he was a member of the Phi Delta Theta Fraternity. He graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in 1973. He later attended medical school at the Jackson campus of the same university, earning an M.D. in 1976. In 1979, Fleming completed a medical residency with the United States Navy. Subsequently, Fleming stayed in the Navy another three years, serving until 1982 when he moved his family to and set up a private family medicine practice in Minden, Louisiana. He has served as a deacon, Sunday school teacher, and Sunday school department director at First Baptist of Minden. Fleming also trained for years in karate attaining the rank of third degree black belt. He took his first piano lesson at age 43 and ultimately studied for 14 years afterwards, playing the occasional recital and concert. Fleming and his wife, Cindy, married in 1978. The couple has four children.
Fleming was chief resident in family medicine at the Naval Regional Medical Center in Camp Pendleton, California. He also trained at the drug and alcohol treatment unit at the Navy Regional Medical Center in Long Beach, California. Serving in the Navy after his residency, Fleming practiced family medicine on the island of Guam. From 1979 to 1981, he was the director of drug and alcohol treatment and chairman of the Navy Family Advocacy Committee. He subsequently performed similar duties in Charleston, South Carolina.
After leaving the Navy, Fleming established a practice in Minden in August 1982. His first clinic was on Pearl Street across from the United States Post Office. He chose Minden for his city of residence because, in his words, it "has small-town charm, warm essence of life, long, lazy summer days with watermelon cuts and family reunions." To attract patients to his new practice, Fleming announced evening and Saturday morning hours to accommodate working people and students.
Fleming is board certified by the American Board of Family Medicine He joined the staff of the Minden Medical Center. Fleming is also a member of the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) and the Louisiana Academy of Family Physicians (LAFP). In 2007, he was chosen as the LAFP "Louisiana Family Practice Physician of the Year."
Fleming previously worked with chemically dependent persons through the program called "New Beginnings" at the Minden Medical Center. In 1994, the Minden Press-Herald revealed Dr. Fleming's call "to end violence and drug addiction. I link these two together because I believe most of the violence we see is caused by addiction to, or buying and selling of drugs."
In 2006, Fleming wrote Preventing Addiction: What Parents Must Know to Immunize Their Kids Against Drug And Alcohol Addiction. In the book, Fleming argues that alcohol, among other addicting substances, can serve as a gateway for broader and more problematic drug use, and that the immature brain development of children make them vulnerable to drug addiction later in life. Therefore, delaying the use of alcohol and other addicting substances until later adolescence or adulthood can sharply reduce the risk of later addiction according to scientific studies initiated by the National Institute on Drug Abuse and others.
Fleming is also a businessman who owns thirty-six Subway sandwich shops in north Louisiana employing over 500 Louisianans; and Fleming Expansions, LLC, a regional developer for The UPS Store, with outlets in Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas.
Webster Parish coroner
In 1987, Fleming entered the race for Webster Parish coroner against the incumbent, the late Dr. Charles Hancock, but withdrew after learning the position would take too much time from his regular medical duties. In 1995, he ran for coroner again. He defeated the nonpartisan candidate, Dr. Carlos A. Irizarry, 7,842 votes (60.4 percent) to 5,143 (39.6 percent). Fleming succeeded Democratic incumbent Dr. Carl A. Hines, from Minden, who did not seek re-election.
U.S. House of Representatives
Fleming entered the race for the District 4 House seat after the 21-year Republican incumbent Jim McCrery announced his retirement from the House. He received political support from the LAFP and the American Academy of Family Physicians' (AAFP) political action committee for his campaign. Fleming supported the FairTax, which would eliminate the federal income tax and replace it with a flat sales tax.
In the October 4, 2008, Republican closed primary, Fleming ran against Jeff R. Thompson, a lawyer from Bossier City, and Chris Gorman. In the election, no candidate received a majority of the votes. Fleming led with 14,500 votes (35.1 percent), followed by Gorman with 14,072 votes (34.1 percent), and Thompson with 12,693 votes (30.8 percent). This established a primary runoff between Fleming and Gorman. In the runoff, Fleming defeated Gorman, 43,012 votes (55.6 percent) to 34,405 (44.4 percent) and carried all but one of the thirteen parishes in the district.
In the 2006 race against McCrery, "Catfish" Kelley ran as a Republican and drew 12 percent of the vote under the old primary format. In 2008, his 3 percent was far more than the margin between Fleming and Carmouche. A plurality is sufficient to win the general election—which, along with the District 2 race, were the last congressional races in the nation in 2008.
Outgoing Vice President Dick Cheney appeared in Shreveport on November 21 to speak at a fundraiser for Fleming. Politico.com indicated that McCrery supports Fleming but had made no official endorsement and had not appeared at any of Fleming's campaign events. On December 2, McCrery spoke on Fleming's behalf in an appearance on The Moon Griffon Show radio program, which is syndicated in most Louisiana media markets. He used the argument that Carmouche, if successful, would cast his first vote for Speaker Nancy Pelosi of California.
Fleming was unopposed in the Republican primary in 2010 but was challenged by the Democratic nominee, David R. Melville. Governor Buddy Roemer, a former Democrat, then a Republican and later a failed candidate for the 2012 Republican presidential nomination; supported David Melville, his brother-in-law, in the general election. Fleming was reelected saying that Democratic policies were out of step with his district and most of America.
Fleming was unopposed by a Democratic candidate in his 2012 re-election bid in his district that is 2 to 1 Democratic registration but had a Cook PVI of R +11. In the November 6, 2012, general election, Fleming instead faced opposition from a Libertarian candidate, Randall Lord of Shreveport, a former chiropractor studying psychology at Louisiana State University in Shreveport. Fleming defeated Lord, 187,790 (75.3 percent) to 61,587 (24.7 percent). Lord was subsequently sentenced to 46 months in federal prison for financial scams related to illegal narcotic drug distribution.
On April 4, 2013, Fleming announced that he would not in 2014 seek the United States Senate held since 1997 by the Democratic Mary Landrieu. Instead his colleague, U.S. Representative Bill Cassidy of Baton Rouge, had announced on April 3 that he would challenge Landrieu. In his statement, Fleming said: "For me to enter the race now would risk a contest between two experienced Republican congressmen, potentially offering Senator Landrieu a path back to Washington. I can't let that happen."
On December 10, 2014, KTBS, a Shreveport based ABC television station, reported that Fleming was considering running for the Senate seat held by David Vitter, who ran in the 2015 gubernatorial election. Vitter would have had to vacate his seat were he elected as governor. In a statement, Fleming said "If Senator Vitter is elected as Governor, I would certainly be interested in running for the seat he would vacate."
On December 7, 2015, Fleming officially announced his candidacy for the United States Senate. He was a candidate to succeed fellow Republican David Vitter, who did not seek a third term in 2016. Vitter lost the gubernatorial runoff election on November 21, 2015, to the Democrat John Bel Edwards. Others who sought the Senate seat that Vitter vacated were Fleming's House colleague and fellow physician, Charles Boustany of Lafayette, former Ku Klux Klan leader David Duke, Foster Campbell of Bossier Parish, a Democratic member of the Louisiana Public Service Commission and an advisor to John Bel Edwards, Democrat Caroline Fayard, and State Treasurer John Neely Kennedy of Madisonville, the ultimate winner of the position.
"I not only fought the liberals in Washington, I also fought the leadership of my own party when they were all too willing to compromise on our conservative principles," Fleming said in his statement of candidacy. Fleming finished in fifth place in the primary election with 204,026 votes (11 percent), just behind the Democrat Caroline Fayard, who drew 12 percent of the ballots cast. He amassed pluralities in seven parishes, six of which are in his House district: Bossier, Claiborne, Grant, Lincoln (Louisiana's 5th congressional district), Sabine, Webster, and Vernon.
Federal Duck Stamp
Fleming served on the Committee on Natural Resources and chaired the Subcommittee on Fisheries, Wildlife, Oceans and Insular Affairs. As such he introduced legislation to raise the price of the Federal Duck Stamp by $10 to $25, bringing the stamp in line with inflation as an increase had not occurred for many years. The purpose of the legislation was to preserve habitat in critical migratory waterfowl flyways to allow duck populations to grow. The legislation was supported by hunting groups, including Ducks Unlimited, the National Rifle Association, and the Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Partnership. The Fleming Duck Stamp bill passed the House and Senate by voice vote and was signed into law by President Obama on December 18, 2014, as it had broad bipartisan support. Hunters and conservationists liked it as it generated more revenue to preserve habitat for waterfowl. Conservatives supported it because all additional revenues were dedicated to land easements rather than federalizing private land.
Stagg courthouse naming
In 2016, Fleming introduced legislation to rename the Federal Building and United States Courthouse in Shreveport, Louisiana in honor of federal judge Tom Stagg of the United States District Court for the Western District of Louisiana, who died the previous year.
Amtrak Secure Transportation of Firearms
On October 13, 2009, Fleming introduced the Amtrak Secure Transportation of Firearms Act. It was supported by the National Rifle Association. The bill passed the House and Senate and was signed into law by President Obama in December 2009.
Conscience Protection Act of 2016
On March 22, 2016, Fleming introduced the Conscience Protection Act of 2016 which "amends the Public Health Service Act to codify the prohibition against the federal government and state and local governments that receive federal financial assistance for health-related activities penalizing or discriminating against a health care provider based on the provider's refusal to be involved in, or provide coverage for, abortion." If enacted it would give access to courts (heretofore unavailable) by healthcare providers who feel they have been discriminated against because of their refusal (based on conscience) to provide abortion services. For legislative expediency the text was put into a Senate shell bill S. 304. It was ultimately passed by the House and Senate, but President Obama refused to sign it into law.
The Abortion Non-Discrimination Act (ANDA)
By federal law, federal funding is required to be withheld from states who do not enforce the Weldon Amendment that prevents discrimination against healthcare providers if they refuse to provide abortion services. In 2014, California began enforcing a 1975 state law requiring all insurance companies to charge and cover all subscribers for abortion services, even if they object based on religious or conscience beliefs. Fleming and other Republicans accused President Obama of failing to enforce the Weldon Amendment. Fleming introduced legislation to provide health insurance subscribers a choice to purchase plans that do not cover abortions.
Seniors' Tax Simplification Act of 2015
With each congressional session, Fleming introduced this bill designed to improve convenience and lower tax-filing costs to seniors. Though a senior's income may be limited to only Social Security benefits, the IRS requires all senior citizens to use the long form 1040 to file taxes. This act was designed to reduce the senior taxpayer filing to one simple page saving time, complexity and cost.
H. Res. 615 of 2009
In 2009, Fleming introduced H. Res. 615, "expressing the sense of the House of Representatives that members who vote in favor of the establishment of a public, federal government-run health insurance option are urged to forgo their right to participate in the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program (FEHBP) and agree to enroll under that public option." The resolution created a public outcry, after an interview of Fleming by Fox News' Meghan Kelly, demanding that members of Congress should also be subject to Obamacare. Consequently, language was placed in the Affordable Care Act requiring members of Congress and their staff to leave the more affordable Federal Employees Health Benefits Program with much lower premiums and deductibles, and obtain healthcare insurance through the DC Exchange, a product of the Affordable Care Act.
American Health Care Reform Act of 2013
Fleming called the ACA "the most dangerous piece of legislation ever passed by Congress." When asked about fixing the healthcare law instead of repealing it, he said it was "not fixable or repairable."
Fleming helped write, cosponsored and introduced the Republican Study Committee's American Health Care Reform Act of 2013, which was re-introduced in 2015. The legislation would have repealed the ACA and the health care provisions of the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 and implemented different health-care related provisions.
Tax cuts and increases
In a September 19, 2011, interview on MSNBC in which Fleming was critical of President Obama's proposed plan to increase taxes, he was questioned about the reported $6.3 million of gross revenues his private restaurant company received the previous year. Fleming responded to host Chris Jansing by saying, "that's before you pay 500 employees, you pay rent, you pay equipment, and food" (business overhead); "the actual net income was a mere fraction of that...It is more like $600,000 of that $6.3 million...So by the time I feed my family I have, maybe $400,000 left over to invest in new locations, upgrade my locations, buy more equipment." When Jansing asked Fleming if he thought the "average person" might be unsympathetic to Fleming's position, Fleming responded, "Class warfare never created a job...This is not about attacking people who make certain incomes. You know in this country, most people feel that being successful in their business is a virtue, not a vice, and once we begin to identify it as a vice, this country is going down."
Fleming's remarks were widely reported and resulted in considerable commentary. Bruce Alpert, of Louisiana newspaper The Times-Picayune, reported that "on liberal blogs, Fleming was portrayed as insensitive to millions of working Americans who are struggling to meet expenses in the face of high unemployment and stagnant wages." Conservative sources including Bill O'Reilly and the Drudge Report defended Fleming's remarks. Josh Beavers, publisher of the Minden Press-Herald in Fleming's hometown, wrote an editorial which stated, "[Fleming's] sentiment was only that the more taxes he pays the fewer people he can employ. High taxes on business owners thwart economic activity."
Activities in Congress led by Fleming
Co-founder of the House Freedom Caucus
Fleming, and his fellow congressional Republicans, began the 111th Congress in 2009 with Democrats attaining a supermajority in the House and Senate, and the Presidency. In reaction to a series of progressive bills enacted into law including the Stimulus bill, the Affordable Care Act, and the Dodd-Frank Act; conservatives across America created a number of local activist groups, collectively called the Tea Party Movement. Republicans in the House and their supporters became determined to regain the House to stop the sudden progressive shift in federal government policy. Republican House members, led by then House Minority Leader John Boehner, created the Pledge to America that outlined a platform to reverse the growth in government spending as well as to repeal the Affordable Care Act, the Dodd-Frank Act and other items. During the 2010 elections, many House Republican candidates ran on the Pledge to America platform with enthusiastic support from the Tea Party Movement. The 2010 election year ended with Republicans taking the majority by winning 63 seats from Democrats.
The high expectations of conservative constituents of Republican House members, generally, and Speaker John Boehner, particularly; led to conflict and division among House members. A number of conservative members from within the House Republican Study Committee, began to resist initiatives led by Speaker Boehner when he appeared to be overly cooperative (in the view of conservatives) with House Democrats and President Obama on issues like taxes, the Affordable Care Act and illegal immigration and appeared to be not committed to the Pledge to America. When Speaker Boehner was reluctantly forced by conservative members to lead a shutdown of the federal government over the implementation and funding of the Affordable Care Act, John Boehner began to retaliate against individual Republican members who were critical of Boehner and the rest of the House leadership for not adequately (in the view of conservatives) resisting the progressive policies of President Obama and congressional Democrats. Retaliations ranged from removing House members from congressional committees and positions of committee leadership, to supporting Republican primary candidates to oppose them. Also, the Republican Study Committee, through its open policy to all Republican members (growing to over 170 members), transitioned from a smaller conservative group to one that aligned itself with the more establishment-oriented policies of Speaker Boehner.
In January 2015, feeling that the Republican Study Committee had become too establishment-aligned and insufficiently conservative, and citing Speaker Boehner's continued political battle against conservative members; nine House members came together in a series of meetings to consider and ultimately create a more nimble, consistently conservative group consisting of approximately 40 conservative House members. They formed an official congressional caucus and named it the House Freedom Caucus. Congressman Fleming of Louisiana was among the nine founding members. Once fully organized, the House Freedom Caucus began to oppose Boehner policies leading to continued divisions and conflicts within the Republican House Conference. In July 2015, Freedom Caucus member, Mark Meadows of North Carolina, without warning; submitted a written motion to vacate the chair (of the Speaker of the House). Though rarely done, it is a privileged motion meaning that any member can submit and trigger a series of parliamentary procedures culminating in a new vote for Speaker of the House. The motion accelerated the pressure on Boehner, whose popularity had declined considerably, nationally and among House Republicans in general. Spurred by the timing of the visit to the Capitol by Pope Francis; Speaker Boehner, a devout Catholic, announced his resignation as Speaker and as a member of Congress on September 25, 2017. Fleming, in addition to being among the nine founding members of the House Freedom Caucus, also served on the first Freedom Caucus board of directors and led the effort to impeach the Commissioner of the IRS.
Attempt to impeach the Commissioner of the IRS
Soon after the Tea Party Movement began in 2009, local and national Tea Party organizations began to complain that the IRS would not approve their applications for tax exempt status, a certification necessary for the viability of nonprofit organizations. In 2013, Lois Lerner, a high level IRS employee, disclosed as Director of Rulings and Agreements in the Exempt Organizations, that the conservative Tea Party organizations were targeted by the IRS to be denied tax exempt status while liberal groups were given the appropriate certifications. This created the appearance that Lerner was using her power in the IRS for political and ideological benefit. Because of the IRS targeting controversy, Lerner was forced to retire and John Koskinen was appointed to replace the acting Commissioner to restore integrity of the IRS.
Investigations into the IRS targeting controversy were held by the House Oversight Committee, chaired by Jason Chaffetz. Koskinen was instructed to protect and turn over all records relating to the controversy. However, under Koskinen, the vast amount of documentation, including computer backup tapes, were destroyed. Chaffetz issued a document to begin impeachment proceedings against Koskinen saying, "he failed to comply with a congressionally issued subpoena, documents were destroyed on his watch, and the public was consistently misled. Impeachment is the appropriate tool to restore public confidence in the IRS and to protect the institutional interests of Congress." However, Republican House leadership did not bring the impeachment to the floor for a vote.
With the support of the House Freedom Caucus, Fleming utilized a rarely-used parliamentary procedure called a privileged motion to force a vote on impeachment of Koskinen. Fleming went to the floor of the House and read the motion on July 13, 2016, after filing it in writing the day before. Though the motion required a vote on impeachment, House leadership and the Freedom Caucus negotiated a compromise for Koskinen to return for an additional hearing to learn more about his actions in the scandal. Koskinen returned, voluntarily, on September 21, 2016, to face an impeachment hearing during which he admitted to his "failings" in getting to the bottom of the IRS targeting controversy.
Social media to connect with constituents
As Fleming entered Congress in 2009, use of social media such as Facebook and Twitter emerged as methods for members to connect directly with their constituents. In 2010 the House Republican Conference created the "New Media Challenge" to spur Republican members to acquire more followers. Fleming was awarded first place in both 2010 ad 2011 by his Republican peers.
Work on religion in the military
Beginning about 2005, critics claimed that Christians in the military caught proselytizing should be court-martialed. Subsequently, military members came forward claiming they were being punished by their military superiors for what they viewed as reasonable religious expression, a violation of the First Amendment. In June 2013, Fleming sponsored an amendment to the 2014 National Defense Authorization Act requiring the military "to accommodate, except in cases of military necessity, actions and speech, reflecting the conscience, moral principles, or religious beliefs of the member." The amendment drew objections from the White House, with a spokesman saying that commanders need discretion to, "address potentially problematic speech and actions within their units" and that the measure would "have a significant adverse effect on good order, discipline, morale and mission accomplishment." The amendment passed with a bipartisan vote by the House Armed Services Committee. A similar measure passed the Senate and compromise language was adopted into the final NDAA signed into law.
During 2013, attempts were made by an atheist to join the military as a chaplain. In July 2013, the U.S. House passed a measure, sponsored by Fleming, that bars the Defense Department from appointing atheist chaplains. Fleming said, "The notion of an atheist chaplain is nonsensical; it's an oxymoron." Democratic Congressman Rob Andrews of New Jersey said that it was "wrong" to tell an irreligious service member that they "must go to a mental health professional in order to receive counseling, rather than someone who comes from their philosophical faith or tradition." Fleming ended the debate by saying, "an atheist chaplain is the last person in the world that a dying soldier should meet with when they need that last moment of counseling in their life." The amendment passed into the 2014 House DOD appropriations bill For his work on religious freedom and material support of the military chaplaincy during his tenure on the House Armed Services Committee, Fleming was given the first ever Torchbearer for Religious Freedom award in 2014 by the Chaplain Alliance for Religious Liberty.
Long Range Strike Caucus
In 2009 Fleming stood up and co-chaired this bipartisan congressional caucus to "sustain both the land- and sea-based long range strike capabilities."
Congressional Addiction, Treatment and Recovery Caucus
Fleming, based on his training, experience and interest, was the Republican co-chair of this bipartisan congressional caucus that promotes addiction treatment and prevention.
2012 abortion post
In 2012, Fleming attracted attention for sharing an article from the satirical news source The Onion (titled "Planned Parenthood Opens $8 Billion Abortionplex") with his Facebook followers with the apparently sincere message, "More on Planned Parenthood, abortion by wholesale". He deleted the post after commenters highlighted the article's satirical nature.
After Republicans took control of the United States House of Representatives In 2011, a debate emerged over how to bring deficit spending under control after it ballooned to over $1.3 trillion annually from 2009-2011. A compromise deal was struck, called the Budget Control Act of 2011, between Republican Speaker John Boehner and President Obama that would create a bipartisan and bicameral "super committee" in Congress to decide how to equitably lower discretionary spending. According to the act, automatic and substantial cuts would be made to both national defense and non-defense discretionary spending in the federal budget if the committee did not come to an agreement to specific and targeted budget cuts. The "super committee" could not come to an agreement leading to the automatic cuts to national defense and domestic spending. Fleming opposed and voted against the Budget Control Act of 2011 as he feared it would ultimately lead to devastating cuts to national defense, which it did.
Fleming was quoted in Forbes as saying: "Republicans in general, we desperately want a reduction in spending to get government back into balance. We would rather take some cuts in areas that we are not comfortable with than have no cuts at all." Forbes noted that Fleming's district includes Barksdale Air Force Base and Fort Polk, both major military installations. At a discussion in February 2013 in DeRidder; Fleming, a military veteran, stated he would not vote to allow the government to cut $600 million from the defense budget. Fleming was well known to be a supporter of the military and its personnel and the need to reverse the devastating cuts since the Budget Control Act of 2011 was implemented. He was quoted as saying, "One way my service in the military changes the way I do my job is that I understand our next conflict is not a matter of 'if' but 'when,' and that we need to equip our military with the resources and tools they need to protect our nation at home and abroad." Fleming voted against the Budget Control Act of 2011, that caused the automatic budget sequestration in March 2013. On November 21, 2011, Fleming criticized the Budget Control Act because of what he called "devastating cuts to military spending."
Fleming was a staunch opponent of abortion. Fleming voted to bar federal funds from being used for any health benefits coverage including coverage of abortion. Fleming also voted to remove federal funding from Planned Parenthood (which does not use federal money to fund abortions, but accepts federal Title X funds for non-abortion family planning programs). Fleming was a cosponsor of the Sanctity of Human Life Act, which declared that "each human life begins with fertilization." He also sponsored legislation that, among other things, would have made it a crime to "perform an abortion that is sought based on the sex, gender, color or race of the child."
Affordable Care Act
Fleming supported the company Hobby Lobby in its legal challenge to the application of the Affordable Care Act's contraceptive mandate to the company; the Supreme Court of the United States ultimately ruled in favor of the company in Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc..
Fleming proposed an amendment to the fiscal year 2014 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) providing that "Except in cases of military necessity, the Armed Forces shall accommodate the beliefs, actions, and speech" of members of the armed forces. This amended was supported by religious right groups such as Family Research Council, which asserted that religious freedom was "under attack" in the military, and opposed by groups such as the Military Religious Freedom Foundation, which asserted that the amendment was unconstitutional and would enable harassment of LGBT people in the military.
Opposition to same-sex marriage
In 2012, before the Obergefell v. Hodges Supreme Court decision, Fleming condemned a marriage-like ceremony that took place at Fort Polk, Louisiana, between an enlisted woman and civilian woman. (Fort Polk, a U.S. Army base, lies within Fleming's congressional district.) Fleming said that the ceremony "should not have occurred at Fort Polk, especially since the people of Louisiana have made it abundantly clear that our state does not recognize same-sex marriages or civil unions" and characterized the event as part of a "liberal social experiment with our military."
Fleming condemned the Supreme Court's 2015 decision of Obergefell v. Hodges, which found a constitutional right to same-sex marriage. Fleming stated that he was "greatly disappointed" and disagreed with the decision. Fleming was also a co-sponsor of The First Amendment Defense Act, a bill designed to protect religious institutions from being forced to perform marriage or other ceremonies that violate their teachings.
Upon his election to the United States House of Representatives, Fleming was assigned to these committees:
- Committee on Armed Services,
- Committee on Natural Resources,
- The Republican Study Committee
- The Tea Party Caucus
- Co-chair of the Congressional Addiction, Treatment and Recovery Caucus
- Co-chair of the House Values Action Team (VAT)
- Co-founder of the House Freedom Caucus
- Co-chair of the GOP Doctors Caucus
- Co-chair and founder of the Long Range Strike Caucus
- Congressional Constitution Caucus
- Congressional Arts Caucus
Health and Human Services tenure
After completing four terms in the United States House of Representatives, Fleming was appointed Deputy Secretary of Health Technology Reform in Health and Human Services on March 23, 2017, by President Donald Trump. On being appointed, Fleming said that his goals were to remove barriers to health care innovation and to promote greater usability and interoperability of healthcare information technology systems. Fleming lamented the fractured nature of electronic health record and said that he supported "every American having a single, unified health record that resides in the cloud." Fleming advocates the use of accountable care organizations rather than the fee for service system still dominant in U.S. health care, and called for more pay-for-value systems tied to the collection and use of data.
He was assigned, primarily, to the Office of the National Coordinator, an agency within HHS. Fleming noted that adoption rates of EHRs remained low until the implementation of the HITECH Act in 2009 in which around $30 billion in cash incentives were used to encourage health professionals to purchase EHRs. He reported that by 2017 adoption rates among hospitals was over 95% and over 85% among physician offices.
- Staff (January 5, 2011). "Ten Southern Baptists sworn in as new reps". Baptist Press. Archived from the original on December 26, 2014. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
- Blake Branch (March 21, 2017). "Former Rep. John Fleming to join HHS under Trump". Minden Press-Herald. Retrieved March 22, 2017.
- Amdt, Rachel. "Former Louisiana Rep. John Fleming heads to HHS". Modern Healthcare. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
- Sentell, Will. "Candidate profile: U.S. Senate candidate John Fleming of Louisiana". houmatoday.com. Retrieved April 16, 2017.
- "Rep. John Fleming". National Journal Almanac. Retrieved April 15, 2013.
- "Rep. John Fleming". The Arena. Politico. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
- Gannon, Patricia (September 2007). "Physician Spotlight: John C. Fleming". LouisianaMedialNews.com. Retrieved November 22, 2008.
- Brown, Ida (June 27, 2007). "Meridian native named Family Doctor of Year". The Meridian Star. Archived from the original on January 28, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2008.
- Minden Press-Herald, November 18, 1982, p. 14
- Minden Press-Herald, August 10, 1982, p. 1
- Minden Press-Herald, September 2, 1982, p. 10
- "Physicians". Minden Medical Center. Archived from the original on March 2, 2009. Retrieved November 23, 2008.
- "Dr. Fleming will help chemical dependents", Minden Press-Herald, October 18, 1987, p. 10
- Fannie Moore, "Citizens list top priorities for 1994", Minden Press-Herald, January 6, 1994, p. 1.
- Fleming, John C. (2006). Preventing Addiction: What Parents Must Know to Immunize Their Kids Against Drug And Alcohol Addiction. Hannibal Books:A Christian Evangelical Publishing Company. Garland, Texas. ISBN 0929292456
- "Minden's Fleming running for Congress". Minden Press-Herald. January 18, 2008. p. 1. Archived from the original on December 15, 2008. Retrieved November 24, 2008.
- Kraushaar, Josh (November 11, 2008). "GOP fights to hold onto Louisiana seat". Politico. Retrieved November 22, 2008.
- "Dr. Fleming exits race for coroner", Minden Press-Herald, October 1, 1987, p. 1
- "Results for Election Date: 10/21/95 – Parish of Webster". Official Parish Election Results. Louisiana Secretary of State.[permanent dead link]
- Submitted by Fleming for Congress. "John Fleming, MD, Wins the Republican Nomination for 4th Congressional District". Louisiana Academy of Family Physicians. Archived from the original on December 16, 2008. Retrieved November 22, 2008.
On Friday, October 31, Dr. Roberts, LAFP Past President, presented Dr. Fleming with a check from FamMedPac, the AAFP's Political Action Committee. 'We were honored to receive another check from FamMedPac. I have received lots of support from fellow physicians, and I want to sincerely thank each one who has helped my campaign.'
- Regnier, Pat (September 7, 2005). "Just how fair is the FairTax?". Money Magazine. Retrieved September 24, 2008.
- "Congressional Elections: Fleming And Gorman In GOP Runoff; Carmouche Short Of Majority In Demo Race". October 4, 2008. Retrieved June 6, 2017.
- "Results for Election Date: 10/04/08,". Official Election Results. Louisiana Secretary of State. Archived from the original on November 19, 2008.
- "Results for Election Date: 11/04/08". Official Election Results. Louisiana Secretary of State. Archived from the original (See primary returns for Fourth Congressional District) on November 27, 2008.
- "Results for Election Date: 11/07/06". Official Election Results. Louisiana Secretary of State.[permanent dead link]
- "Still Some Undecided Races, But Obama Gets Electoral Grace Note in Nebraska". CQ Politics. November 11, 2008. Archived from the original on November 28, 2008. Retrieved November 24, 2008.
- Prine, John Andrew (November 22, 2008). "Cheney boosts Fleming's campaign". Shreveport Times. Archived from the original on December 5, 2008. Retrieved November 22, 2008.
- The Moon Griffon Show, syndicated radio program, December 2, 2008
- Kraushaar, Josh (December 10, 2008). "Carmouche concedes to Fleming". Politico. Retrieved December 11, 2008.
- "David Melville wins 80% of Democratic votes; will face Fleming". KSLA News 12. Retrieved May 27, 2017.
- KEEL Radio News, October 11, 2010
- "Republican John Fleming re-elected for Congress" KSLA News, November 2, 2010. Retrieved December 29, 2010.
- ""Elections 2010:Louisiana"". Archived from the original on March 29, 2012. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- Bonnie Culverhouse, "Final candidate roster", Minden Press-Herald, August 20, 2012.
- "Louisiana election returns, November 6, 2012". staticresults.sos.la.gov. Retrieved November 11, 2012.
- Cook, Nancy (May 25, 2017). "Former U.S. House candidate sentenced". ArkLaTex Homepage. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
- "Jordan Blum, "Fleming opts out of Landrieu challenge", April 4, 2013". Baton Rouge Morning Advocate. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
- "Fleming eyes U.S. Senate seat". KTBS.com. December 10, 2014. Archived from the original on December 24, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- deslatte, melinda. "Rep. Fleming Officially Announces for Louisiana Senate Race". ABC News. associated press. Retrieved December 7, 2015.
- Deborah Barfield Berry (December 7, 2015). "Rep. Fleming officially enters Louisiana Senate race". The Shreveport Times. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
- "Election Results". Louisiana Secretary of State. November 8, 2016. Retrieved December 22, 2016.
- "Representative John Fleming". Congress.gov. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
- Masson, Todd (November 18, 2014). "House passes bill to jack up price of duck stamp". The Times-Picayune. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
- "Before the House Natural Resources Committee, Subcommittee on Fisheries, Wildlife, Oceans, and Insular Affairs Concerning: H.R. 5069, The Federal Duck Stamp Act of 2014" (PDF). Congress.gov. House of Representatives. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
- "H.R.5069 - Federal Duck Stamp Act of 2014". Congress.gov. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
- "U.S. House Passes Rep. Ron Kind's Duck Stamp Legislation to Protect American Wetlands". Rep. Ron Kind (D). Retrieved May 22, 2017.
- "H.R.5011 - To designate the Federal building and United States courthouse located at 300 Fannin Street in Shreveport, Louisiana, as the "Tom Stagg Federal Building and United States Courthouse"". Congress.gov. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
- "To designate the Federal building and United States courthouse located at 300 Fannin Street in Shreveport, Louisiana, as the "Tom Stagg United States Court House"". Congress.gov. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
- "Tom Stagg United States Court House". Congressional Record. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
- "Amtrak Secure Transportation of Firearms Act". Congress.gov. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
- Alarkon, Walter (October 25, 2009). "Fight to allow weapons aboard Amtrak trains could derail transportation bill". Retrieved May 29, 2017.
- Mark, Schone (December 9, 2009). "Congress: Passengers Can Bring Guns on Amtrak Trains". Retrieved May 29, 2017.
- Pergram, Chad (December 16, 2009). "President Signs Bill That Allows Gun-Slinging Amtrak Passengers to be Locked in Boxes". Retrieved May 29, 2017.
- "The Conscience Protection Act of 2016". Congress.gov. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
- "The Conscience Protection Act of 2016". Govtrack.us. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
- Messer, Luke. "House Amendment to S. 304, Conscience Protection Act of 2016". RPC. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
- Eaton, Sabrina (July 13, 2016). "House passes 'Conscience Protection Act' to oppose abortion". Retrieved June 1, 2017.
- "Overview of Federal Statutory Health Care Provider Conscience Protections". HHS.GOV. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
- Sullivan, Peter (January 29, 2016). "Republicans accuse Obama of failing to enforce abortion law". Retrieved June 1, 2017.
- "Kaiser Health News". August 25, 2014. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
- Gehrke, Joel (December 10, 2014). "GOP Rep: Leadership Blocked Bill Protecting Churches from Funding Abortion". National Review. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
- "H.R.1397 - Seniors' Tax Simplification Act of 2015". Congress.gov. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
- "ATR Supports Tax Simplification for Seniors". Americans for Tax Reform. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
- "H.Res.615". Congress.gov. Retrieved June 2, 2017.
- "What Happens To A Congressman's Health Insurance If Obamacare Goes Down?". NPR. Retrieved June 2, 2017.
- Livingston, Shelby (May 24, 2017). "Insurance premiums have doubled since 2013, but policies are more generous". Retrieved June 2, 2017.
- Kelly, Meghan (July 16, 2009). "Congressman Fleming Discusses H Res 615 with Meghan Kelly on Fox News". Fox News.
- "State of the Union with Candy Crowley". cnn.com. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- Berenson, Tessa (March 24, 2017). "Reminder: The House Voted to Repeal Obamacare More Than 50 Times prior to 2017". Retrieved June 1, 2017.
- Bruce Alpert, Rep. Fleming gets attention for calling Obamacare 'most dangerous law ever passed by Congress', The Times-Picayune (October 28, 2013).
- "H.R.3121 - American Health Care Reform Act of 2013". Congress.gov. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
- "Republican Alternative to Obamacare Relies on Repeal". National Journal. September 22, 2013. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
- Seitz-Wald, Alex (September 19, 2011). "Multi-Millionaire Rep. Says He Can't Afford A Tax Hike Because He Only Has $400K A Year After Feeding Family". Retrieved May 29, 2017.
- Alpert, Bruce. "Rep. John Fleming of Louisiana catches flak for income remarks." The Times-Picayune, September 20, 2011.
- The O'Reilly Factor. Fox News. September 22, 2011. Transcript.
- Beavers, Josh. "Congressman Fleming Said Nothing Wrong." Archived April 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. Minden Press-Herald, September 21, 2011.
- Peoples, Steve (December 8, 2010). "Final House Race Decided; GOP Net Gain: 63 Seats". Roll Call. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
- Cohen, Tom (February 28, 2014). "5 years later, here's how the tea party changed politics". CNN Politics. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
- Ray, Michael. "Tea Party movement". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
- Buck, Ken (April 8, 2017). "Freedom Caucus member reveals GOP's 'vindictive retaliation'". New York Post. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
- Wong, Scott (June 15, 2015). "Boehner defends retaliation against unruly Republican members". The Hill. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
- Martosko, David (January 6, 2015). "The speaker's revenge: John Boehner punishes conservative Republicans who 'p***ed him off' by trying to oust him by removing high-profile committee posts". Daily Mail. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
- French, Lauren (January 13, 2015). "Conservatives split off from Republican Study Committee". Politico. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
- French, Lauren (January 26, 2015). "9 Republicans launch House Freedom Caucus". Politico. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
- Bialik, Carl (September 25, 2015). "The Hard-Line Republicans Who Pushed John Boehner Out". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
- Dickinson, Tim (October 6, 2015). "Meet the Right-Wing Rebels Who Overthrew John Boehner". The Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
- Raju, Manu (September 26, 2015). "Why John Boehner quit". CNN Politics. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
- McPherson, Lindsey (November 29, 2016). "House Freedom Caucus Elects Board Members, Meadows to Run for Chairman". Roll Call. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
- "Rep. Fleming: Impeach the IRS commissioner". USA Today. September 14, 2016. Retrieved June 10, 2017.
- "House Republicans introduce measure to impeach IRS Commissioner Koskinen". Fox News Politics. October 27, 2015. Retrieved June 10, 2017.
- "IRS boss Koskinen takes heat at impeachment hearing for faulty testimony". Fox News Politics. September 21, 2016. Retrieved June 10, 2017.
- "Robert's Rules". RulesOnline.com. Retrieved June 10, 2017.
- Bade, Rachael (July 13, 2017). "Freedom Caucus goes all-in on IRS impeachment". Politico. Retrieved June 10, 2017.
- Richard Rainey, Louisiana Rep. John Fleming calls for vote to impeach IRS commissioner, Times-Picayune (September 13, 2016).
- Richard Rainey, Rep. John Fleming-led vote to impeach IRS commissioner on hold, Times-Picayune (September 15, 2016).
- Moire, Jennifer (July 8, 2011). "Who's Winning The Facebook War On Capitol Hill?". Adweek. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- Bowers, Becky. "Bloggers say Pentagon may court-martial Christian soldiers". Politifact. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
- Yu, Annie (July 17, 2013). "Christians under siege push for more freedom of expression in military". Washington Times. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
- "Fleming proposal to require free religious expression in military draws White House objections". The Times-Picayune. June 12, 2013.
- Rodda, Chris (2013-12-17). "Rep. Fleming: NDAA Religious Freedom Language Not a 'Touchdown' -- New Talking Points Needed". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2018-08-13.
- Tilghaman, Andrew (June 18, 2015). "Navy lawyers defend rejection of atheist chaplain". Military Times. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
- "House passes Rep. John Fleming's measure to ban atheist military chaplains". The Times-Picayune. July 24, 2013.
- Kasperowicz, Pete (July 24, 2013). "House votes to block DOD from hiring nonreligious chaplains". The Hill. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
- "Fleming receives Religious Freedom Award from military chaplains". bossierpress.com. Bossier Press-Tribune. 2 October 2014. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
- Bob, Eschlman. "Congressman Awarded for Dedication to Military's Religious Liberty". Charisma News. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
- Cavalier, Richard. "Chairman, member of House Armed Services Committee to receive Chaplain Alliance Torchbearer Award" (PDF). Chaplain Alliance for Religious Freedom. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
- Tasista, Michelle (April 19, 2011). "Global Strike commander talks long-range strike". Air Force Global Strike Command. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- Slaton, Hunter (May 13, 2013). "Two Congressmen Talk Addiction With The Fix". The Fix. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
- "Hartzler, Pitts, Fleming to POTUS: mandate treats children as pawns in political agenda; urge withdrawal". Rep. Vicky Hartzler. May 13, 2016. Retrieved June 10, 2017.
- Newhauser, Daniel (December 4, 2014). "House Conservatives Are Pushing Leadership for Antiabortion Language in New Spending Bill". The Atlantic. Retrieved June 10, 2017.
- "Congressman links to Onion story". Politico. Retrieved March 25, 2017.
- "Planned Parenthood Opens $8 Billion Abortionplex". May 18, 2011. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- Grandoni, Dino. "Congressman Falls for The Onion's Planned Parenthood 'Abortionplex' Story". The Atlantic. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- "Oops! Politician posts link to The Onion". NY Daily News. Retrieved March 25, 2017.
- de Rugy, Veronique. "Debt and Deficit under Obama Administration". George Mason University. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
- Bash, Dana (December 12, 2013). "House approves budget deal aimed at averting shutdown". CNN.com. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
- "Congressman Fleming opposes Pentagon proposal to make further cuts to US Military". February 24, 2014. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
- "Military warns cuts would create 'hollow force' akin to 1970s". Washington Times. February 10, 2013. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
- Cohen, Zachary. "Desperate for planes, military turns to the 'boneyard'" (July 14, 2016). CNN Politics. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
- "The U.S. Military Is Suffering A Crisis Of Strategy, Not Just One Of Readiness". The Natural Interest. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
- Thompson, Loren (February 4, 2013). "Republicans Target Their Own Voters In Defense Budget Switch". Forbes. Retrieved March 6, 2013.
- Fleming speaks about budget, Fort Polk at town hall meeting – News – Beauregard Daily News – Beauregard, LA
- "Fleming: We've Got To Begin Taking Our Defense Seriously". The Hayride. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
- "John Fleming on Homeland Security". On the Issues. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
- "Changes on the Hill - Vets in Congress". MOAA. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
- "Congress at War". Politico Magazine. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
- "John Fleming on Homeland Security". On the Issues. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
- Roll call vote 690, via Clerk.House.gov
- Fleming Responds to Failure of Debt Reduction Committee | Congressman John Fleming Archived February 16, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Fleming on Abortion". On the Issues. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
- Corrie Mitchell, Conservatives say religious freedom is ‘under attack’ in military, Religion News Service (July 10, 2013).
- Alan Duke, Same-sex ceremony on Army post draws fire, CNN (June 7, 2012).
- Bruce Alpert, Louisiana GOP congressional members condemn ruling for gay marriage, Democrats say it advances freedom, The Times-Picayune (June 26, 2015).
- Bruch Alpert (July 23, 2013). "Supporters of bill to protect rights of same-sex marriage foes open to compromise". The Times-Picayune.
- "Rep. Vicky Hartzler". Retrieved June 10, 2017.
- "Meet the Freedom Caucus". National Review. Retrieved March 25, 2017.
- "Dr. Fleming named new Co-Chair for GOP Doctors Caucus". InsuranceNewsNet. October 20, 2014. Retrieved March 25, 2017.
- "Members". Congressional Constitution Caucus. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
- "Membership". Congressional Arts Caucus. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
- Rainey, Richard (March 20, 2017). "Former Louisiana Rep. John Fleming to join HHS under Trump". Retrieved May 30, 2017.
- Leventhal, Rajiv (May 25, 2017). "HHS' New Health IT Lead Speaks Out on EHR Usability, Interoperability". Retrieved May 29, 2017.
- "Former Rep. Fleming Named to HHS Health Technology Post". March 21, 2017. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to John Fleming (U.S. politician).|
- John Fleming at Curlie
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Louisiana's 4th congressional district
|111th||Senate: M. Landrieu | D. Vitter||House: R. Alexander | C. Boustany | C. Melancon | S. Scalise | J. Cao | B. Cassidy | J. Fleming|
|112th||Senate: M. Landrieu | D. Vitter||House: R. Alexander | C. Boustany | S. Scalise | B. Cassidy | J. Fleming | J. Landry | C. Richmond|
|113th||Senate: M. Landrieu | D. Vitter||House: R. Alexander (until Sep. 2013) | C. Boustany | S. Scalise | B. Cassidy | J. Fleming | C. Richmond | V. McAllister (From Nov. 2013)|
|114th||Senate: D. Vitter | B. Cassidy||House: C. Boustany | S. Scalise | J. Fleming | C. Richmond | R. Abraham | G. Graves|