Governor of New Mexico
|Governor of New Mexico|
|Spanish: Gobernadora de Nuevo México|
|Residence||New Mexico Governor's Mansion|
|Term length||Four years, renewable once consecutively|
|Constituting instrument||New Mexico Constitution|
|Inaugural holder||William C. McDonald|
|Formation||January 14, 1912|
|Deputy||Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico|
The governor of New Mexico (Spanish: Gobernador de Nuevo México) is the head of state of New Mexico. The Governor heads the executive branch of the Government of New Mexico and is the commander in chief of the New Mexico National Guard. The current governor is Michelle Lujan Grisham, a Democrat, who was sworn in as the 32nd governor of New Mexico on January 1, 2019.
During the occupation of New Mexico by the United States Military starting in 1846, a military governor was appointed to oversee the area; military governors, at times, were assisted by civilian governors. In 1850, New Mexico was organized as a Territory, and the governor was appointed by the President of the United States. The office of governor was created in 1912 when New Mexico was officially admitted to the United States as the 47th state.
Election to the governorship
Requirements to hold office
Section Three of Article V of the New Mexico Constitution establishes the requirements a person must meet in order to become governor. The governor must be a citizen of the United States, be at least 30 years old, and have been a resident of New Mexico for at least five years prior to election.
Term(s) of office
Under Section One of Article V of the New Mexico Constitution, a governor may be elected any number of times, but not more than twice in a row. Governors serving two consecutive terms are eligible to run again after sitting out one full term.
Relationship with lieutenant governor
While the governor heads the Executive Branch of the New Mexico state government, the governor does not have absolute power. Other state executives, such as the lieutenant governor, the secretary of state, and the attorney general are also elected to office.
Since 1954, the Governor of New Mexico has resided in the New Mexico Governor's Mansion. Prior to its construction, the governor's residence was located adjacent to the New Mexico State Capitol in downtown Santa Fe. Before 1909, the governor resided in the Palace of the Governors, which is listed as a National Historic Landmark. The Palace of the Governors is the oldest continuously occupied public building in the United States.
Line of succession
According to Section Seven of Article V of the New Mexico Constitution, in the event of the death, resignation, removal, impeachment, absence from the state, failure to qualify, or incapacity due to illness of the governor, the lieutenant governor is the first person in the order of succession and thus serves as governor.
If there is no lieutenant governor, or that person is unable to perform the duties of governor, the Secretary of State serves as governor. If there is no Secretary of State, the President pro Tempore of the Senate serves as governor. If there is no President pro Tempore of the Senate, or if that person is unable to perform the duties of governor, then the Speaker of the House serves as governor.
|May succeed to governorship|
|Governor of New Mexico||Michelle Lujan Grisham|
|1||Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico||Howie Morales|
|2||Secretary of State of New Mexico||Maggie Toulouse Oliver|
|3||President Pro Tempore of the Senate||Mimi Stewart|
|4||Speaker of the House of Representatives||Brian Egolf|
|May serve as Emergency Interim Successor|
|5||Attorney General of New Mexico||Hector Balderas|
|6||State Auditor||Brian Colón|
|7||State Treasurer||Tim Eichenberg|
|8||Commissioner of Public Lands||Stephanie Garcia Richard|
|9||Public Regulation Commission, Chair||Jefferson Byrd|
|10||Public Regulation Commissioner||Cynthia B. Hall|
|11||Public Regulation Commissioner||Joseph Maestas|
|12||Public Regulation Commissioner||Theresa Becenti-Aguilar|
|13||Public Regulation Commissioner||Stephen Fischmann|
- "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries". The Council of State Governments. June 25, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- "New Mexico's Susana Martinez 1st woman, 1st Hispanic to lead GOP Governors Association | Fox News Latino". Latino.foxnews.com. November 20, 2015. Retrieved February 23, 2016.